Source: History of Grant County Wisconsin (1881) by the Western Historical Company; submitted by a Friend of Free Genealogy:

General History
Saving the Colors
Company C, Second Wisconsin Volunteers
The Draft
Sketches of the Regiments

General History.

Old Grant is proud of her war record, and well she may be ; but before proceeding to the stirring events of those perilous years commencing at Sumter, April, 1861, and ending at Richmond in April, 1865, it is necessary to review briefly the political history of this section for the years preceding. Originally settled by natives of the Southern and Southwestern States, Grant county followed during the period of early political warfare the logical sequence of this emigration and was politically Democratic. Free-Soilism and later Abolitionism, met with a chilling reception, those of that stripe of opinion, whatever they might think, indulging but seldom in the liberty of free speech on their new-born creed. Gradually the tide began to turn. At the Presidential election of 1852, the vote of Grant County stood Scott (Whig), 1,341; Pierce (Dem.) 1,379 ; a majority for the latter of 38 in a vote of 2,720.

Between this election and the Presidential election succeeding it, was born the Republican party. The first vote of the new party being just eighteen in the whole county. Grant County began to feel the pressure of the new dispensation. She shook off the thralldom that had bound so many millions in the dust for ages, and at the election of 1866 rolled up a majority of 1,204 for John C. Fremont, the Presidential nominee of the young party, out of a total vote of 4,404, the returns showing Fremont, 2,809 ; Buchanan, 1,419 ; Fillmore, 1,866. Still the light continued to spread. The new party repulsed, but victorious even in defeat, gathered itself for the second attack upon the rock-rooted sophism and enormities behind which the monster idol, slavery, stood entrenched. Again the battle of the ballot-box is fought and Grant County returns a majority for Lincoln, the "rail-splitter of Illinois," of 1,955, out of a total vote of 5,534. Lincoln receiving 3,579 votes ; Douglass, 1,922 ; Breckenridge, the candidate of the Southern Slaveholders, 33, and right here is found the secret, if secret it be, of that later outpouring which made " Old Grant " one vast camp.

At this time, however, the witches' kettle which was so soon to send its boiling hell-broth of treason in a blasting flood over the land was as yet only simmering. The plans of the conspirators had not been perfected to that later ripeness which came so near accomplishing the task to which traitors had set themselves, of rending the glorious old Union in sunder, wherewith they could patch up, for a time, at least, a slave empire around the Mexican Gulf, with the North as a dependent tributary. With cool calculation and a hypocritical knavery never excelled and rarely equaled, the leaders in the damnable plot laid their wires and quietly prepared for the rise of the curtain upon the first act of the terrible drama, which was to hold the boards for four long, weary years. Confident of their power, steadfast believers in the moral, physical, and intellectual supremacy of the South, the traitor council fondly expected that this, the first act, would also be the last. Blind in their self-conceit, puffed up by the power which they felt, even now, almost within their grasp, the would-be destroyers of the republic of Washington, Jefferson, Adams, and the fathers, failed signally in their estimate of the Northern people.

The proper moment having arrived, South Carolina led the way by the passage of a formal act of secession on the 20th of December, 1860, followed by the seizure of the forts, arsenals and other property of the nation within the State. This action was speedily followed by other States of the South, and the North awoke to the stern fact that Rebellion, gaunt, fierce and grim, stalked with traitorous feet through the length and breadth of the land.

Carolina's action had not gone unnoticed ; although deaf, the North was not blind, and at the session of the different Legislatures in 1861, resolutions more or less strong told the temper behind. At the session of the Wisconsin Legislature on the 9th day of January, resolutions denouncing the action of South Carolina and offering to the President " men and money " as might be required " to 'Uphold the authority,of the Federal Government," were adopted and preparations made for the struggle which the more prophetic saw standing in the pathway of the future.

On the 14th of April, 1861, was received the news of the fall of Sumter and as one man the whole North sprang to arms. The nation was in danger. The Union assailed by vandal hands, and on all sides was heard but one cry—the cry to be led against the traitor bands who had thus dared to dim the luster of our star-flecked banner.

President Lincoln issued his call for 75,000 men on Monday, April, 15, and it was followed by Gov. Randall the next day, by a proclamation to the people of Wisconsin, authorizing enlistments.

Previous to the breaking-out of the war, a military company had been in existence, of which George B. Ryland—now Senator Ryland—was Captain, his First Lieutenant being John B. Callis. Immediately upon the reception of the President's call for troops, Richard Carter, a resident of Lancaster, but at the time serving as a clerk in the Legislature, started for home bearing the notice to Capt Ryland that his company would be accepted for service. Stopping at Boscobel, Carter met Lieut. C. K. Dean, and that gentleman caused the circulation of notices of the call throughout the county, while his informant proceeded to Lancaster. Many of Capt. Ryland's company were not prepared to leave their homes and business at such short notice, and though that organization served somewhat as a nucleus around which to gather the in-coming volunteers, the companies that were afterward formed were organized upon a separate basis. The news thus reached Lancaster on the 18th of April, or two days after Gov. Randall had issued his proclamation. The whole county was at once ablaze with excitement, and by Saturday the 20th, men enough had been enrolled to form the required company. The question soon resolved itself down, not to ean (sic) we get men enough, but whether we will have a place for all the men we get.

A meeting was called at the court house at Lancaster, Saturday evening, April 20, to take action for the support and protection of the families of those who enlisted. The court house was full to overflowing. J. Allen Barber was called to the chair, and a series of spirited resolutions adopted. A committee, consisting of Ed Lowry, A. Burr and James Jones was appointed to raise money for the support of the families of the enlisted men and for other war purposes. Speeches were made by Judge J. T. Mills and D. McKee, the latter in behalf of the volunteers. A handsome rosette was then presented to the first enlisted man from Lancaster, this distinction falling upon George L. Hyde. He also, probably, has the honor of being the first enlisted man from Grant County.

It was necessary that all should report at Boscobel early Monday morning. Accordingly, volunteers from different parts of the county centered at Lancaster, meeting there at noon on Sunday, the 21st of April.

At 12 o'clock, the roll of the drum called those who had enlisted from Lancaster to " fall in," and they were then joined by the recruits from other towns, when they all marched together to the Congregational Church, where a short service was held by Rev. Mr. Eaton, after which they dispersed for dinner. The freedom of the city had been voted to the volunteers during their stay, and all joined in honoring the brave men who were about to set forth from Old Grant for the support of the nation. In the afternoon, they were taken in wagons from Lancaster to Boscobel.

At the latter place, on Monday morning, April 22, one week from the time of President Lincoln's proclamation, the first company of Grant County volunteers was organized at 9 o'clock in the forenoon, by the election of the following officers : Captain, David McKee ; First Lieutenant, 0. K. Dean: Ensign, William Booth. At 12 o'clock, the Governor telegraphed Capt. McKee that his company was accepted, and must be ready to start at a moment's notice, to which the latter replied, " Old Grant is ready."

By 5 o'clock of the same afternoon, enough names had been enrolled to form another company, and notice of this fact was at once telegraphed to Gov. Randall. His Excellency replied that the company would be officially received when properly organized by the election of officers, although Grant was really entitled to but one company under the ratio. "But," added the Governor, " as Old Grant seldom asks for favors, and never asks for anything but what is right, she is entitled to double glory and honors; let the second company be ready." And at 9 o'clock Tuesday morning, the second company of Grant County volunteers was organized. The officers chosen were : Captain, G. W. Limbocker ; First Lieutenant, William Britton ; Ensign, J. Bently.

Monday morning, May 5, Capt. McKee's company left Boscobel for Madison, where they were afterward assigned to the Second Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. The first call had been for three months, but the strength of the rebellion was already beginning to be felt, and the members of the .Second were informed that they were to be now mustered in for three years. One hour was given the companies to decide, all those not willing to enlist for this period were allowed to go. One entire company of the Second melted away under this refining process. The '' Grant County Grays " lost thirteen men, standing second best out of all the companies composing the regiment, and was the first company mustered in, taking regimental position as Company C, and the color company of the regiment. As this was the pioneer company from the county, its experiences are here briefly noted.

On the 20th of June, the regiment left for Washington, and was the first body of three years' men to arrive at Washington. At Harrisburg, the regiment received its arms. Of the march through Baltimore, at that time apparently a solid den of secession sympathizers, the following account is given by a correspondent of the Grant County Herald: " We arrived at Baltimore about 11 o'clock at night, and after forming in line marched through the city in columns of sections for one and a half miles, the sidewalks being lined with people, including many of the most respectably dressed and behaved ladies. Before leaving Harrisburg, our guns had been loaded with ball and buck-shot, and at the Maryland line were capped and half-cocked, ready for instant use. The plug-uglies were all on hand, watching for a chance to wreak their vengeance upon us. We were continually insulted and tantalized by them during the entire march. They cheered for Jeff Davis and his brother gallows-birds, fired two pistol shots at or near us to provoke a collision, but we marched straight on, not a word being said save the words of command. They finally left us near the Washington depot, evidently not liking our firmness and determined aspect. I hear, through Lieut. Gov. Noble, that the general opinion among them was expressed by a secessionist there something like this : ' We could have whipped out any regiment that has gone through here except the Wisconsin Second, etc. We were all anxious and ready to pitch into them. "The fall of one man would have been sufficient, orders or no orders.''

On the 2d of July, the regiment was ordered to Fort Corcoran, on the Fairfax road, where they were brigaded with three New York regiments, under Col. (now Gen.) Sherman, and on the 16th, when the movement on Manassas was made, were attached to Gen. Tyler's division, by whom the enemy was engaged at Blackburn's Ford on Bull Run. Returning to camp, the regiment lay in bivouac until the night of the 20th, when they were ordered to prepare two days' rations and march in the morning. The battle of Bull Run, which resulted so disastrously to the Federal forces, had been in progress but a short time when Sherman's brigade came upon the field. The regiment was soon ordered to storm a battery which the rebels had protected by a strong force of infantry. Of this attack the following description is given : " The regiment advanced so near the battery that they were not affected by the artillery, and commenced pouring in a murderous fire. The enemy displayed a Union flag, and the cry was raise that they were firing on their friends. This mistake was corrected by their officers, when they again began their deadly work. The position occupied by the enemy was alive with men, and a stream of fire poured from the whole line. The boys of the Second Wisconsin stood this fire for some minutes, returning it steadily and with terrible effect, when they fell back a short distance, firing as they went. Rallying again, they rushed back and poured three or four rounds into their opponents. About this time, the regiments in the rear fired a volley into the Second which occasioned its retreat to the road." The Second here became mixed up with other regiments. An attempt was made to rally them, which was partially successful, but the rout then commenced, sweeping the Second away in its hideous flood.


During the panic that ensued throughout the army, the regiment became detached into scattered groups. Just here one of the members of Company C—George L. Hyde—was wounded in the mouth by a ball which passed through the neck. Lieut. Dean and Orderly Gibson assisted him to a place of comparative safety. James Gow, Color Sergeant of the company, hearing of his friend's condition, and being an exceptionally powerful man, went to his assistance, leaving the colors in charge of George Stephenson, a member of Company C, from Beetown, who found it difficult to keep up with the rest and retain the flag. He was charged by some cavalry, but managed to put a fence between him and them. Seeing his danger and the impending disgrace from the loss of the colors, Richard Carter, one of the musicians, and his brother, George B. Carter, threw away their instruments, secured a rifle each and a few cartridges, and "rallied 'round the flag." After four or five attempts to increase their number in the presence of the enemy, a dozen or more of their comrades came to their assistance, and together they beat the cavalry back and secured their flag, and marched on to the vicinity of Centerville, where they found Capt. McKee and also Capts. Strong and Stevens, with a few men. This increased their force to about sixty, and, with colors flying, they marched from Centerville in good order, and were molested no more until they reached Arlington Heights. Stephenson's after career is thus mentioned in " Quiner's Military History:" "Private Robert Stephenson, of Company C, Second Wisconsin, who carried off the regimental flag on the first Bull Run battle-field, and bore it on the 29th and 30th of August, 1862, on the same bloody field, sprang from his bed in the field hospital at Antietam when he heard the skirmishing on the morning of the 17th, and pushed on alone to find his regiment. It was under fire. He reported himself to his Captain, saying, ' Captain, I am with you to the last,' and took the colors, which he held until he was shot down with seven bullets. Corporal Holloway was mortally wounded at the same time. When discovered after the battle, their bodies were found with their heads resting on their knapsacks."

