Wisconsin Genealogy Trails
Dane County, Wisconsin

Henry Cullen Adams
Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1883) page: 488; transcribed by Tammy Clark

HENRY CULLEN ADAMS (Rep.), of Madison, was born in Verona, Oneida county, New York, November 28, 1850; received a partial collegiate education at the university of Wisconsin; is a farmer; came with his parents to Wisconsin in 1851 and settled at Fort Atkinson, removing in 1855 to Beaver Dam and thence to his present home in 1857; has never held any office nor been candidate for office previously; was elected member of assembly for 1883, receiving 1,471 votes against 612 for C. L. Comstock, democrat and 180 for F. C. Comstock, independent.

John Adams
Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1882), page 536; transcribed by Mary Saggio

JOHN ADAMS (Dem.), of Black Earth, was born in Pulaski county, Kentucky, June 1, 1819; received a common school education; is a dealer in live stock; came to Wisconsin in 1840 and settled at Dodgeville, Iowa county; removed to West Blue Mounds in 1849, and to Black Earth in 1864; was postmaster at Dodgeville in ’44 and ’45; member of county board three years; was a member of the assembly in 1869, ’70 and ’72; sheriff of Dane county in 1873 and ’74, and was elected state senator for 1882 and ’83, receiving 1,439 votes against 1,244 votes for W. A. De Lamatyr, republican, and 47 for W. M. Matts, greenbacker.

Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1883), page 480, 481; transcribed by Vicki Bryan

JOHN ADAMS, (Dem.), of Black Earth, was born in Pulaski county, Kentucky, June 1, 1819; received a common school education; is a dealer in live stock; came to Wisconsin in 1840, and settled in Dodgeville, Iowa county; removed to West Blue Mounds in 1849, and to Black Earth in 1864; was postmaster at Dodgeville in ’44 and ’45; member of the county board three years; was a member of the assembly in 1869, ’70 and ’72; sheriff of Dane county in 1873 and ’74, and was elected state senator for 1882 and ’83, receiving 1,439 votes, against 1,244 votes for W. A. De Lamatyr, republican, and 47 for W. M. Matts, greenbacker.

Abel Anderson
Source: Herringshaw's American Blue-Book of Biography by Thomas William Herringshaw and American Publishers' Association (1914) tk, Transcribed by AFOFG

Anderson, Abel, clergyman of Montevideo. Minn., was born Dec. 6, 1847, in Albion, Wis. In 1888-99 he filled the chair of ancient and modern languages in the Windom institute; and was school inspector for a number of years.

Major George Anderson
Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

George Anderson was born in Somerset County, New Jersey, on the banks of the Raritan River, two miles above the city of New Brunswick, on the 8th of March 1784. His father's name was Simon, and his mother's maiden name was Mary Van Angren. His father was a respectable farmer, whose ancestors came from Scotland. George was brought up on the farm under the general management of his mother, his father having died when he was ten years of age. He attended the common schools of the county, and commenced business for himself by keeping a hotel in the town of Piscataway and the village of New Market, at the same time carrying on the business of farming in the neighborhood. Moved from New Jersey to Staten Island, New York, keeping a hotel and farming there. Thence moved to Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, to the farm of John C. Craig, the brother-in-law of Nicholas Biddle, and took charge of the blooded stock of Mr. Craig and of W. R. Johnson of Virginia, the Napoleon of the turf. Continued in that occupation five years, and until the death of Mr. Craig, who died in Italy. Upon Mrs. Craig's return after the death of her husband, this property was sold, and Mr. Anderson removed to Fulton County, Illinois; thence to Wisconsin in the spring of 1839, settling on a farm of Colonel W. B. Slaughter, at what was then termed the City of the Four Lakes, and remaining there several years, in the meantime owning some fine blooded horses, descendants of the celebrated stock of Craig and Johnson. Thence he moved to Sun Prairie in the spring of 1842 and opened a farm of four hundred acres and continued to cultivate it until 1867, when he sold his farm and removed to Baraboo, thence to Madison, where he now resides. He was married three times. His first wife was a daughter of Captain Tennick. Of the Revolutionary War. His second wife was the widow Duncomb. His third and present was a Miss St. Clair. He had no children by the last two wives, and seven by the first, five sons and two daughters; four only are living. Major Anderson has held several offices, the duties of which he has faithfully and honestly discharged. He was for several years supervisor of the town of Sun Prairie, chairman of the county board, under-sheriff three years, collector of taxes of Dane and Sauk counties, and settling his accounts without making a mistake. He was also deputy United States marshal. He is now living in comfortable retirement upon the interest of the money his industry and economy have enabled him to accumulate. Major Anderson's natural capabilities enabled him to enjoy the full benefit of the society of such cultivated gentlemen as Nicholas Biddle, John C. Craig and W. R. Johnson of Virginia, with whom he was intimately connected in business for five years, and his retentive memory enables him to narrate many interesting incidents characteristic of those gentlemen. In illustration of the ready wit and imperturbable self-possession of Colonel Johnson he relates that on his return to Philadelphia from New Jersey, when the great race between Mr. Johnson's horse Boston and Mr. Gibbon's mare Fashion had just been run, and while still on the crowded ferry-boat, Colonel Johnson felt some one's hand in his pocket, and instantly clasping and holding it, turned his head and said, "My friend Mr. Gibbon won the race to-day." Although Major Anderson is in his ninety-second year, his bodily health is I good, his mind cheerful, his manners easy and dignified, and looks very like, as he is, a gentleman of the olden time. His present vigor of mind and body is an eloquent commentary upon temperance, industry, and cheerfulness, that badge of a gentleman. If the prayers of his friends avail he will complete a century.

Matthew Anderson
Source: Blue Book of Wisconsin (1880) transcribed by Rhonda Hill

MATTHEW ANDERSON (Dem), of Cross Plains, was born in the county of Londonderry, Ireland, March 9, 1822; received a common school education; is a farmer by occupation; came with his parents to America in 1834, and settled in Lancaster county, Penn., and removed to Bellefontaine, Ohio, in 1847; came to Wisconsin in 18xx, and settled at Cross Plains, where he now resides; was mayor of Bellefontaine, Ohio, in 1851, and member of city council in 1857, 1858 and 1859; was chairman of the town of Cross Plains in 1861 and 1867, and postmaster at Pine Bluff from 1863 to 1868; president of the Dane County Agricultural Society for the last five years. He was elected to the assembly in 1871, and to the senate for 1878, ’79, and for 1880 and ’81, receiving 1,846 votes, against 1,263 for A. A. Rowley, Republican, and 219 for J. B. McPherson, Greenbacker.

General David Atwood
Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

David Atwood was born in Bedford, New Hampshire, December 15, 1815. He belongs to a vigorous and long-lived family. His father at the age of ninety, was living at the old homestead. Like most New England boys, young Atwood worked on the farm during the summer, and attended the district school in the winter. The summers being short in that latitude, the work was continuous. There was but little time for relaxation – none for idleness. The winters were severely cold, and the pathway to school was frequently obstructed by snowdrifts. This course of life, until he was sixteen years of age, developed and strengthened him, and firmly established those habits of industry and frugality which assured him subsequent success. In his sixteenth year, he accompanied an elder brother to Hamilton, Madison County, New York, where he commenced working at a printer's case. His employers were law-book publishers. He remained there five years, and became master of his craft before visiting home. After this he traveled through Pennsylvania, the South and the West for nearly three years. Stopping but a short time in any one place, he had ample opportunity to see much of the country, and become familiar with its resources and the character of the people. Part of this time he was in the employ of the house where he learned his trade. He visited every place of note in Kentucky, Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, and every organized county in Indiana. Chicago he remembers as a village in a swamp, with a muddy and almost impassable street, and a little wooden hotel not far from the present Tremont House. He was highly pleased with the West, and had a tempting offer to engage in business in Cincinnati, but declined and returned to Hamilton in 1839, where, with his brother, he undertook the publication of the “Hamilton Palladium,” a weekly newspaper. He worked hard for five years, through the Harrison log-cabin campaign, and until the defeat of Clay, in 1844. He was a zealous supporter of the famous Kentuckian, and very earnest in advocating the principles he espoused — a characteristic of New Hampshire whigs, who, being in a minority at home, had learned to make up in zeal what they lacked in numbers. Overworked and broken in health, in the political campaign that culminated in the defeat of Clay — a campaign so gallantly fought, and so foolishly lost — Colonel Atwood again set his face to the westward. The “Palladium” had paid expenses, and nothing more. Five years of his life had been given to the advocacy of the cause of his party, and to the duties of a citizen, in urging the interests of the country where he resided. It had been to him not only a pecuniary sacrifice, but had seriously impaired his health. It had taken some of the best years of his life, and he doubtless felt that leaving the East was like transplanting a half-grown tree, leaving its best roots in the earth. In the time that had elapsed since his first journey, the West had grown immensely, and though opportunities for establishing himself in his business had increased, he found it necessary to engage in some occupation to recruit his health. The fertility and beauty of the western prairies, so unlike his rugged New England home, had attracted him on his first visit. Determined to abandon the editorial life, he purchased a farm near Freeport, Illinois. At that time it took six weeks of slow and toilsome travel to get from Hamilton to his new home. He started in company with a friend. With a span of horses hitched to a sleigh, surmounted by a wagon, they left Hamilton in February, 1845. In Ohio they found bare ground, and abandoned the runners. They reached the farm in season to put in a crop of wheat, and were very hopeful, but the crop failed. They then bought sheep, but half the flock died the first winter. Misfortune followed misfortune, and they were surrounded by distress and discouragements on every side. Two years spent on this farm restored the colonel's health, but exhausted his funds and furnished him with all the agricultural experience he deemed it advisable to indulge in. He sold out, and determined to again engage in editorial labors. No place seemed so attractive to him then as the thriving territory of Wisconsin. Population was increasing from the flood of immigration setting westward, and Wisconsin was soon to be admitted into the Union. In casting about for a good place to settle, he found no spot so inviting as Madison, the capital of the Territory, and on reaching it he immediately became connected with the “Madison Express.” The capital was then a small village, and there was but little business, except such as was derived directly or indirectly from the public printing. His duties were arduous and varied. He was, to use his own words in a history of the “Dane County Press,” ‘editor, reporter, compositor, foreman, and all hands.’ He reported the proceedings of the last two sessions of the territorial legislature, convened at Madison, and the entire proceedings of the constitutional convention. Probably no one is more familiar with the action of that body than he. He was present not only at every session, but every moment that the convention was in session, and was thus able, without assistance, to write out as complete a report as could be made by one not a stenographer. He here established a reputation for accuracy and dispatch in furnishing matter for a paper. His capacity in this respect is remarkable. He seldom hesitates in writing, and hardly ever interlines. His ideas flow in full, even sentences, and they come with the same readiness when engaged in debate. He is interesting, instructive, practical, but brief and pointed in his method, yet he elaborates readily without ceasing to interest. His ideas are held in solution, and are consequently available without a long solving process. His pen is always ready. His mind is clear, comprehensive, analytical, his observations keen, and his memory retentive. Confident that he had found in Madison and the thriving country tributary to it, a field where the labors of his life would be rewarded, he determined to settle permanently. He assumed control of the “Madison Express,” which was issued tri-weekly during the session of the constitutional convention. The State was admitted into the Union in May, 1848.

At this time, three of the twelve or fifteen papers of the State were published in Madison. Two of the three were democratic, conducted by men of ability, aided by capital and patronage. Hard work, judicious judgment, frugality and the unfaltering
courage of young Atwood, sustained the “Express” in the face of these difficulties. Of sixteen political papers published in Madison, some have changed hands twelve times, and fourteen have ceased to exist.

In September, 1852, General Atwood commenced the publication of the “Daily State Journal,” and still continues it. About a year after the “Journal” was established, he associated with him the Hon. Horace Rublee, now minister-resident of the United States to Switzerland—a man of decided intellectual power and fine culture. The “Journal” took a leading position, became firmly established, and is increasing in usefulness. It is republican in politics, enterprising, and devoted to the best interests of the State. Its power has always been wielded for the public good. It is the life work and monument of General Atwood. He was one of the leading spirits in the organization of the republican party in 1854, and was appointed in 1855 clerk of the first republican assembly ever elected. In 1858 he was commissioned major general of the fifth division of State militia. In 1860 he was chosen a member of the legislature. He was appointed United States assessor upon the creation of that office. He was mayor of Madison in 1868.

In January, 1870, Hon. B. F. Hopkins, member of congress from the capital district, died, and Mr. Atwood was at once elected to fill the vacancy thus created without any opposing candidate. He took his seat on the 23d of February, 1870; and was placed on the committee on Pacific railroads, one of the most laborious committees in the house. During that long session, he devoted himself assiduously to his duties on the floor, in the committee-room, and in the various departments of government, in behalf of those seeking assistance or information. Several important bills for the interest of the Northwest were passed during that session, among which may be named, an act to render the land grant available to the Northern Pacific Railway Company; an act providing for the assumption by the general government of the improvement of the Fox and Wisconsin rivers, so as to complete a navigable water communication between Lake Michigan and the Mississippi river, and an act dividing Wisconsin into two judicial districts, providing for the appointment of a judge, and for holding terms of court in four places instead of two. He obtained appropriations for completing and furnishing the United States court house and post-office at Madison. Mr. Atwood labored diligently for the passage of those bills. He declined reelection.

During his term in congress, an act was passed authorizing the appointment of a commission for making preparations for commemorating the centennial anniversary of American independence, by holding an international exhibition in Philadelphia, in 1876, and he took an active part in urging the passage of this bill, and in favor of locating the exhibition at Philadelphia. He was appointed a commissioner to represent Wisconsin in that commission, and in organizing on the 4th of March, 1873, he was made the first president of that body, and spoke the first official word in it. Since that time he has devoted much time in promoting the interests of the centennial movement.

He has been thirteen years treasurer of the State Agricultural Society, twenty-four years a director, and for five years last past the president of the Madison Mutual Insurance Company; ten years a trustee of the State Hospital for the Insane.

In person, he is of medium size, has dark blue eyes, and hair nearly white. His features are regular, attractive and expressive. His private character is above reproach. He is even-tempered, hopeful and frank, hospitable, and temperate in all things. He has decided abilities, both as a speaker and writer, versatile, far seeing and cautious. He has been a safe guide to the republican party. He has been sometimes styled “the Benjamin Franklin of the Western press,” and to those who know him best he possesses the same characteristics.

The maiden name of Mrs. Atwood was Mary Sweeney. Her early years were passed in Canton, Ohio. In 1848, with her father, she removed to Wisconsin, and in 1849 was married to Mr. Atwood. This union was so much in harmony with nature, that her choicest blessings only could flow from it. He is the hero, to protect her from danger; she, the heroine, to encourage him in his struggles. He is the sturdy oak, to breast the storms of life; she, the loving vine, to twine around its branches. The harmony of nature is preserved in the offspring of their union. There are two sons to sustain the father in the downhill of life; two daughters to love and cherish the mother. One son is representing the honor of his country abroad, the other is laboring in his father's vocation. One daughter has ripened into womanhood, and is the ornament of the household; the other has yet her sweetest charms unfolded. These parents may, like the mother of the Gracchi when called upon for her jewels, point to their children.

