Edward Bates was born at Belmont, Goochland County, Virginia, September 4, 1793. His education, commenced by his father, was succeeded by several years of academic instruction, mostly at Charlotte Hall, Maryland, and finished by an accomplished jurist tutor. Declining, in early youth, a naval career, afforded by the offer of a Midshipman's warrant, he afterward, in 1813, exhibited his patriotic ardor by serving as a volunteer in the Virginia militia, in the war against Great Britain.
In 1814 he removed to Missouri, where, at that time, many of, the enterprising and ambitious young Virginians migrated, to seek their fortunes, and grow up with that then infant, but now powerful, State. He there continued his study of the law; and, in 1816, began to practice in St. Louis.
Rising rapidly into practice, in the year 1818 he was appointed Prosecuting Attorney for that circuit. Advancing with the growing interests of the State, he was, in 1820, appointed a Delegate to the State Constitutional Convention. The satisfaction with which he discharged the duties of this important trust recommended him, in the same year, to his constituents, as Attorney-General of the new State of Missouri. He resigned the office in 1822, and was elected to the lower branch of the State Legislature. The confidence which he inspired in his previous public trusts, was abundantly secured in this, his first legislative position. Becoming now prominent as one of the rising young men of the rising young State, he was selected, in 1824, by President Monroe, United States Attorney for the Missouri District. He held this position until 1826, when he resigned, and was elected Representative to Congress from Missouri, serving from 1827 to 1829 with distinction.
In 1830 he was elected to the State Senate; and, in 1834, was again elected to the Lower House of the Legislature. In 1836, being enfeebled by sedentary labor, he moved to the country, where he continued in the active practice of his profession for seven years, and varied his professional occupation with horseback-riding around the prairies, and other vigorous exercise in the open air.
In 1842 he returned to St. Louis, in invigorated health, and renewed in that city the practice of his profession. In 1850 he was appointed, by President Filmore, Secretary of War, but declined the office. In 1853 he was elected Judge of the St. Louis Land Court, which office he resigned in 1856. His prominence as a Whig politician secured him, the same year, the position of President of the Whig National Convention, which assembled in Baltimore; and his accomplishments and learning induced the Harvard University, in 1858, to confer upon him the degree of LL. D.
Again brought prominently before the public, he was appointed, in 1861, Attorney-General in Mr. Lincoln's Cabinet, which position he held until 1865, when he resigned, having performed the duties of the office with marked ability and fidelity. Mr. Bates, on the 5th of July, 1861, rendered an elaborate opinion, justifying President Lincoln in arresting persons on suspicion of intercourse with the insurgents, and refusing to obey a writ of Habeas Corpus, sued out to ascertain whether the alleged suspicions were just. (Source: Biographies of 250 Distinguished National Men by Horatio Bateman. Published 1871 - Submitted by Linda Rodriguez)
(brother of James Woodson Bates), a Representative from Missouri; born in Belmont, Goochland County, Va., September 4, 1793; attended Charlotte Hall Academy, Maryland; acted as sergeant in a volunteer brigade during the War of 1812; moved to St. Louis, Mo., in 1814; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1817 and practiced; circuit prosecuting attorney in 1818; member of the State constitutional convention in 1820; State's attorney in 1820; member of the State house of representatives in 1822; United States district attorney 1821-1826; elected as an Adams to the Twentieth Congress (March 4, 1827-March 3, 1829); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1828 to the Twenty-first Congress; resumed the practice of law; member of the State senate in 1830; again a member of the State house of representatives in 1834; declined the appointment as Secretary of War in 1850 in the Cabinet of President Fillmore; judge of the St. Louis land court 1853-1856; presided at the Whig National Convention in 1856; appointed by President Lincoln as Attorney General of the United States and served from March 5, 1861, to September 1864; died in St. Louis, Mo., March 25, 1869; interment in Bellefontaine Cemetery; removed from Bellefontaine Cemetery, place of reinterment not known. Missouri (Source: Biographical Directory of the US Congress 1774-Present)
