EDWARD C. EDMONDS, OF FAUQUIER COUNTY, VIRGINIA
COLONEL, 38TH VIRGINIA INFANTRY.
Edward Claxton Edmonds, son of Dr. John R. Edmonds, was horn in Paris, Fauquier County, Virginia, on the 2ist of January, 1835. His mother, Mrs. Helen Carter Edmonds, was one of the old Pittsylvania Carters.
From early boyhood he gave marked evidence of high-toned character and well-balanced intellect Yielding the strictest obedience to authority, possessing the highest regard for the truth for truth's sake, and having the faculty of inspiring implicit confidence in others, he early gave promise of useful manhood, which was fulfilled in an after-life, short in years, but long in the list of its well-performed labors.
In September, 1854, young Edmonds entered the Virginia Military Institute as a cadet from Alexandria, in which city his family then resided. In his classes here he attained fair standing, and as a cadet officer, during three years of his course, possessed the confidence of the Institute authorities, being in his first class-year captain of "B" Company, the second office in his class. On the 4th of July, 1858, he graduated in a class of nineteen,—a class small in number, but with perhaps the proudest record among the classes turned out by this noble institution. Eight of their number fell in "The Cause'—a much larger proportion than from any other class. Every man of them was in the army, gaining distinction in the three arms of service, and holding offices varying from brigadier-general through all the grades downward.
After leaving the Institute, Mr. Edmonds was appointed assistant in mathematics at a school in Staunton, and remained here one year. He then married a Miss Tutwiler, of Fluvanna County, Virginia, and moved to Danville, where, in connection with Major Jesse Jones, he established a military academy that was giving promise of eminent success, when the secession of Virginia, and his consequent entry into the army, necessitated its close. When asked by his scholars as to his opinion of the storm gathering so angrily over the republic, he would always maintain that he sincerely regretted to see the grand structure reared by our forefathers under so many difficulties commencing to crumble so soon, and that the better policy was to fight for our rights in the Union. When, however, Virginia did secede, he offered no word of condemnation of her course, but at once placed his life in her hands, to be used as seemed best for her honor and safety. Going to Richmond, he offered his services to the Governor, and was ordered to return to Danville and raise in that section a regiment of infantry. Acting under these instructions, he soon succeeded in getting his complement of volunteers, and marched with them to Richmond, where the regiment was mustered into service as the 38th Virginia Infantry, and he was commissioned its colonel. This regiment was assigned first to General Johnston's army, in the Valley of Virginia, and eventually became a part of Armistead's Brigade, Pickett's Division, Longstreet's Corps. At the head of the gallant 38th, Colonel Edmonds did efficient service, displaying great gallantry and gaining special distinction at Manassas, Williams-burg, and around Richmond. Was severely wounded at Seven Pines, May 31, 1862. During the campaign of 1863 Colonel Edmonds commanded his brigade. His military life in this campaign is that of Pickett's Division. In all their noble services he bore conspicuous part, until, in their grand charge on Gettysburg Heights, July 3, 1863, he fell at the head of his command. This charge of Pickett's Division, un-equaled in history for the grandeur of its bravery and coolness under the most terrific fire, perhaps, that the world has ever known, was the death-scene of many a noble Southerner. Seven colonels fell that day who had been comrades at the Virginia Military Institute, three of them room-mates, a noble band; none nobler than he of whom we write. In the same charge General Armistead, up in the enemy's works, his hat on his sword, calling on his brigade to follow, fell, pierced by a bullet; and it is no common testimony to the soldierly worth of Colonel Edmonds that it was the desire of the brigade that he should succeed to the command, for they did not know of his death yet. In fact, a petition, signed by every officer present in the brigade, was forwarded to the Secretary of War, asking that Colonel Edmonds be appointed their brigadier as soon as exchanged; for a report had reached them that he was still alive, though a prisoner of war.
