37th Wisconsin
Infantry Regiment


Battles involving 37th Infantry
Assignments for 37th Infantry

- Organized on Apr 9 1864
- Enlistment term: 3 years
- Mustered out on Jul 26 1865 at Tenallytown, MD

Available statistics for total numbers of men listed as:
- Enlisted or commissioned: 891
- Drafted: 271
- Transferred in: 19
- Killed or died of wounds (Officers): 7
- Killed or died of wounds (Enlisted men): 149
- Died of disease (Officers): 2
- Died of disease (Enlisted men): 89
- Prisoner of war: 56
- Died while prisoner of war: 13
- Disabled: 68
- Missing: 1
- Deserted: 27
- Discharged: 60
- Mustered out: 745
- Transferred out: 33

Historical notes and Reports:

Thirty-seventh Infantry

Thirty-seventh Infantry. -- Col., Samuel Harriman; Lieut.-Cols., Anson O. Doolittle, John Green; Majs., William J. Kershaw, Robert C. Eden.

This regiment was organized at Camp Randall, Madison, in the spring of 1864. The first six companies were mustered into service the latter part of March and left the state for Virginia April 28 to join the army of the Potomac.

On May 17, Cos. H and L joined the first six and the regiment distinguished itself in the first assaults on Petersburg, when it lost 7 officers and 147 enlisted men, killed and wounded. On July 30 it participated in the assault following the explosion of the mine, sustaining a loss of 7 officers and 148 men, killed and wounded.

It was at the battle of Reams' station, acting as the reserve in the unsuccessful advance on the South Side railroad, and when the brigade was compelled to retreat the regiment poured so heavy a fire into the charging enemy as to completely check him, then repulsed a second assault and with reinforcements held the position until night.

The regiment was in action at Hatcher's run in October and the winter was spent in and about Petersburg, often under fire. In the final assault it supported the brigade picket line against Fort Mahone, which was carried three companies of the regiment being the first to enter the works.

It participated in the grand review at Washington and was mustered out at Tenallytown July 26, 1865. Its original strength was 708. Gain by recruits, 101; substitutes, 64; draft, 271; total, 1,144. Loss by death, 211; desertion, 29; transfer, 29; discharge, 195; mustered out, 680.

Source: The Union Army, vol. 4, p. 68

Report of Col. Samuel Harriman, Thirty-seventh Wisconsin Infantry.

HDQRS. THIRTY-SEVENTH WISCONSIN VOL. INFANTRY, Near Petersburg, Va., August 12, 1864.

In compliance with Special Orders, No. 39, I have the honor to submit the following record of the Thirty-seventh Wisconsin Volunteers from date of assignment to the First Brigade, Third Division, Ninth Army Corps, to July 31, 1864:

June 12, having reported as per orders from corps headquarters for duty to Brig.-Gen. Hartranft, were assigned to a line of riflepits at Cold Harbor, which we occupied at 2 p.m. Evacuated Cold Harbor at 9 p.m. After a constant and rapid march arrived near James River 6 p.m. 14th. Crossed James River on pontoon bridge at 11.30 p.m. 15th. Arrived in woods near Petersburg and halted 5.30 p.m. 16th. At dusk advanced and occupied a line of rifle-pits near the left of our line.

June 17, having changed our position, made a charge toward enemy's work, conforming (as per order) to the movements of regiment upon our left. The charge was a failure, and we found ourselves at its terminus occupying our own rifle-pits, to the right of our previous position. June 18, in concert with the balance of the brigade charged to the ravine between the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad cut and Petersburg, Va. June 19, relieved from duty and ordered into camp to rear of front line of battle. June 20, ordered into intrenchments. June 23, occupied another position in line of intrenchments to left of the one occupied on the 20th. June 26, Capt. R. N. Doyle, Eighth Michigan Volunteers, placed in command of regiment by order of Brig.-Gen. Hartranft. June 27, moved out to picket-line; set about strengthening line. July 9, regiment relieved from duty in pits, and in camp at rear and out of range. July 17, entered pits again. July 18, Capt. Doyle relieved of his command of regiment, Col. Samuel Harriman assuming command. July 30, after explosion of enemy's fort by our mine charged their works at 4.30 a.m., which were held by our troops until 4 p.m., when the Thirty-seventh was among the last few who fell back to former line of works. July 31, regiment relieved and sent to rear 2 a.m.

Col., Cmdg.

Source: Official Records
[Series I. Vol. 40. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 80.]

Report of Maj. William J. Kershaw, Thirty-seventh Wisconsin Infantry, of operations September 30--October 9.

SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by the Thirty-seventh Wisconsin Volunteers in the campaign from September 30, 1864, to October 9, 1864:

September 30, 1864, the regiment, under command of Maj. William J. Kershaw, moved from its position near the Gurley house to the ravine beyond and to the left of the Pegram house, where we formed in line to act as a reserve for the advance line of battle. We then changed our front so as to support a battery, which limbered up and retreated. We fell back to a fence to the left of the Pegram house, where the regiment reformed and gave the enemy such a severe fire that he was obliged to abandon the line of battle. He was then forming on the open field and fell back to the cover of the woods. He was compelled a second time to retreat, and after nightfall we fell back to a position to the left of the one now occupied by the regiment and threw up works for defense. October 1, slashed the timber upon the immediate front of the works. October 2 advanced in line of battle, Capt. J. Green commanding, joining on our right with the Second Brigade, First Division; on the left, with the One hundred and ninth New York. In the p. m. we fell back to a position to the rear of the one we now occupy and threw up works. October 3, Maj. Kershaw assumed command; slashed timber. October 4, moved to our present position; threw up works. October 5 and 6, slashed timber in our front. October 8, moved to the front of our present position, and returned in the p. m. October 9, all quiet.

The casualties of September 30 were 10 men wounded; no casualties since.

Very respectfully,

Maj., Cmdg.

[Capt. FRANK A. HAYWARD, Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen.]

Source: Official Records
[Series I. Vol. 42. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 87.]

Battles (where losses incurred) involving 37th Infantry Regiment

Location Date Killed Wounded POW Missing Losses
Petersburg, VA Feb 27 1865 1 2 0 0 3
Petersburg, VA Jun 21 1864 3 11 0 0 14
Petersburg, VA Jun 16 1864 33 140 0 1 174
Petersburg, VA Jul 30 1864 33 72 43 0 148
Petersburg, VA Apr 2 1865 12 27 7 0 46
Poplar Grove Church, VA Sep 30 1864 0 7 1 0 8
Weldon Railroad, VA Aug 19 1864 4 10 0 0 14

Brigade, Division, Corps, and Army assignments for 37th Infantry Regiment

From To Brigade Division Corps Army/Department Comments
Jun 1 1864 Sep 30 1864 1 3 9 Army of Potomac

Sep 1 1864 Jul 31 1865 1 1 9 Army of Potomac Mustered Out

Roster for
37th Infantry Regiment - 1,181 men

Source: Roster of Wisconsin Volunteers; War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865; Volumes I and II; compiled by Authority of the Legislature, under the direction of Jeremiah M. Rusk, Governor & Chandler P. Chapman, Adjutant General; Democrat Printing Company, State Printers; Madison, Wisconsin; 1886

Abbott - Dwyer Eagan - Lamb
Lane - Sargent Sasse - Zastrum

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