1st Wisconsin
Light Artillery Battery Regiment


Roster

Battles involving 1st Light Artillery Battery
Assignments for 1st Light Artillery Battery
 



- Organized on Oct 10 1861 at La Crosse, WI
- Enlistment term: 3 years
- Mustered out on Jul 18 1865 at Camp Washburn, Milwaukee, WI

Available statistics for total numbers of men listed as:
- Enlisted or commissioned: 291
- Killed or died of wounds (Enlisted men): 5
- Died of disease: 25
- Died of disease (Officers): 1
- Died of disease (Enlisted men): 22
- Prisoner of war: 9
- Disabled: 17
- Deserted: 12
- Discharged: 11
- Mustered out: 209
- Transferred out: 5

Historical notes and Reports:

First Light Battery
WISCONSIN
(3-YEARS)

First Light Battery. -- Capts., Jacob T. Foster, Daniel Webster; First Lieuts., Alexander Cameron, Daniel Webster, Oscar F. Nutting, John D. Anderson, Charles B. Kimball; Second Lieuts., Albert W. Bishop Charles B. Kimball, Oscar F. Nutting, Ephraim L. Hackett, Edward P. Aylmer, Edwin E. Stewart.

This battery was organized at La Crosse in Sept. 1861, and was mustered in Oct. 10. It rendezvoused at Racine from early October until Jan. 23, 1862, when it left the state.

It encamped at St. Louis until April 3 and then joined Gen. Morgan's expedition to Cumberland Gap, hauling the Parrott guns by hand over the steep passes. In August it assisted in repulsing the enemy in a fight at Tazewell; assisted in the defense of Cumberland Gap until Sept. 17, and then joined the forces under Gen. Fox in Virgina.

In Dec. 1862 it joined Sherman's forces at Memphis and started toward Vicksburg. It did effective work at Chickasaw Bluffs and also in the reduction of Arkansas Post, where the work of the right section of the battery won from Gen. Osterhaus this praise: ''The reduction of the lower casemate (of the fort) and the silencing of 3 or 4 formidable guns are their exclusive merit. ''

It remained at and about Vicksburg until spring and at the battle of Port Gibson it dismounted 4 of the enemy's guns and cut to pieces the celebrated Virginia battery, its fire being most effective. It participated at Champion's Hill; was engaged at the Big Black River the following day; bore a prominent part in the first assault at Vicksburg, doing terrible execution, and continued to perform excellent service during the entire siege.

During the Vicksburg campaign the battery fired over 12,000 rounds, its 20-pounder Parrotts becoming so worn as to be unserviceable and were replaced with 30-pounders. After the fall of Vicksburg it aided in the reduction of Jackson.

The battery was attached to the 13th army corps, Department of the Gulf, and in December, joined the forces at New Orleans, where it was equipped as horse artillery. An inspecting committee said of it: ''A more self sustaining, self-reliant body of men cannot be found in the U. S. Army.''

It covered Banks' retreat in the Red River expedition in April, 1864 and was in the engagement at Alexandria in May. In October 80 of the battery, whose term of service had expired, left for home, their places being filled by reenlistments and recruits. Capt. Foster was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the 1st Wis. heavy artillery, and Lieut. Webster was advanced to the captaincy.

On Nov. 26 the battery accompanied a cavalry expedition to West Pascagoula, Miss., but returned to New Orleans and Baton Rouge and remained there until ordered home. It was mustered out at Milwaukee July 7, 1865.

Its original strength was 155. Gain by recruits, 112; substitutes, 2; reenlistments 34; total, 303. Loss by death, 22; desertion, 7; transfer, 14; discharge, 48; mustered out, 212.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 4, p. 77


Report of Lieut. Charles B. Kimball, First Wisconsin Battery.

HDQRS. FIRST WISCONSIN BATTERY, Port Gibson, Miss., May 2, 1863.

SIR: I have the honor to report below the part taken in yesterday's engagement on Thompson's Hill by the First Wisconsin Battery, which is as follows viz:

The battery, under command of Lieut. Charles B. Kimball, after marching all night, received orders about 6 a.m. to move up rapidly to the front, and was placed in position in the following manner:

The right section of the battery, under charge of First Sergt. Edward P. Aylmer, was moved to the extreme left of the line, to relieve a section of Capt. Lanphere's (Seventh Michigan) battery, which had suffered severely from the fire of two brass pieces of the enemy, planted on an opposite hill, about 1 1/4 miles distant, which we dismounted shortly afterward. This position it occupied all day, with slight changes to the right or left, as occasion required.

The center section, commanded by Lieut. E. L. Hackett, moved up to a position on the left of the right section, and opened fire on some buildings immediately to the front, occupied by rebel forces, where it did fearful execution. It occupied this position all day, and late in the afternoon shared with the right section the satisfaction of silencing two guns which the enemy brought to bear upon us with great effect from an open field, about a mile off. This was the closing scene of the engagement.