Six weeks after, when the 38th found that their gallant colonel had been killed, a meeting of the officers was called, to pass resolutions on his death. With an extract from these resolutions, we close this sketch:
"In the qualities of a good commander in camp, uniform kindness of disposition, rigid impartiality, sound discretion in the administration of discipline, and an anxious and unceasing attention to the welfare and wants of his men, distinguished him. As a good leader in action, keen penetration, correct views of the matter in hand, a courage and self-possession that resembled ignorance of danger, gave him absolute control of his men. In the virtues of his private life, sterling integrity, unvarying politeness ardent interest (without ambition) in all that affected society, a keen relish for the society of a few chosen friends, together with an unaffected modesty and a childlike simplicity, were specially noticeable. Few colonels were more gifted than he whom we delighted to honor and love to remember." (Source: Biographical sketches of the Graduates and Eleves of the Virginia Military Institute who fell during the war between the States, by Chas. D. Walker. Published 1875. Tr. by Linda Rodriguez)
EDWARD L. FANT, Jr., OF WARRENTON, VIRGINIA
LIEUTENANT, 8TH VIRGINIA INFANTRY
Edward L. Fant, Jr., son of E. L. Fant, Esq., was born in Warrenton, Virginia, in 1835. Appointed a cadet in the Military Institute at Lexington in 1852, he reported for duty during the summer of that year, but resigned after a short stay at the Virginia Military Institute. At the outbreak of hostilities, Mr. Fant entered the service as a lieutenant in the 8th Virginia Infantry, and served as such until killed in one of the seven days' fights around Richmond, in June, 1862. At the time of his death Lieutenant Fant was leading his company into conflict (Source: Biographical sketches of the Graduates and Eleves of the Virginia Military Institute who fell during the war between the States, by Chas. D. Walker. Published 1875. Tr. by Linda Rodriguez)
JOHN FLETCHER, OF FAUQUIER COUNTY, VIRGINIA
CAPTAIN, ASHBY'S CAVALRY.
John Fletcher, son of Joshua Fletcher, of Upperville, Fauquier County, Virginia, was born in 1836. In August, 1856, he entered the Military Institute, where he remained during one session. Returning then, to his native county, he was engaged as a farmer until the war began. While pursuing his quiet avocation he became a member of Turner Ashby's cavalry company, and was elected third lieutenant. After the John Brown raid, in 1859, he was promoted second lieutenant, and on Ashby's promotion at the beginning of hostilities he rose to the captaincy of the company.
Captain Fletcher was killed at the head of his company in a gallant charge upon the enemy posted at Buckton Station, on the 23d of May, 1862. He was first shot in the arm.. His horse carried him, disabled, into the ranks of the enemy, where he was shot down. At the time of his death he was in his twenty-seventh year, a young man of fine appearance and address, and of excellent understanding. Possessed of striking moral and physical courage, had he lived he must have risen to distinction as a soldier. His loss was deeply lamented by the cavalry, and more especially by his generals, Ashby and Jackson, who reposed great confidence in him. In his own neighborhood no young man stood higher in popular estimation as a man of sense and character. Kind and polite, he was loved as well as respected. Few of the brilliant corps the Institute sent into the field never to return deserve to take precedence of him in all the admirable qualities which constitute a soldier and a gentleman. (Source: Biographical sketches of the Graduates and Eleves of the Virginia Military Institute who fell during the war between the States, by Chas. D. Walker. Published 1875. Tr. by Linda Rodriguez)
JAMES M. KINCHELOE, OF FAUQUIER COUNTY, VIRGINIA
ADJUTANT, 17TH TENNESSEE INFANTRY.
James M. Kincheloe was born in Fauquier County, Virginia, in 1836; entered the Virginia Military Institute in August, 1854, and graduated in 1858, standing well up in his class,—eighth on general merit,—having been an officer during his whole course, and in his last year first captain of the corps. In the interval between his graduation and the outbreak of the war he moved to Tennessee. At the beginning of hostilities he was appointed by Governor Harris drill-master of volunteers, collecting at different points in the State. Desirous of reaching his native State, he finally attached himself to the 17th Tennessee Infantry as adjutant (though he bore the rank of major by appointment), this regiment being then under marching orders to join the army in Virginia at Manassas. Overtaken by disease at Bristol, he died on the 26th of August, 1861.
In default of other description of his career and character, we give an extract from the resolutions adopted by his regiment within a few days after his death:
"Headquarters 17TH Tennessee Volunteers,
September 17, 1861.
