21st Wisconsin
Infantry Regiment


Roster

Battles involving 21st Infantry
Assignments for 21st Infantry
 


- Organized on Sep 5 1862 at Oshkosh, WI
- Enlistment term: 3 years
- Mustered out on Jun 8 1865 at Washington, DC

Available statistics for total numbers of men listed as:
- Enlisted or commissioned: 1162
- Drafted: 1
- Transferred in: 456
- Killed or died of wounds (Officers): 5
- Killed or died of wounds (Enlisted men): 117
- Died of disease (Officers): 3
- Died of disease (Enlisted men): 180
- Prisoner of war: 208
- Died while prisoner of war: 42
- Disabled: 199
- Missing: 2
- Deserted: 40
- Discharged: 100
- Mustered out: 384
- Transferred out: 584

Historical notes and Reports:

Twenty-first Infantry
WISCONSIN
(3-YEARS)

Twenty-first Infantry. -- Cols., Benjamin J. Sweet, Harrison C Hobart, Michael H. Fitch, Majs., Frederick Schumacher, Michael H. Fitch, Charles H. Walker.

This regiment was organized at Camp Bragg, Oshkosh, and was mustered in Sept. 5, 1862. It left the state Sept. 11, being sent to Covington, Ky., for the defense of Cincinnati.

It participated in the battle of Perryville in the 28th brigade, and after a march of 12 miles on the day of the battle, was placed by mistake in an exposed position alone, subject to the fire of both friend and foe. It escaped utter destruction by breaking ranks, then rallied and took position in line of battle. It lost 179 in killed, wounded and missing, Maj. Schumacher being among the killed.

It performed guard and provost duty at Mitchellville until Dec. 7, when it was ordered to Nashville. With its brigade it repulsed an attack on the supply wagons by 3,500 of Wheeler's cavalry at Jefferson, the burden of the attack falling on the 21st. Gen. Rousseau said: ''This regiment, led by its efficient commander (Hobart), behaved like veterans.''

It went into the battle of Stone's River the following day, was sent to the extreme front, and for 3 days held position under a heavy fire. It encamped at Murfreesboro during the winter and spring, moved south with the Army of the Cumberland in June into Alabama and Georgia and arrived at Chickamauga in time to take part in the second day's fight. It ''never faltered during the whole day, but often the second line would have to face about and drive away the rebels from the rear.'' On being ordered to retire it fell back ''only to the second line of works, where, still fighting, surrounded by the enemy, Lieut.-Col. Hobart and about 70 officers and men were captured.''

The regiment was in reserve at Missionary Ridge and then was stationed on the summit of Lookout Mountain until the spring of 1864. It was in the advance on Resaca in May, 1864, and was the last to retire in the evening. At Dallas it remained for 6 days under fire, its skirmishers being within 50 paces of those of the enemy.

The regiment followed Johnston in his retreat from Dallas to Kennesaw Mountain, where it charged the enemy's skirmish line and gained position within 150 paces of the main line of Confederate works. It was in siege, fatigue and guard duty until the fall of Atlanta, took part in the battle of Jonesboro, and then went into camp at Atlanta.

On Oct. 1 it was attached to the 1st brigade 1st division, 14th army corps, and pursued Gen. Hood northward. It then rejoined Sherman's army, took part in the march to the sea the siege of Savannah, the Carolina campaign and the march to Richmond. It participated in the grand review at Washington and was mustered out there on June 8, 1865.

Its original strength was 1,002. Gain by recruits, 169; total, 1,171. Loss by death, 288; desertion, 40; transfer, 99, discharge, 261; mustered out, 483.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 4, p. 58


Report of Maj. Michael H. Fitch, Twenty-first Wisconsin Infantry.

HDQRS. TWENTY-FIRST WISCONSIN VOL. INFANTRY, Near Jonesborough Ga., September 5, 1864.

