Battles involving 10th Infantry
Assignments for 10th Infantry
- Organized on Oct 14 1861 at Camp Holton, Milwaukee, WI
- Enlistment term: 3 years
- Mustered out on Oct 25 1864 at Milwaukee, WI
Available statistics for total numbers of men listed as:
- Enlisted or commissioned: 1049
- Drafted: 1
- Killed or died of wounds (Officers): 5
- Killed or died of wounds (Enlisted men): 91
- Died of disease (Officers): 1
- Died of disease (Enlisted men): 147
- Prisoner of war: 191
- Died while prisoner of war: 77
- Disabled: 212
- Missing: 7
- Deserted: 16
- Discharged: 109
- Mustered out: 298
- Transferred out: 133
Historical notes and Reports:
Tenth Infantry WISCONSIN
Tenth Infantry. -- Cols., Alfred R. Chapin, John G. McMynn, Duncan McKercher, Lieut.-Cols., Joshua J. Guppey, John G. McMynn, John H. Ely, Jacob W. Roby; Majs., John G. McMynn, Henry O. Johnson, John H. Ely, Duncan McKercher, Robert Harkness.
This regiment was organized at Milwaukee and was mustered in Oct. 14, 1861, with a numerical strength of 916. It left the state Nov. 9, and the following spring made a march upon Bowling Green, dislodged the enemy at Huntsville, where it captured the military road, machine shops, engines and rolling stock, seized Stevenson, Decatur and Tuscumbia and elicited high praise from Brig.-Gen. Mitchell.
It defended and saved Paint Rock bridge, acted as rear-guard in the retrograde movement to the Ohio, in which it fought guerrillas at almost every step brought trains safely from Huntsville to Stevenson, and assisted in repelling an attack at the latter place. It was under a heavy fire at Perryville, Ky., and at one time held its position with empty guns for 20 minutes until the battery which it had been ordered to support was placed in a safe position. Of 276 men engaged 36 were killed, 110 wounded and 1 missing. Gen. Rousseau said in his report: ''For this gallant conduct, these brave men are entitled to the gratitude of their country and I thank them here as I did on the field of battle.''
The regiment was engaged at Stone's River, remaining on the field for 4 days, was at Hoover's Gap, and took part at Chattanooga under a terrible fire, losing 18 killed, 56 wounded and 132 missing, of whom the greater number were prisoners.
It supported Loomis' battery at Missionary Ridge and in the Atlanta campaign participated in the battles at Dallas, Kennesaw Mountain and Peachtree Creek. On Oct. 16, 1864, the recruits and reenlisted veterans were transferred to the 21st regiment and the remainder were sent to Milwaukee where they were mustered out Oct. 25.
The original strength of the regiment was 916. Gain by recruits 105; veteran reenlistments, 13; total, 1,034. Losses by death, 219; desertion, 21; transfer, 23, discharge, 316, mustered out, 455.
Source: The Union Army, vol. 4
Perryville, KY after battle report:
Report of Col. Alfred R. Chapin, Tenth Wisconsin Infantry.
HDQRS. TENTH REGIMENT WISCONSIN VOLUNTEERS, Chaplin Hills, Ky., October 11, 1862.
SIR: I would most respectfully report that on October 8, at the battle of Chaplin Hills, by your order my regiment was sent to support Simonson's battery.
I took into the fight 360 enlisted men and 16 commissioned officers. In about three hours after taking our position we were attacked by a very large body of infantry, which charged over the ridge directly in our front. Three volleys from my regiment sent them back over the ridge, where we hold them until support came from the Thirty-eighth Indiana Regiment, Colonel Scribner.
The battery having retired, the Thirty-eighth Indiana and my own regiment sustained the attack over one hour and thirty minutes, when, having expended all the cartridges, together with all in the boxes of the dead and wounded, by your order we retired for ammunition, which was done in good order.
Our loss is as follows: Killed, 36; wounded, 1093 missing, 4. Total, 149.
Much credit is due to all the officers and soldiers of the regiment for their courage and coolness under a terrible fire of musketry and artillery; but to the soldiers in the ranks is the most credit due, as the nature of the fight was such as to require no military science, but simply brave men.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
A. R. CHAPIN,
Colonel, Tenth Wisconsin Volunteers.
Col. L. A. HARRIS, Commanding Ninth Brigade.
Series I. Vol. 16. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 22
Chickamagua after battle report:
Report of Capt. Jacob W. Roby, Tenth Wisconsin Infantry.
HDQRS. TENTH WISCONSIN INFANTRY, Chattanooga, September 23, 1863.
SIR: I have the honor to make the following report of the Tenth Regt. Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry during the late engagement:
The regimental marched from near Stevens' Gap on the night of the 18th instant to within 10 miles of Chattanooga. Saturday morning, September 19, we were ordered to advance on the enemy in the second line of battle with the brigade. After advancing a short distance we received a fire from the enemy, but they were driven some distance through the woods. At this time we were ordered up in the front line on the right of the brigade. We threw out skirmishers and soon engaged the enemy; our skirmishers were soon driven in and the enemy advanced on us in heavy force. We held our position a few moments, but the enemy turning our right flank, we were forced to fall back and did so with the brigade. We lost at this time 1 officer and 9 men killed and several wounded. In the afternoon we again advanced to the front with the brigade and in the evening fell back.
Sunday morning, 20th instant, our regiment was again moved to the front and formed behind the Thirty-eighth Indiana. We remained here till about 10 o'clock, when we were ordered forward to support the Thirty-eight Indiana, where we remained but a short time when the enemy turned the left of our division and were advancing through the woods on our left flank. Our right was now thrown to the left of the brigade and engaged the enemy. They were soon forced to fall back. They made another attempt to break through on our left about noon, but were repulsed as before and we held our own till nearly dark, when we received a flank and rear fire from the enemy and were forced to fall back. Our regiment, being on the left and not knowing the position of the enemy on that side, fell back in that direction and therefore ran into the lines of the enemy. Col. Ely, Maj. McKercher, and nearly all of the officers we had on the field, together with most of the men, were supposed to have been captured at this time. All we could find were brought off with the balance of the brigade. Monday morning, September 21, we numbered 3 officers and 26 men. We were moved to the front about 1 p. m. and formed in rear of the brigade, where we remained until about 4 a. m., September 22, when we were ordered to retire and moved with the brigade to Chattanooga, where we have remained since.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
J. W. ROBY,
Capt., Comdg. Tenth Wisconsin Infantry.
Lieut. GEORGE H. DEVOL,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen.
Source: Official Records
CHAP. XLII.] THE CHICKAMAUGA CAMPAIGN. PAGE 299-50
[Series I. Vol. 30. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 50.]
Battles (where losses incurred) involving 10th Infantry Regiment
Brigade, Division, Corps, and Army assignments for 10th Infantry Regiment
Roster for 10th Infantry Regiment - 1,050 men
Source: Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers; War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865; Volumes I and II; compiled by Authority of the Legislature, under the direction of Jeremiah M. Rusk, Governor & Chandler P. Chapman, Adjutant General; Democrat Printing Company, State Printers; Madison, Wisconsin; 1886
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