At a meeting of the officers of the 17th Regiment Tennessee Volunteers, convened for the purpose of offering some testimonial to the worth of James M. Kincheloe, late adjutant of this regiment, Colonel T. W. Newman was called to the chair, Captain R. P. Hunter appointed secretary, and Captains A. S. Marks, J. L. Armstrong, and R. H. McCreery were appointed a committee to draft resolutions expressive of the object of the meeting, and reported the following preamble and resolutions, which were unanimously adopted:
Whereas, We have been advised of the death of our late adjutant, James M. Kincheloe, who departed this life at Bristol, Tennessee, on the 26th ultimo; therefore be it
Resolved, That in Adjutant Kincheloe was discovered a rare association of natural genius, scientific attainments, and personal excellencies, which pre-eminently distinguished him as a tactician and a soldier, and in his death the service has lost one of its most efficient officers, and society one of its brightest ornaments.
Resolved, That our regiment is indebted in a great measure to his energy, perseverance, and proficiency for its present attainments in the science of war, and his death at this juncture has shorn us of one of our pillars of strength, and stricken down a champion in our cause.
Resolved, That our intimate acquaintance with him during his official connection with our regiment deeply impressed us with the many virtues which ornamented his life and character. As a man, his integrity was unimpeachable; as a friend, he was generous and confiding; as a soldier, he was courteous to his superiors and affable to his inferiors; as a scholar, he was learned without ostentation; and as a gentleman, he had no superiors.
(Signed) Colonel T. W. Newman, Chairman.
Captain R. P. Hunter, Secretary."
With his sword yet unsheathed, yet looking to do battle for his country, he died. The testimony of his comrades indicates what he might have done had he not been called away. (Source: Biographical sketches of the Graduates and Eleves of the Virginia Military Institute who fell during the war between the States, by Chas. D. Walker. Published 1875. Tr. by Linda Rodriguez)
JOHN Q. MARR, OF FAUQUIER COUNTY, VIRGINIA
CAPTAIN, WARRENTON RIFLES.
John Q. Marr was born in Warrenton, Fauquier County, on the 27th of May, 1825. On his father's side he was principally of French, and on his mother's chiefly of English, descent His father, John Marr, Esq., who died in 1848, was the grandson of a Frenchman, who, after the revocation of the edict of Nantes, is said to have sought with two brothers a refuge from tyranny in the wilds of America. The two brothers of this ancestor, soon after their arrival in this country, removed to Carolina. It has been said that at this time of their history the family name was La Mar, the article having been afterwards dropped. The brother who remained settled in what afterwards became the county of Fauquier. He had two sons, Daniel and Thomas. Thomas was killed at Brad-dock's defeat, being in the colonial troops under the command of Washington. Daniel was the father of numerous children, only one of whom now (1872) survives (Daniel*Marr, Esq., of Campbell County, Virginia). Daniel Marr, the eider, died in 1826. His eldest son, John Marr, the father of John Q. Marr, was for many years a resident of Warrenton, the county seat of Fauquier. The following notice of him appears in the newspaper published in his town not long after his decease:
The deceased resided in this place for the last forty years, and was born in the county of which his forefathers were among the early settlers in the seventeenth century, giving their names' to some of its localities. They were men who freely shared in the burdens which fell to the lot of citizens in the early history of the colony and Commonwealth, unambitious of other praise or rewards than that they were true soldiers in war, and quiet, good citizens in peace. The subject of this notice, in the outset of life, commenced the mercantile business, in which, in a very short time, he found himself bereaved of everything save an unspotted reputation and an increasing family. The latter he supported for a long series of years as Commissioner in Chancery in the Supreme and County Courts, and other very laborious offices of trust, which the confidence of his neighbors and fellow-citizens was fond to bestow on him. To the intelligent, but irksome, performance 6f those trusts, which yielded a frugal support to his family and education to his children, he added the gratuitous services of a justice of the peace. The maiden name of the mother of John Q. Marr was Catherine Inman Horner, who still survives (1872), and who belonged to a family which has always stood well in that section of the country where their lot has been cast.