Even H. Bakke
Source: Compendium of History and Biography of North Dakota, Publ. 1900. Transcribed by Laurel Durham

EVEN H. BAKKE, who owns and operates a fine farm on section 26, Norman Township, has for many years been one of the most highly esteemed and valued citizens of Barnes County. He is of foreign birth, but his duties of citizenship have been performed with a loyalty equal to that of any native son of America and when the nation was imperiled by rebellion he went to the defense of the Union and protected the cause of his adopted country on many a southern battle field. A portrait of Mr. Bakke appears on another page. Mr. Bakke was born in Norway, September 19, 1833, and continued his residence in that country until 1850, when he came to America with his parents, Hans and Martha (Anderson) Bakke, also natives of the Land of the Midnight Sun.
The father was born during the latter part of the eighteenth century. In their family were nine children, of whom our subject is the eldest. On their emigration to the United States, the family located near the village of Cambridge, in Dane County, Wisconsin, where Even H. Bakke completed his education by a short attendance at the district schools. He aided his father in the operation of the home farm until the Civil War, when he could no longer remain quietly at home. Hardly had the echoes from Fort Sumter's guns died away when he enlisted, in April, 1861, in Company K, Third Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, which went into camp at Fond du Lac, Wisconsin and on the 6th of July was ordered to Harper's Ferry to do garrison duty.
Our subject was in most of the important engagements in which the Army of the Potomac took part, including the battles of Bolivar Heights, Winchester, Cedar Mountain, Pope's campaign, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Beverly Ford, Gettysburg, Resaca, Dallas, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Savannah, Bentonville and Averysboro. He also helped quell the draft riots in New York City and participated in the grand review at Washington, D. C. Although he was in many battles and skirmishes he fortunately escaped uninjured and was never taken prisoner.
After his discharge in the fall of 1865, Mr. Bakke returned to his old home in Wisconsin, where he remained until the following fall. He then went to Monona County, Iowa, where he purchased land and lived until the spring of 1880, which witnessed his arrival in Barnes County, North Dakota. He filed a claim where he now resides and has since given his time and attention to the improvement and cultivation of his land. It is the model farm of Norman Township, being most pleasantly located and supplied with all the modern accessories and conveniences needed by the progressive farmer of the nineteenth century.
On the 10th of May, 1866, Mr. Bakke was united in marriage, in Dane County, Wisconsin, with Miss Johanna Gullickson, a daughter of Knut and Maria Gullickson. Our subject and his wife have no children of their own, but have an adopted daughter, Hilda. They are highly respected and esteemed by all who know them, and their circle of friends seems only limited by their circle of acquaintances.

Thomas Beattie
Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1880) transcribed by RuthAnne Wilke

THOMAS BEATTIE (Rep.), of Stoughton, Dane county, was born December 6, 1830, in Chatton Northunberland, England; received a common school education; is a miller; came to the United States in 1850 and settled in Wisconsin in 1858, first in Green county, and in Stoughton in 1857; has held various local offices; was commissioned as second lieutenant Company B., 31st regiment Wisconsin volunteer infantry, September 22d, 1862; promoted to first lieutenant, November 27, 1863; was detailed as superintendent and acting quartermaster military prison, Columbus, Ky., June 17th, 1863; relieved, September 22d, 1863; commanded mounted detachment 31st infantry, winter of 1863-4, in vicinity of Murfreesboro, Tenn.; second in command of military prison, Nashville, Tenn., from June, 1861, to April, 1865, when he was relieved from duty, and rejoined the regiment at Raleigh, N. C.; was with the regiment until mustered out in July, 1865; was elected to the assembly for 1880, receiving 1,951 votes against 1,527 for Burr W. Jones, Democrat, and 147 for Dennis Clancy, Greenbacker.

Alexander Botkin
The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin History and Biography, by Parker McCobb Reed (1882); Transcribed for Genealogy Trails by Tammy Clark

Alexander Botkin, Madison. At Sun Prairie, in the county of Dane and State of Wisconsin, and while absent from his home on business, from what is supposed to have been a disease of the heart, Colonel Alexander Botkin, on March 5, 1857, at the age of fifty-six years, suddenly deceased. The stroke was sudden and unexpected, but he died surrounded by friends, for there was not a hamlet in the county where he was not well and favorably known, and where he would not have found ready hands and willing hearts to give him cheer and welcome in sickness or in health. To his faithful companion, Jane Roslin Sinclair, to whom he was married in September, 1835, near Cincinnati, Ohio, and to his three sons, Sinclair W., William W., and Alexander C, aged respectively nineteen, seventeen, and fifteen years, the announcement of the death of a kind father and an affectionate husband was melancholy news, and fell upon his household as an irreparable calamity. The shock to the community was almost as severe as to the family itself; for Colonel Botkin was known to everybody in town and country, and everybody esteemed him as a friend and as a companion, the young and the old alike. His genial disposition, even temper, and frank and hearty manner made him welcome in all the relations of social and domestic life. He was a man of strong friendships, frank to a fault and tolerant to all. These qualities of mind and manner, united with a fine physique and pleasing address (for Colonel Botkin was six feet in height and weighed two hundred and forty pounds) rendered him personally popular among the people, and one of the centers of attraction in social and political assemblages.

Mr. Botkin was born in the State of Kentucky, on March 4, 1801.

Of his parentage we can give no details; records in those days, of deaths even, were rarely preserved or transmitted beyond the boundaries of immediate family tradition, and there is but little that we know of the early boyhood and dawning manhood of our deceased friend. We only know that he was a strong, stalwart youth, and that at an early age he removed to Ohio, and subsequently, in 1836, settled at Alton, in Illinois, and which place, at that time, was a rival of the city of St. Louis. About this time Lovejoy, the noted abolitionist, was killed in a riot, and Mr. Botkin being a justice of the peace, was one of the staff of peace officers who, at the peril of their own lives, sought to prevent the effusion of blood. In June, 1841, he came to Madison with his family, as assistant secretary of the territory under A. P. Field, who was secretary. He was subsequently the law partner of Mr. Field. For the law, he had had no special training, but possessing naturally a logical mind, strong reasoning powers and fluency of speech, he soon took rank as one of the ablest jury lawyers in the territory, which position he maintained up to the time of his death.

Mr. Botkin was preeminently fitted for political tournaments. He belonged to the whig school of politicians, and Henry Clay, of his native state, was his political idol. He loved Mr. Clay better than any democrat ever loved Andrew Jackson, and in those days democratic affection for Jackson bordered upon eastern idolatry. The enthusiasm for these respective champions of the whig and democratic parties, was not lessened because of our territorial existence, and Mr. Botkin, owing to his political prominence and his great skill and ability as a public speaker, was designated as a leader under whose generalship the whigs hoped to rescue the territory from the control of the Jackson party. He accordingly, as early as 1845, came to be regarded as the leading whig in the territory outside of Milwaukee, and after the organization into a state he controlled, in a larger degree than any other whig in it, the policy of his party up to the time of its disruption in 1854. He it was who conceived and planned the nomination of Leonard J. Farwell for governor in 1851, and in whose election the democracy of this state received its first stunning blow. Prior to this, and in 1846, he was elected a member of the special session of the territorial assembly for 1847, and for the session of 1848. The assembly district comprised the counties of Green, Dane and Sauk. In 1849 he was elected state senator from his district, and served two years. In 1852 he was returned to the assembly. As a legislator, he was a man of large influence and rendered efficient service in starting the wheels of state government. The old pioneers, now living, point with some degree of pride to the legislators of those days, as compared with those of the present era. They would not suffer by the comparison, and in that array of talent which added lustre to our territorial history and to our early state legislation, Colonel Botkin, in clearness of conception, in logic, in wit and in eloquence, was the peer of any one of them. To the brilliant qualities of his mind was combined integrity of purpose and a laudable ambition to discharged every duty faithfully and well. Such was the estimation in which he was held by his party, that he was the caucus nominee for United States senator against Isaac P. Walker in 1849. He was but twice defeated at a popular election—once when he ran as a candidate in 1846, for the seat in the first constitutional convention, his successful being John Y. Smith, and again in 1850, when he ran for the state senate and was defeated by E.B. Dean, Jr. In his various canvasses there was a large democratic majority in his district. When the material is at hand from which the writer of this sketch might form an extended notice or eulogy upon Colonel Botkin, he refrains from doing so, as the object of this work is limited to giving data only, for future reference. He desires, however, as one who knew him long and well, to say, that beneath that disposition and manner which was always so jocund, so full of life and so cheerful, there reposed a stratum of mind, thoughtful, deep and earnest. He was not religiously included—he leaned perhaps to skepticism, but he entertained a deep respect for the sentiments of others, and a generous toleration for all forms of faith. His companion in his home was a devout Christian woman, and to her he lent a willing hand in inculcating around the domestic fireside the highest standard of morals and integrity, and the fruit of that teaching has been rich and abundant. Their joint efforts in these particulars were not confined to their home; they did their full share in moulding and directing a young community in the same habits of life. They have both finished their work. On April 25, 1874, one of the best of mothers and one of the noblest of womankind, wearied with life and full of years, was laid by the side of her husband at Forest Hill cemetery, and the spot marked by filial affection in the rearing of tablets, inscribed with the time “when they came here and when they went away.” They rest in company with a goodly array of old pioneers, who, like themselves, assisted in laying the foundation of the capital of a new state, and in giving character to her people. They soon will be reinforced by the remaining few who have not yet completed their tasks. Brigham, Chapman, J. Y. Smith, Botkin, Roys, Van Bergen, Pyncheon, Johnson, Abbott, Carpenter, G. B. Smith, Dean and other, have opened up the way. Who, among the aged of our pioneers, but longs for the companionship of these old-time friends? Surely the road to death and immortality is made smooth when first trodden by such as these.

Sinclair W. Botkin
The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin History and Biography, by Parker McCobb Reed (1882); Transcribed for Genealogy Trails by Tammy Clark

Sinclair W. Botkin, Madison, is the eldest son of Alexander Botkin, a memoir of whom appears elsewhere in this volume. He was born at Alton, Illinois, September 19, 1838, and removed with his parents to Madison, when about three years of age. He attended the State University of Wisconsin, and graduated in the class of 1857. In 1862 he entered the service as first lieutenant of company A, Twenty-third Wisconsin Infantry, and was soon after promoted to captain. He was engaged in the battles before Vicksburg and the siege, resigning in the fall of 1863. From 1860 to 1862, and again in 1864 and 1865, he was deputy clerk of the supreme court, and assistant state librarian. He completed his law studies in the office of Spooner & Lamb, and was admitted to practice in 1866. Since 1868 he has been a member of the firm of Welch & Botkin. In November, 1875, he was appointed register in bankruptcy, serving in that capacity until he moved to Minneapolis, Minnesota, in May, 1882, together with his partner, to practice law there.

James B. Bowen, M.D.
Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

James B. Bowen, the son of Jabez Bowen, was born at Killingly, Connecticut, August 19, 1816. His father died in 1822, having lost all of his property shortly before his death. The widow and ten children were left to their own resources for a living. James was kept at school until his eleventh year, when he entered into a contract with a cotton manufacturer to work for four years, during the usual hours and until ten o'clock at night, reserving four hours a day for study in school. After
another engagement for one year, he was placed in charge as superintendent, with the control of one hundred hands. In his eighteenth year he entered an academy at Pleasant Valley, New York, defraying his expenses by performing manual labor at night. He returned to Connecticut, walked thirty miles to Stafford to rent a cotton mill, thence to Hartford, thirty miles further, to procure a stock of cotton on credit (for he was without money), and succeeded also in hiring hands to perform the labor without money for the first six weeks. Afterward the hands were paid monthly. He ran the mill night and day for eight months, and derived large profits. At Warren, Massachusetts, he purchased a mill for ten thousand dollars, and commenced an independent business. He was now accumulating a handsome fortune, when by the failure of his agents in New York, he lost everything he had made.

Previous to his failure he had married Miss Susan Tucker, whose womanly qualities and excellent counsels have contributed materially to his prosperity and personal happiness.

He removed to Auburn, New York, and commenced the study of medicine. Without relinquishing his studies he moved to Rochester, New York, and with a partner purchased a cotton mill, running it day and night for two years, clearing thirty thousand dollars, when he sold out, devoting his entire attention to the study of medicine. Becoming security for others, he again lost all the money he had accumulated, and was indebted for large amounts over and above his resources. In 1848 he graduated at Central College as M.D., and commenced practice in Providence, Rhode Island. In 1852 he moved to Madison, Wisconsin, where his career has been in all respects successful. He practices the homeopathic system, and is considered the father of that system in Madison. If success is evidence of merit, Dr. Bowen has rare skill in his profession. As a businessman he has few equals—clear in his perceptions, of sound judgment, prompt in reaching his conclusions, and decisive in action. His views in relation to public matters are broad and liberal. In 1872 he was elected mayor of the city by a handsome majority, during his absence at the East. In 1874 he was elected president of the Park Savings Bank, and still holds that position.

Dr. Bowen has been scarcely less fortunate in his daughters than in his wife. Susan, the eldest, educated at Troy, New York, is married to Wayne Ramsay, cashier of the First National Bank ; Sarah, the younger, educated at Elmira, New York, is married to Dr. Ingman, the partner of Dr. Bowen. Both ladies are exemplary wives and admirable women.

Hon. Arthur B. Braley
Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

Arthur B. Braley was born at Perry, Wyoming County, New York, on the 11th of February 1822. He was the only son of Rufus and Hepzee Braley. His father was born in the town of Adams, Massachusetts, and was among the early settlers of Weston, New York. His mother's maiden name was Foster, and her father, Daniel Foster, was a soldier in the revolutionary army, and was at the battle of Monmouth Church.

Arthur B. Braley had the misfortune to lose an excellent father when he was fifteen years of age. This great bereavement practically threw him upon his own resources. His education at that time was limited, with the exception of some two or three terms in what might be called a select or private school. His habits in early life were formed under the influence of a most excellent mother, and were consequently good. His mother was a member of the Society of Friends, commonly called Quakers. In the pure faith of that sect she lived and died; her life exemplified its purity, and her death its power. After the death of his father he went to live with a wealthy relative. The generosity of a friend supplied him with the means, and he occupied many a leisure hour in perusing the works of the immortal bard of Avon, whilst hidden from the eye of his watchful guardian. His stay, however, in the house of his relative was short, and once more he returned to his home, where, at least, his mind was free to read the plays of Shakespeare, the poems of Burns and Byron, the novels of Scott, or history, as he might choose.

In the spring of 1843 he ventured out into the world in search of fortune, and his first landing place was Erie, Pennsylvania, where he spent some weeks among friends; thence to Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati, and to the blue-grass region of Kentucky. In the fall of 1844 he returned once more to New York. In the ensuing spring he began the study of law, making use of borrowed books for that purpose. The next winter was spent in the beautiful Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania, famous in history and in song. After teaching three months in this charming valley he returned to his native place, and in the spring of 1846 immigrated to Wisconsin; settled first at Delavan, where he completed his legal studies, and in 1848 visited Madison, where he was admitted to the bar by the presiding judge. He came to Madison to reside in the fall of 1852. Upon the organization of the capital city in 1856, Mr. Braley was elected to the office of police justice, which place he held for three successive terms of two years each. In 1864 he was chosen alderman of the first ward, an office which he held for three years. At the opening of the presidential campaign of 1864 he took editorial charge of the Wisconsin "Daily Patriot," a position which he retained until after the election. As a political editor he took a high position in the ranks of the fraternity; his articles were admired for their vigor and power. At the close of the presidential campaign he vacated the editorial chair and returned to the duties of his profession. In the spring of 1868 he was elected city attorney of Madison, and in the summer and fall of the same year he became principal political editor of the Madison "Daily Democrat," which position he resigned at the close of the presidential election. In the spring of 1869 he removed to the village of Waukesha, Wisconsin, where he remained until the fall of 1870. While here he had the misfortune to lose his only remaining child, a bright and promising boy of six years. Saddened beyond expression by this terrible blow, he returned to Madison, where he still resides.

In the spring of 1872 he was elected police justice without opposition, and this court having been reorganized and converted into a municipal court for the city and county in the spring of 1874, he was chosen judge of this court without opposition by the electors of Dane County for the term of six years.

He was married on the 11th of February 1855, at Madison, to Miss Philida Stevens. The fruits of this union have been three children, none of whom survive. The first, a daughter, lived to be a year old; the second, a son, died at six; and the third only lived three months. These sad bereavements have cast a gloom over the lives of both father and mother which no earthly light can dispel.