On the 23d, two days after the battle of Bull Run, the regiment went into camp near Fort Corcoran, where they remained until August 27, when they were transferred from Gen. Sherman's command to that of Brig. Gen. Rufus King, which afterward consisted of the Second, Sixth and Seventh Wisconsin and Nineteenth Indiana Regiments, and was known as the " Iron Brigade." Thus organized, they crossed the Potomac on the 5th of September, and, after assisting in the construction of Fort Marcy, re-crossed the river, and, October 5, went into winter quarters at Fort Tillinghast, on Arlington Heights, Va. Here they remained until March 10, 1862, when they took part in the battle of Manassas. Nothing of great importance occurred until the forenoon of the 28th of August. They were marching on the Warrenton Turnpike, near Gainesville, on this morning, when they met the enemy and fought the battle of Gainesville. Of this battle, where the brigade earned the title of "Iron Brigade of the West," we take the following from the author quoted heretofore : " This was one of the bloodiest battles of the war, and was fought by the 'Iron Brigade' alone, only receiving aid when the heaviest fighting was over. While marching toward Centerville, a battery of the enemy opened on the brigade, when the Second Regiment was ordered to face to the left and march obliquely to the rear and take the enemy in the flank. As they rose on an intervening hill, a severe fire was opened upon them on the right flank by the rebel infantry. The left wing was advanced to bring the regiment facing the enemy, when the fire was returned, and, for fifteen minutes, a tremendous storm of shot was kept up by the contending forces, a brigade of the enemy being engaged by the Second Wisconsin. The Second held its ground, when the Nineteenth Indiana came up on its left. The enemy were re-enforced, and the Sixth and Seventh Wisconsin went into line, and the whole brigade continued the fight until darkness put an end to the contest." Among the rebel forces engaged was the famous 'Stonewall Brigade,' which had never before had to fall back. The casualties were frightful. Company C suffered severely. The field officers of the Seventh were all wounded, and the command of the regiment devolved upon Capt. Callis. The brigade remained on the field removing the wounded until about midnight, when they were ordered to retreat to Manassas Junction." Full many a quiet Wisconsin homestead will have cause ever to remember the battle of Gainesville.

On the 29th, the regiment was engaged on the battle-field of Bull Run as support to a battery, the Second and Seventh Regiments being temporarily consolidated. On the retreat of the army after the battle of the 30th, the " Iron Brigade " acted as rear guard, covering the retreat, the Second being the last regiment to cross the Stone Bridge. Retiring with the rest of the army, the Second went into camp at Upton's Hill, near Washington, on the 2d of September.

The Second Regiment also participated in the movements of the army under the command of Gen. McClellan, and on the 14th of September, with the remainder of the brigade, was assigned the duty of storming Turner's Pass, of South Mountain, where the enemy was strongly posted in a gorge. They were routed and driven from the pass with heavy loss. At the battle of Antietam, which occurred three days later, the Second went into the fight with 150 men and lost 91. This battle was always considered as one of the bloodiest of the war, and for the bravery and endurance shown by the " Iron Brigade" that day, Gen. McClellan pronounced them equal to the best troops in the world. The regiment, with the brigade to which it was attached, participated in the battle of Fredericksburg, but, aside from a little skirmishing, did not become engaged with the enemy. During the winter, the Second was engaged in several profitable expeditions in Virginia, under Col. Fairchild. July 1, 1863, after marching 160 miles through Virginia and Maryland, they found themselves near Gettysburg.

The Second, having that day the head of the column, were the first to meet the enemy..Orders were received to support Buford's cavalry. Coming to the brow of a hill, behind which a strong body of the enemy were posted, the Second received a volley that cut down thirty per cent of their numbers. But, nothing daunted, they dashed upon the enemy's center, and crushed It, checking the rebel advance. At the end of this day's fight but two officers and two men were all that were left unharmed in Company C. At this date the loss of the Second Regiment in killed, wounded and missing amounted to 652. The next year the " Iron Brigade " participated in the battles of the Wilderness and Spottsylvania Court House, after which the Second Regiment, having been reduced to less than 100 men, was detailed as provost guard to the Fourth Division, Fifth Army Corps. The battle-scarred members of the regiment followed the destinies of that division in the great movement to the left, arriving June 6, at Bottom's Bridge, on the Chickahominy, where they remained until the expiration of their term of service. Those absent on detached service were recalled, and June 11, 1864, the regiment took its departure for home, arriving in Madison on the 18th. There they were received by the citizens, and a splendid collation served in the park. The last company was mustered out on the 2d of July, 1864.

Below is given the complete record of Company C, the pioneer company from Grant County, from the date of their enlistment until discharged, June 1864.


Commissioned Officers.—David McKee, Captain, discharged March 28, 1862, for the purpose of accepting a commission as Lieutenant Colonel of Fifteenth Wisconsin Volunteers ; killed at Murfreesboro.

C. K. Dean, First Lieutenant, appointed Adjutant of Second Wisconsin Volunteers, June 15, 1861.

William Booth, Second Lieutenant, promoted to First Lieutenant, Company C, Second Wisconsin Volunteers, February 28, 1862 ; resigned January, 1863.

Sergeants.—First, Richard E. Carter, transferred to regimental band June 18, 1861.

Second, George W. Gibson, appointed First Sergeant June 18, 1861 ; promoted to Second Lieutenant, February 28, 1862, vice Booth, promoted to Captain, March 28, 1862 ; wounded.

Third, Frank Neavill, appointed First Sergeant February 28, 1862, vice Gibson, promoted ; killed at the battle of Gainesville August 28, 1862.

Fourth, Levi Showalter, appointed First Sergeant August 28, 1862, vice Neavill, killed promoted to Second Lieutenant January 3, 1863 ; wounded.

Fifth, Asa B. Griswold, appointed Sergeant Major August 18, 1861 ; died in hospital October 1*1, 1861.


First, Thomas Barnett, Sergeant, June 18, 1861, vice Carter, transferred discharged September 22, 1862 ; received appointment as Second Lieutenant, in Company C,

Twenty-fifth Wisconsin Volunteers.

Second, Sam'l Booth, appointed Sergeant March 28, 1862, vice Kellogg, promoted; wounded.

Third, Henry R. Neavill ; killed at battle of Antietam September 17, 1862.

Fourth, George Holloway ; killed at battle of Antietam September 17, 1862.

Fifth, George L. Hyde, discharged October 13, 1861 ; reason, gunshot wound.

Sixth, Alpheus Currant, reduced to the ranks at his own request March, 1862; re-enlisted as a veteran volunteer.

Seventh, Belknap Fuqua ; died in prison at Richmond of wounds received at Bull Run July 21, 1861.

Eighth, Spencer M. Train, appointed Sergeant October 9, .1862, vice Liscum, promoted died August 25, 1863, of wounds received at Gettysburg July 1, 1863.


Richard Armstrong ; Martin J. Barnhisal, died October 8, 1862, of wounds received at Gainesville August 28, 1862 ; Joseph Brown, killed in the battle of Gainesville August 28, 1862 ; John L. Bower, lost arm in the battle of Gainesville August 28, 1862, discharged October 3, 1862 ; John H. Durgess, died in the hospital at Alexandria, Va., July 22, 1862 George Beasley, killed in the battle of Antietam September 17, 1862; Calvin M. Brooks, wounded; Joseph Bock, discharged May 28, 1863 ; reason, gunshot wound; Matthias Baker, wounded; William E. Bouldin, wounded; Louis Budler, discharged December 3, 1862; reason, gunshot wound received at Gainesville August 28, 1862; D. L. Barton, killed at battle of Gettysburg July 1, 1863; James H. Branham, lost arm at the battle of Gainesville August 28, 1862 ; discharged December 30, 1862 ; George Booth, discharged January 17, 1863 Jonathan Booth, discharged May 29, 1862, disability; Frederick Burmaster, discharged January 3, 1863 ; reason, gunshot wound received at the battle of Gainesville August 28, 1862 Thomas S. Brookins, transposed to the Veteran Reserved Corps March 22, 1864; Thomas D. Cox, killed at the battle of Bull Run July 21, 1861; George B. Carter, transferred to the regimental band June 18, 1861 ; Andrew J. Curtis, discharged January 16, 1863 ; reason, gunshot wound received at the battle of Gainesville August 28, 1862 ; William S. Crosley, promoted to Corporal September 18, 1862, appointed Sergeant July 1, 1863, transferred to the Invalid Corps December 12, 1863, died December 16, 1863; Michael Cook, promoted to CorporalJune, 1862, died September 16, 1862, of wounds received at battle of Gainesville August 28, 1862 James F. Chase, wounded ; George Coullard ; William Y. Cunningham, appointed Corporal September, 1862, taken prisoner at Gettysburg July 1, 1863 ; reported dead ; John Coonce, transferred to the Invalid Corps July 1, 1863 ; wounded; John Cahill, discharged January 17, 1863, reason, gunshot wound received at Gainesville August 28, 1862 ; Theodore B. Day, transferred to the Invalid Corps for reason of a gunshot wound received at the battle of Gainesville August 28, 1862; John Doyle, re-enlisted as a veteran volunteer February 22, 1864; William R. Doty, deserted while in action, July 21, 1861; Jefferson C. Dillon, promoted to Corporal August, 1863 ; appointed Sergeant December 31, 1863 ; wounded ; Daniel Eldred, re-enlisted as a veteran volunteer February 22, 1864 ; Henry Evan ; George W. Fritz, promoted to Corporal September 17, 1862; appointed Sergeant July 1, 1863 ; supposed to have been killed at the battle of the Wilderness Ridge May 5, 1864 ; John Fry ; William M. Foster, discharged October 25, 1862 ; reason, gunshot wound received at Gainesville August 28, 1862 ; William Frawley, wounded ; William J. Gleason ; Casper Gadient ; James Gow, appointed Color Sergeant August, 1861 ; appointed First Sergeant June 3, 1863 ; killed at the battle of Gettysburg July 1, 1863; Richard Graves, wounded; Charles A. Garvin, wounded; transferred to the Invalid Corps ; David Gudger, promoted to Corporal January, 1863 ; killed at the battle of Gettysburg July 1, 1863 ; George B. Hyde, promoted to Corporal June, 1862 ; died September 10, 1862, of wounds received at Gainesville August 28, 1862 ; Charles Hilgers, transferred to the Invalid Corps February 15, 1864 ; reason, gunshot wound received at the battle of Gettysburg July 1, 1863 ; Benjamin F. Hyde, transferred to the Invalid Corps November 28, 1863 ; James Hughes, promoted to Corporal May, 1862 ; discharged January 23, 1863 ; reason, gunshot wound received at battle of Gainesville August 28, 1862 ; George T. Jones, discharged August 26, 1861, for disability ; Edward P. Kellogg, appointed Sergeant February 28, 1862, vice Gibson promoted ; appointed Second Lieutenant March 28, 1862, vice Gibson promoted ; died September 9, 1862 of wounds received at the battle of Gainesville, August 28, 1862 ; Valorous F. Kinney, discharged August 24, 1863;' reason, gunshot wound received at Gettysburg July 1, 1863; Otto Ludwig, killed at the battle of Gettysburg July 1, 1863 ; -Frank H. Liscum, appointed Corporal June 28, 1861; appointed Sergeant October 9, 1862; Second Lieutenant October 21, 1862, vice Kellogg, deceased; appointed First Lieutenant January 3, 1863, vice Booth discharged; wounded; Louis Fafont, died June 9, 1863, by broken neck; R. H. McKinsie, killed at the battle of Antietam September 7, 1862 ; John W. Miles, re-enlisted as veteran volunteer March 10, 1864; Charles Manning, transferred to the Invalid Corps, July 1, 1863 ; reason, gunshot wound; Henry Miller, discharged November, 21, 1861, for disability; E. K. McCord, discharged October 15, 1861, for disability ; Spencer Mead, discharged November 24, 1862 ; reason, gunshot wound received at Gainesville August 28, 1862 ; George W. Nevans, discharged March 21, 1863 ; reason, wound received at the battle of Gainesville August 28, 1862 ; Henry W. Northup, wounded ; Frank Nichols ; James H. Neavill ; F. Pittygrove, wounded ; Robert S. Pittinger, killed at the battle of Gainesville, August 28, 1862 ; "Samuel Peyton, discharged May 6, 1863; reason, wounds received at the battle of Gainesville, August 28, 1862; Alson Parody, discharged Feb. 11, 1864; reason, wounds received at Gettysburg July 1, 1863; Fritz Reckler, wounded ; William B. Reed, discharged January, 1863, for reason of wounds received at the battle of Gainesville August 28, 1862 ; John W. Raines, discharged November 30, 1862, for reason of wounds received at the battle of Gainesville August 28, 1862 ; Henry Rhode, re enlisted as veteran volunteer ; R. J. Simpson, killed at the battle of Antietam September 17, 1863 George A. Stephenson; David Strong, discharged March, 1862, on account of disability ; J. H. Stubbs, appointed Corporal July 1, 1863 ; Joseph Schilling, wounded ; John Schmidt, killed at the battle of Gainesville August 28, 1862 ; R. S. Stevenson, killed at the battle of Antietam September 17, 1862 ; Samuel Sprague, appointed Corporal July 1, 1863 ; wounded ; W. H. Snodgrass, appointed Corporal November, 1863 ; wounded ; John St. John, died October 8, 1862, of wounds received at the battle of Gainesville August 28, 1862; Albert W. Speas, died m hospital April 23, 1862, of small-pox ; Newton Wilcox, killed at the battle of Gainesville August 28,1862; George M. Wilson, appointed Corporal September 17, 1862 ; discharged January 6, 1863, on account of wound received at the battle of Antietam September 17, 1862 ; Philo B. Wright, appointed Corporal January, 1863 ; appointed Color Sergeant June 28, 1863 ; appointed First Sergeant, vice Gow, killed July 1, 1863 ; discharged May 25, 1864; Orlando Waldorf, appointed Corporal January, 1863, and Sergeant July 1; 1863; wounded; Welland Weibel died in prison at Richmond, Va., of wounds received at the battle of Bull Run July 21, lool; Francis M. Waldorf, died December 13, 1862, of typhoid fever; Albert Waldorf, died November 26, 1862, of wounds received at the battle of Gainesville August 28, 1862 ; Oscar Wilcox, discharged November 15, 1863, for disability.