John Q. Marr entered the Virginia Military Institute as a cadet in July, 1843, and graduated in 1846 with the second distinguished honor of his class. He was afterwards appointed assistant professor of mathematics and tactics at the Institute, and filled this post with great credit until called home by die death of his father. Although the teachers at that valuable institution, who saw and duly appreciated his fine mind and aptitude for the learning there taught, assured him of their sense
of his progress in science, and flattered him with the hope of future eminence if he would remain, still, his sense of duty to his mother and orphan sisters impelled him to return to them.
The courts, learning the sacrifice the young man had made to filial duty, and also, from reliable report, his capacity, gave to him the appointment vacated by his father's death. With what intelligence and probity, and with what general satisfaction, he labored at and performed these irksome duties is known everywhere in his community. To these he also added, as his father had done, the gratuitous services of a justice of the peace. When the latter office was submitted to the popular suffrage, his neighbors elected him without a dissenting voice, and shortly afterwards the magistrates of the county appointed him the Presiding Justice of the Court. This, when we regard his youth at that time, and the knowledge which the electors had of the qualifications of their several brethren, must be acknowledged as a sure tribute and sign of their respect for his intelligence and dignity of deportment The next testimonial of confidence came from the people, who elected him the sheriff of the large and opulent county of Fauquier. After performing its arduous and responsible, and often delicate and painful, duties for a full term of two years, he was again elected without any opposition. For this second term, however, upon a full and calm survey of its troubles and responsibilities, he declined to accept, and voluntarily surrendered an office that was coveted by many for its pecuniary gains and patronage, but which he, upon a full survey and experience of its troubles, anxieties, distressing scenes, and responsibilities, determined to forego.
It was at the election for delegates to the convention which passed the ordinance of secession that the most decided proof was exhibited of the people's confidence in his safe judgment and ability to serve them, when we regard the dangerous crisis, the magnitude of the trust committed to his hands, and the overwhelming vote which manifested the general confidence. Such was the people's trust in his judgment and the purity of his purposes, and the probity which would govern and control it, that they confided the mighty trust to him by a vote much larger than they gave even to his talented and trusted colleague (Robert E. Scott).
Nor can the result of any of these elections, so flattering to a just pride, be imputed to any other cause or agency than to the just confidence which all classes of men and politicians had in both his mind and heart. He had no wealth to bestow for favor, even could he have stooped so low as to buy it, which in his nature he would not and could not do; nor had he any graces of countenance, eloquence, or manner to win it by these arts. His countenance and manner were stern and repulsive to the approaches of familiarity, almost, we had said, to genial sociality, while his eloquence had neither charm of voice nor decoration from fancy or imagination. He spoke well, because he spoke sound sense. He spoke from his reason and judgment to the reason and judgment of his listeners, whilst there was that in his countenance which expressed an honest conviction of sincerity of purpose which won the trust of his hearers.
After the raid of John Brown, he organized, in his native village, a military company known as the "Warrenton Rifles," and with indefatigable industry drilled and instructed it in the art of war. To his military company, composed chiefly of his neighbors and neighbors' sons, whom the parents would have trusted to the guidance of no other leader, he was most justly dear. Gallant, yet prudent, there was no peril which they could encounter which he would not fully share with them, and but for the accident which at first separated them and the shot that deprived them of his leadership, the victory would have been complete.
John Q. Marr was commissioned as lieutenant-colonel in the active volunteer forces of Virginia, his commission bearing date the 5th of May, 1861. Although he knew of the existence of this commission, he never saw it, it having been sent by mistake to Harper's Ferry. During the war, it was rescued from the letters remaining in the dead-letter office at Richmond, and is now in the possession of his family.
When the ordinance of secession passed the convention he was absent from his seat, being summoned home by a severe family affliction; but he afterwards affixed his name to it
The indications of hostile collision with the Federal authorities that immediately followed that ordinance caused him to address himself at once to his military duties, and his company was soon marched towards the Potomac River, where the danger seemed most threatening, and his occupations in the field prevented him from again resuming his seat in that body.