Attorney-general, was born in Belmont, Goochland Co., Va., Sept. 4, 1793. His family was of plain Quaker stock, which for centuries had dwelt in the low countries between the York and James rivers. Originally they came from the west of England to the Jamestown settlement in 1625, and remained in that region until the breaking out of the war of the revolution; then some of the younger members of the family took up arms against the king, thus forfeiting their position in the society of Friends. Among these latter were Thomas Fleming Bates, the father of Edward, and several of his uncles. This Thomas Fleming Bates, having taken up a plantation on the James River, found that the war had depreciated the value of his property and left him with his only fortune in the depreciated Continental currency. He was a patriot, however, and he joined fought under Lafayette as a vol. He died in 1805, leaving a widow, five daughters, and seven sons. Young Edward was taken in charge by an elder brother, living in Northumberland, Va., who sent the boy to Charlotte Hall Academy, Md., where he received a good education. He unfortunately met with an accident which put an end to his schooling, and he was obliged to finish with a private tutor. In 1812 young Bates received a midshipman's warrant, but was deterred from entering the navy by his mother's earnest request. He, however, saw some service during the first six months of the war, doing militia duty at Norfolk. In the spring of 1814 Mr. Bates went to St. Louis, at that time s town of about 2,000 inhabitants. Here he began to study law in the office of Rufus Eaton, the best-read lawyer at the bar. With him Mr. Bates continued for two years, when he took out a license and began to practice. During the next few years he practiced law, while holding also several local offices of trust. He was a member of the convention that formed the state constitution in 1820, and successively prosecuting attorney, attorney-general under the U. S. government, and district attorney for Missouri. In 1822 Mr. Bates was elected to the" state legislature, and in 1827 member of congress. In May, 1829, he married Julia D. Coulter, daughter of David Coulter, formerly of Columbia, S. C., by whom he had fifteen children. During the next twenty-five years Mr. Bates devoted himself to his profession, though he was in the legislature of Missouri in 1830, and again in 1834. In 1847 he was a delegate to the internal improvement convention, and made a marked impression upon those present, and through them upon the country. Efforts were now made to draw Mr. Bates from his seclusion, and he was even offered by President Fillmore the position of secretary of war, but he refused it. This was in 1850, and three years later Mr. Bates was appointed judge of the St. Louis land court. In 1856 he presided over the Whig convention at Baltimore, and then began to identify himself with the free-soil party. In 1859 Mr. Bates's name was mentioned as a candidate for the presidency, but the movement never reached any serious consideration, though in the convention of 1860 he received forty eight votes on the first ballot. In 1861, when President Lincoln was making up his cabinet, he appointed Mr. Bates attorney-general, and the appointment was accepted. In 1864, however, he resigned his office, and returned to St. Louis, where he continued to reside and practice his profession until his death. While not a man of remarkable gifts, Mr. Bates was the possessor of certain statesman-like qualities. He not only believed in the emancipation of the slaves, but he practically demonstrated his belief by freeing his own slaves. He died in St, Louis March 25, 1869. [Source: The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, Volume 2; Publ. 1892, by James T. White & Co., N. Y.; Transcribed and submitted by Andrea Stawski Pack]
BATES, James Woodson
A Delegate from Arkansas Territory; born in Goochland county, Va., August 25, 1788; moved to Arkansas Territory; Delegate in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Congresses; served from March 2, 1820, to March 3, 1823; afterwards appointed a judge of the superior court of Arkansas Territory and served 1824-1832; register of the land office in Starksville 1841-1845; died in Van Buren, Ark., December 26, 1846. [A Biographical Congressional Directory of the 1st 1774 to the 62nd 1911 Congress; By United States Congress; Publ. 1918; Donated and Transcribed by Andrea Stawski Pack.]
BRANCH, Anthony Martin
Lawyer and congressman, was born in Buckingham County, Va., July 16, 1834, son of Samuel and Winifred Jones (Guerrant) Branch. His father, an eminent lawyer, was in the war of 1812, serving as ensign in the 4th Greenhill regiment of Virginia; son of Samuel Branch, 2d, of Chesterfield County, Va., an officer in the American Revolution, who married Jane, daughter of Anthony and Sarah (Holman) Martin. Sarah Holman was daughter of James Holman, captain of Virginia militia (1745) from Goochland County, Va. His paternal great grandfather, Anthony Martin, served in the revolutionary war in Col. James Livingston's Continental regiment. He was son of Peter and Mary Ann (Perrow) Martin. Peter Martin was son of John and Margaret Martin, Huguenots. The father of Samuel Branch, 2nd, was Samuel Branch of Chesterfield County, Va., who was descended from Christopher and Mary Branch of Kingsland, Chesterfield Co., Va. This Christopher Branch, "gent.," was a member of house of burgesses, in 1639, from Henrico County, Va., and was first American ancestor. The maternal grandfather of Anthony M. Branch was John Guerrant, Jr., of Goochland county, Va., who married Mary Heath Povall, daughter of Robert Povall, 3rd, of Henrico county, Va., and Winifred Jones Miller, daughter of William Miller and Mary Heath; William was son of Thomas Miller and Winifred.