The left section, under command of Lieut. Oscar F. Nutting, took position on the center of the line, but was ordered by Gen. Grant to reserve their fire until further orders were received from himself, as our supply of ammunition was very limited. This position it held all day under a galling fire of musketry, which, as ordered, it was compelled to face in silence.

Each section was planted under a galling fire, which was kept up throughout the day. Both men and officers did their duty nobly, and although our numbers were small for 20-pounder guns, and the men greatly fatigued after marching all the previous night, not a complaint was heard, but each man sprang to his work with a right good will, forgetful of their weariness in their desire each to do his duty.

Casualties, 4 men wounded.

Hoping that our future engagements will be crowned with equal success, I have the honor to remain, captain, your obedient servant,

CHAS. B. KIMBALL,
First Lieut., Cmdg. First Wisconsin Battery.

Capt. J. W. THOMPSON,
A. A. A. G., Ninth Div., Thirteenth A. C.

Source: Official Records
PAGE 592-36 MISSISSIPPI, WEST TENNESSEE, ETC. [CHAP. XXXVI.
[Series I. Vol. 24. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 36.]


Report of Lieut. Charles B. Kimball, First Wisconsin Battery, including engagement at Big Black River Bridge.

HEADQUARTERS FIRST WISCONSIN BATTERY, May 30, 1863.

SIR: I have the honor to submit to you the following report of the part taken in the two engagements of May 16 and 17 by the First Wisconsin Battery, under my command:

May 16, coming upon the enemy strongly posted in thick timber of Champion's Hill, I placed my battery in line of battle, which was formed in the following order: One section I caused to be placed in battery to the front, covering also a deep ravine in front and to the right of our line. The remaining two sections of the battery I placed in position covering the front, and also a deep ravine on the left of our line, the whole being supported by three regiments of infantry of the Second Brigade. In this position, with but slight change, I remained until 3 p.m. Without firing a single round, when I was ordered to move forward and join the First Brigade at Edwards Depot, where it had halted for the night, after pursuing the enemy until a late hour. I did so, arriving at 11 p.m., where I also encamped for the remaining hours of the night.

May 17, moved forward at 4 a.m., coming upon the enemy at 9 a.m., strongly intrenched near Big Black. Capt. Foster being present, ordered the center section, under Lieutenant Hackett, into position on the west side of the railroad, where it soon opened fire upon the enemy, but was shortly after relieved by the right section, on account of one of its pieces being partially disabled by the explosion of the limberchest. The left section I placed in position On the right of the line, in which position it did some execution; but, as the enemy soon after retreated, but a few rounds were flied.

At 2 p.m., having been victorious, I got my command together near the enemy's works, where I remained until 6 p.m., when I received orders to encamp for the night. During the engagement the piece of which William McKeith is gunner, and had had its limber-chest blown up by one of the enemy's shells bursting in it early in the engagement, was successful in dismounting one 24-pounder gun for the enemy.

List of casualties during the day was as follows: One limber-chest and contents, including 45 rounds of 20-pounder ammunition, completely destroyed by being blown up by one of the enemy's shells bursting in it; Capt. Jacob T. Foster, wounded in the left shoulder. Cannoneer Charles Withee seriously wounded by being burned and bruised by explosion of limber-chest; and Drivers Dedrick and J. Castles slightly wounded by being thrown from their horses and afterward run over.

Hoping this may be satisfactory to you, I remain, captain, your Obedient servant,

CHAS. B. KIMBALL,
First Lieutenant, Commanding First Wisconsin Battery.

Capt. J. W. THOMPSON,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

Source: Official Records
PAGE 29-37 MISSISSIPPI, WEST TENNESSEE, ETC. [CHAP. XXXVI.
[Series I. Vol. 24. Part II, Reports. Serial No. 37.]


Report of Lieut. Oscar F. Nutting, First Wisconsin Battery.

CAMP IN REAR OF VICKSBURG, MISS., May 30, 1863.

CAPT.: Below I have the honor to report the part taken by the First Wisconsin Battery in the engagements of May 19-23. About 11 a.m. On the 19th, the battery, under the command of Lieut. Oscar F. Nutting, was ordered into position on the extreme left of the line, coming into battery and opening fire immediately on the works of the enemy, about 1 1/2 miles to the west of us. At 5 p.m. the right section of the battery, under charge of First Sergt. Edward P. Aylmer, was ordered to move to the right and three-quarters of a mile to the front, where it again opened fire, the other two sections remaining on the ground they had occupied during the day.

On the 20th, the right section moved again to the front, the center and left sections of the battery moving up also to their front about three-quarters of a mile, keeping up a brisk fire until dark.

On the 21st, the center and left sections moved up half a mile and opened fire, the right section remaining in position on the ground it had occupied the previous night, and fired almost without intermission all day.

Each of the sections remained in these positions on the 22d and 23d instant. The firing was kept up constantly and with great precision, doing fearful execution on the enemy's works.

On the 22d, the right section succeeded in blowing up one of the enemy's caissons, and on the 23d the center and left sections blow up two more. These explosions, taking place within their fortifications, must have' caused fearful havoc among their men. We are fortunate enough, I am happy to say, to have no casualties to report.