In the midst of his professional and official duties he has found leisure to write a good deal for the press. His efforts in the editorial line have already been alluded to, but in addition to these labors his industrious pen has been almost continuously employed for twenty-five years in furnishing articles of either a political or literary character for various newspapers through the West. His criticisms upon Shakespeare have attracted a special attention. As a judge he is distinguished for the clearness of his views of the law, as well as for the strict impartiality of his decisions; as a citizen he is patriotic; as a politician, uncompromising in his principles; and as a man, sincere and devoted in his friendships.

The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin History and Biography, by Parker McCobb Reed (1882); Transcribed for Genealogy Trails by Tammy Clark

Arthur B. Braley, Madison, was the only son of Rufus and Hepzee Braley, and was born in Perry, New York, February 11, 1824. His father dying when Arthur B. was young, his systematic education was somewhat neglected; his early reading, however, was extensive, varied and profitable. In the spring of 1843 he ventured out into the world in search of fortune. During this his first venture into the great world, he visited Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia. He remained for some months in the southern part of Ohio, near Chillicothe. Leaving this place he next located for a season in Kentucky in the celebrated Blue-grass region. In all these travels his only means of conveyance were the canal, the stage coach, or on foot. In the fall of 1844 he returned to New York. The ensuing spring he commenced the study of law, using borrowed books for that purpose. The succeeding winter months were spent teaching in the Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania.

Leaving his native place in the spring of 1846 he immigrated to Wisconsin, first settling at Delavan. Completing his legal studies at that village, he visited Madison in 1848, was admitted to the bar by the presiding judge of the supreme court, and in 1852 went to Madison to reside. On the organization of the city he was elected police justice, and held the office six years. Judge Braley was alderman for 1864 and three succeeding years. During the presidential campaign of 1864 he had editorial charge of the Daily Patriot, which was the organ of the democratic party at the capital, and at the close of the canvass returned to the duties of his profession. In 1868 he was elected city attorney, and became principal political editor of the Daily Democrat, which position he resigned at the close of the presidential election of 1868.

Moving in the spring of 1869 to Waukesha, he lived there until the fall of 1870, when he returned to Madison, and has resided there until this time. In the spring of 1872 he was elected police justice without opposition, and that court having been reorganized into a county municipal court in the spring of 1874, he was elected without opposition municipal judge for six years. At the ensuing election, which was in April, 1880, there was another Richmond in the field and stubbornly contested the ground, but the judge came off triumphant without special effort.

On February 11, 1855, he married Miss Philida Stevens at Madison, who died in March, 1879. He married again in April, 1880, at Richburgh, Alleghany county, New York, to Miss Alta E. Jordan, daughter of Andrew E. Jordan, of that place.

In the midst of his professional and official duties, Judge Braley has taken time to write much for the press continually for the last twenty-five years on both literary and political subjects. Shakespearean reviews have won him the distinction of being considered the finest Shakespearean scholar in the northwest, and have brought him many pleasing and complimentary testimonials from eminent minds in both continents. These reviews in book form will eventually be ranked among the best Shakespearean lore, and will be of great value to scholars and writers. As a man, “every inch a man”; as a judge, discriminating, just and impartial; as a critic and author, at once concise and eloquent; as a companion and host, genial and hospitable, and generous to a fault. The subject of our sketch deservedly ranks among the foremost men of his state and day.

Sylvester Bates Bresee
Source: Sketches of Citizens, Fresno, California; submitted by Kathy Childs

Sylvester Bates Bresee, son of Thomas and Lydia Bresee, the subject of this article, was born at Portland, Canada, on the 18th day of January, 1832, where he resided until 1838, at which time he removed to Jefferson County, New York, remaining there about one year then returning to his native home, where he resided until April, 1840, when his father, believing that the star of the empire had risen in the west, gathered up his little all, consisting of a wife and give children, your subject being the second in age, and the only son), and planting them upon a small steamer, started in search of the better land, steaming up through Rideau Lake, the River St. Lawrence, and the lakes to Lewiston, thence by horse cars to Niagara Falls, then by steam cars to Buffalo, then boarding the old steamer Madison, they sailed away and landed at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, there meeting the Captain of a prairie schooner, with an engine of four-yokes-of-oxen-power, and a crew of hickory and buckskin. Our pioneers were spread out upon the green grass, in the township of Sun Prairie, Dane County, Wisconsin, early in May of that year. The township at that time was twelve miles square, and contained only four families. Schools and amusements for the young for a number of years were entirely home-made. On August 1, 1849, he bought 40 acres, Fourth Principal Meridian, NESW, 36/9 North/11 East. Young Bresee remained at home working on the farm until 1852, when on the 14th day of April, at the age of twenty years, in company with his father, he bid farewell to home, to sisters and mother, and with an ox team, started across the plains for the gold fields of Eureka, with the intention of remaining two years, hoping that in that time he might gather up enough of the golden grains to satisfy his modest desires. Crossed the Missouri River at Kanesville on the 22nd day of May, and traveling up the north side of the Platte River, visited Fort Laramie and "took in" most of the sights along the road, and a good many of the "greenhorns" cut-offs." Celebrated the Fourth of July at Independence Rock and Devil's Gate, and arrived at Salt Lake City in time to witness the Mormons' pioneer anniversary on the 24th of July Here our emigrants exchanged their ox teams for pack ponies and continued their journey on "Walker's Line," as their ponies were barely able to carry provender and blankets, having but one pony to each man. Before reaching the sink of the Humboldt, one pony, either from a natural dislike for travel, or some other cause, absolutely refused to proceed another rod toward California and a separation took place which has lasted until this day. When about half way across the Caron Desert, our subject's pony, yielding to the mild persuasions of sand, alkali, and grief, from so recently parting with one of its companions, or some other cause unknown to its owner, pitched its tent among those who had gone before, but young Bresee, full of determination, lifted the load to his own shoulders and, continuing his march through the hot sand, reached Rag Town, near the sink of the Carson River, in a condition to which fond memory still clings. Gathering strength from the pure cold waters of the Carson, and a short rest upon its banks, he, in company with ten others, strapped his knapsack on his back and started across the mountains by way of Johnson's Cut-Off, and trudged into Hangtown on Sunday morning, on the 29th of August, making the trip in 138 days, having walked the entire distance.

The first work which fell to the hand of our newcomer, was chopping wood near Cold Springs, on the road leading to Coloma, then he built a hotel of pine logs and floor of earth for G. W. Betts and others (Lone Pine Hotel for Gottlieb W. Betts), and soon drifted into mining, working with a long tom in Weber Creek during the summer of 1853. The first letter he received from home was on the 4th day of June of that year, which brought to him the sad intelligence of the death of his mother. From this time he had little or no desire to return to his old home, and his father determined to remain with him, which he did until he died in October, 1859 at the age of 62 years. In December 1853, he removed to Missouri Flat, a small mining camp, about two miles and a half west of Diamond Springs, where he followed mining and stock raising. He was married to Elizabeth W. Harrison in September, 1854, at Missouri Flat and continued to reside there, following his former avocations with varied success until August 1858, at which time, having sold out his mining interests and stock, he with his wife and two children, the eldest a daughter, removed to Sonoma County and purchased a farm, about four miles westerly from Santa Rosa. Here he remained for about twelve years. Farming not proving very remunerative, he sold his farm and moved into Santa Rosa, and engaged in the general merchandise business, and here the money which had been saved up through long years of incessant toil and rigid economy, rapidly slipped through his fingers until again the "bed rock was reached." Slightly discouraged and largely disgusted with the business, he sold out and squared up, and concluded to try a new field. Accordingly in December 1874, he took his family, consisting at this time of a wife and daughter, and four sons, and removed to Watsonville, Santa Cruz County, where between three and four years were spent in various pursuits, and in persistent wooings of the goddess fortune, but she was fickle and would not be wooed. Adding to this the loss of his eldest son at the age of nineteen years, there seemed to be a shadow cast over everything, through which no ray of light was discernible. Again believing that change might be to his financial interest, he gathered up his small but precious remnant and bid good-bye to the land of spuds and wending his way across the county, found a resting place at Fresno City, where, with the exception of the loss of his inestimable companion in June, 1880, he has had very fair success. He was the Vice Commander, American Legion of Honor, and he was a Mason. He has since married Mrs. Louisa J. Owen (Louisa J. Manor), of San Jose, and is the Fresno undertaker. He is buried at Mountain View Cemetery, Christian Lot 120, Fresno, California. In the 1900 census, he was living alone at 345 Park Avenue, Fresno; in 1920 he was living at 1142 Trinity Street, Fresno, with Linda Bresee (born 1859 in California; 1926 lived r73 San Juan Avenue, Santa Cruz) until he died.

Charles E. Bross
Source: Blue Book of Wisconsin (1880) transcribed by Rhonda Hill

CHARLES E. BROSS, chief clerk of the senate, of Madison, Wis., was born at Shohola, Pike county, Penn., Dec. 18, 1838; received a common school education; is a telegraph operator; came to Wisconsin in 1861 and to Madison in 1862 as manager of the Northwestern Telegraph Company’s office; was appointed agent of the Merchants Union Express Company in 1865, and was agent for the American and United States Express Companies; has been connected with the daily press of Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul in the capacity of legislative reporter; was elected chief clerk of the Wisconsin senate during the session of 18.8. to succeed Hon. A. J. Turner, who was appointed railroad commissioner; was re-elected chief clerk in 1879 and 1880; is Republican in politics.

Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1882), page 539; transcribed by Mary Saggio

CHARLES E. BROSS, chief clerk of the senate, of Madison, Wis., was born at Shohola, Pike county, Penn., Dec. 18, 1838; received a common school education; is a telegraph manager; came to Wisconsin in 1861, and to Madison in 1862, as manager of the Northwestern Telegraph Company’s office; was appointed agent of the Merchants Union Express Company in 1863, and was agent for the American and United States Express Companies; has been connected with the daily press of Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul in the capacity of legislative reporter; was elected chief clerk of the Wisconsin senate during the session of 1878, to succeed Hon. A. J. Turner, who was appointed railroad commissioner; was elected chief clerk in 1879, 1880, 1881 and 1882; he is a republican.

Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1883) page: 483; transcribed by Tammy Clark

CHARLES E. BROSS, chief clerk of the senate, of Madison, Wis., was born in Shohola, Pike county, Penn., Dec. 18, 1838; received a common school education; is a telegraph manager; came to Wisconsin in 1861 and to Madison in 1862, as manager of the Northwestern Telegraph Company’s office; was appointed agent of the Merchants Union Express Company in 1865, and was agent for the American and United States Express Companies; has been connected with the daily press of Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul in the capacity of legislative reporter; was elected chief clerk of the Wisconsin senate during the session of 1878, to succeed Hon. A. J. Turner, who was appointed railroad commissioner; was elected chief clerk in 1879, 1880, 1881, 1882 and 1883; he is a republican.

John A. Brown
Delivered by J. M. Doty. Esq, of Portage, at the late Editorial Convention.
{Those who know the intimate relations which existed between the Editor of the Pilot and the deceased, will need no apology for the publication of the following beautiful tribute to his memory. Mr. Doty addressed the Convention as follows.}
Pleasant and gratifying as it is to witness so large an attendance at this, our third annual meeting, would it were my privilege to announce that the call to assemble here has reached all who met and shared in the deliberations of the last; that all have been enabled to obey the summons, and the ranks of our fraternity are still unbroken. But an inscrutable Providence has otherwise ordained. A shadow has fallen upon us: the destroyer has been in our midst, and the form of one whose presence and wise counsel have heretofore animated and encouraged us, we shall see no more forever. His place is vacant-veteran of the craft, leader in the profession, one of the founders of the Association, and, originally, its first Vice President. Amid interchange of kindly greetings and congratulations, and the becoming festivities of this happy occasion, let us here pause. Sensible of the great loss which the craft, the Association, and, indeed the State, has suffered, let us pay our willing and heart-felt tribute to the memory of our departed friend and brother, John A. Brown, and take home to ourselves the lesson and the solemn admonition which so sad a bereavement is intended to convey.
A biographical sketch must necessarily, on such an occasion, be brief; doubtless, most of you are familiar with the leading incidents in the life of Gen. Brown, and his professional career. These are, in part, the history of Wisconsin as far back at Territorial days, and are more especially interesting to us because of his continuous connection with the newspaper press-making up a record which it is one of the purposes of this Association to preserve in an enduring form to grace our annals and perpetuate a high and worthy example.
John A. Brown was born in Canandaigua, N.Y., on the 10th of November, 1812, and was, emphatically, a self-made man.-He enjoyed only the ordinary advantages of a common school education in what was then a backwoods country. He graduated where so many of the ablest, most successful and distinguished men of our country gave graduated-in the printing office.-His trade was learned in that old school of good practical printers-Batavia-working in David Miller's office while Miller was publishing Morgan's famous book on Free Masonry, and when the office and all hands were threatened with violence from an excited community. In the intervals of an industrious application as an apprentice to an old fashioned printer, he made himself acquainted with the classic literature of our own tongue, and paid some attention to latin and mathematics. In those studious night of boyhood, he stored his mind with choice selections of English poetry and prose, which his retentive memory enjoyed to the last. At the age of nineteen, he assumed the editorship of the Hartford (Ct) Intelligencer. Here he was brought into contact with some of the leading minds of American literature at that time, and formed friendship which lasted through life.-Some time was spent in a round of general duties, when the love for adventure drove him to sea.The date of this movement is not now remembered. For some two or three years at least, he was well acquainted with the changing moods of the great deep in all latitudes and longitudes, and once was one of the very few saved from the wreck of the ship of which he was second officer, on the coast of South America.  He returned to his own country shortly after this occurrence, and taking to his old employment, returned to the then Territory of Michigan in 1837, joining his brother Beriah at Tecumseh, where they published the Democrat, until February, 1838, when he joined C. C. Britt at Niles. Here he remained as a partner in the publication of the Niles Intelligencer until 1841, when he removed to Galena, Ill., where he published a paper several months. The enterprise was unsuccessful, and he went to Rockford, Ill., where he published the Rockford Pilot until the fall of 1842, when he removed to Chicago and took charge of the Daily Democrat of that city-its proprietor having been nominated for Congress. In 1843 he came to Wisconsin, taking up his residence in Milwaukee, and publishing in connection with, or alone, until 1847, the Courier, now the Wisconsin. He then went to Washington county and established a democratic paper at Grafton. Thence he removed to Janesville, where he established the Badger State, which he published until his removal to Madison, where he was engaged with his brother in the old Madison Democrat, now the Daily Argus and Democrat,  In 1853 he went to Portage-a point which he had kept a long time in view, and where he had determined to make a permanent home. He began his work there with the ardor and energy of youth-purchasing the River Times newspaper, the name of which he changed to that which had become a favorite and which he had come to regard as his own-the Badger State. Continuing its publication in company with Mr. Britt, his political friends forced upon him in 1856, the office of Postmaster-to which he was again appointed for four years by President Buchanan in March last, and confirmed by the Senate. Although a decided and consistent party man, he never sought office and never solicited the suffrages of the people.
At times, in Convention, his friends have brought forward his name for State offices and for Congress; but he was neither pliant, or selfish enough to become a successful politician, and of all localities, Wisconsin was the worst (politically) for a man of his uprightness, fearlessness and entire independence. There are here, to be sure, no great and striking incidents or achievements in life to dilate upon, no accessories to command fictitious regard, for Gen. Brown was simply and truly what he professed to be-one of the great army of working men; and for thirty years, as printer and editor, he stood up to his work bravely like a man, fighting his own battle in the "war of life" as best he could; at times depressed, for more that once misfortune had come to him, pale eyed sorrow had crossed his threshold, and a grievous malady had clung to him in latter years, but never murmuring, never despairing, and best of all, never envious of the good fortune of others. He was proud of his craft and of the profession, and whatever opportunity offered, he seized eagerly, to advance the interests and extend the influence of both. That the press of our State should be respectable, and therefore respected, that it should preserve the integrity and independence,and maintain its authority as the "Fourth Estate," more potent for the instruction of the world, the correction of abuses in society, and the preservation of law and order than that of the legislative, judicial and executive branches of government, this was his hope and care, and he was ready and willing to labor to this end, however and whenever he might be called. In the language of one of his nearest and dearest friends, who pronounced his Funeral eulogy, "he loved his allotted work. He entered on it heartily. He had for it a noble enthusiasm. It is a high work."  At this day in this country, it is one of the most solemn posts of duty a man can fill. How many prostitute that place to bad purposes, it is not ours to say. He wields a tremendous power for good or ill, who holds that place, even in its humbler walks. He stands a public teacher; he speaks to the largest audience. His words are not spoken and forever still; they are in the written letters that remain; in the printed letters that remain still longer.-They run like the lightning, in fire-cars and steam-driven ships; they echo in the streets of far away cities; they sound on the lonely mountain side, in the broad desert where the wanderer in fancy turns to home; they ring round all the earth. Woe to the bad man who uses that place for his bad ends! Woe to the liar who uses the mighty engine in his hands to spread his lies! Woe to the coward who occupies that post! Woe to the vile who poisons what should be a river of pure truth and good for the earth's refreshing, the river of the world's printed thoughts, with the poison of his vileness. He felt the responsibility of his place, and whatever means the place gave him, he sought to use for  what he believed the right and the true. Fearless to a fault, out-spoken, somewhat hasty, perhaps he committed errors---what man does not err? But those whom he opposed can bear witness to the honesty of his opposition; those who in the language of his profession called him foe, always found him a manly and a noble foe. All that shall be forgotten.-And, among the men who filled such posts as he filled, throughout all this broad state in time to come, he will be remembered as one of the fathers of his noble profession here, whose memory casts honor, and honor only, on the class of workers of which he was one.  When he had been in more than usually buoyant spirits, he was smitten with paralysis-struck down in a moment-for a considerable period of time apparently unconscious, and only once recovering his senses, until, after a lapse of six days, he sank quietly, serenely, to his last sleep. The hour which he had often, with perfect composure, anticipated, had  come at last, and he bore the last great trial with characteristic fortitude. An honest heart, and an upright, blameless life, brought their consolation and recompense to him, long suffering and enfeebled, then, when beyond the reach of mortal aid. Could those pallid lips, that palsied tongue have spoken in the final hour, his attendants might have heard and rejoiced with him in the almost inspired strain of one triumphant over death and the grave:  "Tell them, though 'tis a fearful thing to die, Yet the dread path once trod, Heaven lifts its everlasting portals high, And bids the pure in heart behold their God!"