Mary Heath was daughter of Thomas Heath and Winifred Jones of Northumberland County, Va. John Guerrant, Jr., served as lieutenant and paymaster in Virginia Continental line in the revolution from 1776 to end of war; was in Chas. Scott's brigade from Goochland County, Va.; was in battles of Monmouth and White Plains. He was a member of Virginia convention of 1788; was president of Virginia state council ; as such was lieutenant-governor (1805); was brigadier-general of 3rd Virginia brigade of militia (1798). He was a son of John and Elizabeth (Porter) Guerrant, Sr. John Guerrant, Sr., served with Gen. Washington at Valley Forge, and was lieutenant of militia, in 1771, from Goochland County, Va. He was the son of Maj. Peter Guerrant and Magdalen Trabue, the daughter of Sir Anthony Trabue, a Huguenot, who fled from Lausanne, France, to England, in 1687, and settled in Henrico County, Va., about 1700. Maj. Peter Guerrant was the son of Daniel Guerrant, Jr., and Francoise L'Orange, granddaughter of Sir Lorange, of La Rochelle, France; daughter of Jean Velas Lorange, a Huguenot. Daniel Gueran, Sr. (spelled Guerin and Guerrant), the first American ancestor, was of a French family of the nobility, from Champagne, Isle of France, and from St. Nazaire; was a Huguenot; settled in Virginia about 1700. Anthony M. Branch, the subject of this sketch, was graduated at Hampden-Sidney College, Virginia, 1842 ; he was a polished orator, noted for his brilliancy and logic. He went to Huntsville, Tex., in 1847, forming a law partnership with Mr. Yoakun, the historian. In 1863 Gen. Sam Houston made him executor of his will. He served (1859) in legislature ; in 1861 in the state senate. During the civil war he was captain of company A, of Col. Carter's, Texas cavalry regiment, until 1863, when he was called from the field to serve in the Confederate congress. In 1866 he was elected to the U. S. congress, but was not allowed to take his seat by the dominant party, who objected to all who had fought in the Confederate army. He was married, in 1849 to Amanda Smith of Alabama. He lost his children; but in 1865. at the death of his sister, Martha Winifred Branch, widow of Judge Edward A. Palmer of Houston, Tex., he became guardian of her children. He died at Huntsville, Tex., Oct. 3, 1867. [Source: The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography Volume 8; By James Terry White; Publ. 1898; Transcribed by Andrea Stawski Pack]
(1748-1810), a Delegate from Virginia; born in Goochland County, Va., February 11, 1748; member of the county committee in 1775 and 1776; served in the Revolutionary Army; commissioned lieutenant colonel of Artillery November 30, 1776; served as quartermaster general on the staff of General Greene; commanded the Artillery at the Battle of Hobkirks Hill, April 24, 1781, and at Yorktown; Member of the Continental Congress 1786-1788; appointed by President Washington marshal of Virginia in 1789; foreman of the jury during the trial of Aaron Burr for treason in 1807; died in Richmond, Va., October 28, 1810; interment in St. John's Cemetery. (Source: Biographical Directory of the US Congress 1774-Present)
COUCH, George S.
George S. Couch, a well-known citizen of Charleston and a prominent member of the Kanawha county bar, was born in this city July 31, 1880, a son of George S. and Laura (McMaster) Couch. He is a descendant of Samuel Couch, born September 16, 1752, probably in Pennsylvania and who at an early day was engaged in tilling land that is now the site of West Philadelphia. This early ancestor of our subject purchased several thousand acres of land in Goochland county, Virginia, where he settled in 1777. At that time he was a large slave holder, but subsequently becoming a Quaker, he liberated all his slaves. He married, in the old Swedish church at Philadelphia, Ann Quig, who was born at Mt. Holly, New Jersey, in October, 1754. They both died in Virginia—possibly in Hanover county at an advanced age. Their children were: Rebecca Webb, who married Anthony Robinson; Daniel, who is next in the present line of descent; and Ann Woolston, who married Christopher Anthony, of Virginia, who was an eminent lawyer. All the members of this family were of the Quaker faith.
Daniel Couch, son of the above mentioned Samuel, and great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was born in Hanover county, Virginia, April 9, 1782. He there married Sarah Richardson, who was born June 21, 1782, died November 16, 1852. After their marriage they came to what is now Mason county, West Virginia, settling on a farm which formed a part of the land granted General Washington for his military services, and lying on the Kanawha river. Here Daniel Couch spent the rest of his life engaged in tilling the soil. He was successful in his avocation and became well known along the Kanawha valley. He died on his plantation, December 5, 1824.
