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Virginia is covered on the Northeast States List
This county is extinct.
Elizabeth City County was a county in southeastern Virginia from 1634 to 1952. Originally created in 1634 as Elizabeth
River Shire, it was one of eight shires created in the Virginia Colony by order of the King of England. In 1636,
it was subdivided, and the portion north of the harbor of Hampton Roads became known as Elizabeth City Shire. It
was renamed Elizabeth City County a short time later.
Elizabeth City was originally named Kikotan (also spelled Kecoughtan and Kikowtan), presumably a word for the Native
Americans living there when the English arrived in 1607.
The shire and county were named for Elizabeth of Bohemia, daughter of King James I, sister of Princes Henry and
The town of Hampton, established in 1680, became the largest city in Elizabeth City County, and was the county
seat. In 1952, Elizabeth City County merged with Hampton and is today the independent city of Hampton. The city
also includes the former Town of Phoebus, resulting in modern-day Hampton encompassing nearly all of what was Elizabeth
Major Communities in Elizabeth City County
* Buckroe Beach * Fox Hill * Langley Field * Plum Tree Point * Phobeus
* Hampton (before it became an independent city)
* Wythe * Aberdeen Gardens * Pine Chapel Village
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