Thus, at the age of 46, closed the career of a brave, true man, of refined and generous sentiments, the exemplary citizen, the chivalrous champion of the innocent and oppressed, who rebuked vice, detested meanness, and hated, with a cordial hatred, all falsehood, all dishonesty, and all trickery, worked among the world's family as a brother, fulfilling the law of truth and love, He has fallen at his post. His day's work is done, while we press on in the turmoil and vain strife of life. But death comes to us all. In the language of one now within the sound of my voice, uttered upon a similar occasion,-it is the catastrophe which makes life a tragedy, shrouding its close in gloom, and bedewing it with tears-Yet it installs the humblest in human respect, and makes the memory scared, while it doubly canonizes social and public virtue."
Said Alanson Holley, in announcing the death of the companion of his early days, "well do we recollect over thirty years ago, when we were an apprentice with him, in Western New York. Tall slender, pale, nervous, he was still full of cheerfulness and hope; and as we look back over those thirty years, and see the long procession of joys and sorrows, hopes and fears, trials and triumphs, and all the cheering and depressing realities which had filled our lives, and as though all the merry laugh of his boyhood comes floating distinctly to our ear, strangely commingling with the dirge of death, we involuntarily exclaim-what is life? What is death? What is beyond death?"
On the 12th of February, after appropriate and impressive funeral services, in the presence of a large concourse, the mortal remains of John A. Brown, borne by friends and neighbors, were laid in their final resting place, a beautiful cemetery upon the bluff of the Wisconsin; but his spirit, free as the winds that sweep around his river home, and chant their requiem o'er his grave, still lives and moves among us. By us too, fitting testimonials of respect and regard are laid upon the altar, and the last office of affection is discharged. A life and death like this can bear no bitter memories, and will will it be, if it shall come to be said of us as truly as of him, "the end was well as was the Journey." The lesson and the admonition will profit us in the measure that we honor the example, emulate the virtues, and cherish the membory of our departed friend and brother. [The Manitowoc Pilot (Manitowoc, WI) July 12, 1859, page 4]

Edward E. Bryant
Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed publisher (1882) transcribed by Jackie McCarty.

EDWARD E. BRYANT, Madison, was born in Milton, Chittenden county, Vermont, January 10, 1836, and he lived there until he came to Janesville, Wisconsin, in the spring of 1857. Having prepared himself in the study of the law, he was admitted to the bar in the fall of 1857, when he located in Monroe, in the practice of the profession. In connection with James Bintliff he purchased the Monroe Sentinel in 1857, which they published together until the war of the rebellion broke out, when he enlisted in June, 1861, as a private in company C, Third Wisconsin Infantry; was promoted to sergeant-major before leaving the state, served three years as first lieutenant of company A and was also adjutant of the same regiment. On July 1, 1864, he was appointed commissioner of enrollment, and in the winter of 1864 and 1865 was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the Fiftieth Infantry. On the close of the war, and leaving the service, he returned to Monroe. In the spring of 1868 Colonel Bryant received the appointments of adjutant-general of the state and private secretary to Governor Fairchild, which offices he held until the expiration of the administration of Governor Fairchild, in January, 1872. He then reentered upon the practice of law in partnership with W.F. Vilas, at Madison, the connection continuing to the present time. In January, 1876, he again became adjutant-general under Governor Ludington, and served two years, when he was reappointed by Governor William E. Smith, in 1878, and continued in the office until the close of Governor Smith's term in 1882, then declining further service, to devote his entire time to his law practice. He was member of the legislature of 1878, and served as chairman on the committee on revision of the statutes of the state, and subsequently assisted in the publication of the revision ordered by the legislation at the same session. He was also appointed, in connection with W. F Vilas, to revise eighteen volumes of the supreme court reports, and reported the thirty-seventh volume himself. He is Knight Templar. He married Louisa S. Boynton, at Monroe, on June 29, 1859, and they have four children. General Bryant came out of the war with a high record; subsequently distinguished himself in connection with his office of secretary to Governor Fairchild; is notable as a ready and racy writer for the press; has a reputation of a lawyer of the first-class, and as a citizen no one knows him but to respect and esteem him beyond the common lot of man.

Hon. George E. Bryant
Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

George E. Bryant was born February 11, 1832, at Templeton, Worcester County, Massachusetts. His father was George W. Bryant, his mother Eunice Norcross. He was educated at Norwich University in the same class with General Dodge and General Ransom, and went through the full course of studies. He preferred the profession of the law, and after leaving the University he read law with the Hon. Amasa Norcross at Fitchburg, Massachusetts, and was admitted to the bar in 1856 at Worcester, Massachusetts, and shortly after moved to Madison, Wisconsin, and formed a partnership in the practice of his profession with Myron H. Orton, which he continued until 1861. In religion he is a Unitarian; in politics first a whig, afterwards a republican. He was captain of the Madison Guards in 1860 — the first company to offer their services to the government at the commencement of the rebellion. This company served five months in the First Wisconsin Regiment, at the termination of which the company was mustered out of service and Captain Bryant returned home, and was shortly afterward-commissioned colonel of the 12th Wisconsin Regiment, with which he went to the Indian Territory, marching across the plains west of Fort I Riley. Returning they descended the Mississippi River to Columbus; thence by railroad to Corinth, where they joined General Grant's army. From this place they marched to Memphis; thence below Holly Springs, thence to Vicksburg, where they engaged in the siege of that place.

After the siege they marched to Jackson and engaged in a fight with Joe Johnson; thence they marched to Natchez, thence to Harrisonburg, Louisiana; thence back to Vicksburg. During the ensuing winter the regiment reenlisted as veterans and returned home on furlough. The furlough having expired they returned to Cairo, ascended the Tennessee River to Ashton, Alabama, crossed the mountains to Rome, Georgia, and joined Sherman's army in the mountains.

This regiment was in all of the engagements preceding the battle of Atlanta on the 22nd of July. Colonel Bryant commanded the 1st brigade of the 3rd division of the 17th army corps at the battle of Bald Hill, one of the severest engagements during the war. General Sherman gave to this brigade the credit of saving the army from destruction. This regiment was on the celebrated Meridian march and went with Sherman to the sea. Upon their return to Louisville, Kentucky, they were discharged from the service.

Upon Colonel Bryant's return to Wisconsin he retired to his farm near Madison and is engaged in raising fine-blooded stock, especially horses and cattle. He was elected county judge in 1866 — again in 1870, and again in 1874. In the latter year he was also elected State senator.

He was married on the 27th day of September 1858, to Miss Susie A. Gibson, whose ancestors were the first settlers in Fitchburg, Massachusetts. They were participants in the war of the revolution, and had previously fought the Indians. His ancestors were Irish, and came to this country shortly after the landing of the Pilgrims. They also were engaged in the revolutionary struggle. Some of them lived on the road between Lexington and Concord, and were exposed to great annoyance from the British soldiery.

While Judge Bryant has not been distinguished as a warrior, a statesman, or a« orator, he has been intelligent and efficient as a legislator, a judge and a citizen. He is a kind neighbor, an affectionate father and a loving husband; the result, doubtless, of a devoted wife whose hallowing influence over the domestic circle is perceived and felt by all who enter it.

Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, History and Biography, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee (1882) transcribed by Jackie McCarty.

GEORGE E. BRYANT, Madison, was born at Templeton, Worcester county, Massachusetts, February 11, 1832. His father was George W. Bryant, and his mother Eunice Norcross Bryant.

George E. was educated at Norwich University, Vermont, in the same class with General G. M. Dodge and General Ransom. Choosing the profession of the law, he read with Amasa Norcross, M. C., at Fitchburg, Massachusetts, and was admitted in 1856 at Worcester. Shortly afterward he came to Wisconsin, and entered into partnership practice with Myron H. Orton, which continued until 1861. He was captain of the Madison Guards, the first military company from Wisconsin to offer its services to the government at the commencement of the rebellion. The company served five months with the First Wisconsin Regiment on the Potomac, when it was mustered out of service, and Captain Bryant returned home. He was commissioned colonel of the Twelfth Regiment by Governor Randall, September 27, 1861 with which he went into the Indian Territory, thence marching across the plains to west of Fort Riley. Afterward joining the Army of the Tennessee under Grant, with whom he was at Vicksburg, and was with Sherman in the Atlanta campaign, commanding a brigade in the Seventeenth Army Corps at some of the battles. He was in command of the storming party at Bald Hill,- called by General Sherman Leggett's Hill, - July 21, 1864, and the next day successfully defended the same at the so-called battle of Atlanta. At the close of the war Colonel Bryant returned to his farm near Madison, on which he breeds fine stock of many kinds. He was county judge three terms, from 1866 to 1878, and was elected state senator in 1874, and served two years. In January, 1878, he was elected secretary of the State Agricultural Society, which office he still holds. He was a delegate to the republican national convention held in Chicago June 7, 1880, voted steadfastly for Grant, and was one of the two Wisconsin delegates who voted for Vice-President Arthur. General Bryant has been quartermaster-general of Wisconsin since January 1876. He was commissioned postmaster at Madison by President Chester A. Arthur, February 6, 1882.

Romanzo Bunn
Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed publisher (1882) transcribed by Liz Dellinger

ROMANZO BUNN, Madison, was born in South Hastwick, Otsego, New York, September 24, 1829.  In September, 1832, he thence removed with his father's family to the town of Mansfield, Cattaraugus county, New York, which was then a wilderness, and where he resided, working on his father's farm summers, and attending the district school winters, until seventeen years old.  In the fall of 1846 he entered Springville Academy, at Springville, Erie county, New York, which he attended during the summer and fall terms for three years, teaching a district school winters to get means.  Beginning teaching in this way when seventeen years old, he continued it while attending the academy, and afterward while studying law, until twenty-four years old.  He began the study of law at Elyria, Ohio, in the spring of 1849, in the office of McAcheron & Myers, in company with Charles C. Willson, an old friend and classmate, and now a leading member of the Minnesota bar at Rochester; and afterward continued it at Elliottville, New York in the office of Harmon & Wood, until September 1853, when he was admitted to the bar, and immediately went in company with William H Wood, a member of the firm with whom he studied, and so continued until the fall of 1854.  In August, 1854, he was married to Miss Sarah Purdy, of Mansfield, and in September of that year removed to Wisconsin, where he stopped during the winter of 1854-55 with friends at Sparta, and in the spring of 1855 settled at Galesville, the county seat of Trempealeau county.  The country was very new, and he had not much use for the few law books he brought with him.  He worked on a farm some and did what law and other business came along, until the spring of 1861, when he removed to Sparta and entered on the practice of law there.  During the winter of 1860 he served a term in the legislature, representing the assembly district then composed of Trempealeau, Jackson and Buffalo counties.  He continued the practice of law at Sparta until the spring of 1868, when he was elected circuit judge of the sixth circuit; was reelected in the spring of 1874, and held the position until October 1877, when he was appointed by President Hayes United States district judge of the western district of Wisconsin.  This appointment made it necessary for him to remove to Madison, which he did with his family in the summer of 1879, where he still resides.  In 1878 Judge Bunn was elected one of the professors of the law class in the University of Wisconsin.

George B. Burrows
Source: Blue Book of Wisconsin (1880) transcribed by Rhonda Hill

GEORGE B. BURROWS (Rep.), of Madison, was born in Springfield, Windsor county, Vt., October 20, 1832; received a common school and academic education; is a real estate dealer; came to Wisconsin in 185x, and settled at Sauk City, Sauk county, where he engaged in the banking business; removed to Madison in 1865, where he has since resided; state senator in 1877, ’78, re-elected for 1879, ’80, receiving 3,407 votes, against 2,367 for L. J. Grinde, Democrat, and 481 for A. E. Adsit, Greenbacker.

(Twenty-fifth District – The city of Madison, and the towns of Albion, Blooming Grove, Bristol, B urke, Cottage Grove, Christiana, Deerfield, Dunn, Dunkirk, Madison, Medina, Oregon, Pleasant Springs, Rutland, Sun Prairie, Vienna, Windsor and York, and the villages of Stoughton and Sun Prairie in Dane county. Population, 33,010.)
Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1882), page 536; transcribed by Mary Saggio

GEORGE B. BURROWS (Rep.), of Madison, was born in Springfield, Windsor county, Vermont, October 20, 1832; received a common school and academic education; is a real estate dealer; came to Wisconsin in 1858, and settled at Sauk City, Sauk county, where he has engaged in the banking business; came to Madison in 1863, where he has since resided; was state senator in 1877, ’78, ’79 and ’80, and was re-elected for ’ 81 and ’82, receiving 4,394 votes, against 3,066 votes for William Welch, indepe ndent republican and 122 votes for William Lalor, greenbacker.

Clement C. Campbell
Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota. (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Renae Donaldson

CAMPBELL Clement C, St Paul. Res 220 Nelson av. Minister of religion. Born Dec 25 1851 in Waushara county Wis, son of Rev D A and Electa L (Soper) Campbell. Married Aug 16, 1883 to Elizabeth J Laning. Educated in public schools Pine River Wis and graduated B S Ripon (Wis) College 1882; Chicago Theological Seminary 1882-84; Yale Theological Seminary 1884-85; B D same 1885; town supt of schools Granby Conn 1885-1890; pres Northern Wis Home Missionary Society and trustee Ashland Academy 1894-98; treas Wis Convention 1903-1904; held pastorates in Congregational churches in Granby Conn 1885-90; Nacedah Wis 1890-91; Antigo Wis 1891-98; Hartford Wis 1898-1901; Madison Wis 1901-1904 and has been pastor of Plymouth Congregational church St Paul 1904 to date.

