Wisconsin Civil War Regiments

1st Wisconsin
Heavy Artillery Regiment


Roster
Abare to Deltz
Demerest to Jackson
Jacobs to Perham
Perkins - Tronson
Trow - Zytkoskee

Battles involving 1st Heavy Artillery
Assignments for 1st Heavy Artillery

Regiment Information
- Organized on Dec 9 1861
- Enlistment term: 3 years
- Mustered out on Sep 21 1865 at Washington, DC

Available statistics for total numbers of men listed as:
- Enlisted or commissioned: 2204
- Transferred in: 6
- Killed or died of wounds (Enlisted men): 4
- Died of disease (Officers): 2
- Died of disease (Enlisted men): 77
- Prisoner of war: 9
- Disabled: 111
- Deserted: 67
- Discharged: 109
- Mustered out: 1729
- Transferred out: 30

Historical notes and Reports:
Source: The Union Army, vol. 4, p. 85

First Heavy Artillery, Wisconsin - 3 years

First Heavy Artillery. - Col., Charles C. Meservey; Lieut.-Col., Jacob T. Foster; Majs., Charles C. Meservey, L. H. Drury, Richard W. Hubbell, David C. Fulton.

  Three days after the first battle of Bull Run (July 25, 1861), Co. K, 2nd Wis. infantry, was detached for garrison duty at Fort Corcoran near Washington.
  On Aug. 28 it occupied Fort Marcy and on Sept. 12, one-half of the company was ordered to Fort Ethan Allen for garrison and instruction duty. On Oct. 10 it rejoined the regiment, but on Dec. 9 was permanently detached and organized as an artillery company - the 1st battery Wis. heavy artillery - and stationed at Fort Cass.
  This formed the nucleus for Wisconsin's heavy artillery and on Aug. 28, 1862, a detachment of 40 men, with 3 pieces of artillery, was sent to garrison Fort Buffalo, an exposed post, where it repulsed an attack of the enemy. It returned to Fort Cass in September, moved to Fort Ellsworth in November, and was transferred to Fort Worth in May, 1863. In June Capt. Meservey was authorized to recruit a battalion of four batteries of heavy artillery, using the first battery as a basis.
  On Aug. 22 part of battery B was mustered in and by Sept. 9 was fully recruited. Battery A moved in October from Fort Worth to Battery Rodgers, where it remained until May 1864, and was then transferred to Fort Willard. It returned to Battery Rodgers in August and was mustered out at Washington Aug. 18, 1865.
  Battery B left Milwaukee in Oct., 1863, was sent to Munfordville, Ky., and on Jan. 4, 1864, to Lexington, Ky., where it garrisoned Fort Clay until Aug. 30, 1865, when it was mustered out.
  Battery C was mustered in Oct. 1, 1863 left the state on the 30th, and was sent to Fort Wood, Chattanooga. In Jan. 1864, it was sent to Fort Creighton and in May moved to Fort Sherman. On March 29, 1865, it moved to Athens, Tenn., and on April 5, marched to Mouse creek. On July 3 it was ordered to Strawberry plains, and was mustered out at Nashville Sept. 21, 1865.
  Battery D was mustered in Nov. 7, 1863; left the state Feb. 1, 1864, for New Orleans and was sent to Fort Jackson on garrison duty. In July it moved, to Fort Berwick, Brashear City, La., where it remained until June 1865. It was mustered out Aug. 18, 1865.
  General orders No. 21, issued Sept. 14, 1864, called for the recruiting of eight additional companies to complete the regimental organization. Batteries L and M left the state, Sent. 30, E and F Oct. 3, H Oct. 7, K Oct. 17, and G and I Nov. 12. They were assigned to duty in the defenses at Washington as a part of the 4th brigade, De Russy's division, 22nd army corps, and remained at that point until mustered out Oct. 1, 1865.
  It is due the entire regiment to say that in discipline and appearance under arms, it was equal to any in the service. Its original strength was 1,777. Gain by recruits, 407; draft, 4; reenlistments, 29; total, 2,217. Loss by death, 73; desertion, 70; transfer, 28; discharge, 223; unaccounted for, 3; mustered out, 1,820.


Battles (where losses incurred) involving 1st Wisconsin Heavy Artillery Regiment

Location

Date

Killed

Wounded

POW

Missing

Losses

Bull Run, VA

Jul 21 1861

3

11

8

0

22



Brigade, Division, Corps, and Army assignments for 1st Wisconsin Heavy Artillery Regiment

From To Brigade Division Corps Army/Department Comments
Mar 1 1862 May 31 1862 Artillery     Military District of Washington Co. A
May 1 1862 Jan 31 1863 Artillery Whipple's Command   Military District of Washington  
Oct 1 1862 Feb 28 1863 Artillery Dist of Alexandria   Military District of Washington Co. A
Feb 1 1863 Apr 30 1863 Artillery South of Potomac 22 Dept. of Washington, D.C. Co. A
Apr 1 1863 May 31 1863 1 Defenses South of Potomac 22 Dept. of Washington, D.C. Co. A
May 1 1863 Dec 31 1863 3 Defenses South of Potomac 22 Dept. of Washington, D.C. Co. A
Oct 1863 Jan 1864   District South Central, KY 1 23 Army and Dept of Ohio Batty B
Nov 1863 Dec 1863 Artillery Reserve 2 Military Division of the Mississippi Batty C
Dec 1 1863 Mar 31 1864 4 Defenses South of Potomac 22 Dept. of Washington, D.C. Co. A
Feb 1864 Jul 1864 Artillery Defenses of New Orleans   Army and Dept of the Gulf Co. D, New Organization
Mar 1864 Apr 1865 Artillery Post Chattanooga, TN   Dept. and Army of Ohio and Cumberland Co. C New Organization
Apr 10 1864 Dec 1864 4 1 District of Kentucky   Army and Dept of Ohio Co. B
May 1 1864 Jul 31 1864 2 Defenses South of Potomac 22 Dept. of Washington, D.C. Co. A
Jul 1864 Jul 1865   District of La Fourche, LA   Army and Dept of the Gulf Batty D Mustered Out
Jul 1 1864 Jun 30 1865 4 Defenses South of Potomac 22 Dept. of Washington, D.C. Co. A Mustered Out
Oct 1 1864 Dec 31 1864 3 Defenses South of Potomac 22 Dept. of Washington, D.C. Co. F
Oct 1 1864 Jun 30 1865 4 Defenses South of Potomac 22 Dept. of Washington, D.C. Mustered Out
Feb 10 1865 Aug 1865 1     Dept. of Kentucky Batty B, Mustered Out
Apr 1865 Jul 1865 Artillery 4 District East TN   Dept. of Cumberland Batty C
Jul 1865 Sep 1865 1 4 District East TN   Dept. of Cumberland Batty C Mustered Out



Data Submitted by Sara Hemp


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