James Henry Couch, son of Daniel and Sarah Couch, and our subject's paternal grandfather, was born in Hanover county, Virginia, on the old homestead known as "French Hay," August 3, 1821. After coming to the Kanawha valley with his father he resided on the farm or plantation in Mason county, becoming a lawyer and a man of great influence in that section. He was a delegate to the secession convention at Richmond in 1861, held to determine the question as to whether or not Virginia should go out of the Union. He was opposed to secession, but seeing the tide setting strongly in that direction, he withdrew before the vote. He died on his estate, "Longmeadow," where he had spent the last thirty or forty years of his life, November 24, 1899. Few citizens of Kanawha county were better known, none more highly esteemed. In politics he was a strong Democrat. He married in Mason county, Helen J. Waggener, who was born July 5, 1825, and who spent her life in that county, passing from life's scenes April 25, 1901. She was a daughter of Colonel Andrew Waggener, who was treacherously killed while riding a horse on the highway, just after the battle of Point Pleasant, in the civil war. Her mother, whose maiden name was Attara Bell, survived her husband some years.
James Henry Couch and wife were the parents of a large family of children, of whom there are six still living, as follows: John, a farmer residing in Mason county, who married a Miss Day, of that county; George S. Sr., father of our subject: Charles B., an attorney of Charleston, who married Rachel Brown, of Lewisburg, West Virginia; Samuel, residing on a farm in Mason county, who married Sallie Miller; Margaret A., wife of Edward M. Craig, a bookkeeper residing in Charleston, and whose children are Edward M. J., and Helen Couch Craig; and Frederick A., a dentist practicing his profession in Raleigh county, West Virginia, who is married and has a family.
George S. Couch Sr. was born on the family estate in Mason county, then Virginia, January 1, 1852. Beginning his education in his native county, he later graduated from the college at Marietta, Ohio. Subsequently taking up his residence in Charleston, he was admitted to the bar and has since earned a reputation as an able lawyer. He first formed a partnership with Charles Hedrick; this firm was later dissolved and he then became the partner with Edward B. Knight, and for some twelve or fifteen years thereafter the firm of Knight & Couch was recognized as the leading law firm of the city. After the death of Mr. Knight, Mr. Couch retired for a time from the practice of his profession, but later formed the firm of Couch, Flournoy & Price, which did a good law business for some years. Mr. Couch then - in 1905 - retired permanently from law practice, and is now exclusively interested in his fine stock-farm and plantation that has come down to him from his father. He was the organizer and up to the time of his retirement from business the president of the Kanawha National Bank. He is a Democrat, but has always avoided active participation in politics. His religious affiliations are with the Presbyterian church. George S. Couch Sr. was married in Marietta, Ohio, to Laura McMaster, who was born in New York state, of Scotch ancestry, and daughter of the Rev. James W. and Mary (Baker) McMaster. Her father, who was a prominent Universalist minister, died in the old Couch home in Mason county in 1910, being then eighty-nine years of age. His wife had preceded him to the grave a few years previously. Mrs. Laura Couch received a careful training and was given a good education by her parents. She is a member of the Kanawha Presbyterian church. She and her husband have been the parents of three children, namely: George S. Jr., whose name appears at the head of this sketch; Mary McMaster, who was educated in the Peebles-Thompson school in New York City, is the wife of Dr. H. H. Young, of Charleston, and has two children — Mazie Hopple and William George; and Lucy Richardson, of New York, is the wife of Henry Edmondson Payne, vice-president of the Payne Shoe Company, and has a son, Henry E. Jr.
George S. Couch Jr. was born in Charleston, West Virginia, July 31, 1880, as already noted, and began his literary education in the city schools. He subsequently attended school at Lawrenceville, New Jersey, and after graduating there, entered Princeton University, from which he was graduated in the class of 1903. He then began the study of law at the University of Virginia and after duly qualifying himself, was admitted to the bar in 1905. He is now a member of the firm of Brown, Jackson & Knight, which handles a large amount of important litigation. In this connection Mr. Couch has proved himself to have a firm grasp of his profession, and as he is a young man of energy, ability and ambition, doubtless the future has much in store for him. He is well advanced in Masonry, belonging to the various branches of the order, including Beni-Kedem Temple of the Mystic Shrine. In politics he is a Democrat.
Mr. Couch was married, December 15, 1909, in Charleston, to Miss Keith Fontaine, who was born in this city, March 18, 1884, and was here brought up and educated. Her father was Major Peter Fontaine, who married Mrs. Lydia Laidley, née Whitaker. Both are now deceased. By her first marriage Mrs. Lydia Fontaine had children. Her first husband, Captain Richard Q. Laidley, served bravely in the Confederate army as captain of Kanawha Riflemen, 22d Virginia Regiment. Of the marriage of our subject and wife there are no children. [West Virginia and its people, Volume 3 By Thomas Condit Miller, Hu Maxwell - Transcribed by Therman Kellar]
Son of Samuel Hopkins and grandson of Dr. Arthur Hopkins, of Goochland County, Virginia, and Elizabeth Pettus, his wife, born in Albemarle county, Virginia, about 1750; was an officer in the Continental Army, and fought at Princeton, Trenton, Monmouth, and Brandywine. At the battle of Germantown his battalion of light infantry was nearly annihilated, and he was severely wounded. He was lieutenant-colonel of the Tenth Virginia Regiment at the siege of Charleston, and after the death of Col. Richard Parker became its colonel, serving as such until the end of the war.
