18th Wisconsin
Infantry Regiment


Battles involving 18th Infantry
Assignments for 18th Infantry

- Organized on Mar 15 1862 at Camp Trowbridge, Milwaukee, WI
- Enlistment term: 3 years
- Mustered out on Jul 18 1865 at Louisville, KY

Available statistics for total numbers of men listed as:
- Enlisted or commissioned: 1205
- Drafted: 268
- Transferred in: 1
- Killed or died of wounds: 61
- Killed or died of wounds (Officers): 4
- Killed or died of wounds (Enlisted men): 52
- Died of disease: 185
- Died of disease (Officers): 2
- Died of disease (Enlisted men): 167
- Prisoner of war: 294
- Died while prisoner of war: 34
- Disabled: 134
- Missing: 3
- Deserted: 48
- Discharged: 238
- Mustered out: 680
- Transferred out: 25

Historical notes and Reports:

Eighteenth Infantry

Eighteenth Infantry. -- Cols., James S. Alban, Gabriel Bouck, Charles H. Jackson, Lieut.-Cols., Samuel W. Beall, Charles H. Jackson, James P. Millard, Majs., Josiah W. Crane, Charles H. Jackson James P. Millard Joseph W. Roberts.

This regiment was organized in Oct., 1861. It was mustered in and left the state March 30, 1862 for Pittsburg Landing and reached there April 5.

The next morning, with absolutely no instruction in the manual of arms and but little drill, it was ordered to check the enemy's advance at Shiloh. It fought bravely, losing 24 killed, 82 wounded and 174 prisoners. ''Many regiments may well covet the impressions which the 18th Wis. left of personal bravery heroic daring and determined endurance,'' said Gov. Harvey.

It took part in the siege of Corinth and then encamped at Corinth; and Bolivar until Sept. 17, when it was ordered to Iuka to reinforce Rosecrans, but was immediately returned to the defense of Corinth which was threatened.

On Oct. 1 it met the advance of Price and Van Dorn and fell back to the protection of Smith's bridge the following day. On the 3d, the enemy appearing in force, the regiment burned the bridge, rejoined its brigade at the railroad, and retained its position until overwhelming numbers compelled it to fall back.

It joined in pursuit of the enemy after the battle of Corinth, and on Nov. 2 proceeded to Grand Junction. In the movement southward it went to Holly Springs, then back to Grand Junction, thence to Moscow, Tenn., and Memphis, and from there by boat to Young's point, La., where it remained until Feb. 9, 1863.

In the advance upon Vicksburg it took position in the battle of Champion's Hill, and reached Vicksburg on May 20. It deployed as sharpshooters to cover the assault on the 22nd and on June 4 went into the trenches where it remained until the surrender.

It was then on guard duty until Sept. 11, when it was sent to Memphis, thence to Corinth and to Chattanooga, reaching the latter place Nov. 19. It joined in the attack on Missionary Ridge and was on guard duty at Bridgeport, Ala., during the greater part of December.

It went to Huntsville on Dec. 25, remained there until May 1, 1864, then went to Whitesburg for guard duty until June 19, and was in camp, garrison and guard duty in Georgia and Tennessee until September. In October it aided in the defense of Allatoona against repeated assaults of a superior force.

A furlough was granted reenlisted veterans on Nov. 12, and the recruits and non-veterans were temporarily assigned to the 93rd IL, which accompanied Sherman's army to Savannah. The veterans were ordered to Nashville, reaching there Jan. 11, 1865, and were then sent to New Berne, N. C., where they encamped until the last of March, when they joined Sherman at Goldsboro and took part in the movement to Richmond.

The regiment participated in the grand review at Washington and was mustered out at Louisville, Ky., July 18, 1865. Its original strength was 962 Gain by recruits, 226, draft, 271; veteran reenlistments, 178; total, 1,637. Losses by death, 220; missing 78; desertion, 208, transfer, 23; discharge. 265; mustered out, 843.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 4, p. 56

Report of Col. Gabriel Bouck, Eighteenth Wisconsin Infantry including operations May 13-July 6.


SIR: Received marching orders at Milliken's Bend, La., to report to Maj.-Gen. McPherson, May 13, 1863.

Reported, and was assigned to First Brigade, Seventh Division, Seventeenth Army Corps. Bivouacked that night near Clinton.

On the morning of May 14, we marched and met the enemy near Jackson, Miss. Gave them battle and whipped them. Loss, 23 killed and wounded. Bivouacked in Jackson that night.

May 15, marched toward Vicksburg, Miss. Bivouacked, and on the morning of the 16th took up our line of march, and got into the fight at Champion's Hill. Loss, 1 killed and 4 wounded.