William A. Ewing, killed at the battle of Gettysburg July 1, 1863 ; A. H. Barber, wounded at the battle of Antietam ; discharged May 15, 1863 ; John Bower, discharged December 12, 1862, for disability ; C. L. Black, discharged May 30, 1862, for disability E. K. Housley, died May 16, 1862, of typhoid fever ; James W. Hyde, died of wounds received at Spottsylvania Court House.

In the meantime. Grant County, with an ardor hardly equaled and never surpassed in any section of the State, was preparing her bravest and best and sending them forth to battle, by hundreds and thousands.

On the day of the departure of Capt. McKee's company for Madison, the second company (Capt. Limbocker's) was presented with an elegant flag by the ladies of Platteville. This company soon after left for Fond du Lac, where it was mustered into the Third Regiment Wisconsin Volunteers.

Still they came, and the war fever raged with unabated violence throughout the county. Every hamlet had it, every family. The only question was. How soon can we go ? Then came the President's call for more troops, and company after company was organized in such rapid succession that the historian of these late days finds it difficult to keep up with the swift march of events at this period. The "Union Guards," which had been organized at Lancaster immediately after the departure of Capt. McKee's company, organized for active service and elected the following officers : Captain, J. B. Callis ; First Lieutenant, S. Woodhouse ; Second Lieutenant, H. F. Young. At Platteville another company had been organized under command of Capt. Nasmith ; still another had been organized at Fennimore by a combination of parts of Wingville and Fennimore companies, and Capt. Mark Finnicum elected Captain. These three companies left for Madison in August and were mustered into the Seventh Regiment Wisconsin Volunteers. Rev. Capt. Palmer's company, from Lancaster, and a second organized at Platteville, with Capt. C. F. Overton in command, were ordered to Milwaukee and assigned to the Tenth Regiment Wisconsin Volunteers, and went into camp at Camp Holton. The Sixth Regiment contained also a goodly number of Grant County men. So grand had been the patriotic outpouring from this county, that, by the latter part of September, 1861, "Old Grant" had furnished over one thousand men to help save the Union.

July 1, 1862, another call for 300,000 troops was issued by the President. Nobly did the county respond to this call, notwithstanding that recruits had been going forward in almost a steady stream to fill up the depleted ranks of the old regiments, and that 1,447 men had already been sent out, or nearly a twentieth part of the entire population of the county. No sooner was it known that the country was in need of more defenders than every nerve was strained to fill the quota under the new call.

On the night of August 9, a monster mass meeting was held at Lancaster, which was participated in by a number of the surrounding towns. Senator Virgin was chosen Chairman and the usual resolutions passed, among others one requesting the Supervisors of the county to raise by tax the sum of $5,000, to be used in rendering assistance to the families of enlisted men. The members of the County Board being present, assembled after the meeting, and passed the following resolution

Resolved, That this Board of Supervisors will order levied at their November session this year, special county tax, not to exceed one and a quarter mills on the dollar of taxable property of the county, amounting to about $5,000. Said sum so raised shall be applied to assist in the support of the families of men who have volunteered, or may hereafter volunteer, leaving no male member of their family at home over the age of eighteen, to take care of such families of volunteers, and such families being in absolute need of assistance ; also, to assist such families as have been deprived of their head (husband or father) by the accidents of war, leaving no one on whom the family can rely for support ; and in no case can such relief exceed the sum of $5 per month pay to any family-

Eight companies were soon reported full or nearly so, namely : McDermott's, Farquharson's, Scott's, Swan's, Nash's, Harlocker's, Earnhardt's and Frank's. It was proposed to organize a Grant County regiment, but owing to the shortness of the time, this project was not carried out. Of the above companies, McDermott's was mustered into the Twentieth Regiment, at Madison, forming Company C of that organization, Harlocker's making Company I of the same ;' Farquharson's, Scott's, Swann's and Nash's into the Twenty-fifth, making Companies C, E H and I respectively, while the remaining companies—Earnhardt's and Frank's, with another company formed under Capt. Burdick—were mustered into the Thirty-third Regiment, forming Companies D, B and G. These full companies, together with other enlistments, brought the number of volunteers sent from Grant County up to over twenty-two hundred, or about one fifteenth of its entire population.

Hon. J. L. Pickard, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, at the commencement of recruiting under this call, had authorized Lieut. Col. Nasmith, of the Twenty-fifth Regiment, to draw on him for $100, to be used for the benefit of the sick and wounded of the first company raised in Grant County for that regiment. Capt. Swan's "Potosi Badgers" carried off the prize, being just four hours ahead of a company organized at Platteville under the efforts of Messrs. Scott and Smelker.

In addition to the above-mentioned companies, a cavalry company had been organized by Capt. R. R. Wood, at Patch Grove, in the latter part of 1861, which company was ordered into camp at Milwaukee, where it was mustered into the Second Regiment Wisconsin Cavalry, forming Company A of the regiment.

Still the call came for more troops, draining the country of its bone and sinew. During the dark days of 1863-64, Grant County continued to send squad after squad of recruits to fill up the ranks of the depleted regiments at the front.

Nor were the boys at the front neglected. Soldiers' Aid Societies were organized in every city, village and township, the ladies, God bless them, vieing with each other in their efforts to alleviate, in such a manner as possible, the trials and privations of the county's representatives down in Dixie. Many a soldier boy's heart has jumped with joy, as boxes laden with warm clothing, pocket comforts, or delicacies to which he had long been a stranger, came fresh from the far-off Northern home, accompanied by the kind wishes and sweet sympathy of the loving hearts waiting and watching "for the return of peace." The story of women in the war can never be told, for every one of the gentler sex who, through active, untiring exertions in behalf of the brave soldier boys, has had her name high blazoned on the tablets of fame; there are hundreds, thousands of earnest workers, whose exertions were just as untiring, whose work was pursued with the same patriotic energy, yet whose deeds remain untold, and their lives unsung, and remembered only by the weary hearts whose sufferings were relieved, and their arm made stronger to strike for the Union, by the humble efforts of these unknown Sisters of Charity, whose church was their country, and whose charge included in its far-sweeping confines, every defender of the assailed Union. Again, rises the cry, echoed in every soldier's heart, "God bless the women of the war."

Upon the organization of the Forty-first Regiment—one hundred day men—in 1864, Grant was represented by one company, under the command of Capt. P. J. Schlosser.

This was followed soon after by two more companies, the first under the command of Capt. Likens, being mustered in as Company H, of the Forty-third; the second, Capt. C. H. Baxter, was assigned to the Forty-seventh, making Company K, of that regiment.

Thus nobly did Old Grant respond to the repeated calls for National defenders. Never looking back or counting the consequences, until the once populous county began to show serious evidences of this steady drain. A single evidence of this unhesitating outpouring, is taken from the Herald of September 6, 1864, which, speaking of the town of Paris, says: "This town polled one hundred and one votes in 1860, and spared eighty-seven volunteers previous to the 500,000 call. Under the last call, upon which the draft is pending, seventeen more have volunteered for other towns, making one hundred and four in all. There are left in the town three single men and twenty-nine married men; all between the ages of twenty and forty-five. of those left, at least seven are unfit for duty, leaving but twenty-five able-bodied men in the town. The draft quota of that town is seven or eight, or about one-third of what is left."

As it was with Paris, so it was in every section of the county. The country is in danger was the rallying cry, and never was it raised in vain. To-day Grant County has the proud honor of heading the list of counties of this State in the furnishing of men for the suppression of the rebellion.


Following upon the heels of the President's second call for 300,000 men, in 1862, came another call for 300,000 drafted militia from those districts which could not at once raise volunteers enough to fill their quota under both calls. The time allowed for enlistments was so short that the last call was virtually an order for a draft forthwith. The State was divided into districts coinciding with the Congressional Districts, with a Commissioner and Surgeon for each district. The Commissioner for the Third, in which was included Grant County, was Stephen 0. Paine, of Platteville, the examining Surgeon being Dr. J. W. Hyde, of Lancaster. The enrollment of those liable to draft in the different counties was placed in the hands of the Sheriff of each county ; this enrollment was to be finished by the 1st of September. The quota of Grant County up to and under these calls was 1714, or 505 above the number enlisted. Spurred by the necessity of avoiding, if possible, compulsory service, the county responded, by raising volunteers to the number of 500, over and above the quota called for, and thus put all danger of this and supposedly a future draft out of the question. Speaking of this wonderful success in securing enlistments, the Herald of August 28, 1862, says: "We have already furnished in Grant County about 500 men above our full quota, and so gone beyond the possibility of draft for the future. Grant County is, therefore, a safe place of refuge for those who fear a draft, just as safe as Canada, although we do not wish this statement to be taken as an invitation for all sneaks to make this county their asylum, we need hundreds of laborers here; our lead mines are nearly deserted ; labor must be very dear, and the profits of capital and labor heavy for some months,"

On the 3d of March, 1863, Congress passed the act, afterward known as the " Conscription Act," providing for the enrollment and drafting of all able-bodied males between the ages of twenty and forty-five. The States were divided into districts, over each of which was placed a Provost Marshal. Grant County, under this arrangement, came within the limits of the Third District of Wisconsin. The Marshal of this district was Captain, afterward Col. J. L. Clark, of Lancaster, whose headquarters were at Prairie du Chien.

