16th Wisconsin
Infantry Regiment


Battles involving 16th Infantry
Assignments for 16th Infantry
Example of Soldier's Records Infomation

- Organized on Jan 31 1862 at Camp Randall, Madison, WI
- Enlistment term: 3 years
- Mustered out on Jul 12 1865 at Louisville, KY

Available statistics for total numbers of men listed as:
- Enlisted or commissioned: 1802
- Drafted: 177
- Transferred in: 492
- Killed or died of wounds (Officers): 6
- Killed or died of wounds (Enlisted men): 141
- Died of disease (Officers): 4
- Died of disease (Enlisted men): 248
- Prisoner of war: 37
- Died while prisoner of war: 6
- Disabled: 252
- Missing: 14
- Deserted: 50
- Discharged: 259
- Mustered out: 1204
- Transferred out: 48

Historical notes and Reports:

Sixteenth Infantry

Sixteenth Infantry. -- Cols. Benjamin Allen, Cassius Fairchild; Lieut.- Cols., John Bracken, Cassius Fairchild, Thomas Reynolds, Majs., Cassius Fairchild, Thomas Reynolds, William F. Davis, John R. Wheeler, Joseph Craig.

This regiment was organized at Camp Randall in Nov., 1861, was mustered in, Jan. 31, 1862, and left the state, March 13, for Pittsburg landing. It participated in the battle of Shiloh, where it was exposed to a heavy fire for the greater part of two days and sustained a loss of 245 men killed and wounded.

It took part in the siege of Corinth from April 15 to May 29; also in the second battle of Corinth in October. It was engaged in railroad guard duty from the latter part of Dec. 1862, to the latter part of Jan. 1863, and was stationed at Lake Providence, La., from Feb. 1, to the beginning of August, when it went into camp at Vicksburg until Sept. 28.

It was then stationed at Redbone Miss., guarding fords on the Big Black River and engaging in skirmishes with bands of Confederate cavalry until Feb. 5, 1864, when it again became a part of the garrison at Vicksburg. Its next important service was in the Atlanta campaign, and it was before Kennesaw Mountain, occupying trenches and skirmishing during the most of June, 1864.

In the battles before Atlanta in July, it sustained a loss of 123 men killed and wounded. It was occupied in duty at Atlanta until Aug. 26, when it moved forward in pursuit of the enemy, engaged in skirmishes at Jonesboro and Lovejoy's Station, and went into camp at Atlanta on Sept. 8.

It was on the march to the sea, took part in the siege of Savannah and in the Carolina campaign was engaged at Beaufort, Whippy swamp, and at Orangeburg, where it crossed the North Edisto, waded through swamps and drove the enemy from his position. It participated in the battle of Bentonville and took part in the grand review at Washington in May, 1865.

Part of the regiment was mustered out on June 2, at Washington, and the remainder on July 16, at Louisville, Ky. Its original strength was 1,066. Gain by recruits, 629; substitutes, 88, draft, 174; veteran reenlistments, 243; total, 2,200 Losses by death, 363; missing, 46; desertion, 115; transfer, 38; discharge, 386, mustered out, 1,252.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 4, p. 54

Shiloh after battle report:

Report of Col. Benjamin Allen, Sixteenth Wisconsin Infantry.

SIR: Having heard various and conflicting reports in regard to the part taken in the engagement of the 6th and 7th of April by the regiments comprising Gen. Prentiss' division, I deem it my duty to myself and command to submit a statement, which I should have done sooner but for the painfulness of a wound received on the battle-field. The regiment which I have the honor to command formed the left of colonel Peabody's brigade, and was encamped on the south road leading from Pittsburg Landing to Corinth. On the evening of the 5th four companies of my regiment and two companies of the Twenty-first Missouri, under the command of George K. Donnelly, acting assistant adjutant-general, First Brigade, Sixth Division, was sent by order of Col. Peabody, on picket duty. At about 5.30 a.m. on the 6th a part of this force discovered some of the enemy's cavalry about 1 1/2 miles in front and to the right of our camp, and while advancing upon them came upon a large force of the enemy concealed behind a fence and were fired upon by them. This was the first fire of the enemy. Capt. Saxe and Sergeant Williams, of Company A, in my regiment, were killed, and Col. Moore, who had just arrived with re-enforcements from the Twenty-first Missouri, was wounded. After firing they retreated followed by our men, but they were soon re-enforced, and our men fell back toward our camp.

