Virginia
Genealogy
Trails


A Proud Part of The Genealogy Trails History Group

Virginia County Data

***Please Note: Data for Independent cities are within the counties they originated in***





Click on the county name to visit that website.

COUNTY

FACTS

Accomack

Accomack, the original shire name, was created
from the Native American word Accawmack,
meaning "on the other side".

Albemarle

President Thomas Jefferson's Monticello
home is located in this county.

Alleghany

Alleghany Co is named for the Allegany Mountains.

Amelia

During the Civil War, Gen. Robert E Lee & his Army
spent time at the Amelia courthouse before surrendering
to Ulysses S Grant at Appomattox.

Amherst

In the early days, the major crop raised
in Amherst County was tobacco.

Appomattox

Appomattox Co was formed in 1845 from
Buckingham, Prince Edward, Campbell & Charlotte Counties

Arlington

Until 1920, it was known as Alexandria County.
The well-known Arlington Cemetery is located in this county.

Augusta

Augusta Co was formed in 1738 from Orange Co.
It was named for Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales & mother of the future King George III of the United Kingdom.

Bath

Bath Co was established on December 14, 1790.

Bedford

Bedford Co was established on December 13, 1753.

Bland

Bland Co was formed in 1861 from Wythe, Tazewell & Giles Counties.

Botetourt

Botetourt Co was established in 1770 from Augusta Co.

Brunswick

Brunswick Co was established in 1720 from Prince George Co.

Buchanan

Buchanan Co was named for the 15th President, James Buchanan.

Buckingham

A fire destroyed the courthouse designed by Thomas Jefferson in 1869.

Campbell

Campbell Co was named for Revolutionary War hero
George William Campbell who was known for the 1780
Battle of Kings Mountain.

Caroline

Caroline Co was named for Caroline of Ansbach,
the wife of King George II of Great Britain.

Carroll

Carroll Co was named for Charles Carroll,
a signer of the Declaration of Independence.

Charles City

The Charles City Courthouse was constructed in the 1750s and is one of the only five courthouses in America that have been in continuous use for judicial purposes since the Revolutionary War.

Charlotte

Formed in 1764 from Lunenburg County and is named for Queen Charlotte, wife of King George III of England

Chesterfield

On May 25, 1749, the Virginia General Assembly passed the act that separated Chesterfield from Henrico Co.

Clarke

Clarke Co is named for General George Rogers Clark

of the Revolutionary War.

Craig

Craig Co is located in the Shenandoah Valley region of Virginia

Culpeper

Culpeper Co was established in 1749 from Orange Co.

Cumberland

Cumberland Co was established in 1749 from Goochland Co.

Dickenson

Dickenson Co is Virginia's youngest county.

Dinwiddie

Dinwiddie Co was formed May 1, 1752 from Prince George Co.

Essex

Essex Co was established in 1692 from Rappahannock Co.

Fairfax

The Battle of Chantilly, or Ox Hill, during same campaign
as the 2nd Battle of Bull Run, was fought in this county.

Fauquier

Fauquier Co is located between bustling Northern Virginia
and the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Floyd

Trader's Path is the earliest known travel way through Floyd Co.

Fluvanna

Fluvanna Co was once part of Henrico Co.

Franklin

Franklin Co was named after Benjamin Franklin.

Frederick

Frederick Co was established in 1743 out of Orange Co.

Giles

Giles Co was established in 1806 from
Montgomery, Monroe, Tazewell & Wythe Counties.

Gloucester

Gloucester Co borders the York River and the Lower Chesapeake Bay.

Goochland

General Lafayette stopped at the Powell's Tavern in Goochland
when he traveled from Richmond to Monticello
to visit Thomas Jefferson.

Grayson

Grayson Co was founded in 1793 from a part of Wythe County.

Greene

Greene Co was established in 1838 from Orange County.
It is named for the American Revolutionary Hero, Nathaniel Greene.

Greensville

Greenville Co was established in 1781 from Brunswick Co.

Halifax

In 1752, Halifax Co was established from Lunenburg Co.

Hanover

Hanover Co was created on November 26, 1720.

Henrico

Henrico Co was founded by Sir Thomas Dale in 1611.

Henry

Originally Henry Co was named Patrick Henry Co to
honor the first governor of VA after Independence.

Highland

The county seat for Highland is Monterey.

Isle of Wight

Isle of Wight Co was originally named Warrosquyoake Shire.

James City

James City Co is located on the VA Peninsula
in the Hampton Roads region of Virginia.

King and Queen

The county is named for King William III &
Queen Mary of England.

King George

King George Co was formed in 1720 out of Richmond Co VA.

King William

King William Co contains the oldest Courthouse still being used.

Lancaster

Established in 1651 from York and Northumberland Counties.

Lee

Lee Co was formed out of Russell Co in 1793.

Loudoun

Settlement begain in the 1720s-1730s with English,
Germans, Quakers, Scot-Irish and African Slaves.

Louisa

Patrick Henry won his first election in 1765 to represent Louisa County.

Lunenburg

Lunenburg Co was established on May 1, 1746 from Brunswick Co.

Madison

Madison Co was established in December 1792 and named
after the Madison family, and James Madison.

Mathews

Mathews Co was established out of a part of Gloucester Co in 1791.

Mecklenburg

Mecklenburg Co was established from Lunenburg Co in 1765.

Middlesex

Middlesex Co is bordered by Essex Co.

Montgomery

 

Nelson

Nelson Co was formed out of Amherst Co in 1807.

New Kent

New Kent Co is named after Kent, England.

Northampton

Northampton was originally named Accawmack.
In 1643 it was changed to Northampton.

Northumberland

The Virginia General Assembly created
Northumberland Co in 1648.