On the morning of Saturday, June 1, 1861, the sentinels of the Virginia troops, then in barracks at Fairfax Court-House, were driven in by a company of United States cavalry, who swiftly followed them into the village. The enemy came by a side road, entering on the north. The Virginia forces consisted of a cavalry company from Prince William, a company of cavalry from Rappahannock, and the Warrenton Rifles, commanded by Captain John Q. Mark. The cavalry, composed entirely of raw levies and imperfectly armed, misinformed as to the force of the enemy, gave way at the onset, and left the Rifles unsupported to deal with the foe. It unfortunately happened that, as his men were being conducted into the inclosure, about one-half of them were cut off by the retreating horsemen, and, thus separated from their companions, the remaining half got into action, so that there were only about forty men engaged in the skirmish.
The assailants, numbering about eighty-six men, under Lieutenant Tompkins, separated. Part of them charged along the road which leads through the village, while the other part, supposed to be under the guidance of the officer in command, passed in pursuit of the fugitives through the inclosure in which the Rifles were stationed. As these passed, Captain Marr was heard to challenge them, asking, "What cavalry is that ?" and these were the last words that issued from his lips. Scattering shots were interchanged, and the pursuers passed on. Without their captain, and ignorant of his fete, without their first or second lieutenant,—both of whom, at the beginning of the fight, were unfortunately absent,—these forty riflemen, who had never before heard the report of an enemy's gun,—composed, in part, of youths of seventeen and eighteen years of age,—stood unfaltering in their positron, while well-trained troopers charged in front and rear. At this moment ex-Governor William Smith, who chanced to be in the village, appeared among them, with Colonel (afterwards General) Ewell, who took the direction of their movements. The enemy, soon desisting from their pursuit, collected together a short distance upon the turnpike road and charged back upon the village. The Rifles, advancing to the roadside, by a well-directed fire drove them back. Again they returned to the attack, when a deadly volley, emptying many saddles, threw them into confusion. They broke through the fencing and fled from the conflict. The loss of the enemy in killed, wounded, and missing was probably not under thirty. The casualties on our side were one killed, one wounded, and four missing. In the beginning of the fight Colonel Ewell received a wound in the shoulder. Until a late hour in the morning the fate of Captain Marr was unknown, and it was hoped that he would reappear with the missing part of his company; but upon search being made in the clover lot, where the challenge was given, his body was found with a shot through the heart.
When the sad intelligence of his death reached his native place the Confederate flag was lowered to half-mast, and a gloom overspread the countenances of all. His remains, which reached Warrenton on Saturday evening between six and seven o'clock, were met and escorted into the town by the Lee Guard, and a large concourse of citizens. On Sunday afternoon, at five o'clock, after a feeling tribute had been paid to his memory by Rev. O. S. Barten, in the clerk's office yard, in the presence of at least fifteen hundred persons, he was buried, in full-dress uniform, with the honors of war.
The following is an extract from the speech of Mr. Robert E. Scott, his colleague in the convention in session at that time':
"I was present but a short time since when a banner, the gift of the ladies of the village, was presented to the Warrenton Rifles. The ceremony of presentation took place on a green plat, just in rear of our clerks' offices, and I heard the pledge of the gallant captain to guard its honor with his own life's blood. But I little, thought when participating in the pleasing excitement of the animated scene I should so soon realize the redemption of the patriotic pledge. On the evening of the 2d of June I stood among a large concourse of persons assembled on that same green plat, under the same trees that once more had renewed their umbrageous foliage, a listener to the funeral service over the coffin that contained all of earth that remained of our lamented associate and friend, and, following to the grave, I saw the bright banner that he loved so well, in token of his worth buried with the dead."
The following resolutions were adopted by the convention:
"Resolved, That this Convention lament most deeply the death of Captain John Q. Marr, late member of this body from the county of Fauquier, and as a testimonial of his worth, and in respect for his memory, the members thereof will wear the usual badges of mourning for thirty days.
"Resolved, That the condolence of this Convention be expressed to his bereaved mother on this occasion of her distressing affliction."
