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Biographies Page 14


Nathaniel Haraden
Sailing Master

By : John Sharp

Nathaniel Haraden
      Sailing Master, later Lieutenant USN, reported on board the USS Constitution 30 June 1802. Haraden served as Commodore Preble's Sailing Master in the Mediterranean, his journal are today a valuable source of information about the ship during his period aboard her.
Lt. Haraden later served on the Frigate John Adams,

      He was in Command of Gun Boat No.8 in the Mediterranean 1805-1806.

See : Gun Boat Diagram

      In his letter to the Secretary of the Navy Robert Smith dated 2 April 1805 then Sailing Master Haraden thanked Smith that he was to be promoted to Lieutenant and to be given command of Gun Boat Number Eight. Haraden also provided a bit of autobiography,
"I am an old seaman, my self and have experienced heavy gales in Every a class of Vessels froma Cod Smak to a ship of the line. there is but one danger those Boats will be exposed to in a crossing of the Atlantic that is this scudding in heavy gales adding there great length to there Easy draft will ocassion there stern out of the water. This danger can be Remeded by doping the Rudder"

      He served at Washington Navy Yard from 1806-1807 he was in charge of the Ordinary. His slave Thomas Downs is listed on the , muster roll of the Ordinary dated 19 May 1808 as an apprentice. Lt Haraden was appointed Commander of Gun Boats No. 57 & 58 Norfolk, Virginia in 1807.

      Nathaniel Haraden, was later assigned to Washington Navy Yard as second officer, in charge and according to Commodore Tingey, was assigned to various work at Washington Navy Yard. Haraden's rank was that of Lieutenant in the Navy, but drew the pay and subsistence of a Captain commanding a 20-gun ship, $1,445.10 per annum. Lt. Haraden lived near the Navy Yard; he was instrumental in assisting Commandant Tingey rebuild the Yard after its destruction in the great conflagration of 1814.

      Lt. Nathaniel Haraden was promoted on April 16, 1816 to the rank of Master Commandant USN and died at his house near the Navy Yard on Janaury 20, 1818 in Washington D.C.

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Daily National Intelligencer 
Washington DC
July 18, 1818

				Furniture &c

By the order of the Orphans Court of Washington county in the District of Columbia, on 
Wednesday the 22nd inst  at 12 o' clock, will be sold at publick auction, at the present 
residence of Mrs. Haraden, near the navy yard gate, all personal estate of the late captain 
Nathaniel Harraden, deceased, consisting of beds, bedsteads, bedding, carpeting, tables, 
chairs, sideboard, bureaus, looking glass, kitchen ware, sliver plate, bed curtains,  one 
fresh milk cow, one gold watch, one sword, and étagère set of china and a mahogany 
curtain bed set.

Alan, a male slave age about 24 years, and a female slave, age about 19 with her child.
The terms will be made known at the time of sale. 

					SUSAN HARRADEN Adm'n
July 8 	-		                           D. BATES auctr.

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End Notes

Nathaniel Haraden: Master Commandant Nathaniel Haraden had long service in the US Navy he served as Sailing Master; Lieutenant was promoted on April 16, 1816 to the rank of Master Commandant USN. Harraden served the last decade of his life at the Washington Navy Yard as executive officer to Commandant Thomas Tingey 1807 -1817. Haraden died at his house near the Navy Yard gate on January 20, 1818 in Washington D.C.

Susan Haraden: Nathaniel Haraden's first wife Mary Haraden died in 1807 and is buried at the Congressional Cemetery R 55/7. Susan Haraden received a widows pension of $360.00 per year. She was on the Naval Pensioners of the Untied States rolls until at least 1851

Slaves: After Nathaniel Haraden's death his widow Susan was probably hard pressed by creditors and forced to sell the much of their property including the three enslaved African Americans. Besides the 24 year old Alan, and the unidentified 19 year old mother and her child, three other enslaved individuals are listed as belonging to Haraden they are John Russell, a young servant, Philip Greyhook servant and Thomas Downs, apprentice on the 1808 Washington Navy yard Muster Roll of the Ordinary:             1808 Muster Roll of the Ordinary

Nathaniel Haraden's name, was spelled a variety of different ways, Haraden, being the most common usage in his letters and naval log entries. Even in this short announcement of the auction of his estate though his widow Susan Haraden spells the family name Harraden.


      The following extract from the log kept by Nathaniel Haraden while Sailing Master of the USS Constitution. This entry is dated Sunday 19 February 1804 and provides yet another perspective on the dramatic boarding and burning of the frigate Philadelphia by a long time DC resident.


This image is from a painting by the 19th century artist Edward Moran.
The image is from the US Navy Historical Center Collection.

