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Gloucester County
Genealogy and History
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Virginia is covered on the Northeast States List

County History

Gloucester was formed in 1651 in what was then known as the Virginia Colony.  It was named after Henry Stuart the Duke of Gloucester, and the son of King Charles l of Great Britain.  It borders the York River and the lower Chesapeake Bay.  Richmond, Virginia's capital, is about 75 miles to the west. 

Gloucester was the site of Werowocomoco, the capital of the Native American group known as the Powhatan Confederacy.  The recorded Native American history of Gloucester County, began soon after the settlement of Jamestown in 1607.  It also was once home to members of early First Families of Virginia and important colonial leaders of the American Revolutionary War. Thomas Jefferson composed some of his early work at Rosewell Plantation, for Virginia and Colonial Independence.  Rosewell Plantation overlooked the York River and was the home of his close friend John Page.  John Page was from one of the First Families of Virginia, and a famous patriot who served as the Governor of Virginia and also in the U.S. Congress.  When the war came to its conclusion at Yorktown, across from Gloucester Point, the county almost was an escape route for the British forces led by General Cornwallis. 

Gloucester County is rich in farmland.

An area of Gloucester county is called Guinea, which includes the unincorporated communities of Achilles, Bena, Severn, and Big Island, located near Gloucester Point.

Online Data



County Records

Death Records

Family Bibles

County History

Miscellaneous Data

Wills/Probate Records

Website Updates
Nov 2012
1890 Veteran's Census - Abingdon
1890 Veteran's Census - Warr District

Jun 2012
Smith - Sedden Marriage
Manning - Bland Marriage
Taliaferro -Marshall Marriage
Crump - Tabb Marriage
Manning - Bland Marriage

Jan 2012
Ralph Wormeley Biography
John Lightfoot Biography
William Carter Stubbs Biography
Lewis Burwell Biography
Luke Pryor Biography

Dec 2011
Colonel John B. Cary Biography
Christ Church

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Surrounding Counties
* Middlesex County - north
Mathews County - east
York County - south
James City County - southwest
King and Queen County - west


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