He was taken prisoner with other officers, at the surrender of Charleston, May 20, 1780. While they were being taken in a British vessel to Virginia, he complained to the captain of harsh treatment and need of food, and threatened to raise a mutiny unless they were treated as officers and gentlemen, which bold language secured proper care during the rest of the voyage.In 1797 he settled on Green River, Kentucky, and served for several sessions in the legislature of that state.
In 1812 he led two thousand mounted volunteers against the Kickapoo villages on the Illinois River, but the party was misled by the guides, and returned, after wandering for several days about the prairie. In November he led a body of infantry up the Wabash, and destroyed several deserted villages, but lost a part of his force by ambuscade. He returned to Vincennes, after destroying a town on Wildcat creek.
He was elected to congress from Kentucky, and took his seat June 26, 1813. After the end of his term, March 2, 1815, he retired to his farm in Hopkins County, which was named for him.
He died in Henderson, Kentucky, in October, 1819. [Transcribed and Submitted by: Frances Cooley]
JAMES, Benjamin Oliver
There were several emigrant ancestors by the name of James, who founded families in America during the colonial times. At the close of the revolutionary war there were some twenty-five or more heads of families of that name in Virginia, who were scattered in a number of counties of that state. A family tradition handed down in this particular branch of the James family is to the effect that the antecedents of this family settled in Charles City county near the James river early in the seventeenth century; and in Hotten's lists of emigrants from the port of London to be transported to Virginia there appears the following names, to wit: In a list dated January 22, 1632, William James; in a list dated January 2, 1634, Thomas James; in a list dated May 15, 1635, William James; in a list dated August 21, 1635, Lewis James, Richard James, minister Richard James, and Ursula James; and in a list dated October 13, 1635, Roger James. It is probable that the emigrant ancestor of the Charles City county, Virginia, family of James, was some one in the above mentioned lists; but as to which one there is no extant lineage record to show.
Also Levi James, an emigrant, had descendants who settled in Loudoun county, Virginia, and scattered from there to various other places. He was born about 1715 in Pembrokeshire, Wales; married there, in 1740, Mary James, whose family was known as the "Little James," while her husband's family was known as the "Big James," and emigrated to America in 1745. He arrived at the port of Wilmington, Delaware, and settled in, probably, Chester county, Pennsylvania, where he died in 1757. They had a son, Joseph James, born 1745, during the ocean voyage of his parents to America; he served in the war of the revolution; died in 1786, at Bacon Ford, Virginia, leaving surviving issue in Loudoun county, Virginia. Another James family was of Westmoreland county, Virginia, prior to the separation from the mother country, whose descendants have not been followed.
Martin James was born June 21, 1789, in Goochland county, Virginia. He was a schoolmaster, a farmer and a merchant, and one of the justices of the county for some years; also served a brief time in the war of 1812, probably in the state militia. He married Emmaline Duvall, daughter of Claiborne and Mary (Falconer) Duvall, March 18, 1834, in Spottsylvania county, Virginia. She was born July 26, 1813, in Spottsylvania county, Virginia, and was descended from Huguenot ancestors. Her mother was Mary Falconer, of Orange county, Virginia; and her father, Claiborne Duvall, was born in Maryland, and was a farmer in Spottsylvania county, Virginia.
Benjamin Oliver James, son of Martin and Emmaline (Duvall) James, was born June 4, 1852, at Elton, Goochland county, Virginia. He received elementary instruction in the local schools of his native county, and then attended the Hampden-Sidney College of Prince Edward county, Virginia, where he received an academic education. Later he studied law at Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia, in 1873-74. Soon afterward he began the practice of law at Goochland Court House, Virginia, and about 1882 was elected commonwealth attorney for Goochland county, Virginia. He served two successive terms, being re-elected; afterward he was elected a member of the house of delegates for the session 1891-92, and served on the committees of courts and judiciary, Federal relations, and of the Chesapeake and its tributaries. He continued to practice law in Goochland county until he was appointed by the governor to fill an unexpired term of secretary of the commonwealth, in October, 1909. At the state elections held in November, 1909, he was elected secretary of state for the ensuing term, and has served four years in that office. He was a candidate for re-election to the same office in 1913, and was elected at the November elections of that year. Mr. James has always been a stanch Democrat, and has for years been identified in local and state politics; is a member of the Protestant Episcopal church; a member of Done Lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, and past master of the lodge; past exalted ruler of Richmond Lodge, No. 45, Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. Also he is a member of the Phi Kappa Psi college fraternity of Lexington, Virginia, and a member of the Westmoreland Club, of Richmond, Virginia.