October 17, 1863, came a call for 800,000, but neither under this nor subsequent calls did the draft bear down with any degree of severity upon the county generally, although a few towns which failed to avail themselves of the opportunity offered to obtain men to fill their quota, by paying local bounties, had to feel the sting of the dreaded draft within their borders. The status of each town in the county in January, 1865, under the calls of February 1, March 14, June 15 and December 19, 1864, was as follows

Quota -- Credit -- Excess

Beetown 87 87

Blue River 19 19

Boscobel 70 80 10

Cassville 74 74

Clifton 61 62 1

Ellenboro 34 27 *7

Fennimore 96 100 4

Glen Haven 67 69 2

Harrison 34 44 *1

Hazel Green 160 170 10

Hickory Grove 37 39 2

Jamestown 87 88 1

Lancaster 120 130 10

Liberty 40 41 1

Lima 58 57 1

Little Grant 36 36

Marion 27 29 2

Millville 49 47 *2

Muscoda 37 38 1

Paris 32 33 1

Patch Grove 52 59 7

Platteville 202 207 5

Potosi 166 162 *4

Smelser 90 96 6

Tafton 61 69 8

Waterloo 37 37

Waterstown 19 17 *2

Wingville 44 47 3

Wyalusing 39 42 2

County at large 2


1946 - 2007 *

*preceding figures in this column indicate deficiencies.

Previous to these calls, the county had furnished nearly 2,000 men to stem the tide of rebellious treason, thus making her offering, up to the 1st of January, 1865, some 4,000, and of this great number but an infinitesimal portion were conscripts, the remainder being volunteers who had left the plow, the forge, the mine, the store, in response to the call of their threatened country. Yet the Herald, in its issue of February 21, 1865, says: ''About 510 volunteers will be raised in Grant County pending this draft. The average local bounty paid to each is about $300." It will thus be seen that "Old Grant" furnished to save the Union over 4,500 men, or about three-fifths of the male population of the county at that time, not allowing for those whose disabilities would exempt them from service. A prouder record can no county show. The muster-out rolls of Grant County Volunteers were obtained from Madison, and by order of the Board of Supervisors passed at the December session, 1866, they were ordered framed and hung in the court house of the county, there to serve as a reminder of the valor of "Old Grant."

Grant County paid out for war purposes, $336,062.46. This large sum does not include sums paid out by private subscription.


Third Regiment.—The Third Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry was organized at Camp Hamilton, Fond du Lac, in June, 1861, and was mustered into the United States service on the 29th of the same month. In this regiment was Capt. Limbocker's company. Company F, the second company organized in Grant County. It was officered as follows : Captain, G. W. Limbocker ; First Lieutenant, E. J. Bentley, Lieut. Britton having resigned soon after the organization of the company; Second Lieutenant, E. J. Meeker. On the 12th of July, 1861, the regiment left the State for Maryland. Here they remained until the following spring, with no incidents of note happening aside from the capture of the " bogus " Legislature, in September, as it was about to convene for the purpose of passing an ordinance of secession.

In the spring, the regiment was attached to the Second Brigade of Williams' division of Gen. Bank's army corps, and joined in the march up the Shenandoah Valley. In the retreat that followed soon after, the Third brought up the rear as the column passed the Potomac. The Third took a prominent part in the battle of Cedar Mountain and suffered severely. Company F lost here, killed or died of wounds—Privates, Baton W. Butler, Andrew Craig and Frank Darling; wounded—Corporals, A. A. Budd and Clay A. Fisher; Privates, James Holmes, S. H. Marvin, James Kelly, George Kalb, John W. Wian, Jonas Classor, Nelson Powell and D. P. David.

In the organization of the army by Gen. McClellan, Gen. Banks' troops were transferred to the Twelfth Corps. The Third, as a component part of Gordon's brigade, took part in the battle of Antietam that followed soon after. Here the regiment marched through a bit of woods, and forming in line of battle, advanced to the attack. Coming up a rise of ground, they were met with a terrible fire of grape and canister that mowed ghastly swaths in their ranks. The regiment, however, stood its ground, and poured in its fire with deadly effect until the enemy retired. The Third commenced the action with 345 men ; when it ceased firing it numbered framed and hung in the court house of the county, there to serve as a reminder of the valor of "Old Grant."

Grant County paid out for war purposes, $336,062.46. This large sum does not include sums paid out by private subscription.

Third Regiment.—The Third Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry was organized at Camp Hamilton, Fond du Lac, in June, 1861, and was mustered into the United States service on the 29th of the same month. In this regiment was Capt. Limbocker's company. Company F, the second company organized in Grant County. It was officered as follows : Captain, G. W. Limbocker ; First Lieutenant, E. J. Bentley, Lieut. Britton having resigned soon after the organization of the company; Second Lieutenant, E. J. Meeker. On the 12th of July, 1861, the regiment left the State for Maryland. Here they remained until the following spring, with no incidents of note happening aside from the capture of the " bogus " Legislature, in September, as it was about to convene for the purpose of passing an ordinance of secession.

In the spring, the regiment was attached to the Second Brigade of Williams' division of Gen. Bank's army corps, and joined in the march up the Shenandoah Valley. In the retreat that followed soon after, the Third brought up the rear as the column passed the Potomac. The Third took a prominent part in the battle of Cedar Mountain and suffered severely. Company F lost here, killed or died of wounds—Privates, Baton W. Butler, Andrew Craig and Frank Darling; wounded—Corporals, A. A. Budd and Clay A. Fisher; Privates, James Holmes, S. H. Marvin, James Kelly, George Kalb, John W. Wian, Jonas Classor, Nelson Powell and D. P. David.

In the organization of the army by Gen. McClellan, Gen. Banks' troops were transferred to less than 50. The losses of Company F in this engagement were : Killed or died of wounds-Privates, Thomas J. Duncan and John Olson. Wounded—Sergeants, S. Bartholomew and W. A. Beebe ; Corporals, F. W. Basford, A. Spooner and F. M. Castley ; Privates, J. G. Harsberger, John Kalb, James Murphy, Richard Nolten, George Hall, A. George, R. Fulton, Leon Beauprey and William Holmes.

After Antietam, the regiment was engaged in various duties on the Upper Potomac, until in December it joined the army at Falmouth. In the April following, the Third took part in the operations of Gen. Hooker at Chancellorsville. On the 1st of May, while on picket, the regiment was attacked by the enemy in force, when it took position behind a fence, which position it retained during the day. The regiment continued to take a part in the battles of the succeeding days, and on the withdrawal of Gen. Hooker's forces, was in the rear-guard covering the retreat. The casualties in the battles ending May 6, were, in Company F. Wounded—Sergeant, Orlando Thomas ; Corporal, Richard Medley ; Privates, Henry Parker, Nelson Powell, William Holmes, George Kalb and John Childers.

On the 16th of June, the regiment rejoined the Twelfth Corps, from which they had been separated for a short time, and took part in the advance to Gettysburg. In this battle they were employed principally in skirmishing, and, with the exception of a brush on the 3d of July, they were not engaged with the enemy. Their loss in killed at this battle was Thomas Barton and William Wagner, both of Company F.

The Third, after joining in the pursuit of Lee's retreating forces as far as the Rappahannock, was ordered to New York City, to aid in enforcing the draft, returning soon afterward. The Twelfth Corps was now transferred to the Army of the Cumberland, and arrived at Stevenson, Ala., in October, where the regiment was employed guarding railroads until the 21st of December, -when, the greater part having re-enlisted as veterans, under orders from the War Department, the Veteran Third left for Wisconsin four days later on a furlough.

February, 1864, found them again at the front, in Tennessee, where they were joined by recruits, which increased the regimental strength to 575 men. When the Army of the Cumberland was re-organized, the Third was placed in the Second Brigade of the First Division, under command of Gen. Ruger, their former Colonel, their army corps being the Twentieth, formed from the consolidation of the Eleventh and Twelfth. The regiment joined its brigade in Georgia May 8, and on the 15th took part in the battle of Resaca. The rebels retreated during the night, but were again met on the 25th, near Dallas, where a stubborn fight ensued, in which the Third again signally distinguished itself. The casualties in these engagements for Company F were : Killed or died of wounds—Sergt. Francis M. Costly, Capt. J. W. Hunter Wounded—Sergt. Samuel Bartholomew; Privates William Holmes and Philander Tucker. The Third afterward took part in the advance upon Atlanta, and accompanied Sherman on his celebrated march to the sea. They were present at Raleigh at the surrender of the rebel army, and then marched for Washington, where they participated in the grand review of Sherman's army. From here, part of the regiment, whose term of service expired before the 1st of October, left for Madison. The remainder of the regiment was consolidated with other regiments and sent to Louisville, Ky., where they remained until the 21st of July, when they started for home, arriving in Madison the 23d. They were there paid off and mustered out.

Seventh Regiment.—Immediately upon the departure of the first companies from Grant County, measures were taken to organize others. In every section of the county companies or portions of companies might be seen earnestly perfecting themselves in the duty of a soldier. Three full companies, Capt. Callis', of Lancaster, Capt. Nasmith's, of Platteville, and Capt. Finnicum's—the product of a union of the Wingville and Fennimore companies—were, by the last of July, ready for active service. The Legislature, at an extra session in May, 1861, had authorized the Governor to receive into the service two more regiments in addition to the six already organized, and under the authority of this act the Seventh and Eighth Regiments were organized, and the three Grant County companies were ordered to report at Madison, where they were mustered into the United States service as component parts of the Seventh