CAPT.: I have the honor to make the following report of the operations of this regiment during the campaign commencing May 7, at Ringgold, Ga., and ending September 8, 1864, at Atlanta, Ga.:

May 7, moved south toward Buzzard Roost and at Tunnel Hill formed line of battle, but met with no enemy. May 9, by order of Gen. Carlin, this regiment and the Thirty-third Ohio, Lieut.-Col. Montgomery, both under command of Lieut.-Col. Hobart, made a reconnaissance of the western face of Rocky Face Ridge south of the gap for the purpose of gaining the crest. After passing with much caution along the base of the ridge for a mile skirmishers from both regiments were deployed, and the ascent began. The regiment advanced behind the skirmishers and halted when the latter had gained the foot of an almost perpendicular crest on the upper edge of which the rebel skirmishers were posted. The ascent being there found impracticable, the detachment was ordered back by Gen. Carlin. Several shots were exchanged, and 1 rebel hit; no casualties to this regiment.

May 12, moved through Snake Creek Gap toward Resaca, and on the 14th, brigade being formed in two lines near Resaca, the Twenty-first being the third regiment in the front line, at 10 a. m. the movement against the enemy began. One company (K) was on the skirmish line and skirmished very heavily with the enemy for about half a mile through thick undergrowth and in very hilly woods. The enemy's skirmishers were driven from the woods and across an open field beyond a tortuous creek into their main line of works. This regiment with the others in the brigade were formed near the edge of the wood, on a high bank of the creek, in the same order in which they had advanced, and, by order of Gen. Carlin, commanding brigade, charged through the creek and across the open field upon the enemy's works, which were distant about 300 yards. The creek in many places was waist deep to the men, and in moving through the ranks were very much broken. In this broken condition it emerged into the open field under a most galling fire from the enemy, in which it was impossible to again reform. In the impetuosity of the charge many of the men were ahead of the regiment, but were compelled to take shelter after advancing about half-way across the field, where they encountered another branch, and those behind, seeing the hopelessness of gaining the enemy's works, took shelter behind stumps and whatever offered protection. The most of the regiment during the afternoon fell back to the creek and remained there under the shelter of temporary works, from which they kept up a fire upon the enemy that kept them close under their works until after dark, when those yet in the open field joined them, and the regiment was relieved and retired with the balance of the brigade to the rear to bivouac during the night. In the engagement the regiment lost in killed 9 men, and wounded 2 officers, Second Lieut.'s Harding and Fargo (both commanding companies), and 36 men. The enemy having evacuated Resaca on the night of the 15th May, the regiment moved with the brigade in all its marches and went into position with it on Pumpkin Vine Creek, near Dallas, Ga., May 27.

May 28, two companies of this regiment, under Capt.'s Weisbrod and Edwards, drove the enemy's skirmishers from a very strong position on a wooded ridge and established our skirmish line 200 yards in advance, and within that distance of the enemy's main line. The regiment took position on the ridge from which the enemy's skirmishers had been driven.

May 30, about 6 p. m. that part of the line on which the Twentyfirst was posted was attacked by part of Hood's corps, which advanced from their main works in line of battle. The skirmish line drove them back, and those of this regiment took 1 wounded prisoner. Three dead rebels were left in front of the skirmish line of the regiment. This position was held until June 2, when the regiment was relieved by the One hundred and fifth Ohio, of a brigade from Gen. Baird's division, having been constantly skirmishing with the enemy for six days, and much of the time the rebels and ours occupying the summit of the same ridge within 30 yards of each other, firing constantly. During these six days' skirmishing lost 4 men killed and 24 wounded.

June 6, marched within three miles of Acworth and changed position from day to day with the brigade. When near Big Shanty, June 17, the skirmish line of the brigade became again heavily engaged with the enemy, driving him about a half mile. June 18, the skirmish line of the brigade, of which fifty men from this regiment formed a part, charged upon the enemy's rifle-pits and drove his skirmishers into the main line, capturing 13 prisoners, of whom the skirmishers of the Twenty-first took 7. The enemy that night abandoned his position and fell back to Kenesaw Mountain, and the regiment moved up and took position at that place. Here the movements are identical with those of the brigade, changing position as ordered from one part of the line of the army to another, constantly under the fire from the enemy's artillery, and a part of the regiment nearly every day on the skirmish line.

