23rd Wisconsin
Infantry Regiment


Roster

Battles involving 23rd Infantry
Assignments for 23rd Infantry
 


- Organized on Aug 30 1862 at Camp Randall, Madison, WI
- Enlistment term: 3 years
- Mustered out on Jul 4 1865 at Mobile, AL

Available statistics for total numbers of men listed as:
- Enlisted or commissioned: 1134
- Drafted: 1
- Killed or died of wounds (Officers): 1
- Killed or died of wounds (Enlisted men): 40
- Died of disease (Officers): 5
- Died of disease (Enlisted men): 262
- Prisoner of war: 75
- Died while prisoner of war: 1
- Disabled: 181
- Missing: 3
- Deserted: 3
- Discharged: 95
- Mustered out: 401
- Transferred out: 145

Historical notes and Reports:

Twenty-third Infantry
WISCONSIN
(3-YEARS)

Twenty-third Infantry. -- Col., Joshua J. Guppey, Lieut.-Cols., Edmund Jussen William F. Vilas, Edgar P. Hill; Majs., Edmund Jussen, Charles H. Williams, William F. Vilas, Edgar P. Hill, Joseph E. Green.

This regiment was organized at Camp Randall, Madison, in Aug., 1862, and left the state Sept. 15 for Cincinnati, whence it was ordered south to join the army before Vicksburg.

It was with Gen. Sherman in the assault on Chickasaw Bluffs and assisted in the reduction of Arkansas Post. The action of the regiment was the occasion of congratulatory orders from division and brigade commanders. It then proceeded to Young's point, La., near Vicksburg, where three-fourths of the men were stricken with virulent diseases because of adverse sanitary conditions.

The regiment was on scout and foraging work until April 30, 1863. It was brought into reserve at Port Gibson and entered the village the following day - the first Union troops to occupy it. It took the advance of the division at Champion's Hill, doing such effective work as to call forth compliments from the general commanding.

The following day it went into action at the Black River bridge, its brigade capturing the 60th Tenn. and carrying the enemy's works by assault. It reached Vicksburg on the 18th, and participated in the general assault on the 22nd, reaching the base of one of the forts under a heavy fire. It was on duty until the surrender, at which time losses had reduced its numbers to 150 men who were fit for duty.

It participated in the attack on Jackson, and was constantly on duty until the evacuation of that point. It then joined the expedition through Louisiana, going as far as Barre's landing near Opelousas, which it occupied the entire summer.

The return march begun Nov. 1 and two days later a superior force attacked at Carrion Crow bayou, driving two regiments through the 23d's lines. Flanked on both sides, the regiment fell back, formed a new line when reinforced, drove the enemy back in turn and regained the lost ground, receiving for its gallantry the public thanks of the commanding general, though it lost 128 out of 220 engaged.

It reached Brashear City, Dec. 13, and was ordered to Texas, where it remained until Feb. 22, 1864, when it returned to Louisiana. It was in the celebrated Red River expedition, was in the battle of Sabine Cross-Roads, and the action at Cloutierville.

It was in camp at Baton Rouge from May 25 until July 8 and then proceeded to Algiers and Morganza where it remained until Aug. 18. It was transferred to the 3d brigade, 2nd division, 19th army corps, and was engaged in guard, post, garrison and reconnaissance duty until May 1, 1865.

It was then ordered to Mobile, where it was engaged in siege, patrol and picket duty, and short expeditions until July 4th, when it was mustered out.

Its original strength was 994. Gain by recruits, 123; total, 1,117. Loss by death, 289; missing, 1; desertion 6; transfer, 124; discharge, 281; mustered out, 416.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 4, p. 59


Report of Col. Joshua J. Guppey, Twenty-third Wisconsin Infantry, including operations to May 22.

HDQRS. TWENTY-THIRD REGIMENT WISCONSIN VOLS., Near Vicksburg, Miss., May 25, 1863.

SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by this regiment in the battles that have taken place since the army landed in the State of Mississippi:

On May 1 last, the regiment, after marching the entire night preceding, was formed as a part of the reserve in the battle of Port Gibson. In the forenoon, by order of Gen. Burbridge, it supported Foster's Wisconsin battery and Sheldon's brigade, Gen. Osterhaus' division, in several advances. In the afternoon it rejoined the brigade and took the advance on the right of the line.

Later in the day it was deployed as skirmishers, drove the enemy from the woods toward Port Gibson, took 20 prisoners, and destroyed a large quantity of small-arms.