Hon. James Campbell
Source: "An Illustrated History of the State of Wisconsin"; By Charles Richard Tuttle; Publ. 1875; Transcribed and donated by Andrea Stawski Pack

He was born in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, Feb. 19, 1814. His parents were blessed with a large family, while the supply of worldly goods was not abundant; but the children were given what, at that time, was deemed a good common school education. They were also taught the all important lesson of self-reliance.
In 1835 James, the subject of this sketch, at the age of twenty-one, started out for himself, and came to Wisconsin. The next season he rented a farm in Green County, and commenced operations as a farmer. In 1841 he moved on to his own farm in the town of Albany, in that county, and was the first settler in that town. He was a successful tiller of the soil. In 1850 he opened the first store in the village of Albany, located one mile north of his farm. Largely through the influence of Mr. Campbell, the Sugar River Valley Railroad Company had been chartered, which provided for the construction of a railroad from the State line via Brodhead and Albany, to Madison.
In 1861 Mr. Campbell was a member of the assembly from the county of Green, and succeeded in getting the charter of the Sugar River valley Road amended, so as to extend the line from Madison to Portage; and that portion of the congressional land grant of 1856, which was given to aid in constructing a railroad between these two cities, was given by the legislature to this company. Mr. Campbell took a deep interest in the construction of this road, and in 1862 relinquished his mercantile pursuits, and devoted his whole attention to it. For a time the work progressed in a satisfactory manner but in 1863, through conflicting interests in the management, the Sugar River Valley Railroad Company became involved in debt; and all work upon it was suspended, greatly to the injury of Mr. Campbell, who was a contractor for the building of the road. The property of this company was sold on an execution and Mr. Campbell became the purchaser.
In 1870, the Sugar River Valley Company having forfeited all claim to the land grant, Mr. Campbell procured from the legislature the charter of the Madison and Portage Railroad Company, and a transfer of the land grant to it. He then bent his whole energies to the construction of this road and, in less than one year from the passage of the charter, the road was completed between the cities of Madison and Portage, being a distance of about forty miles. This work was met by many and serious obstacles but Mr. Campbell knew no such word as "fail" and, by the most persevering efforts, over came them all. Under the circumstances, it was a great accomplishment, and gave Mr. Campbell a high reputation as a railroad man. He still remains the president of the company, and has been engaged for the last three years in an effort to extend this road North and South, so as to connect the immense lumber region of Wisconsin with the extensive coal mines of Illinois.
He has made two or three visits to Europe in this interest, in the hope to raise money for the completion of this enterprise, and, no doubt, would have been successful in his endeavors, but for the general depression in railroad securities. He still hopes to accomplish this noble work at no distant day; and those who know Mr. Campbell best have but little doubt of his ultimate success. He does not willingly give up a favorite project.
As a citizen, Mr. Campbell is universally respected for his sterling integrity of character, and for his broad and liberal views on all questions of a public interest. He is true to his friends, and generous towards all whom prove themselves worthy of his confidence.
As a business man, he is clear in his perceptions, sound in judgment, and decisive in action and, while modest and unassuming in his bearing, he is characterized by strong individuality of character, positiveness of opinion, and tenacity of purpose, that cause him to succeed where most men would fail. Mr. Campbell is at present a resident of Madison.

Jairus H. Carpenter
Source: Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self Made Men; Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Pat Houser

Jairus H. Carpenter, a native of Ashford, Connecticut, was born on the 14th of February, 1822, and is the son of Palmer and Martha Carpenter. With the exception of three or four terms spent in Holliston Academy, he received his education in the common schools. After closing his studies he engaged for a time in teaching, and later began the study of law, and completed his preparatory professional studies with Hon. Loren P. Waldo, of Tolland, Connecticut. In March, 1847, he was admitted to the bar, and the same year engaged in the practice of his profession at Willimantic, Connecticut. In 1857 he removed to Wisconsin, and settled at his present home in Madison.

Politically, Mr. Carpenter is a republican, though conservative in his views. He exalts the man above the party, and supports for office him whom he deems most worthy of the position. He has heretofore, and still takes an active part in educational matters. For fourteen years he has been a member of the Madison Board of Education, and for ten years president of the same.

In 1868 he was elected professor of law in the University of Wisconsin, a capacity in which he still continues to act. In 1876 he was made dean of the law faculty. The honorary degree of A.M., was conferred on him by Yale College in 1874.

Mr. Carpenter was married on the 13th of February, 1852, to Miss Martha C. Kendall, of Brookfield, Massachusetts.

Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, History and Biography, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee (1882) transcribed by Jackie McCarty

J. H. CARPENTER, Madison, was born in Ashford, Windham county, Connecticut, February 14, 1822. He read law, was admitted to the bar in March, 1847, and practiced his profession in Willimantic, Connecticut, to the time of his coming to Madison in June 1857. Besides attention to an extensive practice during his residence at Madison, Mr. Carpenter has been a professor in the law department of the State University since its organization, and for many years dean of the law faculty, continuing as such to the present time. In 1876 the faculty of the university bestowed upon Mr. Carpenter the honorary degree of LL.D.

John B. Cassoday
Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed Publisher (1882) transcribed by Glenda Stevens

JOHN B. CASSODAY, Madison, associate justice of the supreme court, was born in Herkimer county, New York, July 7, 1830.  About three years after, his father died, and he and his mother moved with her parents to Tioga county, Pennsylvania.  He began life as poor as the poorest of boys, but the same industry, good judgment and well-directed ambition which made him one of the foremost lawyers in Wisconsin carried him successfully through his early struggles.  Besides occasionally attending district school for a few months, working for his board, he attended one term at the village school at Tioga and one term at the Wellsboro academy before he was seventeen.  For the next four years he was engaged in various kinds of manual labor, and occasionally teaching winters.  Afterward he spent two terms at the academy of Knoxville, Pennsylvania, and two years at Alfred academy, New York, from which he was graduated.  He was then one year at Michigan university, taking a select course, which was supplemented by a short time at the Albany law school, and reading in a law office at Wellsboro, Pennsylvania.

In July 1857, Judge Cassoday settled in Janesville, entering the office of Judge H. S. Conger, and pursued his legal studies until November, 1858, when he became a member of the firm of Bennett, Cassoday & Gibbs, which continued over seven years.  Then he was alone two years, when the firm of Cassoday & Merrill was formed, which lasted five years.  That firm was succeeded by Cassoday & Carpenter, and continued until Judge Cassoday’s promotion to the supreme bench.

Judge Cassoday has been a republican ever since the party was organized.  In 1864 he was a delegate to the Baltimore convention which renominated Lincoln, and was placed upon what was that year the most important committee, that of credentials.  In 1864 he was elected to the assembly, and again in 1876, and was then chosen speaker of that body, serving with distinguished ability.  In 1880 he was a delegate at large to the national republican convention at Chicago, and was chairman of the delegation.  He presented to the convention the name of E. B. Washburne as a candidate for President, in a speech worthy the man and the occasion, and later announced the vote of the Wisconsin delegation for James A. Garfield, which broke the dead-lock and resulted in the nomination of that gentleman.  He took an active part in the campaign, making telling speeches, as he had in almost every presidential election since the organization of the republican party.  On November 11, 1880, he was appointed associated justice on the supreme bench, to fill the vacancy caused by the promotion of Justice Cole to the office made vacant by the death of Chief Justice Ryan, to which offices Judges Cole and Cassoday were elected upon calls of the bar and people without regard to party, and excepting a few scattering ballots received the entire vote of the state, Judge Cole having 177,522, and Judge Cassoday, 177,553.

As a lawyer, Judge Cassoday was one of the brightest and most successful in the state. From the very outset of his career he showed a clear, analytical mind, well balanced, cool and cautious; but the success he obtained could only come of downright study and hard work.  While in the practice he was earnest and laborious; intensely devoted to his profession; thorough and methodical in the preparation of his cases, and skillful and judicious in their management; always true to his client and equally true to himself and the court; intensely anxious to succeed, but always just and courteous to his opponents.  He took nothing for granted, but went to the bottom of every question, and the members of the bar who attempted to “rake after him,” found but scanty gleaning.  In his arguments, his earnest and clever manner of presenting each particular case, and his complete mastery of the questions involved, gave him a rare power, and caused him to be listened to by court, jury and the bar, with the utmost attention and the sincerest respect.

As a politician he was sagacious but unflinching in his fidelity to the interests of the people and the fundamental principles of the republican party.  He is an American and a republican of the broadest and the best sort, and coupled with this is a thorough comprehension of all the great fundamental and political questions of the time, which combined to make him a clear, accurate thinker, and most effective in statement and argument.

 As a man he is exemplary in all the walks of business and public life as well as in the most private relations.  He is a Christian gentleman and an honest man.  He has an educated conscience, a large heart, and a practical sympathy and tender regard for young men who are striving for an education and a higher life.  He is a rare man, and with his untiring industry and a continuation of his present good health, must exercise a marked influence in moulding and building up the jurisprudence of the state.

Herbert W. Chynoweth
Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, History and Biography, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee (1882) transcribed by Jackie McCarty.

HERBERT W. CHYNOWETH, Madison, was born in Livingston county, New York, August 29, 1848, and came to Madison in 1855. He graduated at the State University in the class of 1868, being valedictorian. The same year he commenced reading law with E. W. Keyes; was admitted to the bar in April 1870, and beginning practice as a member of the firm of Orton, Keyes, & Chynoweth. When Judge Orton went upon the bench in 1878 the firm became Keyes & Chynoweth. Since 1878 he has been assistant attorney-general.

Darwin Clark
Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

Darwin Clark was born at Otsego, Otsego County, New York, May 12, 1812. His father's name was Isaac, his mother's, Eunice Clark. They were intelligent, respectable and pious. Mrs. Clark was a member of the Presbyterian Church. The character of their son, Darwin, was formed under the influence of those qualities of his parents, and hence his success in business, his exemplary moral character, and his religious sentiments. He had a common school education in his native town, and after leaving school taught during three successive winters. Before he attained the age of twenty-one he learned the trade of cabinet making. He immigrated to Wisconsin in May, 1837, and arrived at Madison on the l0th of June, at which place he made his permanent residence. He worked occasionally on the capitol as carpenter, and occasionally at his trade, and sometimes as clerk in a store, during two years. In the winter of 1840 he circulated a subscription for the purpose of buying books for the first Sabbath school established in Madison. In the spring of 1845 he commenced the furniture business, and has continued it to the present time. He is a religious man in his sentiments and uniformly attends the Episcopal Church.

In politics he is, and has always been, a democrat, unwavering in his devotion to the Union. He was the first treasurer of the then village of Madison, and filled the office three different years. He was president of the council and acting mayor of the city in i860. He was alderman four years, commencing in 1858, and again in 1873, 1874 and 1875, in which latter year he was again elected president of the council. He married Sarah L. Goodnow, a noble wife and Christian woman, in September 1848, and lived with her six years. In 1858 he married Frances A. Adams, by whom he has two children, living with their parents. His grandparents on both sides were revolutionary soldiers; his father was in the War of 1812. Mr. Clark is what is commonly termed a self-made man. Nature makes all men; circumstances develop them. Mr. Clark was fortunate in having parents to teach him the value of knowledge and the value of morals; hence, when he had the opportunity, he was teaching others, thereby indirectly teaching himself. The principles of action which have governed him through life were based upon the morals his parents taught him. He is a remarkable man, having many of the virtues which distinguish good men, and none of their vices. He has by honest toil accumulated a comfortable independence; he has discharged the duties of many offices of honor, and some of them of pecuniary responsibility, and yet neither in his public duties nor in his private dealings has a shade of suspicion ever rested upon the escutcheon of his honor. Such men are the salt of the earth, and should be held up as models for all those who come after them.

F. K. Conover
Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, History and Biography, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee (1882) transcribed by Jackie McCarty.

F. K. CONOVER, Madison, was born at Madison, February 17, 1857, and is the son of O. M. Conover. He graduated from the State University in the class of 1878; studied law in the office of J. H. Carpenter, and graduated from the law department of the State University; was admitted to the bar November 10, 1879, and is now located in his profession in Madison.

O. M. Conover
Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, History and Biography, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee (1882) transcribed by Jackie McCarty

O. M. CONOVER, Madison reporter of the supreme court of Wisconsin, was born at Dayton, Ohio, October 8, 1825. His father was of Dutch ancestry, and his mother. Sarah Miller Conover, was a native of Kentucky. He graduated at Princeton College in 1844, after which he taught for two years, first in Kentucky, near Lexington, and then as instructor in Latin and Greek in the Dayton Academy, studying law meantime, in the office of Schenck & Conover. In the fall of 1846 he entered the Princeton Theological Seminary, and graduated from that institution in 1849. Removing to Madison, Wisconsin, in 1850, he edited and published for a short time a literary and educational monthly, entitled The Northwestern Journal. In 1850 he became an instructor in the State University of Wisconsin, then recently organized. The entire faculty at that time consisted of Chancellor John H. Lathrop, Professor John W. Sterling and the subject of this sketch. When the University moved into one of the buildings upon its present site, in 1852, Mr. Conover was called to the chair of ancient languages and literature, which position he occupied until 1858. If he had known that one of his pupils would be his present biographer, perhaps he would have been less severe as to the second aorist passive of Greek verbs ending in mi ! Professor Conover was admitted to the bar of Dane county in 1859. On the appointment of P. L. Spooner, as reporter of the supreme court in 1861, he became associated with that gentleman in the preparation and publication of Wisconsin reports, beginning with volume twelve. When Mr. Spooner resigned, in the summer of 1864, he was appointed his successor. The first volume bearing Mr. Conover's name as official reporter is volume sixteen; but that was in fact prepared by S. U. Pinney, in accordance with previous arrangements. Volume forty-nine is the last that has appeared at this date. Volumes twenty-nine, thirty and thirty-seven were respectively prepared and edited by James Simmons, of Geneva, Wisconsin, James L. High, of Chicago, and Edward E. Bryant, of Madison. The other volumes which have appeared during Mr. Conover's incumbency have been mainly prepared and wholly edited by himself, though he has sometimes had occasion to avail himself of the assistance of Burr W. Jones, of Madison, John B. Simmons, of Geneva, and one or two others. By these means the series has been issued with a degree of promptness somewhat rare in the reports of courts of last resort in this country. Mr. Conover's work has also been distinguished by excellent judgment, eminent clearness, and succinctness of recital, and the accurate and exhaustive character of the syllabi.

Montgomery M. Cothren
Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed Publisher (1882) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

MONTGOMERY M. COTHREN, Mineral Point, was born at Jerusalem, Yates county, New York, September 18, 1819. His father was Nathaniel Cothren, and his mother Clarina Weed, who died at the age of eighty-two years. Mr. Cothren was educated in New York, and subsequently studied law at Kalamazoo, Michigan. Having removed to Mineral Point, he was admitted to the bar of the United States district court in 1843, by his honor Charles Dunn, since which time he has been in the active practice of his profession or upon the bench.

He was a member of the last territorial legislature of Wisconsin, and served in the state senate in 1849 and 1850. In the presidential election of 1852 he was one of the electors for the state at large, and cast his vote for Franklin Pierce and William R. King for president and vice-president. During the same year he was elected judge of the circuit court, and has served in that capacity for twelve years. At the close of this second term as a circuit judge he declined a reelection, and for the twelve years ensuing engaged in the practice of the law; but in 1876, after a notable triangular contest against two members of the bar of great eminence and popularity, he was again chosen judge of the circuit court, which office he still holds. In 1879 he as nominated for associate justice of the supreme court by a caucus of the democratic members of the legislature, but the nomination was not confirmed at the polls.

In the campaign of 1880 he was the democratic candidate for member of congress in the third district, but was defeated by Hon. George C. Hazelton.

The bar of southern Wisconsin has been graced by many lawyers of commanding ability, and a moment’s reflection will summon to mind the names of Dunn, Hamilton, Mills, Knowlton, Washburn, Strong, Cole, Crawford, Barber and others; second to none in this eminent list the name of Montgomery M. Cothren will take place in the history of the state.