In the night of July 2, 1864, the enemy again evacuated his position; during this engagement lost 3 killed and 3 wounded. July 3, marched through Marietta, Ga., and went into camp about three miles south of that place. July 4, this regiment was deployed as skirmishers, covering the brigade, and advanced about one mile south, where they came upon the enemy's works and became sharply engaged with his skirmishers, driving them. July 5, the enemy fell back to the Chattahoochee and the brigade followed. Having advanced about two miles this regiment, under Maj. M. H. Fitch, and the Tenth Wisconsin Infantry, under Capt. Roby (the detachment being commanded by the former officer), were sent by order of Col. McCook, commanding brigade, on a road leading to the right from the main column for the purpose of opening communication with Gen. McPherson's column, which was moving south parallel with the column and west of it; the detachment, preceded by skirmishers, advanced about two miles, when it came upon a part of the line of rebel works at the Chattahoochee River, behind which the enemy was posted in force. The road upon which it had moved is the main thoroughfare from Marietta to Atlanta. The rebel skirmishers were driven during the whole march; the detach ment took position at the forks of a road nine and a half miles from Atlanta, and being relieved about 3 p. m. by Gen. Davis' division, joined the brigade in position east of it about one mile, having killed 2 rebels and taken 2 prisoners; no casualties occurred to the detachment. July 17, advanced across the Chattahoochee River, skirmishers from the regiment engaging and driving those of the enemy every day until the 20th of July, when the regiment, lying in the second line of the brigade on the crest of a hill near Peach Tree Creek, was ordered by Col. McCook, commanding brigade, and Lieut.-Col. Hobart, commanding second line, to move down the hill into the ravine and take position. At this time, about 4 p. m, a rebel line of battle had attacked most furiously the One hundred and fourth Illinois on the northern face of the hill beyond the ravine into which the Twenty-first was ordered but the order not having been given to the commanding officer of this regiment, and he supposing the order was to move in support of the One-hundred and fourth Illinois against the rebels, charged upon the double-quick up the hill to the right of that regiment, the rebels falling back at the beginning of the movement, before the Twenty-first reached the position, leaving their dead and wounded on the field. In this affair the regiment lost 3 wounded. July 21, at 7 p. m. moved south one mile and threw up heavy earthworks, but July 22, the rebels having again fallen back, at daylight, we advanced to Atlanta and took position on the north side of that city.

August 7, the regiment, in the mean time, having moved toward the right of the position of our army, about 4 p. m. Gen. Carlin ordered two companies of this regiment to be deployed against the rifle-pits occupied by the enemy's skirmishers. The first division of the regiment, commanded by Capt. Henry Turner, was moved forward, and they were supported in a few minutes by the second division, under Capt. Edwards. These two divisions moved gallantly, but met with such stubborn resistance that the remaining six companies were thrown forward upon the charge, when the rebel pits were carried and several prisoners taken, among whom was a rebel captain. The regiment lost 13 wounded, among whom was Capt. Turner, of Company D. This movement gave a good position for the main line to occupy within 150 yards of the enemy's works, which was held until August 21, at 8 p. m., when the regiment moved with the brigade around the left flank of the rebel army. August 28, came to the Montgomery railroad six miles west of East Point. August 29, deployed as skirmishers in front of the brigade; moved east upon the Montgomery railroad, driving rebel cavalry about two miles, and moved back same day to point of departure. From that date until the present our movements have been merely marches, with the single exception of the retreat in the face of the enemy and in line of battle on September 6, when our skirmishers were engaged with the enemy, and 1 man was reported missing.

The total casualties to the regiment during the campaign are as follows: killed, 19; wounded, 90; taken prisoners, 3; total, 112.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

M. H. FITCH,
Maj., Comdg. Twenty-first Wisconsin Volunteers.

Capt. J. W. FORD,
Actg. Asst. Adjt. Gen., 1st Brig., 1st Div., 14th Army Corps.