Regiment Wisconsin Volunteers—a body which has the proud, yet sad honor of having lost more men killed and wounded during the war than any other regiment from the State. This was in August. These companies formed C, F, and H Companies in the regimental organization being officered as follows : Company C, Captain, Samuel Nasmith ; First Lieutenant, A. R. Bushnell ; Second Lieutenant, E. A. Andrews. Company F, Captain, John B. Callis First Lieutenant, Samuel Woodhouse ; Second Lieutenant, Henry F. Young. Company H, Captain, Mark Finnicum ; First Lieutenant, C. M. H. Meyer ; Second Lieutenant, Robert Palmer.The regiment remained in camp until the 21st of September when they left the State for Washington. Commenting on their departure, the Journal, of current date, said : " The Seventh is almost entitled to be called a Grant County regiment, from the very large number of men contributed to it from that portion of the State. Three of the best companies are from Grant, namely: Capt. John B. Callis' company, numbering 116 men; Capt. Nasmith's, numbering 106 ; and Capt. Finnicum's, numbering 105—in all 327 first-class, hardy, intelligent men. Besides these there are forty other volunteers from Grant County in the regiment, enlisted and given over to other companies that were not full." The Seventh everywhere en route attracted marked attention for its soldierly bearing and fine appearance, much of the praise being showered down upon the heads of " Old Grant's " representatives. The Seventh reached Washington the 26th of September and joined the brigade then organized by Gen. Rufus King, of Wisconsin, a body afterward the pride of the Nation and known as the " Iron Brigade of the West," mention of which has been previously made under the head of Second Regiment History. They were afterward encamped at Chain Bridge, the Seventh having the post of honor as the advance regiment of the brigade. Here they remained but a short time, when the brigade, having been assigned to Gen. McDowell's division, they went into camp at Fort Tillinghast, near the Arlington House. In March, 1862, the Seventh, with the remainder of the brigade, took part in the advance on Manassas. Returning with the remainder of the army, the Seventh was engaged in minor duties, changing location frequently. They took part in the movement on Fredericksburg a little later. Company C being ordered over the river to guard the south end of the railroad bridge erected by the union forces. In July, the Seventh formed part of an expedition under command of Gen. Gibbon to Orange Court House. This march told terribly on all participating in it the heat being intense, companies and regiments succumbed to the torrid atmosphere, until barely a corporal's guard would be left to a company, or a company to a regiment. Nothing of moment occurred on the march, a light skirmish with the enemy's cavalry being all the encounter in which the command was engaged. The brigade afterward took part in Gen. Pope's retreat and then moved to Sulphur Springs, and thence to Buckland Mills, and on the 28th encountered the enemy at the bloody battle of Gainesville. The brigade at the time was moving along in easy marching order, when the presence of the enemy was announced by a shell sent from a point of woods beyond. The Second Wisconsin was ordered forward to take the battery—as it was supposed to be—but found upon nearing the woods that the enemy was in force. The Seventh was then pushed forward to the assistance of the Second and thrown into position on the right of the latter. Finding that their position was not the most effective that could be chosen the regiment changed front and assumed a position nearer the enemy at the loot of a hill. From this the enemy made three attempts to dislodge them, being repulsed with great loss each time. All of the field officers of the regiment were wounded and carried from the field. Lieut. Col. Hamilton, remaining until the battle was over when he was obliged by the Joss of blood to go to the hospital and the command of the regiment devolved upon Capt. Callis. The report of this officer speaks as follows of this battle and that of the 30th. " The regiment was not engaged on the 29th, but on the 30th it became apparent that we must renew the attack and the decimated condition of the Seventh and Second Wisconsin Regiments suggested the propriety consolidating the two. * * * * Our loss was heavy, but not so heavy as on the 28th whole affair of the 28th and 30th was conducted with as much coolness on the part of officers and men of the Seventh, Second and Sixth Wisconsin Regiments as though they were on an ordinary drill." The causalities in the Grant County companies for these battles was as follows : Company 0, killed, Thomas B. Sutton, Fred Nordorf.- Wounded, Corporals William P. Durley, Truman Quimby ; Privates Herman Radkil, John C. Bold, John L. Eastman. Missing, Rolland Williams, John J. Geyer, Edward Eason. Company F—killed, Sergt. Lewis W. Stevins, Corporals Edward S. McDowell and William A. Miles ; Privates Harry Kentner and Herbert Roberts. Wounded, Capt. John B. Callis, slight, Sergt. A. R. McCartney ; Corporals C. Giles Parker, William A. Smith and Francis A. Boynton ; Privates C. B. Bishop, George Bustis, Perry Gilbert, W. H. Miles, John Marlow, Newton McPhail, Julius B. Nickerson, Danford Rector, William R. Ray, Lyman Carrier and John Lepla. Missing, Thos. McKee, Edward F. McDonald, Henry Rupkee. Company H—killed, Luther A. Schnee and W. G. M. Scott. Wounded, Corporals Nathaniel Johnson, John Monteith and Jasper Randolph ; Privates Robert J. Cutts, John Dillon, Francis Kearney, Martin Moore, John B. Murphy, Alonzo Springer, George M. Steele, Albert M. Steele, John Schultz, Joshua Thompson, Lucius Eastman, Silas Streeter, Benjamin Rice, Laman Russell, Samuel K. Potts.

In these battles the Seventh lost 250 men only a few were missing; "which," in the language of a correspondent writing at the time, " indicates that they stood up to the work without flinching."

The battle of South Mountain followed soon after. To the "Iron Brigade" was assigned the duty in this day's fight of carrying the gap in which the enemy was posted in force. Of the part taken by the Seventh in the battle the following, condensed from the report of the commanding officer of the regiment, Capt. J. B. Callis, will give a brief but adequate account

" About 4 o'clock on the evening of September 14, the Seventh Regiment was ordered forward through a corn-field, on the right of the . pike running through the gap in the mountain. A hot skirmish-fire ensued, our skirmishers driving those of the enemy until his fire was so strong that the skirmishers could go no farther.

" I then received orders to advance the Seventh in line of battle. We advanced until the regiment was within less than a hundred yards of the enemy, receiving only an occasional shot, when suddenly they opened a most destructive enfilading fire from a stone wall on our left, woods on our right, and a direct fire from a stone wall in our front. This lasted for some fifteen minutes, when the Sixth double-quicked in at our right, and the Second doing the same at our left, leaving us to contend only with the direct fire in our front. We fought until our cartridges gave out, and were ordered to hold the ground at the point of the bayonet. The enemy advanced on us, but we made a charge upon them, when they ' skedaddled.' We held the ground until 11 o'clock at night, when we were relieved by Gen. Gorman's brigade. Our men all fought nobly and desperately. Company F was commanded by Sergt. William B. Sloat, Company I by Sergt. Prutezman, and Company B by Sergt. Weeks—afterward Captain. Great credit is due these men for the manner in which they conducted themselves as line officers.

The losses of Companies C, F and H at South Mountain were as follows : Company C killed or died of wounds. Privates Wallace Holmes and W. B. Newcomb ; wounded. Corporals W. P. Durley, John Attyer, J. L. Rewey and Edwin Wheeler; Privates D. C. Ashmere, D. H. Bryant, William Brestall, Malcolm Ray, Theodore W. Snelker and George Wells. Company F -killed or died of wounds, Privates Henry 0. Kaump, John L. Marks, George F. Halbert, J. A. Simpkens, George W. Cooley and James Clark ; wounded, Lieut. John. W. McKinsie Corporals P. J. Schlosser and William A. Smith ; Privates George Atkinson, Henry Black, Jacob A. Drew, Milo Dexter, George A. Henderson, Fletcher S. Kidd, Alexander Lewis, R. B. Pierce and Thomas Price. Company H—killed or died of wounds, Privates Benjamin Burton and John B. Matthews; wounded, Sergt. William L. Jacobs; Corporal James H. Brunemer; Privates John Andrews, Isaac Coates, Henry Freudner, Joseph Heathercock, Stanbury Hitchcock S. K. Potts, Luman Russell, John Todd, Frederick Thies, Newton B. Wood, Nicholas Heler and John Steers.

The position at South Mountain was evacuated by the enemy during the night, and McClellan's troops again came up with him on the 16th, strongly posted on Antietam 'Creek. The part enacted by the Seventh in this bloody conflict is pictured by a correspondent of the State Journal, in a letter written some time afterward, in which he says : " Those who witnessed that fearful conflict on the plains of Antietam will remember the conspicuous part acted by the Seventh, in changing front twice while under a galling fire, and thereby saving the celebrated Battery B, Fourth United States Artillery, belonging to the Western Brigade, from being captured. In Gen. Gibbon's report of the battle of Antietam, he says great credit is due to Capt. Callis, Acting Colonel of the Seventh, for the manner in which he maneuvered his regiment during the battle, and Capt. Callis, in his official report, pays a well-deserved compliment to Capts. Richardson and Gordon for their gallantry and efficient services. Through the memorable battles of August 30, September 14, 15, 16 and 17, the Seventh valiantly sustained the reputation which our Western soldiers have so nobly gained by their power of endurance and heroic deeds." The casualties at this battle were: Company C—killed or died of wounds, Private Albert Stout ; wounded, Privates A. Erb, J. Howard, H. Rewey and W. L. McKinney ; Company F—killed or died of wounds. Privates Wesley Craig, Louis Kuntz, George F. Halbert and James A. Simpkins ; wounded, Private John Runnion. Company H—killed or died of wounds, Sergt. Samuel Montieth; wounded. Private William Salmon.

In December, the Seventh formed a part of Burnside's forces in the famous attack upon Fredericksburg, but aside from light skirmishes, had no encounter with the enemy. For four days, however, they were exposed to a heavy artillery fire, more trying to the morale and steadiness of troops than the hottest engagement. During this winter Capt. Callis, who upon the resignation of Maj. Bill, had been promoted as Major of the Seventh, was made Lieutenant Colonel, vice Hamilton resigned, Capt. Finnicum being advanced to the position of Major. .The Seventh took an active part in Hooker's campaign, and at Fitzhugh Crossing maintained their former high reputation. Col. W. W. Robinson reported as follows to Gov. Salomen, the report bearing date of May 12: " Lieut. Col. John B. Callis and Maj. Finnicum rendered efficient assistance in crossing the river and storming the enemy's works ; their coolness, promptness and efficiency, during the seven days under fire, show them to be officers to be depended on in any position." As with officers so it was with men. Company C lest Second Lieut. W. 0. Topping, killed ; Company F, Private William Ross, killed, and Private William Hayden, wounded.

The division remained intrenched in this position until the 2d of May, and then recrossed the river. This was done in daylight under the guns of the enemy, the Iron Brigade bringing up the rear, the Seventh, as usual, in the post of honor, five companies of that regiment being left to support the pickets, in retiring. In June the Seventh took part in a reconnaissance toward Culpeper Court House. They then crossed to the north side of the Rappahannock, and rejoined the brigade which was then on its way, in conjunction with the rest of the army, to intercept Gen. Lee, on that great raid which came so near proving fatal to the Union cause. They met him, as is well known, at the little village of Gettysburg, where was fought July 1-3 what was undoubtedly the pivotal battle of the war. The troops on this march suffered much from dusty roads and hot weather, but all discomforts were forgotten when they arrived in the vicinity of the enemy.

Gen. Reynolds' corps was ordered to move to Gettysburg on the 1st of July, Wadworth's division being in advance. Buford's cavalry was already engaged with the enemy, opposing their advance. The " Iron Brigade" led the advance of Wadsworth's division, and, entering a field a short distance to the left of Gettysburg Seminary, they advanced up the slope, the Second and Seventh in the lead. Arriving on the brow of the hill, they were confronted by a strong force of the enemy. The Seventh was with unloaded guns. The order to charge was given, and away they went, depending upon cold steel. Their rushing charge was irresistible. Backward they drove the rebels across the Run, and into their works, where they captured the greater portion of Archer's brigade. The remainder, in attempting to regain their own forces in the rear, were surrounded in a railroad cut, and captured by the Sixth Wisconsin. The seventh, with the remainder of the brigade, fell back, soon after, across Marsh Creek. Early in the afternoon, they were attacked by the enemy in force, and after stubbornly continuing the fight until the enemy was lapping well around their flanks, they were forced to retire, leaving a number of their comrades and officers, among them Lieut. Col. Callis, on the field. They retired to Cemetery Hill, and took position near the top of the hill, where they threw up breastworks. In the battles of the 2d and 3d, the Seventh was supporting a battery where they were exposed to a heavy artillery fire, but did not become engaged with the enemy's infantry.