About 9.30 a. m. on the 17th, marched on toward Black River. That night assisted in constructing a bridge across Black River.

May 18, marching orders. Went 3 1/2 miles toward Vicksburg. Our brigade ordered back. Got back, and regiment went on picket.

May 19, relieved from picket, went to camp, and in the afternoon at 4 o'clock formed line of battle. Remained in line until 10.30 p. m., when we crossed the bridge in rear of all our transportation. Bivouacked for the night, and on the morning of the 20th took up line of march for Vicksburg. Arrived at our works or lines and took position that evening (21st) in camp.

May 22, ordered out skirmishing. Ordered in again at 10 a. m. Advanced with the brigade on to the enemy's works. The Eighteenth Regt. ordered out skirmishing, and was not relieved until the night of May 23. In both days our loss was 13 killed and wounded.

On the night of May 26, ordered into line, and went on an expedition to Yazoo River.

Went into camp at Haynes' Bluff on the afternoon of May 31, and got back to old position June 4.

Went out into rifle-pits June 6. Remained in old position in rear of Vicksburg.

June 19, one man severely wounded.

Doing picket or skirmish duty until the surrender of July 4, when we changed position.

July 6, went into camp inside the fortifications, having been doing any amount of duty ever since.

Col., Cmdg. Eighteenth Wisconsin Volunteers.

Source: Official Records
[Series I. Vol. 24. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 36.]

Report of Lieut. Col. Charles H. Jackson, Eighteenth Wisconsin Infantry.

HDQRS. EIGHTEENTH WISCONSIN VETERAN VOLS., Allatoona, Ga., October 14, 1864.

SIR: I very respectfully submit the following report of this regiment in the battle at this place October 5, 1864:

Capt. Jackson was detached with thirty men October 4 and ordered to the bridge across Allatoona Creek, on the Acworth road, to guard it. At 1 o'clock on the morning of the 5th he became engaged with the enemy, who was then advancing to take position. I was ordered to take what remained of my command, proceed to the skirmish line, and hold the enemy until daylight, if possible. At 4 o'clock I found the enemy taking position near my line. I at once opened fire upon them, causing them to retire nearly half a mile. I remained on this line until 10.30 o'clock, when I discovered a charging column moving up between the Cartersville and Pumpkin Vine road, driving our forces rapidly toward the fort, west of the railroad. I at once commenced moving my men to the fort in order to assist in its defense. I returned under a severe fire of grape, canister, and shell, and reached the fort, east of the railroad, where I remained during the remainder of the fight.

I subjoin a list of the killed and wounded.

Three companies of the regiment were at a railroad bridge two miles south of this place, in a block-house. They were kept in the house over forty hours, and only surrendered when the roof was on fire and the men suffocating from smoke and heat. The enemy fired forty-nine shots of artillery at it without doing much damage, except setting it on fire.

I am, captain, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Lieut.-Col., Eighteenth Wisconsin Volunteers.

Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

Source: Official Records
PAGE 751-77 KY., SW. VA., TENN., MISS., ALA., AND N. GA. [CHAP. LI.
[Series I. Vol. 39. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 77.]

Battles (where losses incurred) involving 18th Infantry Regiment








Acworth, GA







Allatoona, GA







Champion's Hill, MS







Corinth, MS







Jackson, MS







Kinston, NC







Shiloh, TN







Vicksburg, MS







Brigade, Division, Corps, and Army assignments for 18th Infantry Regiment

From To Brigade Division Corps Army/Department Comments
04/05/62 04/15/62


District and Army of West Tennessee New Organization
04/15/62 07/24/62 2 6

District and Army of West Tennessee

07/24/62 11/01/62 2 6 District of Corinth District and Army of West Tennessee

11/01/62 12/18/62 2 6 Left Wing, 13 District and Army of West Tennessee

12/22/62 01/20/63 2 6 Left Wing, 16 Department of the Tennessee

01/20/63 May 1863 2 6 17 Department of the Tennessee

05/02/63 09/14/63 1 7 17 Department of the Tennessee

09/14/63 12/20/63 1 2 17 Department of the Tennessee

12/20/63 04/26/65 1 3 15 Department of the Tennessee

03/01/65 03/18/65 3 1 Dist of Beaufort Department of North Carolina

04/26/65 07/18/65 2 4 15 Department of the Tennessee Mustered Out

Roster for
18th Infantry Regiment - 1,463 men

Source: Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers; War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865; Volumes I and II; compiled by Authority of the Legislature, under the direction of Jeremiah M. Rusk, Governor & Chandler P. Chapman, Adjutant General; Democrat Printing Company, State Printers; Madison, Wisconsin; 1886

Abbs - Cunningham Currier - Henricks
Hensel - Milton Minckler - Smith

Snyder - Youngblood

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