Source: Official Records
PAGE 555-72 THE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN. [CHAP. L.
[Series I. Vol. 38. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 72.]


Report of Maj. Charles H. Walker, Twenty-first Wisconsin Infantry, of operations January 20-March 23.

HDQRS. TWENTY-FIRST WISCONSIN INFANTRY VOLS., March 25, 1865.

CAPT.: In compliance with circular from headquarters First Brigade, First Division, Fourteenth Army Corps, I have the honor to report that this regiment moved with the First Division, Fourteenth Army Corps, to which it is attached from the city of Savannah, Ga., on the 20th day of January, 1865, and from Sister's Ferry, S. C., on the 6th day of February, 1865, and reached Goldsborough, N. C., on the 23d instant. That during the whole time covered by the late campaign it has moved and acted with the First Brigade, to which it belong, and has no history other or different from that of the brigade, except during the battle of the 19th instant, when it was for a portion of the day detached from the brigade, together will the remainder of the left wing. The operations of the regiment during that time were in conjuction with the said left wing, and will be detailed in the report of the wing commander.

I herewith inclose a statement of the losses of the regiment during the late campaign.*

Very respectfully,

CHAS. H. WALKER,
Maj., Cmdg.

Capt. J. W. FORD,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

Source: Official Records
CHAP. LIX.] THE CAMPAIGN OF THE CAROLINAS. PAGE 464-98
[Series I. Vol. 47. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 98.]


Battles (where losses incurred) involving 21st Infantry Regiment

Location

Date

Killed

Wounded

POW

Missing

Losses

Allatoona, GA

10/05/64

0

4

0

0

4

Atlanta, GA

08/07/64

1

20

0

0

21

Bentonville, NC

03/19/65

3

25

3

0

31

Buzzard's Roost, GA

02/24/64

0

1

0

0

1

Chaplin Hills, KY

10/08/62

0

1

0

0

1

Chattahoochee River, GA

07/06/64

1

0

0

0

1

Chickamauga, GA

09/19/63

6

37

72

0

115

Crab Orchard, KY

10/15/62

0

1

0

0

1

Dallas, GA

05/31/64

3

11

0

0

14

Jefferson, TN

12/30/62

1

2

43

0

46

Kenesaw Mountain, GA

06/18/64

2

2

0

0

4

New Hope Church, GA

05/25/64

0

1

0

0

1

Nolensville, TN

12/26/62

0

0

20

0

20

Peach Tree Creek, GA

07/20/64

0

2

0

0

2

Perryville, KY

10/08/62

39

91

28

1

159

Resaca, GA

05/14/64

10

38

0

0

48

Rockingham, NC

03/07/65

0

0

2

0

2

Stones River, TN

12/31/62

0

3

12

0

15


Brigade, Division, Corps, and Army assignments for 21st Infantry Regiment

From To Brigade Division Corps Army/Department Comments
Aug 1862 09/29/62 28 3

Army of Ohio

09/29/62 11/05/62 28 3 1 Army of Ohio

11/05/62 01/09/63 3 1 Centre, 14 Army of Cumberland

01/09/63 04/17/63 3 1 14 Dept and Army of Ohio and Cumberland

04/17/63 10/10/63 2 1 14 Dept and Army of Ohio and Cumberland

10/10/63 Apr 1864 3 1 14 Dept and Army of Ohio and Cumberland

Apr 1864 Jun 1865 1 1 14 Dept and Army of Ohio and Cumberland Mustered Out



Roster for
21st Infantry Regiment - 1,616 men

Source: Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers; War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865; Volumes I and II; compiled by Authority of the Legislature, under the direction of Jeremiah M. Rusk, Governor & Chandler P. Chapman, Adjutant General; Democrat Printing Company, State Printers; Madison, Wisconsin; 1886

Abbott - Collins Comley - Gurnee
Haag - Lilly Lindsey - Reed
Reeve - Vanluven VanOrden - Zolk




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