The casualties in this battle were as follows : Lieut. Col. Callis, wounded severely. Killed or died of wounds : Company C, Sergeant, George W. Lean ; Private, William Hull. Wounded: Corporal, William Beazly ; Privates, Isaac McCallister, Lewis Winans, J. W. Enloe, August Erb, J. C. Bolds, James Armstrong. Company F, killed or died of wounds : Privates, Phillip Bennett and T. H. V. Darnell. Wounded: Second Lieutenant, A. A. Kidd; Corporals, William R. Ray, John S. Schloesser, John Blackbourn and John Bronson ; Privates, Thomas Garvey, Isaac Rayner, Danford Rector and J. N. Carrier. Company H, killed or died of wounds: Privates, John J. Mitchner and John M. Steers. Wounded: Privates, Nicholas Heber, William A. Clark, Joseph J. Clark, John McLimans, John Scfeutsz and William Tulke. Among those taken prisoners were Capt. Nat. Robbins of Company H%rho was kept a prisoner nearly to the close of the war. The regiment numbered 302 when it went into action, and came out with 137. After the battle, the regiment started with the brigade in pursuit of the enemy. and passed on through Warrenton to Rappahannock Station, reaching Pony Mountain on September 17, where the brigade was presented with a very beautiful flag on this the anniversary day of Antietam. In the subsequent retrograde movement of Gen. Meade, the Seventh lost thirty men, taken prisoners. During the balance of the year, but little was accomplished. In December, 211 of the Seventh having re-enlisted as veterans, the regiment was constituted a veteran regiment, and the men granted the usual furlough.

At the opening of the campaign in May, 1864, the "Iron Brigade" broke camp on the 4th of that month and reached the Old Wilderness Tavern at dusk, encountering the enemy further on, in position. And the command was ordered to advance through a heavy growth of pine and underbrush, and, after a transient success, we~re forced back by the superior number of the enemy. The density of the woods occasioned great difficulty in getting out, and the Wisconsin regiments, especially, suffered heavily. In this first attack upon the enemy's line, the colors of the Forty-eighth Virginia were captured by Corporal George A. Smith, of Company H, Seventh Regiment. The battle was resumed at daybreak on the succeeding day. In the grand charge which occurred at the beginning of this day's fight, the Seventh had the honor of being the only regiment that succeeded in holding, for a short time, the enemy's first line of breastworks. In the last assault upon the enemy's position, such losses occurred as to place Col. Robinson of the Seventh in command of the brigade and Lieut. Col. Finnicum in command of the regiment.

On the 9th, a body of sharpshooters, which had established themselves within a short distance of the Union breastworks, were driven out by a company of the Seventh. In the fighting on the 12th, the Seventh was the first regiment to relieve Hancock's Corps, then holding the first line of the enemy's entrenchments, they themselves soon after being relieved by a Michigan regiment. In the remaining battles of the Wilderness, the Seventh bore a prominent part.

The casualties for this campaign were : Company C—Killed or died of wounds, Capt. Jefferson Newman, Sergt. George Mitchell, Privates James Armstrong, William Carpenter, S. D. Hurst, Ezekiel Parker and David H. Bryant ; wounded. Second Lieut. J. H. Holcomb, Sergt. H. Rewey, Corp. J. J. Stout, Privates D. Augustine, C. G. Bell, J. C. Bold, Fred Miller, John W. Robinson, Irvin C. Smelker, W. T. Tallada, Jacob Rice. W. J. Wynand, W. J. Wood and William Eustis. Company F—Killed or died of wounds, Privates Peter Francis, Henry S. Sprague and George Cormick ; wounded, Capt. H. F. Young, First Lieut. William E. Sloat, Lieut A. A. Kidd, Corps. W. R. Ray, J. C. Reamer and N. Bradbury, Privates George Atkinson, J. C. Bradley, Andrew Bishop, C. B. Bishop, Bruce Brian, Harvey Bonham, Thomas Blunt, Webster Cook, C. F. Chipman, James Endicott, James Evans, John Folk, Perry Gilbert, B. F. Hayden, A. M. Hutchinson, Theodore Kinney, M. McHugh, J. Rice, H. Rupke, J. S. Taylor L. Taylor, A. C. Morse, A. Conhor, Thomas Riley, C. Alexander and Richard Fourra. Company H—Killed or died of wounds. Corps. Timothy Kelleher, Robert J. Cutts, Edward Carver and George A Smith, Privates James Andrews, S. Hitchcock, Hiram Kerney, Fred Murden, John Wright, Thomas Adams and James Fulks ; wounded, Privates Curtis Chandler, John Bowden, F. M.. Dillon, Chauncey Hitchcock, John Shultis, Mark Smith, John R. Arms, James Bishop and John McCubbin.

Lieut. Col. Finnicum was also wounded at the Wilderness.

On the 12th of June, the "Iron Brigade" crossed the Chickahominy and proceeded to the vicinity of Petersburg. On the 18th, they moved against the enemy's fortifications on the west side of the Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad, the Seventh on the right of the brigade. In the afternoon, they advanced against the works of the enemy, under a galling fire. Owing to the hesitancy of the line on their left, the Seventh were obliged to come to a halt within a hundred yards of the enemy's works. In the meanwhile, the regiment was without connecting line on its left, that line having found shelter in a ravine. The ground was held under these disadvantages for an hour and a half, during which they suffered badly from the enemy's fire. The only shelter they received was from a slight slope of the ground in front of them. The Union batteries were firing over the heads of the Seventh, in order to prevent the enemy from leaving his works, and, in consequence of the lowness of the object aimed at, many shells fell in close proximity to the regiment. With the aid of a few shovels, aided by plates and bayonets, the men endeavored to throw up a line of breastworks. Maj. Richardson ran the gantlet of fire and reported the condition of the regiment at headquarters, but his application for succor was without success—relief could only be afforded by a general assault. Before the impromptu works were finished, the enemy advanced to within seventy-five yards of their left flank, and, at the same time, a heavy skirmish line marched by the right flank from the rear of the rebel line on the left of the regiment and directly in their rear, being covered by a hill. Part of the Seventh opened 'fire on the left and part faced to the rear and delivered their fire on the rebel skirmish line. Thus fighting, so long as a chance remained of holding the ground, the Seventh was finally compelled to fall back to the right and rear through a terrible fire, and in the end occupy nearly the same position from which they had started in the morning. Lieut. Col. Finnicum commanding the regiment, spoke in highly complimentary terms of Maj. Richardson and the officers of the line, and paid a well-merited tribute to the dogged bravery of the whole regiment.

The loss from this seemingly mistaken move was as follows : Company C—Killed or died of wounds. Privates George Will and William Howard ; wounded, Sergt. W. Beasley, Privates James Hedges, John Cavenaugh and R. M. Nixon. Company F—Killed or died of wounds, Sergt. C. G. Parker, Corporal John D. Runnion, Privates Martin Calvert and William B. Pauley ; wounded. Privates F. A. Boynton, George Eustice, Thomas Blunt, Henry P. Green, A. C. Morse, J. R. Miles, Joseph Storehouse and Orrin Weymouth. Company P—Killed or died of wounds. Second Lieut. Thomas Tanner, Corporal George Page, Private James Bishop ; wounded. First Lieut. Charles Fulks, Privates James Chapman, Livingston Wagers and Silas Streeter.

On the 3d of August, Lieut. Col. Finnicum was promoted as Colonel, and Maj. Richardson as Lieutenant Colonel of the Seventh.

The regiment remained in the front line on the left of Petersburg until August 18, and then marched to the Yellow House. Here, in an attack upon the Union forces by Gen. Mahone, the Seventh occupied the right of the skirmish line. The enemy succeeded in breaking the line to the left of the Seventh, and, in the fight that ensued, the regiment captured twenty-six prisoners, being fortunate enough not to lose a single man. The Seventh rejoined the brigade on the 20th on the west side of the railroad, where breastworks were thrown up. Here they were attacked the next day by the enemy, but the onslaught was gallantly repulsed, the Seventh capturing the colors of the Sixteenth Mississippi in the melee. During the remainder of the tall and early winter, the Seventh was engaged in routine siege duties. On the 29th of December, Lieut. Col. Richardson was promoted to the colonelcy of the regiment. February 6, the brigade took part in the engagement at Dabney's Mill, where the Seventh fought with their usual valor. The losses in these fights were as follows: Company C—Killed or died of wounds, Private Alvah E. Daggett ; wounded, Private W. R. Glenn. Company F—Wounded, Corporal George Atkinson. Company H—Killed or died of wounds, Private John Wanyack ; wounded, First Lieut. S. C. Alexander, Privates Thomas Howard and E. L. Riley.

In the middle of February, the brigade was ordered to Baltimore, but this order, so far as it related to the Sixth and Seventh Wisconsin Regiments, was afterward countermanded, and they were re-organized as the "First Provisional Brigade," under command of Col. Kellogg, of the Sixth,

On the 29th of March, the Seventh took part in the action near Boydstown Plank Road, where they ably sustained their former reputation.

On the 1st of April the regiment participated in the battle of Five Forks. Quiner, speaking of this encounter, thus notices the action of the Seventh on that day: "In the afternoon the Seventh Regiment occupied the advanced line on the left of the brigade with the Sixth Wisconsin on the right. Companies B and E of the Seventh, were deployed as skirmishers, covering the brigade front. Advancing in line of battle the enemy's advance was driven through the woods back upon their entrenchments at Five Forks. Gen. Sheridan ordered Col. Richardson to move over the enemy's works, which the gallant Colonel obeyed, wheeling to the right and charging the enemy through the open field, driving them through the woods, following their retreating columns, and again charging them through a second open field. Night coming on, the brigade fell back two miles and went into position behind the breastworks captured from the enemy. On the second, the brigade continued the advance, and found the enemy entrenched further on. The Seventh was deployed as skirmishers and ordered to cover the whole line of battle. Th~e enemy retreating again, the pursuit was resumed, marching by day and night, working to throw up breastworks until the 9th of April, when the Seventh had the pleasure and proud satisfaction of being in "at the death," and assisting in the capture of Gen. Lee's army at Appommattox Court House. Col. Kellogg, in his report, after complimenting regimental and line officers of the Seventh and Sixth, made special mention of the following members of the Seventh for marked valor and daring courage: Color Sergt. George W. Davis, of Company C, for gallant conduct in carrying the regimental standard into the thickest of the fight, nothing daunted by the iron hail or glittering steel; also, Sergt. Maj. Booth; Sergt. John Harrison, of Company B; Sergt. Hugh Evans, of Company G; Sergt. Albert O'Conner, of Company A, and Sergt. William H. Sickle, Company B- In this campaign the following losses were reported

Company C—Killed or died of wounds: Private, John Larnek. Wounded: Corporal, John W. Robinson ; Privates, Nehemiah Leech and Arch Van Allen. Company F—Killed or died of wounds: Sergeant, Isaac Ream; Corporal, Thomas Blunt; Privates, Frank Geneva and Joseph Wilkinson. Wounded : Lieutenant, Jesse M. Roberts ; Sergeant, Nathan Bradbury; Corporal, Thomas W. Reilley; Private, Simon Heinrich. Company H—Killed or died of wounds: Private, Jacob Johnson; wounded. Corporals, William Costley and Lewis H. Thomas ; Privates, Edwin Angelo, John R. Ames, Charles Sawyer and D. A. McLinn.

After Gen. Lee's surrender, the Seventh went into camp at Black and White's Station, where they remained until ordered to Washington to participate in the grand review of May 23, and remained there until the 17th of June, when they were ordered to Louisville, Ky. Here the Seventh was assigned to the First Brigade of Gen. Morrow's "Provisional Division,'' remaining until July 2, when they were mustered out and started for home, arriving at Madison on the 5th of the same month, where they were received by the State authorities, paid off and the regiment formally disbanded, closing the eventful history of what was, undoubtedly, one of the finest regiments in the service. By way of postscript, it might be added that Col. Richardson, for gallant and meritorious services in the final operations around Petersburg, and especially at Five Forks, was brevetted Brigadier General. Lieut. Col. Callis, after recovering in a measure, from his wound, and though still carrying rebel lead in his lungs, returned to the front and was appointed Colonel of the Seventh Veteran Reserves, and Superintendent of the War Department, where he served with distinction and honor. He was brevetted Brigadier General for distinguished and meritorious services March 13, 1865. He was afterward in command of the Northern District of Alabama, and was from there elected to serve as Representative from that district in the Fortieth Congress, where the General had the honor of introducing the first "Ku Klux bill," designed to protect the suffering freedmen from the tender mercies of these midnight marauders and assassins.