      Moderate Breezes from the E N E with a swell settling into the Harbor - Ship's
company employ'd in cleaning ship, working up Junk and watering ship - Employ'd a
small boat to assist in watering - The large Cutter being on shore under the Carpenter's
repair - Receiv'd Carpenters stores nineteen plank. Moderate breezes from Eastward
during the night. At 9 A M made the Vixen signal No. 589 - At 10 appeared in the offing
the US Brig Syren and the Intrepid - Made the Syren's signal No. 227 - The Intrepid is
the prize lately from the Triplotians commissioned and named by the Commodore - The
Wiind being light we sent boats out to assit in towing them in. I mentioned that Syren &
Intrepid had sail'd on the third of this month on a secret operation - At ½ past 10 they
pass'd through our squadron ( Constitution, Vixen & Enterprise ) in triumph, receiving
three cheers from each of as they pass'd - Lieu Steward of the Syren & Lieu Decatur of
the Intrepid waited on the Commodore and informed him, that agreeably to his orders
they had proceeded to the Harbour of Tripoli and Burned and totally destroyed the late U
States Frigate Philadelphia and that the plan on which they acted was so well arranged
that they had not one man killed or wounded - Above 20 of the Tripolitans were killed
and one made prisoner- The rest escaped by jumping overboard after the ship was afire -
Surgeon's report Twelve Sick and seven convalescent -

For More about the : USS Frigate Philadelphia

 

Source
Library of Congress, Log of the USS Constitution 1803-1804 Naval Documents Related to Wars with the Barbary Powers, Volume 4,. 443 - 444, Washington D.C. U.S. Office of Naval Records and Library, Government Printing Office. 1939 - 44.


Gun Boat Diagram

      This diagram of a Gun Boat similar to number Eight which was built at Washington Navy Yard about the same time as Haraden's letter. These Gun Boats were all light craft carrying a small crew and one or two guns. The danger Haraden refers to is of the vessel moving to quickly across the water as it was driven by the wind and the Boat crew losing control of the vessel etc. "Doping the Rudder" is to make a heavyer rudder for the Boat to slow its progress and give it more stability.


Tunis Craven
1781 - 1866

Furnished by : John Sharp

Tunis Craven (1781-1866) was married to Washington Navy Yard Commandant, Commodore Thomas Tingey's daughter Hannah Tingey. When Hannah married Tunis Craven he was employed as a government clerk / accountant with a bright future. Shortly after their marriage however he left government service and turned businessmen in the private sector opening a hardware store in Alexandria.

Tunis Craven's career as merchant was a failure.
His business quickly floundered and Commodore Tingey bore some of the costs and did what he could to rescue the young man from debtors prison and bankruptcy by securing for him a position as Naval Purser .

Imprisonment for Debt
Daily National Intelligencer
July 12, 1812

Washington County District of Columbia,Tunis Craven, insolvent debtor,
confined in Washington County prison for debt.

              William Brent, Clerk

The above profile view of Tunis Craven circa 1804 shows him as handsome young man he was prior to his financial troubles.

Tunis Craven had greater success in his second career as a Navy Purser. Two of his son's had distinguished careers as naval officers.


Tunis Craven's bankruptcy and economic struggles are described in Christopher McKee's A Gentlemanly and Honorable Profession the Creation of the United States Naval Officer Corps 1794-1815 U. S. Naval Institute Press Annapolis MD 1991 pp 81-85

William Wilson Corcoran
December 27, 1798 - February 24, 1888
Transcribed & Furnished by : Peggy Thompson

Source :
A Biographical Record of Boone County, Iowa,
1902, Page 196

William Wilson Corcoran
Photograph by Matthew Brady

W. Corcoran
      W. Corcoran, the noted philanthropist, was born at Georgetown, District of Columbia, December 27, 1798.

      At the age of twenty-five he entered the banking business in Washington, and in time became very wealthy.

      He was noted for his magnificent donations to charity. Oak Hill cemetery was donated to Georgetown in 1847, and ten years later the Corcoran Art Gallery, Temple of Art, was presented to the city of Washington. The uncompleted building was utilized by the government as quartermaster's headquarters during the war. The building was completed after the war at a cost of a million and a half dollars, all the gift of Mr. Corcoran. The Louise Home for Women is another noble charity to his credit. Its object is the care of women of gentle breeding who in declining years are without means of support. In addition to this he gave liberally to many worthy institutions of learning and charity.

      He died at Washington February 24, 1888.

MURPHY, Jeremiah, representative, was born in Lowell , Mass. , Feb. 19, 1835; son of Timothy and Jerusha (Shattuck) Murphy.  He was educated in the public schools of Boston , Mass. , and removed with his parents in 1849 to Fond Du Lac county, Wis. , and in 1852 to Iowa county, Iowa .  He was graduated from the State University of Iowa, LL.B. 1857, and was admitted to the bar in 1858.  He practiced law in partnership with H. M. Martin at Marengo, 1858-67, and in Davenport , 1867-83.  He was a delegate to the Democratic national conventions of 1864 and 1868; a member of the Iowa senate 1874-78, and mayor of Davenport in 1873, and 1879.  He was a Democratic representative from the second Iowa district in the 48th and 49th congresses, 1883-87, and while in congress worked unceasingly until an appropriation was secured for the promotion of the Hennepin canal, connecting Lake Michigan with the Mississippi River .  He died in Washington , D.C. , Dec. 11, 1893.