After the reopening of the courts, at a meeting of the members of the Fauquier bar, called for the purpose of passing resolutions in honor of those of their number who had passed away during the war, Mr. James V. Brooke, at present a member of the Legislature from the county of Fauquier, rose and said, "Captain John Q. Marr, although not a member of the bar nor an officer of the court, sustained relations to both which entitle him to honorable mention in the proceedings of this meeting. In the person of our departed friend death found 'a shining mark.' Though still in the dawn of manhood, the reputation which he enjoyed was worth the struggle of a protracted life; and few, if any, could claim a stronger hold upon the confidence of the community in which he lived. The causes which operated to give him prominence among his fellows were not to be found in the possession of those brilliant qualities of mind and manners that often wield a fascinating influence, irresistible
yet transient The secret of his power lay rather in the marked development of those more solid and substantial elements of character that constituted his individuality and made him the object of popular esteem. With a sound judgment, a resolute will, a fixedness of purpose which nothing could shake, and habits of industry that asked no relaxation, he combined those gentler qualities of heart that served to soften a temper somewhat impulsive, and a demeanor that might otherwise have savored of austerity or reserve.
In this happy blending of mental and moral traits was the secret of his strength; and in his stern devotion to duty, without regard to the dictates of selfish expediency, he found the surest pathway to enviable renown."
In the report of the adjutant-general for the year ending September 30, 1862, we find the following in the memorial list of the eleves of the Virginia Military Institute in the war for independence of the Confederate States of America: "J. Q. Mark. Graduated July 4, 1846. Member of Virginia Convention. Entered military service, as captain of Virginia volunteers, April, 1861. Killed at Fairfax Court-House, May 31, 1861. First blood of the war'
Appended is his address to the voters of Fauquier when a candidate for the convention:
"TO THE VOTERS OF FAUQUIER.
"In response to calls made upon me through the press, as well as by many of my fellow-citizens in different portions of the county, to allow my name to be used for the convention which has recently been called by the General Assembly of this State, and believing, so far as I can ascertain, that it is the wish of a large number of the voters of all parties that I should become a candidate, I think it proper, without farther delay (as but a short period of time intervenes before the election), to state that, should it be your pleasure to elect me, I will endeavor to discharge the important trust to the best of my ability, and in such a manner as to meet with your approval. Deeply sensible of the important subject which has given rise to the call of this convention, I am aware that an expression of the particular views of the different candidates is expected by many whose suffrages are solicited. On ordinary occasions, when conventions are called to consider the propriety of changing some organic law of the State, it is not difficult for men to define their exact positions on the question submitted to their consideration; but now, when, I may say, we are almost in the midst of a revolution, the views we hold to-day, shaped and formed by existing circumstances that surround us, may, by a change in the condition of affairs, be improper for to-morrow. It would, therefore, be impossible, it would be improper, for me to tie my hands to any particular view or any particular policy to be pursued on the great questions which agitate the country, by a convention which-does not assemble for nearly a month from this time. This is strikingly exemplified by the fact that we have many around us who, a week ago in favor of pursuing a certain line of policy, now are for the very contrary, and probably ere another week, not to say a month, may find themselves, by the force of events, occupying a third position. The General Assembly of Virginia, now in session, has promptly passed several measures relating to the present crisis which I cordially approve. The resolutions pledging the State to resist by all means in her power the coercion, under existing circumstances, of any slave State, and the position of the Governor, that the passage of any troops across our soil for that purpose would be considered an invasion, to be repelled with all the strength of the Commonwealth, clearly and unequivocally warns Northern fanaticism that Virginia cannot and will not stand with folded arms and permit those Southern States to be ruthlessly assailed, to whom we are bound by identity of institutions, by reciprocal interest, and by the eternal laws of nature and of God. Nor can we allow the present opportunity to pass without having definitely and forever settled those questions growing out of the institution of slavery which have for years been a source of agitation, and which have at last partially destroyed that Union which has accomplished so much good to mankind, and over the destruction of which I can see nothing to rejoice. The issue has been forced upon us, and we must meet it, with decision, with energy, with firmness, with unanimity, with a united front, and with unfaltering devotion to the honor and safety of the Commonwealth. Let Virginia speak and act, not with ' boisterous bravado,' but