Mr. James married Mary Evelyn Kean, daughter of Dr. Otho W. and Jane Smith (Arthur) Kean, December 22, 1910, at Richmond, Virginia. She was born at Buchanon, Goochland county, Virginia; was descended from the Arthur family of Botetourt county, Virginia; and her father, Dr. Otho W. Kean, was a prominent physician in the town of Buchanon; also superintendent of Goochland county public schools for many years. There are no children of the above mentioned marriage.(Encyclopedia of Virginia Biographies,
Vol. IV. Publ. 1915. Transcribed by Chris Davis)
The Leakes of Henrico, Goochland and Albemarle counties, Virginia, are descended from William Leake, their common ancestor. Branches of that family live in Virginia, North Carolina, Mississippi and Texas. Hon. Walter Leake, sometime governor and United States senator from Mississippi, was descended from the same stock, and, in addition, the family has furnished names of persons who have become distinguished in the history of several states.
(I) William Leake, the first American ancestor, was born in England. He emigrated to Virginia in 1685, presumably with his wife, and settled in what was then Henrico but now Goochland county, Virginia. He died about 1720 at Rocky Spring, Goochland county, Virginia. He married, about 1685, probably just before leaving for America, Mary Bostwick, who was also born in England.
(II) Walter Leake, son of William and Mary (Bostwick) Leake, was born about 1686-87, at Rocky Spring, in what was formerly Henrico but now Goochland county, Virginia. He succeeded to his father's estate, and died there about 1756. He married Judith Mass, about 1710, and left surviving issue.
(III) Josiah Leake, son of Walter and Judith (Mass) Leake, was born about 1712, at Rocky Spring, Goochland county, Virginia, and died there in 1785. He was a planter and land owner. He married Ann Minter, and left issue.
(IV) Josiah (2) Leake, son of Josiah (1) and Ann (Minter) Leake, was born May 1, 1770, at Rocky Spring, Goochland county, Virginia. He graduated A. B. from Dickinson College, at Carlisle, Pennsylvania; practiced law in Goochland county; was a successful planter; and in 1810-11 was a member of the Virginia legislature. He died May 13, 1847, in Goochland county, Virginia. He married, in 1797, Eliza (or Elizabeth) Porter Hatcher, of Huguenot descent; and left surviving issue, namely: Samuel D., of whom more hereafter, and Walter D., of whom more hereafter.
(V) Walter D. Leake, son of Josiah (2) and Eliza (or Elizabeth) Porter (Hatcher) Leake, was born about 1812, at Rocky Spring, Goochland county, Virginia. He was a graduate of Hampden-Sidney and William and Mary Colleges, and the University of Virginia. He was a lawyer, practiced law in Goochland county; a Democrat in politics; a member of the Virginia legislature in 184â€” and for several consecutive years; a member of the Virginia convention of 1850 and the secession convention of 1861; a member of the Presbyterian church; captain of the Goochland Artillery Company in the civil war. He married, about 1838, Margaret Kean, daughter of Dr. Andrew Kean, and they had children, namely: 1. Andrew Kean, of whom more hereafter. 2. Charles L. 3. Mattie E., who married William Miller.
(VI) Andrew Kean Leake, son of Walter D. and Margaret (Kean) Leake, was born about 1842 in Goochland county, Virginia. He was lieutenant in a company of Colonel Richardson's command, in the Army of Northern Virginia, Confederate States of America. He studied law and was admitted to the bar of Goochland county, Virginia; he was judge of the Goochland county court. In politics he was a Democrat; a member of the Presbyterian church. He married Violet Harris, daughter of Colonel
David B. Harris, at Woodville, Goochland county, Virginia. Her father was chief engineer on the staff of General G. T. Beauregard, Confederate States army, in the defence [sic] of Charleston, South Carolina harbor, 1861-63; and she is a descendant of Major Robert Harris, who came from England, and was ancestor of the Harris family in Louisa county, Virginia. His wife was Mrs. Rice, nee Claiborne. Issue of Mr. and Mrs. Leake, namely: David H., Louis K., Walter, Charles L., Margaret, Frederica,
Eliza Overton.(Source: Encyclopedia of Virginia Biographies - Vol. IV. Transcriber: Chris Davis)
PINDER, John Benjamin
On paternal lines Mr. Pinder is of early Georgia ancestry, and on the maternal side is a direct descendant of John Adam Treutlen, governor of Georgia, one of the foremost revolutionists of that state. He was a member of the first provincial Congress of Georgia, which met in Savannah, July 4, 1775, and the prominence of his activity in the cause of independence may be measured from the fact that he was described as a "rebel governor" by act of the royal government in 1780. He was elected governor of Georgia, May 8, 1777, over Button Gwinnett, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, by a large majority. The circumstances of his death are not known, but the belief is that he was murdered by Tories at Orangeburg, South Carolina.