At about 6 o'clock I was ordered by Gen. Prentiss to form my regiment and advance on the enemy. This I did, taking my position in a thicket of small timber about 80 rods in front of my camp. After remaining in this position about thirty minutes, waiting the approach of the enemy, I was ordered by Gen. Prentiss to change front to the right, which I did, and in this position received the fire of the enemy, who appeared simultaneously on my front and left flank. We held this position, and delivered our fire with great effect, checking the advance of the enemy on our front, until we were ordered by Gen. Prentiss to fall back, which I did, forming my second line about 40 rods in front of my camp. At this time the regiment on my right and left had fallen back, and we were entirely unsupported by any force. We maintained this position against a greatly superior force of the enemy until again ordered to fall back.

I made my next stand directly in front of our camp. While holding this position I was re-enforced by party of Company A, who were out on picket. A desperate conflict here ensued, in which Lieut.-Col. Fairchild was wounded in the thigh and carried from the field. I also had my horse shot under me, and my second horse was shot dead as I was about to remount. I was again ordered by Gen. Prentiss to fall back, take to the trees, and hold the enemy in check as much as possible until re-enforcements could arrive. My men immediately took to the trees and fell back slowly, firing upon the enemy, until the advance of Gen. Hurlbut's division made their appearance. I then fell back to the rear of his lines and formed my men, but finding them out of ammunition, I drew off for a fresh supply. My men were nearly exhausted, having been engaged since 6 o'clock without food our water, contesting the field inch by inch with a greatly superior force of the enemy.

After receiving a fresh supply of ammunition, and while waiting orders from Gen. Prentiss, I was requested by a field officer to take the place of an Indiana regiment he said were out of ammunition and were falling back. I immediately complied with his request, and opened fire on the enemy. This position we maintained until we were flanked by the enemy on our left and were compelled to fall back. In this engagement I received a wound, the ball passing through my left arm, a little below the elbow, and I was obliged to leave the field about 3 p.m.

Of my regiment there were 46 killed, 176 wounded, and 23 missing.

Of the wounded several have since died.

I cannot speak in too high terms of commendation of the bravery and endurance of both officers and men in my command, although never before in action. They with very few exceptions exhibited in an eminent degree the qualities of veteran soldiers, and in the last engagement I lost some of my brave and valuable men, among whom was Capt. O. D. Pease, of Company D, who received a wound that caused his death.

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Col. Sixteenth Regt. Wisconsin Volunteers.

Maj. Gen. U. S. GRANT,

Source: Official Records: Series I. Vol. 10. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 10

Battles (where losses incurred) involving 16th Infantry Regiment








Atlanta, GA







Atlanta, GA







Corinth, MS







Fayetteville, NC







Jonesboro, GA







Kenesaw Mountain, GA







Lovejoy Station, GA







Shiloh, TN







Brigade, Division, Corps, and Army assignments for 16th Infantry Regiment

From To Brigade Division Corps Army/Department Comments
03/26/62 07/24/62 1 6

District and Army of West Tennessee New Organization
07/24/62 11/01/62 1 6 District of Corinth District and Army of West Tennessee

11/01/62 12/18/62 1 6 Left Wing, 13 District and Army of West Tennessee

12/22/62 01/20/63 1 6 Left Wing, 16 Department of the Tennessee

01/20/63 08/01/63 1 6 17 Department of the Tennessee

Sep 1863 Apr 1864 1 1 17 Department of the Tennessee

Mar 1864 Jul 1865 1 3 17 Department of the Tennessee Mustered Out

Roster for
16th Infantry Regiment - 2,466 men

Source: Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers; War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865; Volumes I and II; compiled by Authority of the Legislature, under the direction of Jeremiah M. Rusk, Governor & Chandler P. Chapman, Adjutant General; Democrat Printing Company, State Printers; Madison, Wisconsin; 1886

Abbott - Canfield Cardinal - Duncan
Dunn - Hamstreet Hanchett - Kruger
Kruschke - Neilson Nelson - Richmond
Rickaby - Strunk Struther - Zubkee

Bader, Benjamin L.

- Residing in Lemonweir, WI at time of enlistment
- Enlisted on Oct 3, 1861 as Corporal

Mustering information:
- Enlisted into F Company, 16th Infantry (Wisconsin) on Oct 3, 1861
- Transferred to C Company, 16th Infantry (Wisconsin)
- Mustered out from 16th Infantry (Wisconsin) on Jul 12 1865

Sources for the above information:
- Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers: War of the Rebellion, (1886)

Bader, William

- Residing in Lemonweir, WI at time of enlistment
- Enlisted on Oct. 5, 1861 as Private

Mustering information:
- Enlisted into F Company, 16th Infantry (Wisconsin) on Oct. 5, 1861
- Died of disease May 14, 1862 in St. Louis, Missouri

Sources for the above information:
- Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers: War of the Rebellion, (1886)

back to Civl War index

back to Military index

back to index

Copyright © 2006-2009 to Genealogy Trails' Wisconsin Trails host & each Contributor
All rights reserved