with enlightened patriotism, and that calm courage which has ever marked her history in the past. I cannot agree to allay the storm by submission, but there is no sacrifice consistent with the honor and interest of the State which I would not make to preserve and transmit, unimpaired, to coming generations, a confederacy which was perfected by the wise and good and patriotic men of the past, and which, if severed by civil conflict, can never be reconstructed. The Legislature has also, I believe, passed an act for the appointment of Commissioners to meet those proposed to be appointed from the border slave States, in the city of Washington, on the 4th of February, and whose joint action and recommendations will doubtless be reported to our State Convention, and may form the groundwork for a solution and settlement of the difficulties that surround us; and, although now scarcely a ray of hope lights our pathway, yet, as the darkest hour precedes the break of day, that Providence which in time past guided us, when weak, through dangers and difficulties, may dispel the approaching storm, and will continue to shield us with His protecting arm. In view of changing circumstances, of the magnitude of the interests involved, and of the great difficulties which surround the questions to be considered by the convention, I can only say to you, that, if elected, I will endeavor, with good judgment and discretion and firmness, to deal with the state of affairs existing at the time of the sitting of the convention, as the exigency of the occasion may demand, striving, if possible, to obtain all the just and equitable rights to which the South is entitled, without further breaking the bonds of the Union ; but in the event of a continued disposition to aggress, and an unyielding spirit on the part of Northern fanaticism, then so to act as best to maintain the honor and rights of the State whose interest and whose welfare it is our duty to cherish and defend as long as life itself shall last. If, therefore, you think proper to confide such great trust to my judgment and discretion, I shall be grateful for your suffrages. If, on the contrary, there should be other gentlemen before you in connection with this trust, on whose judgment, discretion, and patriotism you would feel safer to rely, vote for them,—your interest and your duty demand it. As for myself, whether in a representative capacity, or as a private citizen, my fortunes are indissolubly connected with Virginia, the land of my birth, and by whom I have been nurtured with more than a parent's care, and on whose bosom I shall repose when time with me shall be no more. ' She shall know no peril but that it shall be my peril, no conflict but that it shall be my conflict, and there is no abyss of ruin to which she may sink, so low, but that I shall share her fall.'
John Q. Mark.
January 18, 1861."
(Source: Biographical sketches of the Graduates and Eleves of the Virginia Military Institute who fell during the war between the States, by Chas. D. Walker. Published 1875. Tr. by Linda Rodriguez)
JAMES K. MARSHALL, OF FAUQUIER COUNTY, VIRGINIA
COLONEL, 52D NORTH CAROLINA INFANTRY.
James Keith Marshall, son of Edward C. and grandson of Chief-Justice John Marshall, was born in Fauquier County, Virginia, on the 17th of April, 1839.
On the 21st of August, 1856, young Marshall entered the Virginia Military Institute, where he graduated with credit July 4, 1860. While a member of the graduating class, he was first lieutenant of one of the cadet companies, and was chosen as final orator by the Society of Cadets. His oration gave evidence of a vigorous mind, and promise of a good speaker. About two months after graduation, Mr. Marshall accepted an invitation from Dr. Warren to take charge of a private school at Edenton, North Carolina. While here he employed that portion of his time not occupied by school duties in the study of law. But the pursuit of these quiet duties was broken up in the following spring by the call of his country to arms. Fired with patriotic zeal to battle for the Southern cause, he brought into the field, among the first, a well-drilled company, of which he was chosen captain, and was assigned to the regiment of Colonel D. H. Hill. Captain Marshall gained so much reputation by his skillful handling of his troops throughout the campaign of 1861, that, upon the reorganization of the army in the spring of 1862, he was elected colonel of the 52d Regiment North Carolina Infantry, succeeding Colonel Vance, who became Governor of the State. At the time of his promotion, Colonel Marshall was but twenty-two years of age, and only known in North Carolina through his reputation gained in the field during the campaign of the preceding year.
Colonel Marshall's regiment remained with its brigade (Pettigrew's) in Tide Water, Virginia, during a greater part of 1862, and while here, in addition to much other arduous duty, was in several hard-fought engagements, of which the most memorable was the repulse of the land and naval forces of the enemy at Franklin, on Blackwater River. Being stationed at Petersburg, Colonel Marshall received information that three Federal gunboats were coming up the Blackwater, intending to co-operate with a land force coming in another direction, and then move on Franklin. At this period of the war the use of gunboats had given the enemy the victory upon so many occasions that the alarm became general, lest their exclusive possession of this means of attack might drive the Confederate Government from the defense of all towns on the water-courses.