(I) John Benjamin Pinder's paternal revolutionary ancestor is Joseph William Pinder, a cotton planter, who fought in the colonial army, a patriot strong and true.
(II) Joseph William (2) Pinder, son of , Joseph William (1) Pinder, was born on Wilmington Island, near Savannah, Georgia, in the Savannah river, in 1833, died in 1903. His early life was passed in the place of his birth, and he was there educated. In young manhood he became identified with the service of the Georgia Central Railroad, and rose to high position in the road. In such great favor was he held by the officials thereof that at the outbreak of the war in 1861, when he announced his intention of leaving for the front, the president of the road attempted to dissuade him, arguing that his services were of such great value to the road that he could best serve the Confederate government by remaining at his post and directing the use of the company's property for government purposes. Mr. Pinder, however, was not to be turned from his original purpose, and he enlisted in the Savannah Volunteer Guards, serving throughout the four years' struggle. For the ten years prior to his death, which occurred in Richmond, he was a farmer and dairyman of Henrico county, owning and cultivating land just outside of the limits of the city of Richmond. He married, about 1867, Adelaide, born in Powhatan county, Virginia, daughter of Peter and Susan (Spears) Ellett, his first wife a Miss Turner, of Savannah, Georgia, who bore him one daughter, Susie, married a Mr. Harris. Children of Joseph William (2) and Adelaide (Ellett) Pinder: Hattie E., married W. R. Allen; Joseph William Jr., deceased; Octavia, married L. F. Hudson; Annie, married Oscar High; John Benjamin, of whom further; Walter Spears; Bena T., married Coleman Johnston; Catherine Belle, married Robert L. Rand.
(III) John Benjamin Pinder, son of Joseph William (2) and Adelaide (Ellett) Pinder, was born in Goochland county, Virginia, August 7, 1873. When he was one year old his parents moved from the home at Cedar Point to Powhatan county, and here he first attended public school at the age of fourteen years going with his parents to Henrico county. Although his active business career began in Richmond when he was sixteen years of age, his studies were not completed until afterward, when he finished
a business course in a Richmond commercial college. His first connection was with hardware dealing, and in this he has since remained, in 1901 establishing the Virginia-Carolina Hardware Company, becoming its executive head. Mr. Pinder is president of the company at the present time, W. S. Pinder, vice-president, H. G. Ellett, secretary and treasurer, and J. S. Ellett, Jr., assistant secretary and treasurer. The salesrooms and warehouse of the concern are in Richmond, and the Virginia-Carolina Hardware Company
holds prominent place among the largest enterprises in its line in the state. Mr. Pinder is also president of the Richmond Buggy Manufacturing Company, and is on the directorate of the Richmond Chamber of Commerce. He is a progressive, energetic business man, head of two of Richmond's thriving businesses, and takes more than a passive interest in securing to the city the industrial and commercial importance it has long held. His political party is the Democratic, and although never the candidate of his party
for public office he is active in its councils. His fraternal society is the Masonic order, his clubs the Rotary, Westmoreland, Country, and Business Men's, and he is a communicant of the Presbyterian church.
Mr. Pinder married, at Louisa Court House, Virginia, June 28, 1906, Helen Hasting, born in Louisa county, Virginia, August 29, 1878, daughter of Colonel William A. Winston, and his wife, Lucy (Payne) Winston, born in Goochland county, now residing in Louisa county, Virginia. Col. William A. Winston served during the four years of the war between the states; was wounded and confined in a Northern prison. He died in 1908, aged seventy years. Mr. and Mrs. Pinder are the parents of: John Benjamin Jr., born September 10, 1908; Lucy Payne, born January 25, 1912. (Encyclopedia of Virginia Biographies, Vol. IV. Publ. 1915. Transcribed by Chris Davis)
TREVILIAN, John Guerrant, M. D.
In the history of Richmond and her public men it is meet that mention be made of the late Dr. John G. Trevilian, a widely known Confederate veteran, and for many years a successful physician and chief surgeon of the city, whose career has been of signal usefulness and honor to the city and state. The family, who are of English descent, have been connected with the state of Virginia since the early part of the seventeenth century.
(I) John Trevilian, grandfather of Dr. John G. Trevilian, was a Virginia planter, scion of an old colonial family. He married, about 1794, Mrs. Mary Watkins, formerly Miss Mary Mayo. Children: Harriet, Lucy, John Mayo, of whom further.