Tenth Regiment.—The Tenth was organized at Camp Holton, Milwaukee, and mustered into the service of the United States October 14, 1861. The companies from Grant County in this regiment were Company F, Capt. Palmer, raised in the southern part of the county, and Company I, Capt. Overton, raised at Platteville. The officers of the former company were Capt. William H. Palmer, First Lieutenant; Edward D. Lowry, Second Lieutenant; Armisted C. Brown. Of the latter: Captain, C. T. Overton; First Lieutenant, Harvey H. Fairchild Second Lieutenant, John Small.

The regiment was sent first to Kentucky after leaving the State. They were here engaged in guarding railroads for a short time, when they were assigned to Col. Sill's Brigade, Third Division. The tenth formed part of the column that moved north to Murfreesboro.

On the 5th of April, the regiment resumed its march as far as Huntsville, where they remained engaged as railroad guard until the retrograde movement, caused by Bragg's invasion of Kentucky, was commenced, when the Tenth acted as rear-guard. The casualties in this campaign are reported as follows : Company I—killed. Privates, Thomas Denlan, G. W. Hancock and Henry Reed. Company F—Private, Thomas Helgus, died of wounds. Company I—Private, Richard White, August 23.

The Tenth was soon after transferred to Col. Harris' brigade in Gen. Rosseau's division, and there took part in the battle of Chaplin Hills. Here they signalized themselves by their bravery in defending Simmons' battery, holding their ground against the enemy until supported by the Thirty-eighth Indiana. Their ammunition was exhausted, and the cartridge-boxes of the wounded and dead used, and for a Half-hour previous to the coming of their support this stubborn band of heroes held their position with bull-dog pertinacity without a cartridge. Forty-one bullets passed through the regimental colors, and two through the staff, and it was the Sixth Color Corporal that finally bore them in triumph off the field. The list of killed and wounded was as follows : Company F—Killed or died of wounds, Corporals, Philip L. Glover and Abner M. Dodge ; Privates, David E. Lumpkins, Mark C. Bowen, William P. Eagers, Marcus L. Gleason, Frank M. Shoemaker and Robert Jarrett. Company F—Wounded, Sergt. James Killgore ; Privates, Benjamin Bass, John Singer, Daniel Boyle, J. D. Costello, J. M. T. Lathain, D. B. Robinson, William Pierce and B. B. Taft. After taking part in Rosseau's advance near Murfreesboro, where private R. F. Crosby, of Company F, was wounded, the regiment went into camp where it remained until June. la the re-organization of the army the Tenth was included in the First Brigade of the First Division, Fourteenth Corps, under Gen. Thomas. Under this leader, the regiment participated in the battle of Chickamauga. On the second day's fight, after numerous vicissitudes, the Tenth found themselves late in the afternoon compelled to fall back with the rest of the brigade. No rallying-point being obtainable, the Tenth Regiment made for a point where they supposed they would find the Union forces in position, but, contrary to expectation, ran upon the rebel line. Here they were quickly surrounded, and the entire regiment, or what remained of it, with the exception of Company G, which was guarding a supply-train, consisting of twelve officers and one hundred and eleven men, fell into the hands of the enemy. On the morning of the 21st, the regiment numbered three officers and twenty-six men, but, although obliged to surrender, the regiment had nobly sustained its reputation for bravery. The casualties reported were : Company F—Killed and died of wounds, Lieut. Robert Rennie, Sergt. P. H. Worthey ; Private Thomas M. Jewell. Company F—Wounded, Corporal S. Harklerood ; Privates, A. S. Tarcott, E. M. Donell, J. E. Strong, J. J. Crosby and B. P. Taft. Company F—Made prisoners, Sergt. Bratnober ; Corporals P. Cahill and A. Gattwells ; Privates H. Schlosser, J. J. Shoemaker, W. Pierce, E. B. Tyler and R. Langstaff. Company I, Capt. Perry, Lieuts Fairchild and Butler ; Sergts. W. Felson, M. Colligan, W. M. Bush and D. T. Parish ; Corporals B. Bower, T. Curtis and C. Fish ; Privates J. H. Trevis, H. H. Winter, R. W. Randall, W. Richards, D. Eastman, J. Wall, William Reines, H. Talbott, H. Shrigley and P. Grosch.

The remnant of the regiment remained in camp at Chattanooga employed in guard and other duties, where it remained during the winter, with the exceptions of taking part in the assault on Mission Ridge, and a feint on Dalton, Ga. Eighty-five recruits joined the regiment in 1864 which, with Company G, and the few remaining after Chickamauga, made a small command that participated in the stirring events of that section until October 16, when the recruits and veterans were united with the Twenty-first by order of the War Department, the remainder starting northward and arriving at Milwaukee on the 25th of the same month, where they were mustered out of the service.

Those who were taken prisoners at Chickamauga remained in rebel prisons for thirteen months, many of them falling victims to the atrocities of the prison-pens at Salisbury, Millen and Andersonville.

Twenty-fifth.—This regiment was organized in September, 1862, under the call of July 1 for 300,000 additional troope. The companies assigned to this regiment rendezvoused at Camp Salomon, La Crosse, and were mustered into the United States service on the 14th of the following month. In this regiment were the following companies from Grant County : C, E, H and I. Of these. Company C, Capt. Farquharson, was organized at Lancaster ; Company E, Capt. Scott, was organized about Platteville ; Company H, Capt. Swan, at Potosi ; and Company I, Capt. Nash, in the vicinity of Sinsinawa Mound. The company commissioned officers were : Company C—Captain, H. D. Farquharson ; First Lieutenant, L. S. Mason ; Second Lieutenant, Thomas Barnett. Company E—Captain, John G. Scott ; First Lieutenant, John W. Smelker ; Second Lieutenant, John M. Shaw. Company H—Captain, Ziba S. Swan First Lieutenant, Charles F. Olmstead; Second Lieutenant, Henry C. Wise. Company I Captain, Robert Nash ; First Lieutenant, Daniel N. Smalley ; Second Lieutenant, John F, Richards.

On the 19th of October, the regiment left the State for St. Paul, to assist in quelling the Indian insurrection. Capt. Nasmith, formerly of Company C, of the Seventh, had received the appointment of Lieutenant Colonel of the Twenty-fifth.

Arriving at St. Paul, part of the regiment under Lieut. Col. Nasmith was sent to Sauk Center and places in that vicinity, while the remainder, under command of Col. Montgomery, was sent to New Ulm and that section of the State. Here they remained, with no incidents of a striking nature, until the latter part of November, when they received orders to return to Winona, and thence to La Crosse and Camp Randall. In February, 1863, the Twenty-fifth left the State for the South, reporting first at Cairo, and from there moving to Columbus, Ky. Here it was attached to the Sixteenth Army Corps, under Gen. Hurlburt. In April, the regiment was sent to resist Marmaduke's attack on Cape Girardeau, but their aid was not needed, and they returned to Columbus and their regular routine of picket duty. In the latter part of May, the Twenty-fifth proceeded down the Mississippi to Young's Point, and thence up the Yazoo River to Satartia, where they went into camp and were assigned to a brigade which was placed under the command of Col. Montgomery, in Kimball's Provisional Division. June 16, the Twenty-fifth left this position and proceeded to Snyder's Bluff, where they formed part of the force surrounding Vicksburg. Here they remained, with occasional change in the shape of short but futile expeditions against the enemy, until the 25th of July. The position occupied by the regiment was extremely unhealthy, and the sick list showed a footing of 500 men at one time, and very few of what were left were fit for duty.

On July 26, the regiment left Snyder's Bluff and moved up the Mississippi River to Helena, where it was detached from the brigade and assigned to provost guard duty. Col. Montgomery was placed in command of the post. Here almost the entire regiment was placed in the hospital. The excessive sickness which the Twenty-fifth suffered was charged to former rapid marching and excessive heat. At one time, only fifteen men were reported fit for duty in the whole regiment, and only two Captains Farquharson and Gordon—the former being in command of the regiment, and the latter acting as Provost Marshal. Lieut. Col. Nasmith and Maj. Rusk were absent, sick. The former afterward succumbed to the disease which had fastened itself upon him, and died at his home in Platteville in the August following, Maj. Rusk being advanced to the Lieutenant Colonelcy.

The regiment left Helena in February and moved down to Vicksburg, where they joined Gen, Sherman's Meridian expedition, and did good service in inflicting serious damage on rebel property. March 13 the Twenty-fifth—the division to which it was attached—proceeded up the Mississippi to Cairo, and thence up the Tennessee to Waterloo, Ala., from which place they marched via Florence, Athens and Mooresville, to Decatur, Ala., where they joined the other division of the Sixteenth Corps under Gen. Dodge. In May, the Twenty-fifth proceeded to Chattanooga to join the forces of Gen. Sherman. Here they, as a portion of the Sixteenth Army Corps, formed part of the Army of the Tennessee under Gen. McPherson. The Twenty fifth took part in both advances on Resaca. In the engagement of the 13th, the regiment was in the front line as a support to a battery ; on the succeeding day, they, late in the afternoon, joined the Fifteenth Army Corps for an attack upon the enemy's works on the extreme left. The Twenty-fifth signalized itself that day by charging across an open plain to relieve the Thirtieth Iowa, which had run out of ammunition. Here, despite the fact that the enemy charged fiercely three successive times, they held the crest of the hill and repulsed each attack with heavy loss to their assailants. During this encounter. Company C was absent on picket duty, but their adventures in endeavoring to find their regiment were fully as exciting to the participants as adventures that have found their way into chronicles of the time. During the night the regiment threw up a slight breastwork, from behind which they engaged in skirmishes the next day. The gallant action of the Twenty-fifth on the 14th, received most flattering notice from Brig. Gen. Wood, who was in command of the Fifteenth Corps. The loss during these engagements was reported as follows : Company C—Killed or died of wounds, Private B. Seitz; wounded. Private, J. W. Tuckwood. Company E—Wounded, Privates M. Cornell, E. H. Moore, Charles Richey and Patrick Henry. Company H—Killed or died of wounds, Sergt. Thomas H. Clark ; wounded. Privates Joseph School and Bartholomew Stoll.