During these five successive days both officers and men behaved nobly. Some of our ammunition was very poor, and worked badly, exploding in the guns; but our present supply appears to be much better.

I remain, captain, your most obedient servant,

O. F. NUTTING,
Lieut., Commanding First Wisconsin Battery.

Capt. J. W. THOMPSON,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

Source: Official Records
PAGE 229-37 MISSISSIPPI, WEST TENNESSEE, ETC. [CHAP. XXXVI.
[Series I. Vol. 24. Part II, Reports. Serial No. 37.]


Report of Lieut. Oscar F. Nutting, First Wisconsin Battery.
CAMP AT VICKSBURG, MISS., July 26, 1863.

CAPT.: Herewith you will please find a report of the part taken by this battery in the late expedition to Jackson, Miss.

On the morning of the 5th day of July, the First Wisconsin Battery, under command of Lieut. Oscar F. Nutting moved out of park, in rear of Vicksburg, and marched to Big Black River, where we went into camp, and remained till the next evening, when we moved on to Big Black River railroad bridge.

On the 7th, we marched to Bolton.

On the 8th, the battery was ordered to report to Gen. Osterhaus, and, leaving the Twelfth Division, to which we had been temporarily attached, joined and moved on that evening with our old division.

On the 9th, we passed through Clinton, and the advance coming up with the enemy's outposts, we were ordered into camp, and remained there till the next morning, when we moved on toward Jackson at an early hour.

On the 10th, at 10 a.m., the center section, under command of Lieut. Hackett, was ordered into position upon the road on which we had been marching, and opened fire on the enemy's works, about 1,000 yards distant. Soon after, the right section, under charge of Sergt. E. P. Aylmer, was ordered into position on the left of the road, in some timber. Here, they opened fire on the rebel breastworks, which was replied to by them from half a dozen guns, with such accuracy that it was deemed prudent by Lieut. Nutting, after half an hour's firing, to withdraw. During that time the enemy had disabled one gun, and struck both in many places. In the afternoon, Lieut. Hackett moved his section a short distance to the right, where they succeeded in dismounting one of the enemy's guns.

On the 11th, the left section was planted in a work thrown up for it during the night close to the position occupied by the right section the previous day. Here they remained during the seven days following, and disabled a large siege piece which was in position on their works immediately in front of us.

On the 12th, the right and center sections were ordered to report to Gen. Hovey, and were placed, the right section on the New Orleans Railroad, and the center section a quarter of a mile farther east, almost directly south of Jackson. In these positions they remained until that town had been evacuated, and we were ordered to return to Vicksburg, when the right and center sections again joined the Ninth Division, and marched with it to Big Black River, via Raymond and Edwards Station, where we arrived at about 4 p.m. On the evening of the 23d July, 1863.

Casualties: Wounded, 9.

I have the honor to remain, captain, your most obedient servant,

OSCAR F. NUTTING,
[Lieut.,] Commanding Battery.

Capt. J. W. THOMPSON,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

Source: Official Records
CHAP. XXXVI.] THE JACKSON CAMPAIGN. PAGE 584-37
[Series I. Vol. 24. Part II, Reports. Serial No. 37.]



Battles (where losses incurred) involving 1st Light Artillery Battery Regiment

Location Date Killed Wounded POW Missing Losses
Cumberland Gap, TN Sep 17 1862 0 0 3 0 3
Port Gibson, MS May 1 1863 0 3 0 0 3
Vicksburg, MS Jun 27 1863 1 1 0 0 2


Brigade, Division, Corps, and Army assignments for 1st Light Artillery Battery Regiment

From To Brigade Division Corps Army/Department Comments
Mar 1862 Oct 10 1862 Artillery

7 Army of Ohio

Oct 1862 Nov 1862 Artillery

Cumberland  Army and Dept of Ohio

Nov 1 1862 Dec 18 1862 Artillery 9 13 District and Army of West Tennessee

Dec 18 1862 Jan 4 1863 Artillery 3

W.T. Sherman's Yazoo Expedition

Jan 4 1863 Jul 28 1863 3 9 13 Department of the Tennessee

Jul 28 1863 Aug 7 1863 Artillery 1 13 Department of the Tennessee

Aug 1863 Jan 1864 Artillery Defenses of New Orleans

Army and Dept of the Gulf

Aug 7 1863 Jun 11 1864 Artillery 1 13 Army and Dept of the Gulf

Jun 1864 Aug 1864 Unattached District Morganza, LA

Military Division West Mississippi

Aug 1864 Feb 9 1865 Artillery Cavalry

Army and Dept of the Gulf

Feb 15 1865 Jul 1865

Cavalry

Army and Dept of the Gulf Mustered Out



Roster for
1st Light Artillery Battery Regiment - 291 men

Source: Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers; War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865; Volumes I and II; compiled by Authority of the Legislature, under the direction of Jeremiah M. Rusk, Governor & Chandler P. Chapman, Adjutant General; Democrat Printing Company, State Printers; Madison, Wisconsin; 1886

Adams - Woodbridge





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