Upon hearing of the approach of these gunboats, Colonel Marshall moved quickly to the Blackwater, and posted his riflemen at intervals along its bushy banks, with orders to shoot every man who made his appearance on deck. So effectively was this order executed that large numbers were slain, and the boats consequently forced to retire. Hurrying on to Franklin, Colonel Marshall easily drove off the land forces, who, being disheartened at the discomfiture of the gunboats, retreated in dismay. After this affair, Colonel Marshall remained with his command under General Pettigrew, in the defense of lower Virginia, until the brigade was ordered to join the army of Northern Virginia, when on its march into Pennsylvania.
The three days' fighting at and near Gettysburg distinguished the campaign of 1863, and proved to be the culminating period of the war. On the first day of these battles, July 1, 1863, Pettigrew's Brigade, numbering three thousand men, was engaged in hot encounter with the enemy, who made a fierce attack with powerful force upon them, and were only driven back after desperate effort. In the midst of this engagement General Pettigrew was called to the command of the division, Major-General Heth having been badly wounded, and Colonel Marshall succeeded to the command of the brigade.
The part taken by Colonel Marshall in the battle of the third day, July 3, is thus described in an extract from a communication published in the Richmond Enquirer ofthe 18th of March, 1864. This communication was a letter written to Major N. J. Baker by Captain Louis G. Young, aid-de-camp to General Pettigrew, at the solicitation of a meeting of delegates representing the different regiments of the brigade. The meeting was held for the purpose of having corrected the erroneous impressions which prevailed in regard to the part taken in the battle of Gettysburg by Pettigrew's Brigade:
"On the morning of the 3d of July, General Pettigrew, commanding Heth's Division, was instructed to report to General Longstreet, who directed him to form in rear of Pickett's Division, and support his advance on Cemetery Hill; and I presume that it was in consequence of this having been the first plan settled on that the erroneous report was circulated that Heth's Division was assigned the duty of supporting that of Pickett. But the order referred to was countermanded almost as soon as given, and General Pettigrew was ordered to advance upon the same line as Pickett. In the alignment of the division, Pettigrew's Brigade, under Colonel Marshall, was second from the right, and, with Archer's, advanced promptly and in good order, in continuation of Pickett's line. Subjected to a fire even more fatal than that which had driven back the brigade on our left, the men listening in vain for the cheering command of officers who had, alas! fallen, our brigade gave way-likewise, and simultaneously with the whole line.
"Colonel James K. Marshall, of the 52d Regiment, lost his life in the charge on Cemetery Hill. Prepared by a thorough military education for the sphere to which he was called, he possessed in no ordinary degree the qualities which make the distinguished soldier. To a remarkable aptitude for military matters was added the faculty to discipline and yet command the affections of officers and men. Modest in his demeanor, he nevertheless valued aright the power of earnest endeavor and
unflinching determination, so that no-danger or difficulty seemed to him too formidable, and often he mastered circumstances which seemed impossible. His repulse of the enemy's land and naval force on the Black-water is the first recorded victory of riflemen over gunboats. In the battle of Gettysburg he manifested skill and dashing bravery. Great is the country's loss when such are taken from her."
Colonel Marshall had passed the stone fence, and while cheering his men received two balls in his forehead, which caused his immediate death. (Source: Biographical sketches of the Graduates and Eleves of the Virginia Military Institute who fell during the war between the States, by Chas. D. Walker. Published 1875. Tr. by Linda Rodriguez)
FRANCIS M. SUDDOTH, OF FAUQUIER COUNTY, VIRGINIA
ADJUTANT, 24TH VIRGINIA INFANTRY.
F. M. Suddoth, son of James F. Suddoth, of Morrisville, Fauquier County, Virginia, entered the Virginia Military Institute in August, 1852, and graduated in 1856, third distinguished in a class of thirty-three; taught from this time until the beginning of the war, when he entered the army, and became the adjutant of the 24th Virginia Infantry. While stationed at Gloucester Point, in 1861, he became a prey to disease, and died before opportunity occurred for rendering active service. (Source: Biographical sketches of the Graduates and Eleves of the Virginia Military Institute who fell during the war between the States, by Chas. D. Walker. Published 1875. Tr. by Linda Rodriguez)
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