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Virginia is covered on the Northeast States List
Fluvanna County was once part of Henrico County, one of the original
shires of Virginia Colony. In 1727, Henrico was divided and the Fluvanna County area became part of Goochland
County. Goochland was divided in 1744, and the area now known as Fluvanna became a part of Albemarle County.
Albemarle County was divided, finally, in 1777 and Fluvanna County established.
The County was named for the Fluvanna River, the name given to James River west of Columbia. Fluvanna means
"Annie's River" for Queen Anne of England. The James and Rivanna Rivers run through Fluvanna County.
The site of a major Monacan villiage of Native Americans in pre-colonial times, is at the Point of Fork (where
the James & Rivanna Rivers meet near Columbia). Thomas Jefferson made the Rivanna River navigable in
the late 18th century. Virginia requested that the river be opened to public usage shortly after the completion
of the efforts by Thomas Jefferson.
Fluvanna was defended by six militia companies during the American Revolutionary War. The county was invaded by
British forces in 1781 when the Point of Fork Arsenal was destroyed. While no Civil War battles were fought in
Fluvanna, Union soldiers burned mills, bridges and damaged the James River and Kanawha Canal. During the American
Civil War over 1,200 of its citizens served in the Confederate forces during the American Civil War.
Its county seat is Palmyra
Columbia - Scottsville
Fork Union - Lake Monticello - Palmyra
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