On the morning of May 2, the regiment was in line of battle at 2 a.m., and at daylight took the advance toward Port Gibson, having the honor of being the first regiment which entered the city, and which gave the first cheer for our national flag, raised over it by Gen. Burbridge. During the day the regiment did duty as provost guard.

On May 16, the regiment was engaged in the battle of Midway Hill. In the evening five companies were deployed as skirmishers, and afterward two companies were added to them. They did most efficient service in driving the enemy's skirmishers and gaining knowledge of his position. Capts. Greene and Bull, who each commanded parties, displayed excellent conduct and judgment, and are entitled to great credit for their skill and bravery. Two companies of the enemy's skirmishers were literally cut to pieces, if the account of prisoners afterward taken may be believed.

In the afternoon the regiment was placed in reserve and did little, except make an advance under a heavy fire from the enemy's artillery, to support the Eighty-third Ohio and Sixty-seventh Indiana. I believe the advance was made in a manner which met the approval of the general commanding.

On May 17, the regiment took part in the battle of Black River Bridge, and constituted the reserve, when the Sixtieth Tennessee Regiment surrendered to the brigade; three hundred and sixty stand of arms captured, the destruction of which was assigned to this regiment, and they were accordingly destroyed under my supervision.

I have little to say of the affairs which took place under the walls of the forts near this city on the 20th and 22d instant. Whatever name may be given to them, they were, in reality, nothing more than reconnaissances in force, and should be so regarded.

On the 20th, my whole regiment was deployed as skirmishers, and did their duty most gallantly. Lieut. A. J. McFarlane was wounded severely while leading his men against the enemy, who were concealed in the fallen timber in front of one of their forts. Later in the day Lieutenant Bull was wounded.

On the 22d, the brigade aided in shutting up a large number of the enemy in one of their forts so closely that they could neither discharge their cannon nor their small-arms. Here Lieutenant Starks was wounded, and Sergeants [Judson A.] Lewis, Company C, and [Daniel] Eder, Company D, were killed. Our gallant soldiers seemed determined to get inside the fort by some means. Not being able to scale its walls, they tried to dig them down, and not succeeding in this, they hailed with cheers the cannon which had been ordered up, and two of the companies of my regiment (B and E) dragged it up the hill to the walls of the fort, where it was most vigorously served. It was too late in the day, however, to accomplish the desired result. Heavy re-enforcements poured in to aid the enemy, and all that we could do was, with the aid of a covering brigade, to retire in good order. The fire of musketry was the hottest that I have ever seen, and the bravery of our soldiers under it is beyond all praise.

All of my officers behaved with distinguished gallantry. Lieut.-Col. Vilas and Maj. Hill proved themselves to be brave and skillful leaders, and handled the men intrusted to their charge with much skill.

Being in command of the reserve, my work principally consisted in guarding against attempts of the enemy to turn our right flank, several of which were made, and all of which failed.

Our total killed, wounded, and missing in these engagements were:

Engagements

Killed

Wounded

Missing

May 1, at Port Gibson

1

May 16, at Midway Hill

3

May 17, at Black River Bridge

1

1

May 20, at Vicksburg

3

14

May 22, at Vicksburg

2

28

2

Total

5

47

3


Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

J. J. GUPPEY,
Col., Commanding.

Lieut. R. CONOVER,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

Source: Official Records
CHAP. XXXVI.] BATTLE OF CHAMPION'S HILL, MISS. PAGE 38-37
[Series I. Vol. 24. Part II, Reports. Serial No. 37.]


Report of Maj. Joseph E. Greene, Twenty-third Wisconsin Infantry, of engagement at Sabine Cross-Roads.

HDQRS. TWENTY-THIRD Regt. WIS. VOL. INFY., Grand Ecore, La., April 12, 1864.

SIR: In compliance with circular from your headquarters, I have the honor to make the following report of the part taken by this command in the campaign from Natchitoches to Sabine Cross-Roads:

On the 5th instant I received marching orders, and on the morning of the 6th, the regiment rejoined the First Brigade, Fourth Division, Thirteenth Army Corps, and left Natchitoches, where it had been doing provost duty, at 7 a.m. We marched 17 miles that day, and went into camp. At 5.30 a.m., 7th instant, left camp and marched 18 miles to Pleasant Hill. Received orders that night to march at 5.30 a.m. in the morning. The order was countermanded and the hour for starting changed to 3 a.m. Started at the appointed time and marched about 8 miles, when we came up with Gen. Lee's cavalry, and immediately took the advance; were formed in line in an open field, left resting on the road, and ordered to support the skirmishers and advance with them. The regiment advanced in this way, alternately marching in line of battle through the thick woods and underbrush and by the flank in the road, until about 12 m., driving the enemy before us. Arriving at an open field near Sabine Cross-Roads, were formed in line on the left of the road, and ordered to advance and take position on a hill and support Nims' battery and two howitzers of Sixth Missouri Cavalry. Remained in position until about 4 p.m., when the enemy were reported moving to attack us. One company was thrown out as skirmishers, but was soon compelled to fall back, the enemy appearing in view in force and pouring a hot fire into them. We held the position until the regiment on our right gave way, and then, being on the extreme left of the line of infantry, outflanked on both sides, and in imminent danger of capture, we were compelled to retire after all but one piece of the battery we were ordered to support was withdrawn. As we retired a destructive cross-fire swept through our ranks.

Nearly all of the casualties (64 killed, wounded, and missing) were sustained by the regiment while endeavoring to hold its first position. Parts of the regiment were subsequently rallied under their different officers, moved forward to the edge of the woods, and there did their utmost to stem the advance of the enemy, until their ammunition became exhausted and they were again forced to fall back. Subsequently the regiment was rallied in rear of the position held by the Nineteenth Corps, and remained until ordered to march back to Pleasant Hill, which place was reached early on the following morning. From there we marched at about noon toward Natchitoches until 12 p.m. Started at sunrise 10th instant; marched 8 miles and camped; were detailed to guard prisoners; moved camp to cotton-gin on Grand Ecore road, and remained until sunrise the next day, when we rejoined the column and marched 12 miles to where we are now encamped.

I have the honor to subscribe myself, very respectfully,

JOS. E. GREENE,
Maj., Cmdg.

Lieut. HENRY P. AYRES,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen.

Source: Official Records
CHAP. XLVI.] THE RED RIVER CAMPAIGN. PAGE 298-61
[Series I. Vol. 34. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 61.]


Battles (where losses incurred) involving 23rd Infantry Regiment

Location

Date

Killed

Wounded

POW

Missing

Losses

Arkansas Post, AR

01/11/63

3

34

0

0

37

Carrion Crow Bayou, LA

11/03/63

5

38

38

0

81

Champion Hills, MS

05/16/63

0

3

1

0

4

Fort Blakely, AL

04/07/65

1

2

0

0

3

Jackson, LA

10/05/64

2

5

0

0

7

Jackson, MS

07/10/63

0

7

0

0

7

Port Gibson, MS

05/01/63

0

1

0

0

1

Raymond, MS

05/12/63

0

1

0

0

1

Sabine Cross Roads, LA

04/08/64

4

17

32

3

56

Spanish Fort, AL

04/08/65

0

4

0

0

4

Vicksburg, MS

05/19/63

7

48

0

0

55


Brigade, Division, Corps, and Army assignments for 23rd Infantry Regiment

From To Brigade Division Corps Army/Department Comments
10/07/62 10/14/62 2 2 Army of Kentucky Army and Dept of Ohio New Organization
10/14/62 11/13/62 1 1 Army of Kentucky Army and Dept of Ohio

11/01/62 12/18/62 1 10 13 District and Army of West Tennessee

12/18/62 01/04/63 1 1

W.T. Sherman's Yazoo Expedition

01/04/63 08/07/63 1 10 13 Department of the Tennessee

08/17/63 06/11/64 1 4 13 Army and Dept of the Gulf

Jun 1864 08/18/64

Defenses of New Orleans

Army and Dept of the Gulf

08/17/64 Oct 1864 Guppey's US Forces, Mobile Bay

Military Division West Mississippi

08/18/64 Aug 1864 3 2 19 Army and Dept of the Gulf

Oct 1864 02/03/65

District Eastern AR 7 Department of Arkansas

02/03/65 02/18/65 3 1 Reserve Army and Dept of the Gulf

02/18/65 Jul 1865 3 1 13 Army and Dept of the Gulf Mustered Out



Roster for
23rd Infantry Regiment - 1,132 men

Source: Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers; War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865; Volumes I and II; compiled by Authority of the Legislature, under the direction of Jeremiah M. Rusk, Governor & Chandler P. Chapman, Adjutant General; Democrat Printing Company, State Printers; Madison, Wisconsin; 1886

Acker - Elwood Emerson - Learnard
Lee - Scheler Schell - Zimmerman




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