(II) John Mayo Trevilian, son of John Trevilian was born in Goochland county, Virginia, in June, 1800. He was also a Virginia planter. He married, in 1823, in Goochland county, Virginia, Mary Argyle, daughter of Sir Frederick and Rebecca (Winslow) Argyle. She was born in Goochland county, in June, 1807. Children: Mary, married Thomas Tabb; Annie, married John Sanderson; Martha (Mattie), married Lafayette Baber, of Lynchburg; Captain Charles B., of Williamsburg, Virginia; John Guerrant, of whom further; Rosa, married Henry Lewis.
(III) Dr. John G. Trevilian, son of John Mayo Trevilian, was born in Goochland county, Virginia, April 1, 1840. He was reared amidst the happy surroundings of an old Virginia plantation, pursued his early education under the guidance of private tutors, and then entered Hampden-Sidney College. Upon his graduation from the latter college, he entered the University of Virginia, where he was a student during the session of 1858-59. He prepared for his profession at the Medical College of Virginia,
from which institution he graduated in 1861 with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. The war between the states was then in progress and immediately following his graduation he was commissioned assistant surgeon in the Confederate hospital service with headquarters in Richmond, where he remained twelve months. He was then commissioned surgeon in charge of the hospital at Warrenton and Winchester, and afterwards was made chief surgeon in General Lewis Armstead's brigade, Pickett's division, Army of Northern Virginia,
remaining with that command through all its engagements including the battle of Gettysburg until the close of the war and was paroled at Appomattox Court House by General Grant. At the close of the war he moved his residence to Richmond and followed his life profession, and at the time of his death was one of the oldest and most highly respected physicians and surgeons of that city. From 1886 to 1909 he served as surgeon to the City Hospital, discharging his duties in a thoroughly capable and efficient manner,
the value of his work being inestimable. He was a member of the Richmond Academy of Medicine and Surgery, the Virginia State Medical Association and the American Medical Association. Dr. Trevilian married, June 6, 1866, in Richmond, Virginia, Virginia Creed Parrish, only child of Royal and Bethiah (Thomas) Parrish, the former named having been a prosperous wholesale merchant of Richmond. Dr. Trevilian passed away at his home, No. 316 South Third street, Richmond, November 24, 1913, aged seventy-three
years. His death removed from the community one of the most beloved of the old school of physicians, who acted not only as physician but as friend, his presence bringing hope and inspiration to the afflicted, and many have cause to think of him with gratitude and love. The funeral services were conducted at the First Baptist Church, of Richmond, and the Richmond Academy of Medicine and Surgery and also other organizations of which Dr. Trevilian was a member were well represented. His remains were interred in
Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond.
The following appeared in the '"Times-Dispatch" of November 27, 1913:
RESOLUTION OF RESPECT.
Whereas, the members of the medical profession of Richmond have heard of the death of Dr. John Guerrant Trevilian, a man who by the purity of his life as a man and physician, whose high standard of honor in the affairs of life and ethical rectitude as a doctor, the profession is the poorer for his loss, therefore Resolved, to place on record our regret in his death and appreciation of his worth as a man and a doctor.
That we express to his family our profound sympathy in this affliction. That a copy of this Resolution be published in the daily papers and the Virginia Medical Events Monthly.
Wm. S. Gordon, W. T. Oppenheimer, J. Shelton Horsley.
WALKER, William T., M.D.
Was born in Prince Edward county, Virginia, August 22, 1825. He married S. Josephine Sampson, who died in 1870, leaving him three daughters, and four sons: Lelia, Frank, Richard S., Josephine S., Mary S., William T. and John. On May 25, 1875, Rev. Wm. Norwood officiating clergyman, he was united in marriage with Mrs. Frances Bayly formerly Frances Holladay, born inSpotsylvania county. Virginia. They have one daughter, Gulielma. Dr. Walker is of Virginia descent, his father, William T. Walker, born in Amelia county, served in Revolutionary war with rank of captain; died in September, 1833. The mother of Dr. Walker was Mary, daughter of John Dupuy, and descendant of Bartholomew Dupuy, a Huguenot refugee, who settled in Manakintown, Virginia colony, in 1699. She was born in Prince Edward county, and died in February, 1861. Dr. Walker holds the degree of A. M. from Hampden-Sidney college; of M. D. from t he Jefferson Medical college. He began practice in Prince Ed ward county in 1849. In 1852 removed to Goochland county, and was thirty years in practice there. In 1882 settled in Lynchburg, where he still remains. He is a member of the Lynchburg city council. He entered service in the Confederate States Army on June 29, 1861, as surgeon at City Almshouse hospital, Richmond. After several months service there, he was appointed surgeon in charge of the hospital at Huguenot Spring, a hospital having 700 capacity, and remained there until the close of the war. [Source: Virginia and Virginians: History of Volume 2; by Robert Alonzo Brock, Virgil Anson Lewis; publ. 1888; transcribed by Andrea Pack pgs. 556 to 595]
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