Thomas Grant Cretney
Source: The Wisconsin Blue Book (1919) page 508; transcribed by FoFG mz

THOMAS GRANT CRETNEY (Rep.) is serving his second term as sergeant-at-arms of the assembly, having been elected in 1917 and re-elected without opposition in 1919. He was born in the town of Ridgeway, Iowa county, Aug. 20, 1870, attended the public schools during the winter and worked on his father's farm in summer. When 22 years of age he started to learn the carpenter's trade and three years later became a successful building contractor. He served as president of the village of Ridgeway and in 1909 assisted in the organization of the State Bank of Arena, becoming its president. He was elected to the assembly in 1914 from Iowa county and at the expiration of his term moved to Madison and engaged in the real estate business.

Charles G. Crosse
Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1880)  transcribed by RuthAnne Wilke

CHARLES G. CROSSE (Rep.), of Sun Prairie, Dane county, was born April 26, 1828, in Cincinnatus, Cortland county, New York; had an academic and medical education; is a physician and surgeon; came to Wisconsin in 1854, settling in Sauk county; and in 1860 removed to Sun Prairie; has held various local offices; was first assistant surgeon to the 50th Wisconsin volunteer infantry in 1865; was elected assemblyman for 1880 by 1,128 votes, against 965 for K. W. Jargo, Democrat, and 122 for J. K. Porter, Greenbacker.

Dexter Curtis
Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1883) page: 487; transcribed by Tammy Clark

DEXTER CURTIS (Dem.), of Madison, was born in Schenectady, N.Y., September 2, 1828; received a common school education; is a farmer; came to Wisconsin in 1864 and settled in the town of Burke, having previously lived in Michigan and also three years in Chicago; has been supervisor of town in Madison, and in Michigan, also twice alderman of Madison; was elected member of assembly for 1883, receiving 1,099 votes against 618 for Charles Kayser, republican and 361 for J. M. Olin, prohibitionist.

Charles H. Doyon
Source: Compendium of History and Biography of North Dakota, Publ. 1900 - Tr. By Debbie Gibson

This gentleman is well known as proprietor of "The Doyan Farm," one of the most extensive tracts of land in Ramsey county, under one ownership. The farm is located in Ramsey and Nelson counties, and consists of two thousand four hundred acres, and is skillfully operated by our subject. Mr. Doyon and family reside on their farm two miles south of Doyon, and are held in high esteem in their community.
Our subject was born in Milton, Chittenden county, Vermont, April 10, 1871. When he was about seven years of age he removed with his parents to Madison, Wisconsin, graduating with the class of 1893. He went to Grand Forks in the summer of the same year, and was teller in the Second National Bank of that city for two years. He settled on his farm in Ramsey county in the spring of 1896, and made valuable improvements thereon, erecting substantial buildings and providing for the easy cultivation and garnering of the crops. He has recently platted and laid out the town site of Doyon, on the main line of the Great Northern Railroad, between Bartlett and Crary. He was the first postmaster appointed at that place.
Our subject was married at Larimore, North Dakota, in the fall of 1898, to Miss Alice Ashbrook, a native of Kentucky. One child has been born to Mr. and Mrs. Doyon, upon whom they have bestowed the name of Mary Owen. Mr. Doyon is a member of the Order of Elks and is active in affairs of the lodge. He is a young man of excellent business training, intelligent and enterprising, and is one of the rising young business men of North Dakota. His career has been marked throughout with persistent and faithful efforts to advance the interests, and he has been rewarded by the acquisition of an excellent property and a high reputation.

J. C. Dundas, M.D.
Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self=Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

High up in the northern part of Norway, in the district of Helgeland, Dr. J. C. Dundas, of Cambridge, was born in 1815, the last of eleven children then living. His father, Isaac George Dundas, was a lineal descendant of the renowned poet and bishop, Peter Dundas, and he was a son of the Scotlander, Robert Dundas, who in the sixteenth century went over from Scotland with his sister, Maria Dundas, to the district of Helgeland, in Norway. The Doctor's father was a man of large means, including islands, vessels and a great variety of personal property. He was a man of liberal education and social and literary tastes. He was generous to the poor, but careless of his property, and lost the greater portion of it. The Doctor's mother, Connelia Strom Dundas, was a woman of exemplary character, and strong mental qualities. She was careful, economical and affectionate, inspiring her children with filial reverence. The district of Helgeland is celebrated in the old Norwegian sagas as the original home of the first settlers of Norway. The common occupation of the inhabitants was that of farming, but the Doctor having but little taste for agriculture, went to the
city of Bergen to study medicine and surgery. He remained there three years, thence to Christiania, continuing the same studies during the years 1837-8-9, thence he went to Copenhagen, remaining two years, thence to Vienna one year. He was examined by the different medical faculties in the University of Helsingfors, in 1844. Studied in Berne, Switzerland, in 1845, also in Dorput, in 1844, and thence to Holland to be examined as surgeon for the Dutch East India service. After returning from Java and other East India islands, he attended the St. Bartholomew's, the London, and the Royal London Ophthalmic Hospitals in the year 1849. Afterward he traveled through Europe, visiting many medical institutions and others of a scientific and literary character. In 1850 or 1851 he sailed
from Rotterdam, Holland, in the English emigrant ship Northumberland, as surgeon, for New York. But the ship foundered on the coast of France and went to pieces. He lost all of his medicines and the greater part of his instruments. He subsequently came to New York, visited the hospitals, made the acquaintance of several eminent physicians, and finally concluded to travel west, and by the advice of the Norwegian consul in New York, he visited Wisconsin, thence to St. Louis, Missouri, thence to New Orleans, and returning from the South he visited Chicago, Buffalo and New York city. He remained in America over two years, and then returned to Rotterdam in Holland. He obtained a desirable position on board a vessel bound for Canton, China, and made the voyage, remaining absent from Europe two years, after which he again returned to America and to Wisconsin, where he now resides, practicing medicine and surgery with great success.

He married his present wife, Malinda Tracy Dundas, some years ago, and has two promising daughters.

The Doctor has had rare opportunities for acquiring a knowledge of science and of the world, and he has improved these opportunities in such a manner as to give him an extended fame and a lucrative practice.

The Doctor's political sentiments are in harmony with the genius and character of the American government, and hence he prefers it to the European governments. He believes in the equality of all men before the law, and their unrestricted right to the pursuit of liberty and happiness. He believes that America can proudly claim that she is the home of the immigrant and the asylum of the exile. In her ample philanthropy she embraces all nations and kindred and tongues, and knows no distinctions except those which do equal honor to the head and to the heart.

Daniel S. Durrie
Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self=Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

Daniel Steele Durrie was born at Albany, New York, January 2, 1819. He is a son of Horace Durrie, a native of Hartford, Connecticut, and a grandson of John Durrie, of Stony Stratford, Buckingham County, England, who came to America in 1781. His mother was Johannah Steele, daughter of Daniel Steele, a bookseller and stationer of Albany, to which place his father removed about 1817.

Mr. Durrie was educated at the Albany Academy and at a select school at South Hadley, Massachusetts, after which he entered the store of his uncle and learned the bookselling business, and succeeded him in the same in 1844. In 1848 he lost his property in the great fire which occurred that year at Albany, and in 1850 removed to Madison, Wisconsin, at which place he has remained to the present time, being engaged in the same business from 1854 to 1857. This the commercial revulsions of the last year broke and he accepted a position in the office of Hon. L. C. Draper, the superintendent of public instruction in 1858 and 1859.

He was elected a member of the State Historical Society in 1854, was elected a member of the executive committee in 1855, and librarian in 1856, which office he has retained to this date, entering on the twentieth year of his reelection to that office January, 1875. The society at that time was in its infancy, with a library of only a few volumes. He was associated with Lyman C. Draper, LL.D., the corresponding secretary, to whom the society is indebted largely for its present prosperity, and is entitled to a part of the credit of building up the society, which ranks among the first in the United States.

Mr. Durrie published his first work, "A Genealogical History of John and George Ste ele, Settlers of Hartford, Connecticut, 1635-6, and their Descendants," in 1859, an d an enlarged edition of one hundred and sixty-one pages in 1862. It was published at Albany by Joel Munsel, and was the first of this class of works issued by that gentleman, and since that time he has brought out a large number of similar volumes. In 1864 Mr. Durrie published "A Genealogical History of the Holt Family in the United States, More Particularly the Descendants of Nicholas Holt, of Newbury and Andover, Massachusetts, 1634 to 1644, and of William Holt, of New Haven." This volume, of t hree hundred and sixty-seven pages, was printed by Mr. Munsel. In 1868 he published his "Bibliographia Genealogica Americana: an Alphabetical Index to Pedigrees and Genealo gies Contained in State County and Town Histories, Printed Genealogies and Kindred Works," a volume of three hundred pages, also printed by Munsel. In 1869 he prepared and published in the "Historical Magazine" a "Bibliography of the State of Wisconsin," giving the title and reference to all publications that have been is sued on the State, a volume of great service to all persons interested in Wisconsin and her
history and resources. In 1872 he prepared two papers on the "Early Outpost s of Wisconsin; Green Bay for Two Hundred Years, 1639 to 1839, and Annals of Prairie du Chien," which appeared
in pamphlet form, twenty-eight pages, double columns; and also an article on Captain Jonathan Carver, in volume six of the collections of the Historical Society. In 1874 he published a "History of Madison and the Four Lake Countr y of Wisconsin; with Notes on Dane County and its Towns," printed at Madison, maki ng a volume of four hundred and twenty pages. In 1861 and 1862 he collected material for the publication of a gazetteer of the State of Wisconsin. The work was completed, but owing to the Civil War the publication was suspended and it has never been published. Mr. Durrie is a member of the Connecticut, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Buffalo and Western Reserve Historical Societies, of the New England Historical and Genealogical Society, New York Biographical and Genealogical Society, and the Philadelphia Numismatic and Antiquarian Society.

Mr. Durrie's fitting place is in a public library. Among books from his boyhood, his memory of them and of their contents is very extensive and tenacious; and this knowledge, so valuable in the custodian of a large public library, is daily and hourly called into requisition. Thus he quietly renders unceasing aid to others, which, in the aggregate, can never be adequately estimated.

A taste for antiquarian pursuits, long cultivated, is probably the most striking trait in Mr. Durrie's character, and is the one exemplified in his productions that will serve to perpetuate his name among lovers of that department of literature. His writings evince a strong love of truth; he "nothing extenuates nor aught sets down in malice." He is plodding and pains taking rather than brilliant, and he thus ranks with that large class of utilitarians who leave behind them evidences that they have not lived in vain.

Mr. Durrie is a member of the Presbyterian Church, and was one of the members that composed the church at Madison at its organization in 1851, and has held many offices therein.

He married, at Albany, New York, October 15, 1844, Anna, daughter of David and Elizabeth (Hempstead) Holt, and has a family of six children. His eldest daughter is a graduate of the University of Wisconsin and is assistant librarian of the State Historical Society, a lady of cultivated mind and manners, and marked for her gentleness of character.

Whoever looks upon Mr. Durrie's massive form can readily discover in his benignant eye and genial countenance the truest test of the kindness of his heart — his genuine bonhomie for all.

Lewis Ellington
Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Anna Parks

ELLINGTON Lewis, Crookston. Banker. Born Jan 1, 1850 in Norway, son of Lars and Sarah Ellington. Married June 26, 1873 to Jane Brown. Educated in common schools of Primrose Wis; and high school Forest City Ia. First engaged as clk in gen store Forest City Ia 1866; moved to Steele county Minn and engaged as clk in Blooming Prairie 4 years; engaged in gen merchandise business with partner 2 years; sold out and engaged in milling business 2 years; was burned out and started again in mercantile and insurance business; moved to Crookston and was asst cashr Scandia American Bank 1887-90; cashr 1880 to date. Pres State Bank of Erskine Minn; dir Citizens State Bank of Fertile Minn; treas and dir Maplebay Wind Stacker Co; v pres Wheeler Land & L oan Co; dir First Nat Bank Cass Lake. Member city council Crookston 3 terms; American Bankers Assn; Masonic fraternity; B P O E;  K T.

Fritz Elver
Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1882), page 543; transcribed by Mary Saggio

FRITZ ELVER (Dem.) of Middleton, was born in Duhstorf, near Hagenow, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany, July 30, 1834; received a common school education; came to Wisconsin in 1852, and settled at Middleton, where he has since resided; is a farmer; has held various local offices, and was a member of the county board in 1875, ’76 and ’77; was elected member of assembly for 1882, receiving 1,504 votes, against 1,142 for L. M. Anderson, republican, and 47 for N. Height, greenbacker.

Bernard Esser
Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1883) page: 488; transcribed by Tammy Clark

BERNARD ESSER (Dem.), of Middleton, was born in Kerpen near Cologne, Prussia, May 5, 1840; received a common school education; is a farmer and also dealer in farming implements; came to Wisconsin in 1855 and settled at Springfield, where he has continued to reside; has held various local offices as town treasurer, assessor and town clerk; was elected clerk of court in 1874 and re-elected in 1876; was elected member of assembly for 1883, receiving 1,175 votes against 136 for Hugh Brereton, republican, and 1 for George Baxter, prohibitionist

Jairus Cassius Fairchild
Jairus Cassius Fairchild was born in one of the northern towns of New York, on the 27th of December, 1801. A younger son of a large family, he might have remained there, but for the loss of his mother at an early age. As he used laughingly to express it, he "foun d he could not govern his stepmother;" and so, at eleven years, he started out to seek his fortune. Probably, among the hardy pioneers of the time, this did not seem so doubtful a venture as it might now do. It must be added, that the same step-mother afterwards paid him a visit at his home in Ohio, and received most affectionate attention from himself and his wife, to whose children she became much attached. Unfortunately, there is no clear record of these early years, full of adventure and of persevering effort. Doubtless a most entertaining book might be made of them, if any friend could clearly recall the stories he has related of scenes through which he passed. He recollected vividly the news of the attack on Sackett's Harbor, brought by a man mounted on a horse detached from the plough, who seeing a fresher one standing harnessed at his father's door, threw himself from one to the other, and continued his journey over hill and dale to warn the people of the approaching enemy.

Fifteen little months would cover all the time spent in schools. But he was a careful observer, with retentive memory; and whether he earned his bread at the weaver's loom, or by business journeys through the country, on both sides the River St. Lawrence and Lake Ontario, he laid up stores of practical knowledge, which made him a cyclopedia for those who sought information from him in later years.

An indefatigable and critical reader, nothing came amiss to his inquiring, thoughtful mind; and, even at this early period, he had reasoned, and drawn conclusions, upon subjects not speculated upon by his companions; and theories now commonly received were reached by him alone and unaided. One fact, unimportant in itself, shows a marked character and capacity. He always rose late. Entering upon any employment, this fact was always mentioned by him, and the hope expressed, that he should make himself so valuable after he was up, as to make up for the loss of time. One smiles to think of the young boy thus frankly dictating terms to his masters, expressing a hope that he might overcome his tendency, but, if it proved impossible, asking consideration,-a consideration which was, I believe, never denied. This is mentioned, not as a good precedent, hut only as showing a characteristic.

At twenty-one we find him, with an elder brother, Marcus Brutus, entering Ohio in search of a permanent home. They separated at Cleveland, agreeing to meet there at a certain time, and" report progress. But the brother n ever returned; and, after weary and anxious waiting, the subject of this sketch entered upon an engagement with Owen Brown, the father of that John Brown whose devotion to the cause of antislavery, and raid into Virginia, have given him so wonderful a place in the history of our country. This Owen Brown was a remarkable man: a volume might be written of his sayings, full of wit, and of keen, shrewd good sense. An industrious and prosperous man, he stood high among his fellows, and was a valuable friend to a young man starting in life.
Among his other enterprises, he had a tannery, and taught the young man this trade; and soon after John Brown and Mr. Fairchild became partners in the business. But John Brown, - stern, unbending, a man of "one idea," the stuff of which martyrs are made,- grand and sublime though he be in history, was not the most suave and agreeable companion one could find for social relations; and this arrangement was very brief, though a friendship continued. For when, some years later, John lost his wife, the fact was announced in a letter to his former partner, beginning, "My g ood, faithful, obedient wife Diantha is dead."