(Source: THE TWENTIETH CENTURY BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF NOTABLE AMERICANS. Vol 3, Publ. 1904. Transcribed by Richard Ramos)

 

MURRAY, Alexander, naval officer, was born in Pittsburg , Pa. , Jan. 2, 1816; son of Magnus M. and Mary (Wilkins) Murray , and grandson of Commodore Alexander Murray, U.S.N. (q.v.).  He entered the U.S. naval service in 1835 and served on the east coast of Mexico , 1846-47.  He was severely wounded at the capture of Alvarado, and took part in the capture of Tampico , Tabasco , Tuspan and Vera Cruz.  He was promoted lieutenant in 1847, and at the outbreak of the civil war was commissioned commander and given charge of the steamer Louisiana of the North Atlantic squadron.  After defeating the Confederate steamer Yorktown off Newport News , he took part in the capture of Roanoke Island and New Berne, N.C., and was left in possession of Edenton, Feb. 12, 1862.   He commanded the five vessels left by Commander William Smith on the Pamunkey river to protect McClellan’s base of supplies, May, 17, 1862, and was on duty in the North Carolina sounds in 1863.  He was promoted captain in 1866; was detailed on special service, 1865-66; was made commodore in 1871; served as light-house inspector, 1873-76, when he was retired with the rank of rear-admiral.  He afterward served on the naval board and died in Washington , D.C. , Nov. 10, 1884.

(Source: THE TWENTIETH CENTURY BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF NOTABLE AMERICANS. Vol 3, Publ. 1904. Transcribed by Richard Ramos)

 

CORNWALL, Frederick Reid, attorney in patent causes; born, Washington, D. C, Feb. 23, 1872; son of James O. and Frances (Reid) Cornwall; educated in public schools of Washington, D. C, and studied law at National University there, receiving degree of LL.B., 1891, and M.L., 1892; married, Dec. 23, 1893, Annie May Bushall, of Beaufort, N. C.; six children living: May Bushall, Frederick Reid, Jr., Paul Bakewell, Virginia, Ward Leacraft, Richard Randolph. Started to work in patent solicitor's office in Washington Nov. 1, 1886; after practicing before Patent Office six years, came to St. Louis, June 1, 1892, and entered the office of Paul Bakewell, and engaged in soliciting United States and foreign patents, and in the practice of patent, trade mark and copyright law; became partner, Aug. 1, 1897, in firm of Bakewell & Cornwall, which partnership was dissolved Dec. 31, 1908; since Practiced alone. Member of several patent law associations. President American Philatelic Society; Fellow Royal Philatelic Society of London . Mason (Tuscan Lodge), Knight Templar (Ascalon Commandery), Shriner. Clubs: St. Louis , Racquet, Noonday. Office: 801 to 806 Chemical Bldg. Residence: 5052 Waterman Ave.

(Source: The Book of St. Louisans, Publ. 1912. Transcribed by Charlotte Slater)

SAM MILLIGAN, 1868. Born in Greene county, November 14, 1814. Student and assistant instructor in Greeneville College. Graduated at Tusculum College, 1843. Representative from Greene and Washington counties while still a college student, 1841-1843. Representative from Greene county, 1843-1847. Lawyer. Quartermaster and Major in Mexican war. Founder and first editor of Greeneville Spy. One of Commissioners to settle boundary line between Tennessee and Virginia. Delegate to the Peace Congress at Washington, 1860. Declined appointment offered by President Lincoln as Associate Justice of Supreme Court of Territory of Nebraska, 1861. Judge of the Supreme Court of Tennessee, 1864-1868. Appointed a Trustee of East Tennessee University, 1868; resigned about 1873. Judge of the United States Court of Claims from 1863 until his death, at Washington, District of Columbia, April 20, 1874. (Caldwell's Bench and Bar. Goodspeed History. William Rule; Distinguished Tennesseeans of the Century, Knoxville Journal, 1896.) [University of Tennessee record, Volume 1 By University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 1898- Transcribed by AFOFG]

SOLOMON D. JACOBS, 1826. Merchant and farmer. Appointed a Trustee of East Tennessee College, 1826; re-appointed, 1840. One of Commissioners to superintend subscriptions to Bank of Tennessee, 1831. Member and Treasurer of First Board of Trustees of re-organized Knoxville Female Academy, 1827; Charter Trustee, 1829; resigned as Treasurer, 1839. Mayor of Knoxville, 1835. Representative from Knox county, 1839-1841. Brigadier-General of Militia. Removed to Washington, District of Columbia, prior to 1851. [University of Tennessee record, Volume 1 By University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 1898- Transcribed by AFOFG]

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