Nottoway

Nottoway Co was occupied by the Nadowa tribe, an Iroquoian
people of the American Indians, before European Settlers.

Orange

The county was previously inhabited by the Siouan Manahoac tribe.

Page

Page Co was formed from Shenandoah and Rockingham Couties in 1831.

Patrick

Patrick Co was named for Patrick Henry and formed in 1777.

Pittsylvania

Pittsylvania was formed in 1767 out of Halifax Co.

Powhatan

The area was inhabited by Native Americans before
the arrival of Europeans in  the 17th century.

Prince Edward

Prince Edward Co was formed from the VA
Colony, from Amelia Co in 1754.

Prince George

Prince George Co was named in honor of
Prince George of Denmark, the husband of Queen Anne.

Prince William

The county was named after the Duke of Cumberland, Prince William Augustus, son of King George II.

Pulaski

Pulaski Co is located in Southwestern VA.

Rappahannock

Formed from Culpeper County in 1833.
The county is named for the river that divides it from Fauquier Co.

Richmond

Richmond, the city and capital of VA is not in Richmond Co.

Roanoke

Roanoke Co is named after the Roanoke River.
Salem was the original county seat.

Rockbridge

Rockbridge Co is named for Natural Bridge.

Rockingham

Europeans began settling this area around 1745.

Russell

Russell Co was established on Jan 02 1786 from a section of Washington Co.

Scott

June Carter Cash lived in Scott Co.

Shenandoah

Shenandoah Co was established in 1772 and named after the Senedos Indian Tribe.
Originally named Dunmore county.

Smyth

Smyth Co was named after Alexander Smyth, a general during War of 1812

Southampton

Shortly after the establishment of Jamestown Settlement during 17th century, English settlers explored and settled this area.

Spotsylvania

Civil War battles Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg,
Spotsylvania Courthouse and The Wilderness fought here.

Stafford

Stafford Co was named after Staffordshire England.

Surry

Surry Co orignally consisted of Lawne's Creek Parish & Southwark Parish.

Sussex

Sussex Co is named after Sussex England

Tazewell

Tazewell Co was named after US Senator from VA named Henry Tazewell.

Warren

Warren Co was created from Frederick & Shenandoah Counties
and established in 1836.

Washington

Washington Co is named after George Washington.

Westmoreland

George Washington was born in Westmoreland Co VA.
James Monroe and Gen. Robert E Lee also were born here.

Wise

 

Wythe

Named after George Wythe, the first Virginian Signer
of the Declaration of Independence.

York

Named after the city York, in Northern England.
Originally called Charles River County

Extinct Counties

Accomac Shire
[Original Shire]

1634-1643
Extinct

Alexandria

1749-1791 and 1846-1920.
From 1791-1846, it was part of the District of Columbia. In 1920, it changed its name to
Arlington County

Charles River County

1637-1643.
Renamed
York county

Dunmore County

1772-1778.
Renamed
Shenandoah County

Elizabeth River Shire
[Original Shire]

1634-1636 became Elizabeth City Shire in 1636.
Name changed to
Elizabeth City County

Elizabeth City County
(Merged with the town of Phoebus into Hampton, then became the independent city of Hampton)

Located in southeastern Virginia from 1634 to 1952. Originally created in 1634, it was one of eight shires created in the Virginia Colony by order of the King of England. Named for Elizabeth of Bohemia, daughter of King James I, sister of Princes Henry and Charles.

Fincastle

1772-1776.
Divided into
Montgomery, Washington and Kentucky County (now part of KY)

Lower Norfolk

1637-1691
Divided into Norfolk and Princess Anne Counties
Present day Norfolk

Nansemond County

1646-1972
Became the independent city of Nansemond (which later consolidated with Suffolk)

New Norfolk County

1636-1637.
Divided into Lower Norfolk and Upper Norfolk County

Norfolk

Incorporated in 1705, "New Norfolk" formerly consisted of Upper Norfolk and Lower Norfolk.
Norfolk County existed from 1691 to 1963, when it was re-organized, along with South Norfolk, into the City of Chesapeake

Patrick Henry County

1777-1790
Split into two counties, the western part becoming
Patrick County and the rest becoming Henry County.

Princess Anne

1691-1963
Became independent city of Virginia Beach

Rappahannock County
(old)

1656-1692
Divided into
Essex and Richmond Counties

Upper Norfolk

1637-1646
Became
Nansemond County

Warwick River Shire
[Original Shire]

1634-1643.
Became Warwick County, then the City of Warwick until 1952.
Now extinct.


Independent Cities

***Please Note: Data for Independent cities is within the counties they originated in***


Alexandria
Bedford
Bristol
Buena Vista
Charlottesville
Chesapeake
Clifton Forge
Colonial Heights
Covington
Danville
Emporia
Fairfax
Falls Church
Franklin
Fredericksburg
Galax
Hampton
Harrisonburg
Hopewell
Lexington
Lynchburg
Manassas
Manassas Park
Martinsville
Newport News
Norfolk
Norton
Petersburg
Poquoson
Portsmouth
Radford
Richmond
Roanoke
Salem
Staunton
Suffolk
Virginia Beach
Waynesboro
Williamsburg
Winchester

"Lost" Independent Cities


City of
Clifton Forge (1906-2001) reverted to become an incorporated town in Alleghany County
City of
Manchester (1874-1910) consolidated with the independent City of Richmond
City of
Nansemond (1972-1974) consolidated with the independent City of Suffolk
City of
South Boston (1960-1998) reverted to become an incorporated town in Halifax County
City of
South Norfolk (1919-1963) consolidated with Norfolk County to form (new) independent City of Chesapeake
City of
Warwick (1952-1958) consolidated with the independent City of Newport News

 


HOME
BACK --
HOME

Copyright Genealogy Trails