About this time Mr. Fairchild met with Sally Blair, a handsome, energetic daughter of New England, of Scotch Irish descent, gifted with Scotch persistency and Irish kindliness. One brief meeting left upon each so strong an impression, that the acquaintance was voluntarily renewed; and a few months later, in the spring of 1826, he brought his bride home to Franklin Mills (now Kent), Ohio, where they lived in a log-house a year, till their own house was built.

After all his wanderings and struggles, we find the homeless, self instructed boy anchored by his "aill fireside." Here four children were born, and one laid under the sod. He built a brick store, now pointed out as the first brick building ever erected in the town. Very small it looks; but it was regarded with no contempt then. No success or position of later years was brighter or more beautiful than these few years passed by him in the thriving little village, as the proprietor of a large tannery, of "the store," and his own cottage close by it, a justice of the peace, and know n as "the Squire" in all the neighboring counties. He was an active temperanc e man. So prevalent was drunkenness at this time that nothing short of total abstinence could remedy the evil. Tobacco and stimulants in all forms were fought against with all his youthful vigor; and not till near his fiftieth year did he, by the advice of several physicians, adopt the occasional use of them. This period, uneventful in a written history, afforded time for maturing and assimilating the experiences and observations of his previous years; for reading law, in order that he might faithfully and justly act as "squire;" for investigating financial and political questions to fit him for bus iness and citizenship. Hut to him personally this was a period of intense interest. His busy days were followed by sleepless nights of study of the Bible, and thoughtful talks with his clergyman and others. An active and prayerful church-member, his views of Christian duty were extreme and vigorous; and though these most conscientious struggles resulted in a positive rejection of the miraculous claims of theology, they gave an enviable familiarity with the teachings and spirit of the Founder of Christianity, and a steadfast faith in the wisdom of the command to "do justly, love mercy, and walk hu mbly with "God."

During all these years, one of the delightful domestic events was the frequent visits of his good old friend Owen Brown, whose affection extended to the wife and children, and whose habit of frightful stammering only added a charm to the keen wit and kindly good-humor which made him a delight to children as well as to the older ones.

In 1834 he removed to Cleveland, - then rushing on in the full tide of speculation, - just in time to be stranded by the tidal wave of 1837, which wrecked so many imaginary millionaires. His little brood, incapable of comprehending the prosperity, were taught by this adversity that opportunities for education were to be made the most of; and much of the sons' perseverance, and faithful performance of small duties, may have been unconsciously derived from their father's humbling experiences in this "crash." While engaged in the wearisome and mortifying business of adjusting these affairs, there came to him, unexpectedly, a position in the secret service of the government, which gave him active employment, and means of subsistence, during the period in which his hands were tied by his embarrassments. It also afforded him an opportunity to choose a home wherein he should start anew.

One dreary March day, driving against a biting north wind, in the year 1846, he arrived in Madison, Wis.; and, after a stay of less than twenty-four hours, he wrote to his wife in Cleveland that he had found the place wherein he should live and die. This active, far-seeing helpmeet was ready for the summons and, bringing children and household goods, joined him in Milwaukee.
Driving two and a half days over green prairies, and through "oak openings," where shadows danc ed upon a brilliant carpet of flowers, they reached Madison June 8, 1846.

The first constitutional convention, occurring this year, not only brought most of the leading men of the State together in Madison, but made political questions the subject of everyday common conversation. Into these he threw himself with eager interest; and, though some of the progressive measures most pleasing to him led to the rejection of the constitution by the people, he lived to see most of them adopted by the State.

He had been a Henry Clay Whig, a "stump" speaker during the campaign whic h elected Harrison; and was one of the few who sustained John Tyler in his course after the death of the President brought him to the head of the administration. Perhaps it was not so much that he agreed with him in the abstract, as that he claimed for him the right to carry out the principles he had always held, and his known advocacy of which had given strength to the efforts which resulted in the triumph of the party. So few were the Tyler men, that they were known as the "corporal's guard," - a soubriquet cheerfully accepted by himself and others.

This state of things naturally drifted him with the Democrats; and he was elected state treasurer at the first State election, on the Democratic ticket, at the head of which was Gov. Dewey, and was elected to the same office, for a second term, in 1849. In 185l, and again in 1853, he was pressed by his friends for the Democratic nomination for governor, and on the second occasion lacked only two votes of the number required to confer the nomination.

He was the only State officer who kept house in Madison; and his own and his wife's unfailing hospitality made their simple, unpretending home a delightful social centre, and familiarly known to all whose business or tastes brought them to the City of the Lakes. Perhaps in this way, more than in any public positions, was their united influence exercised in the rapidly-increasing community. All his efforts went to develop the resources of his own vicinity, and to advance the interests of his neighbors. If he gained a little money, instead of seeking some safe investment, where he could profit by the industry of others, he put it into improvements of the town or State. Immediately upon his arrival in Madison, he set about getting a home for life. His first step was to buy a saw-mill in the pinery; and, running his own lumber down to Prairie du Sac, he had it hauled by teams, twenty-five miles, to Madison. Then there was no brick. The beautiful stone, now easily procured, was then inaccessible: so he started a brick-yard, and made enough bricks for all his own buildings, and to go far towards paying for the other materials used. These things being ready, the architect who was to have taken charge failed, and so he completed the job by giving his own daily personal attention to the details of the work to the end. A home gained under such difficulties, and enriched by memories of years of hospitalities, is not to be bought with mere money.

While he was a State officer, he became intimately acquainted with the whole State, through his ex-officio connection with the commissioners for the' care of school and university lands; and, though he was strongly averse to much they were obliged to do, considering it a waste or misuse of a noble endowment, yet he enjoyed giving his time and strength to the work, and was faithful and efficient in efforts to avert evils, and accomplish good.

Not much is it to tell, - the first state treasurer in a new State, the first mayor in a very small city, the builder of an unassuming home and of other modest buildings. But his 'influence was widely felt in his day; and who shall say where it will end? He could not sleep comfortably in his bed if he knew others to be homeless and suffering. He was foremost in every public work. No widow or orphan was ever turned away till his best thought and kindest aid had been given. No man, not even the worthless, ever appealed to his friendship in vain. He felt that want of success often stamped a man as worthless among his fellows; and the unfortunate were sure of his aid. At one time his banker refused to accept, his name as an endorser, giving, as a reason, that his name was on two-thirds of the paper in Dane County. Of course, he had losses; of course, he a very few times aided scamps; of course, he had no millions to divide among his children. It is not a good example to follow to that extent. And yet who would not prefer the troubles and embarrassments brought by such a life, to those attending the selfish life?

He had a powerful frame, a large, intellectual head, fine features, a fair complexion, and bright auburn curling hair. His physical strength was enormous. At one time, when a spirited horse which he was driving, frenzied by fright, had started to run, he stopped him by main strength, nearly pulling him back into the buggy. Though genial in his ways, and under habitual self-control, his passions were strong; and his keen sense of honor led him to quick resentment of any attack upon his character. The first year of his residence in Madison, he walked steadily into a printing-office, and, with his own unaided arm, broke up a newspaper form upon the press, then printing false words derogatory to him. This strength, and self-reliance in his personal appearance, made the feebleness and loss of sight of his last months peculiarly touching.

His life went out in darkness. The war came. He had foreseen it with deepest pain. He was of those who thought the election of Douglas over Lincoln would have averted it for the time, possibly would have shifted it along till different circumstances had quietly-accomplished the end, which came only through blood and anguish. But when the call for men came, and his son Lucius was one of the first five in the State to enlist to serve in any capacity required, he made no objection. It was his country; and the Union was essential to his idea of it. And when Cassius, returning from the wilds of the pinery to find the country aflame with the war-spirit, added his name to the already tremendous list, he gave no sigh. He expected, as a matter of course, if there was work to be done, all his boys would do it. And though great tears rolled down his cheeks, already thin and pallid at the rapid approach of death, those precious lives were never recalled, even to comfort his last days. The fortunes of war sent his eldest son, Cassius, back on a stretcher, with a ball in his thigh, to occupy an adjoining bed-room during his father's last days, and, with his mother and sister, to follow, on crutches, the revered form to its last resting-place. But with all the sense of personal loss, with all the frightful sense of danger to his eldest son in the Western Army, his second in the Army of the Potomac, and his third son and youngest child in the navy, now on guard below Richmond, in James River, and then participating in the siege of Charleston, his great grief, his really first thought, was for his country, - the fear that peace had fled from it for a long time, if not forever. No victories came to cheer his last days. With failing strength, and nearly extinguished tight, he went out in the darkest days of the war, just when defeat after defeat had begun to teach our armies have large a task had been undertaken. He died July 18, 1862.

Cassius Fairchild was born at Franklin Mills, now Kent, Ohio Dec. 16, 1829. He was the second son of Sally Blair and Hon. J. C. Fairchild, first treasurer of the State of Wisconsin, first mayor of the city of Madison, and a gentleman of fine ability, high character, and great prominence in the early history of the State. His mother's grandfather, Capt. George Howard, died in the service of his country just before the close of the Revolutionary War. He had been in Nova Scotia, most prosperously situated, at the Declaration of Independence, and sacrificing all his property, had hastened home to fight for his country. His mother's other grandfather, Blair, had also served with honor in the French and Indian war. The elder son died early; and the family removed to Cleveland, in 1834, where Cassius received his education, with the exception of one year spent at an academy in Twinsburg, Ohio, and a longer period, later, at the school which afterwards became Carroll College, in Waukesha, Wis. Ho learned slowly, but had an accurate and retentive memory. Fond of fun, he yet had caution and self-control; so that he never got into difficulties.
At fourteen he came to Milwaukee, with his uncle, Mr. F. J. Blair; and after his return to Cleveland, by most urgent entreaties, he obtained permission from his parents to go all the way back to Milwaukee on horseback, in company with a young man well known to them. This first taste of adventure was enjoyed by him with a keen relish, and made him feel himself a man at once.

With his uncle in Milwaukee, in school at Waukesha, in the duties and pleasures of home-life at his father's house in Madison, with an occasional business-visit to New York City, his life passed smoothly on, with no more startling incident than his repeated election as alderman (one year president of the common council), and an election, in 1859, as member of the legislature from the city of Madison.

Though previously known to most acquaintances merely as a young gentleman in society, he is said to have possessed at this time an unusual keenness and discrimination as to men, and to have so won their respect as to wield a controlling influence over many of his seniors in years and experience.

At about this time, little knowing for what they prepared themselves, some young gentlemen of the city formed a military company called the Governor's Guard. So rare was even the smallest knowledge of military tactics in the State, that nearly every member of this company took high rank, and served with distinction during the war. Among its most indefatigable members were the brothers Cassius and Lucius Fairchild.

At the breaking-out of the war, Cassius was in the wilds of the Northern Pineries, attending, with patience and tact, to a most wearing and vexatious business, in which misplaced confidence and kindness had involved his father. Immediately after his return home, he offered his services to the governor, and in October, 1801, was appointed major of the Sixteenth Wisconsin Infantry. In December following, he was promoted to the office of lieutenant-colonel. At the battle of Shiloh, a ball entered his thigh, so close to the hip-joint, that amputation was impossible, and all tampering dangerous. By the almost superhuman exertions of his father's friend, Judge Thomas Hood, who went for him, he was brought home on a stretcher, down the Tennessee and the Ohio, and up the Mississippi to Prairie du Chien. During eight months of emaciation and suffering, the ball and 6even pieces of his clothing remained in the wound, baffling the search of a score of surgeons. Through all this Buffering and anxious suspense, his cheerful courage and ever-flowing wit made his bedside a delight to his friends. The melancholy satisfaction of witnessing the last days of a revered and beloved father, and of sustaining his mother and sister through the bereavement, were secured to him by his prolonged suffering. The ball was found by Dr. Brainard, in December, and the foreign substances removed; but they had remained so long embedded in the bone that a new formation of bone had grown over them, and the consequent irritation was very slow to heal. He returned to the field and active service in May, while his wound still required dressing twice a day; and twice during the succeeding campaign he received injuries which opened his wound, and prostrated him upon a sick-bed. During the siege of Vicksburg, the lamented Gen. MePherson was his kind and constant friend; and Gens. Force, Belknap, and others of his companions, remember him with expressions of affectionate respect.

In March, 1804, he was appointed colonel. His regiment belonged to the Seventeenth Army Corps, which achieved such a noble record at Atlanta, and in Sherman's March to the Sea. He remained in the service to the close of the war, and, upon being mustered out, was brevetted brigadier general for gallantry.

In the summer of 1806, he was appointed United States marshal, and again removed to the city of Milwaukee, where he resided till he received a strain while acting as pall-bearer at the funeral of a friend, which caused the breaking-open of his wound, with fatal results. He died Oct. 24, 1808.

Gen. Fairchild left two brothers, Gen. Lucius Fairchild, then governor of the State, and Charles Fairchild of Boston, who had also served in the navy during the blockade of James River, and participated in the siege of Charleston. He also left one sister, and a widow, to whom he had been married ten days before his death. He is interred in Madison.

Lucius Fairchild
Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed Publisher (1882) transcribed by Glenda Stevens.

LUCIUS FAIRCHILD, Madison, is the son of Jairus C. Fairchild, and was born in the town of Kent, Portage county, Ohio, December 27, 1830. He received a common school education, and subsequently was admitted to the bar, but his early entrance and long continuance in public life have prevented his practicing it. He came to Wisconsin in 1846 with his parents, who settled at Madison. He was clerk of county court for Dane county in 1859 and 1860. In the spring of 1861, after the surrender of Fort Sumter, Mr. Fairchild promptly enlisted at Madison, in the Governor’s Guard, which was the first company in Wisconsin to tender its services to the government under the President’s call for three-months men, and he was elected captain.

In August, 1861, President Lincoln appointed Fairchild captain in the Sixteenth regulars; and, about the same time, he received from Governor Randall a commission as major in the Second Wisconsin regiment. Shortly after he was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the same regiment, having declined the colonelcy of another. Soon afterward he was made colonel of the Second regiment, and commanded it in the battle of South Mountain on the 14th day of September 1862.

At Gettysburg, as the iron brigade, early on the first day of the battle, engaged in the desperate conflict on Seminary Ridge, the Second Wisconsin regiment in advance lost, in less than half an hour, one hundred and sixteen men of the three hundred engaged. There Colonel Fairchild fell with his left arm shattered, and amputation near the shoulder became necessary. By the tenderest care and nursing he recovered sufficiently to return home.

While recruiting his health in Madison, the Union convention of Wisconsin in 1863 nominated him, with great unanimity, as a candidate for secretary of state. He accepted the nomination and was elected. In 1865 Mr. Fairchild was elected governor of the state, and was reelected in 1867 and 1869, and is the only person who has held that office for three terms. He was appointed consul of the United States to Liverpool in 1872; consul general at Paris in 1879, and minister to Spain in 1880, which position he resigned in 1881 in order to fulfill a wish long cherished to return home. Governor Fairchild is a very popular man both personally and politically, and has filled the many high positions to which he has been called with distinguished ability.

Source: Portrait and Biographical Album of Green Lake, Marquette and Waushara; By Acme Publishing Co., Chicago; Publ. 1889; Pgs. 156-158; Transcribed and submitted by Andrea Stawski Pack

Lucius Fairchild - 9th Governor of Wisconsin
Lucius Fairchild

The ninth Governor of Wisconsin, Gen. Fairchild, was born on Dec. 27, 1831, at Franklin Mills, now Kent, Ohio, where his father, J. C. Fairchild, of English descent and more than ordinary natural gifts, lived in his own house, owned and managed the one store of the village, and a tannery; and, being also a Justice of the Peace, was generally known as the "Squire." The mother, Sally Blair, a young woman of fine physique, of unmixed Scotch-Irish ancestry, tempered by three generations in the romantic hills of Western Massachusetts, had great executive ability, a far-reaching hospitality, and quick, keen, good sense. With a view to the better education of their children, the family removed to Cleveland, where the boys had the unique promise from their father of a gold watch each, when they should have committed to memory the dictionary!

Needless to say the watches were never received, though there is a tradition that the book was conquered as far as the D words.

Having suffered greatly from the financial crisis of 1837, the father, now known by rank in the militia as Col. Fairchild, removed with his family, in 1846, to Madison, then a small village whose singular beauty had captured him while merely passing through the Territory. In Wisconsin the education of the sons, begun in Cleveland, and aided by a year at a boarding school near that city, was supplemented by a year at Carroll College. But the impatient spirit of Lucius was not of those who take their knowledge at second hand from books. He must wring it by personal experience from the world; and so, in 1849, at seventeen years of age, he started, with a saddle horse and as many luxuries as could be crowded into a "prairie schooner," for California. This was education indee d, and he was of the few who returned after six years with a creditable "pile" of gold, and with mental, moral and physical powers unimpaired.

The firing on Ft. Sumter found the young man occupied as Clerk of the District Court of Dane County, in the performance of which duties he became sufficiently learned in the law to be admitted to the bar. His leisure was given to the enjoyment of "society," with a zest born of California deprivation; nevertheless, he responded instantly to Lincoln's call for troops, by offering his services as a private. In gratitude for the moral effect of this prompt action. Gov. Randall offered to him the Lieutenant-Colonelcy of the 1st Regiment. His knowledge of military matters being only that gained by belonging to the "Governors Guard" he felt himself insufficiently equipped for assuming a position so responsible. He was elected Captain of Company K, in the 1st Regiment, however, and from that his promotion was rapid.

His Colonel, a graduate of West Point, knew how things should be done, and took the professional view that it was a Lieutenant-Colonel's place to do them. The young officer eagerly availed himself of so exceptional an opportunity to become familiar with the best military methods, and wrote home to his mother: "The Army Regulations are my Bible and the tactics' my Prayer Book, which I study night and day." At Gainesville, Col. O'Connor was killed and Col. Fairchild assumed full command of the 2nd Wisconsin. The vicissitudes and heroic deeds of the Iron Brigade are familiar to all, and in these are included the history of Gen. Fairchild's military career. The battle of Gettysburg reduced the 2nd Regiment to a handful of men, whose field officers were all either killed or seriously wounded, and Col. Fairchild was carried home minus an arm.

Here followed a painful crisis in his life. During this period of enforced inactivity, he found that the political party, with which he had from youth been identified, was lukewarm to the cause which had become to him the dearest in the world. Convinced that while physically incapacitated to be in the field, he could fight as effectively under the same banner by throwing his influence with those who were making a civil struggle to push the war to a successful conclusion, he agreed to permit his name to go on the Union-Republican ticket for the office of Secretary of State. In order to do this he was compelled to give up his hard-earned rank in the army-Brigadier-General of Volunteers for gallantry at Gettysburg, and Captain in the 16th Regular Infantry, an honor awarded after Bull Run. This last being for life, would, in the regular order of promotion, have made him a Colonel only a few years later; yet he resigned them all, left the Democratic Party, joined the Union Republicans, and was elected Secretary of State on their ticket.

One term as Secretary of State, three terms as Governor-eight years in all-positions given each time by the spontaneous will of the people, leave his civil as unstained as his military record.

Devoted to the agricultural and educational interests of the State, eager in the promotion of the welfare of all classes, he gave unremittingly the very best of himself to his work. Of matters connected with the State University, his ex-officio position of regent gave an opportunity to speak with no uncertain sound, and this munificent provision of the General Government became thenceforward more and more an object of pride and fostering care to the State.

In January, 1872, he retired to private life, only to be called upon in October, by President Grant, to go as Consul at Liverpool. That this very responsible position was by him filled acceptably, in the universal record. Its duties are largely judicial-settling questions between captains and seamen, etc., and for this he was fortunately prepared by some previous knowledge of admiralty law.

At the end of five useful and pleasant years he prepared to return to his native land -indeed had sent his household goods before him-when, to his surprise, he received a commission as Consul General at Paris, where he again had a successful and honorable career. Once again, when he had decided to resign and return home, he was called by President Hayes to succeed James Russell Lowell, as Minister at the Spanish Court. This opened a new and delightful field of work and observation, but at the end of two more years he felt that he would no longer keep his children in exile, and peremptorily resigned.

On his return to Wisconsin, in March, 1882, he was welcomed by all parties and classes with an ovation of the most enthusiastic description. Since that date, while still in the full vigor of manhood, his life has been essentially that of a private citizen. Much of his time is given for the benefit of the disabled and poor comrades of the Union Army. In February, 1886, he was elected Commander of the Wisconsin department, and, in August of the same year, Commander in Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic. To the discharge of the duties of these offices his whole time was given during nearly two years. He is public-spirited and ready to throw himself into every effort, small or great, toward advancement; and free from the cares of public life, he finds leisure for many of the public services which belong to the private citizen. He retains his intense interest in all the political questions of the day, and in election campaigns works from Maine to Texas, at his own private expense, and with greater effect because he has no personal interest at stake.

He lives in the home built by his father forty years ago on the banks of Lake Monona, and there dispenses hospitality and makes a bright centre of cheerfulness, which spreads blessings to a wide circle. He has a charming and accomplished wife, dutiful and affectionate children, and the wisdom to know when he is happy.

Leonard James Farwell
Source: Portrait and Biographical Album of Green Lake, Marquette and Waushara; By Acme Publishing Co., Chicago; Publ. 1889; Pgs. 128-130; Transcribed and submitted by Andrea Stawski Pack

Leonard J. Farwell of Madison, Wisconsin
Leonard James Farwell

This distinguished gentleman had fewer personal and political enemies than any man who ever served as Governor of the State, and he himself died without knowing exactly why it was so, or why and how he was ever made Governor. Capt. James Farwell, of Massachusetts, married Rebecca Cady, of Vermont, and settled near Watertown, N. Y., where the first fruit of this union, Leonard J., was born on Jan. 5, 1819. In 1-824, Mrs. Farwell died, and in 1830 she was followed by her husband. Thus, at the age of eleven years, Leonard was left an orphan and poor. He attended the district school until his fourteenth year, and then entered a dry-goods store. This business not suiting his tastes, he applied himself to mastering the tinner's trade, at the same time making a careful study of book-keeping and the foundation principles of trade and commerce.

In 1838, having completed his apprenticeship, young Farwell settled at Lockport, Ill., and without other capital than energy, and the tools and knowledge of his trade, opened a small tinshop and hardware store. Although he soon built up a good business he thought he could see that Lockport was not destined to become a large city, and therefore, on his twenty-first birthday, namely, Jan. 5, 1840, sold out and removed at once to Milwaukee, where he opened a general hardware store on a large scale.

Having a perfect knowledge of the details of the business, and possessing great energy and capacity, Mr. Farwell soon made his new venture a success, and in a few years, by judicious and liberal advertising, built up the largest wholesale house in Wisconsin, and perhaps the largest in the West. In 1846 he made a tour of the West Indies and on his return, having observed that the entire country was growing steadily and rapidly, purchased about one-half of what is now the city of Madison, including the water-power at the outlet of Fourth Lake.

In September 1847, he started on an extended tour of the Old World, visiting between that date and the spring of 1849, the chief points of interest in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Great Britain, contributing regularly to the Milwaukee Sentinel incidents of travel and observations upon the countries visited.

On returning from abroad, Mr. Farwell disposed of his business in Milwaukee, and began to carry into execution his plan for making a beautiful and prosperous city of Madison, the first move being to erect a saw-mill and grist-mill, so the people might have lumber and flour without traveling great distances over unimproved roads. He straightened and deepened the channel of the Catfish River, which connects Fourth and Third lakes; drained the lowlands; laid out roads and streets far into the country; built bridges and sidewalks; planted trees along the streets of his entire purchase; erected many costly buildings and graded the thoroughfares; gave the lakes the Indian names they now bear and planted their waters with new varieties of fish (some of which are now caught by the ton); established the Madison Museum; started a woolen factory and the first machine-shop and foundry; helped to build the gas works, water cure, Capitol House-in fact, either conceived or had a strong hand in building up almost everything that made Madison what it is.

As he had, in 1851, given Madison what in these days would be called a "boom," some one, it is not possible to say who, conceived the idea of nominating Mr. Farwell for Governor on the Whig ticket.

The Whigs were in a hopeless minority, and Mr. Farwell was wholly unknown in politics; indeed, very few could say positively whether he was a Whig or Democrat. His wealth, his energy, his unbounded public-spirit, and his great personal popularity, however, carried him through the convention with a hurrah. The unanimous enthusiasm of the convention became epidemic and spread over the State like a prairie fire; party lines were broken, the Democracy was demoralized, and Mr. Farwell, though all the other Whig nominees were defeated, was elected.

Thus, at the age of thirty-two, and in ten years, he had acquired a fortune, made long journeys on both hemispheres, built a city, and became chief executive of his adopted State-an unparalleled achievement.

As Governor he tried to do for the entire State what, as a private citizen, he had been doing for Madison, promote material interests in a solid and wholesome way; and though the Legislature was politically adverse, his important recommendations were all carried into effect by that body-a separate Supreme Court, a State banking system, a geological survey, an immigration agency, and other things of that sort.

Mr. Farwell did not wish to be a nominee for Governor, or to fill the office, and the committee sent to notify him of his nomination could not at first discover his whereabouts-he was in hiding. Therefore he refused to permit the use of his name a second time, and returned to his mills, real-estate, and railroad enterprises, in January, 1854.

The financial revulsion of 1857 prostrated Mr. Farwell to such an extent that he never fully recovered. His railroad investments proved particularly disastrous, though Madison property, of which he held large amounts, also became practically worthless, and so remained for years. He then retired to a farm on Lake Mendota, just outside of Madison, where he superintended the erection of the buildings for the State Asylum for Insane, but otherwise engaged in no public enterprises.

In 1859 he was elected to the State Legislature, in the hope of bringing him again into public life. In 1863 he was made Assistant Examiner in the Patent Office, and three months later Chief Examiner of new inventions, which position he resigned in 1870, for the purpose of embarking in the patent business in Chicago.

On the night of the assassination of Lincoln, Mr. Farwell was in Ford's Theatre, and from his previous information, comprehended at once that the threatened conspiracy to kill the principal officers of the administration was being carried into effect, and hastened at all speed from the theatre to the room of Vice-President Johnson, reaching there just in time to prevent Atzerot from executing that part of the terrible plot which had been assigned to him.
For thus saving his life, Mr. Johnson tendered to Mr. Farwell any position he might desire, but the offer was declined on the ground that public offices should not be used for the payment of debts of gratitude.

The great fire in Chicago in 1872, inflicted another severe financial blow upon him, and Mr. Farwell then removed to Grant City, Mo., where he was engaged in the real estate and banking business until his death on April 11, 1889, at the age of seventy years.

Gov. Farwell was an able, honest, energetic, patriotic, and useful citizen and public official, and cannot be remembered with too much kindness and gratitude by the people of Wisconsin.

William W. Field
Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan

William W. Field was born at Lancaster, New Hampshire, October 31, 1824; his parents names were Abel W. and Sally Field. His father was a common farmer, never owning a farm but living upon rented land upward of twenty-five years; and raising a family consisting of five sons and one daughter, giving each of them a good common school education.

William W. attended the common school in his native town, finishing his school education with two terms in the Lancaster Academy. At the age of seventeen he taught school in winter for three successive years, giving the proceeds to his father, and worked on the farm the balance of the year. At the age of twenty his father gave him his time, as he did each of his brothers, saying he would give him a year's time, but money or property he could not give.

In the spring of 1845 he left home with a portion of the thirty dollars in gold in his pocket, earned in leaching a three-months school the winter previous, and went to Medford, Massachusetts; worked on a small farm there for two years, then moved to Belfast, Maine, and engaged in the marble business with William H. Lane, a former schoolmate; remained there until September 1852, when he moved to Fennimore, Grant County, Wisconsin; purchased land, moved into a log cabin, containing one room, painted it up with his own hands, plastered it with mud upon the outside, and lime mortar on the inside, and there went to keeping house and to farming. In 1865 he rented his farm and moved to Boscobel, Grant County, to enjoy better facilities for educating his children. He owned and worked a small farm near that village. In January 1873, he moved to Madison, Wisconsin, where he has since lived.

He is very liberal in his religious views, belonging to no church or sect.

He was a whig until the organization of the republican party, and has ever acted with that party.

He was a strong Union man during the war, and while he did not enlist and "step to the front," he did what he could at home to uphold the soldier in the field and suppress the rebellion. He was elected to the office of chairman of the board of supervisors, and town clerk of Fennimore several times; chairman of the county board of supervisors of Grant County in 1861; and was elected member of the legislature from Grant County in 1855, 1862, 1863, 1864 and 1865; and the last two years was speaker of the assembly. He was elected one of the presidential electors at large on the republican ticket in 1864. He was appointed member of the board of regents of the University of Wisconsin in 1871, and served on the board until the expiration of his term in 1873. He was elected a member of the executive committee of the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society in 1867; has been a member ever since, and at the meeting of the executive board in February 1873, upon the resignation of Prof. John W. Hoyt, was elected secretary of the society, to which position he has been annually elected since, and which office he now holds. In April, 1875, was elected secretary of the Wisconsin State Board of Centennial Managers.

Mr. Field was married October 31, 1850, to Mahala J. Howe, by whom he has three daughters, namely: Jennie, Ella J. and Cora L.; the eldest, Jennie, graduated in 1874 at the University of Wisconsin, and the other two are attending the same college

While Mr. Field's life has not attracted us by its brilliancy, nor astonished us by extraordinary displays of power, it has interested us in its adaptability to circumstances by which he has been surrounded, in the earnestness of its purpose to be useful to the present generation, and to leave a praiseworthy example to those which follow.

James M. Flower
The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin History and Biography, by Parker McCobb Reed (1882); Transcribed for Genealogy Trails by Tammy Clark

James M. Flower, was born in Oswego county, New York, March 10, 1835. His parents moved to Wisconsin when he was still a child, and he received his education at the Wisconsin Slate University. After graduating he entered the Albany Law School, and while there was admitted to the bar in May 1859. On his return to Madison he became a member of the firm of Abbott, Gregory, Pinney and Flower, and when that firm dissolved, of the firm of Stevens, Flower and Morris. Wishing to devote himself exclusively to one branch of the profession, he moved to Chicago in January, 1873, and entered the firm of Tenneys, Flower and Abercrombie, now Flower, Remy and Gregory, a firm universally acknowledged to be composed of the most careful and successful commercial lawyers in the West. Mr. Flower is a man eminently qualified to inspire confidence as a lawyer; having a clear, logical mind, great energy, a cool and almost unerring judgment ; and to these qualities adding a thorough knowledge of the law. His life may well serve as a stimulus to all young men striving for eminence in the profession, as to his own unaided efforts is due his success at the bar.

Fremont F. Fritz
Source: North Dakota Blue Book, 1913 Legislative Manual, Published under the direction of Thomas Hall, Secretary of State, 1913. Submitted by Linda R.

FREMONT F. FRITZ, of the thirty-fourth legislative district, was born at Madison, Wis., August 24, 1861. His father, Fredrick Fritz, was a soldier of the Civil War, and died at the early age of twenty-six years, death being due to disease contracted as a soldier. After this the mother moved to Minnesota and a few years later died. He acquired his education at Wisconsin and Northfield College, Minnesota. He came to Dakota territory in 1883. He is engaged in the real estate business and is located at Towner, of which city he has been elected mayor. He was appointed by Governor Burke as trustee of the state reform school, Mandan. He is serving his second term as representative. He is unmarried. He is a democrat.

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