The regiment joined in the pursuit of the enemy, and from May 27 to May 31, the casualties were Company I—killed, Private S. Taylor ; Company E—Wounded, Private Emory Blanchard ; Company H, Private Dewald Garner. Still onward went the Twenty-fifth, taking part in Gen. Sherman's flank movement to drive the enemy from Allatoona. The regiment moved to the left, and took position near the Big Sandy, where it remained until June 10, when it again moved southward against the enemy's lines, between Pine and Kenesaw Mountains. Here they were occupied in throwing up defenses and skirmishing. On the 15th, five companies of the Twenty-fifth, with companies from New York and Ohio regiments, deployed as skirmishers and attacked the enemy's rifle-pits at Peach Orchard, carrying them and taking a number of prisoners. The loss was : Company I—killed, Corporal Joseph Nelson ; wounded, Corporal William Longbotham ; Privates, Wilkins, William Swansey, Henry Drink and John Loffelholtz. On the enemy retiring his lines, the Twenty-fifth, with the remainder of the division, advanced nearer Kenesaw Mountain. On the 3d of July, the army, or that portion in front of Kenesaw, began to move to the right and left. At Nickajack Creek, the Sixteenth Corps had a heavy skirmish with the enemy. On the 9th, this corps moved to the rear, and, after marching and counter marching, the brigade appeared within three miles of Atlanta, but was on the succeeding any ordered back to guard the flanks covering the trains. On the day following, July 22, they were attacked by two divisions of Wheeler's dismounted cavalry. Col. Montgomery, with Companies B, E, F and I, and four companies of the Sixty-second Ohio, were ordered out to ascertain the position of the enemy. The road up which the skirmishers advanced was bordered on the one side by a swamp, narrow but impassable, while on the other, a deep, miry ditch presented "self. Some distance from the swamp, Company F and an Ohio company, under command of Lieut. Col. Rusk, met the enemy, and were driven down the road to the reserve. The enemy now advanced in strong force, and Col. Montgomery moved the reserve by the left flank, and, in attempting to pass the ditch, his horse sank in the mire and the Colonel was wounded and captured. Lieut. Col. Rusk, after holding the enemy in check for some time, was forced back and in the retreat barely escaped capture. The force was obliged, however, to fall back through the town, but finally the enemy was checked and the trains saved. The loss to Grant County companies was as follows : Company C—Wounded, Sergt. Z. Thomas ; Privates, C. C. Coates, Charles Croft, Newton Doty, Isaac 0. Murray, Charles 0. Jones, Henry Julus and Warren D. Wordon. Company E—Killed, Second Lieut. William H. Quibble ; Corporal William H. Bailey; Privates, Marion High, Ransom J. Bartle, Thomas C. Dougherty, John Grover, George Lafollet and Charles Rickey ; wounded, Sergt. B. F. Bailey ; Corporal George Douglass ; Privates, George M. Thomas, Fred Stanover, Benjamin C. Durley, J. N". Clifton, W. T. Long, J. M. Rosey, Jacob Eiserman and Elias Worley. Company H—Killed, Private Howard Finley ; wounded. Privates B. Stell and Robert Crouch. Company I—Wounded, Privates S. P. Muffley, Sylvester Woody and Patrick Kees. Twenty-five men from the Twenty-fifth were also reported missing. The regiment soon after moved to the works before Atlanta, and remained engaged in camp duty and siege work until October, participating in a few skirmishes, and losing in wounded: Company C—Corporal J. T. Wilkinson and Private D. Scribner. Company E — Corporal Edward Bentley ; Privates Jacob Eiserman, James R. Hudson and Jacob Shafer. Company H—Sergt. Edward McTael. Company I—Corporal Levi Pretts and Private John Loffelholtz. In October, the Twenty-fifth took part in the pursuit of Hood, and then returned to Atlanta, where preparations were in progress for that march which was to remain ever among the movements of the war the most prominent—" the march to the sea." Upon leaving Atlanta, on the 15th of November, the Twenty-fifth acted as train guard as far as Monticello. On the 20th, they were relieved from that duty and joined the brigade. From this point the regiment was engaged in destroying railroad, and foraging. Upon arriving at Toomsboro, they were detailed as ponton guard, the Engineer Corps being placed under command of Lieut. Col. Rask. The enemy was again encountered December 9, but retired without offering battle. On the succeeding day, the regiment came upon the enemy's breastworks, but found, after advancing within several hundred yards of them, that a dirty bit of swamp lay between. They, however, held their position until relieved by the Fourteenth Army Corps the following day ; the loss was one killed, Louis Buchacher, of Company H. On they went, resting for short spells, and again taking up their line of march, skirmishing, marching, defending important positions, but always pressing forward. In this manner, they passed down through the remainder of Georgia through Savannah, which was presented as a Christmas gift to President Lincoln by Gen. Sherman, and proceeded to Beaufort, where they encamped early in January, 1865.

On January 13, the march through the Carolinas commenced, and the regiment crossed the Pocotaligo on pontons and bivouacked within one mile of the fort, which the enemy evacuated during the night.

On the Salkahatchie River the Twenty-fifth met the enemy and routed him from a temporary breastwork. This was on January 20. February 2, four companies, C, E, I and K, were advanced under command of Lieut. Col. Rusk, as skirmishers. The swamp through which they were obliged to advance, though not touched by rebel hands, was amply fortified by nature. Cypress limbs projected in the most unexpected places, while the treacherous miry bottom would admit the unwary skirmisher anywhere from ankle to hip. To add to the delights of soldiering in this particular instance, the way was impeded with a species of brush which seemingly grew thorns and nothing else. One officer remarked in proof of the insinuating proclivities of these brush, that he went in with a handsome dress-coat, and came out in a roundabout ; the remainder was retained to remember him by. The objective point was a rebel battery 'on the opposite side of the main channel of the river. The covering of the bridge having been torn up by the rebels, and timbers carefully set corner-ways, the chance of crossing seemed reduced tn the minimum, especially as the river was too deep to ford, and the enemy had trained a battery in position to sweep the road. In this dilemma, two trees, from whose roots the dirt had been washed away by the current, causing them to lean across the stream, were discovered by Capt. Farquharson, in command of the advance skirmish line. Obtaining an ax, a few blows on the landward side parted the retaining roots and, presto ! and an excellent bridge was provided. Over this improvised structure the whole brigade passed that night, and, flanking the rebel battery, compelled it to " pull up " to avoid capture, and the brigade passed on, driving the enemy from the high ground and opening a road for the advancing army. Among the minor incidents of the Salkahatchie troubles might be mentioned two that would bring to Grant County veterans a vivid remembrance of the scene. The rebel battery, trained as it was on the road over which the troops were passing, was doing much damage. When it occurred to an enterprising Badger, named Clough, a member of Company C—who, as the skirmish line advanced, had found himself close by the dismantled bridge—that a cypress on the opposite bank afforded a peculiarly enviable position from which to pick of the gunners of the battery. Whether he swam the river or crawled over on the sharp-edged stringers of the bridge, was not known, but suddenly the attention of his comrades was called to the fact that Clough was across, and from cover of the cypress coolly blazing away at the "rebs." Here he remained until he had expended on the enemy 300 rounds of ammunition. As his position was only secure so long as he kept under cover of his cypress defenses, Badger's stock of ammunition was kept up by supplies from his friends " across the water," who continued to toss cartridges over until darkness prevented the marksman from doing further service, and allowed of his safe retreat.

Still another serves to illustrate the fund of dry humor and promptness to act in any and all emergencies, which characterized not only these, but all members of "Sherman's boys." The General in command of the brigade. Mower, had advanced to the front of the skirmish line, anxious to ascertain if the main channel of the Salkahatchie had been reached. Its depth, as has been seen, presented an obstacle to the further advance of the army. The General, deceived by the appearance of the stream, held the opinion that it was fordable, a point which was disputed in an emphatic manner by the Captain in command of the skirmish line. " I think, Captain, the stream can be forded," finally replied Gen. Mower, closing the conversation. During the discussion. Private Lowry, of Company C, Twenty-fifth Wisconsin, had been standing near. As the words passed the mouth of his General, equipped as he was, and musket in hand, Lowry sprang into the river and swam to the center of the channel. Reaching this point, he extended his gun at arm's length above his head, and with the cry, " Oh, yes, General, this can be forded I " sank, gun and all, out of sight. It is needless to say that the General reversed his decision. At this point Company I lost Sergt. William Tomlinson, killed.

On the 9th of the same month the enemy were again encountered, at South Edisto. Here the Twenty-fifth led the advance, and swinging around through a swamp threw a ponton bridge across the stream, and, advancing through mud and water, charged the enemy's works and dislodged him. At this point the men suffered severely from cold, their clothes freezing on them until, in the language of a participant, " they rattled like sheet iron," as they walked. Reaching Columbia, they served for a short time as provost guard, but were soon after ordered to Wilkes' Mills, on Juniper Creek, where they were employed in grinding corn for the division until March, when they proceeded forward. On the 15th, at South River, the regiment again was m the advance, and with other forces again charged the rebels, routed them, and secured a safe passage for the army over the river. In the attack on Goldsboro, the Twenty-fifth acted as & support to the forces charging the enemy's works, and, on March 23, they crossed the Neuse River and entered the city. Arriving at Raleigh on the 14th of April, upon the surrender of Johnston's army, the regiment joined the line moving northward, reaching Richmond May 13, and Washington on the 24th of the same month, where they participated in the grand review of oherman's army. They then went into camp at Crystal Springs, where the regiment was mustered out June 7, and started for Wisconsin, arriving at Madison on the 11th of the month, They were then paid off and disbanded.

Thirty-third.This regiment was organized at Camp Utley, Racine, in the fall of 1862. Ul. Jonathan B. Moore, formerly Sheriff of Grant County, had been appointed to the command of the regiment and Horatio A. Virgin received a commission as Major in the same. This action of the Governor was viewed with the greatest approbation, being considered as a recognition of Grant County's services which had previous by this time been entirely ignored, but two field officers having been allowed to this county—Lieut. Col. McKee and Lieut. Col. Nasraith— which had sent out over two full regiments. In the Thirty-third went three companies from Grant. Frank's, Earnhart's and Burdick's. Besides these full companies. Company A, Capt. Moore, was made up in a great measure-of Grant County men that had been enlisted by George B. Carter, who went out with the company as First Lieutenant.

The other companies in regimental organization became Companies B, D and G, with officers as follows: Company B, Captain, George R. Frank; First Lieutenant, George Haw; Second Lieutenant, Andrew Burchard. Company D, Captain, William S. Barnhart; First Lieutenant, Uriah F. Briggs ; Second Lieutenant, Noble L. Warner. Company G, Captain, Frank B. Burdick ; First Lieutenant, George E. Harrington ; Second Lieutenant, Elliot N. Liscom.

The regiment was mustered into the United States service October 18, 1862. Leaving the State the succeeding month, they proceeded down the Mississippi to Memphis, where they were assigned to a brigade in Gen. Lawman's division. Gen. Sherman's wing of the "Army of the Tennessee." Col. Moore was here placed in command of the brigade, the command of the regiment falling upon Lieut. Col. Lovell. After participating in the movement toward Jackson, Miss., the regiment returned to Memphis, where it was transferred to the Fourth Division, at the request of Gen. Lawman, who had been ordered to take command of that branch of the army. This division was afterward transferred to Gen. Hurlburt's Sixteenth Army Corps. In April, 1863, the regiment formed part of the force that marched on Coldwater. Company B had one wounded on this expedition, Sergt. Bliss, other companies escaping unscathed. On the 25th of May they took position in the lines investing Vicksburg. On the 30th of June. Company D, forty men under Capt. Warner, supported by Company F and two companies from an Illinois regiment, moved forward under a heavy fire from the enemy's main works, and took possession of the rebel rifle-pits under one of their strong forts. Capt. Warner soon after stormed the top of the hill, drove the enemy back and took possession of the pits. They afterward were obliged to fall back, being exposed to enfilading fire at short range, but the position was again re-taken the next evening. Capts. Warner and Carter with eighty men from the Thirty-third, and assisted by an Illinois regiment, obtained a position so near the enemy, that making a sudden charge they took the rebels by surprise and the hill-top was soon secured in such shape as to resist all attempts of the enemy to dislodge the gallant Thirty-third. This point was afterward relinquished by other troops, but again re-taken by Companies C and H supported by companies A. D, E.

The causalities during the siege were : Company B—Killed or died of wounds, Private Absalom Barger ; wounded, Privates Samuel Armstrong and Peter Fillmore. Company D— wounded. Private George H. Farman.

The Thirty-third, after the surrender of Vicksburg, took part in the second attack upon Jackson and the " Meridian expedition " of Gen. Sherman. On the 9th of March, 1864, they joined the "Red River Expedition " and took part in the numerous encounters of that march. After the battle of Pleasant Hill, special mention was made of Sergt. Ewbank, of Company D, who, with his platoon, rendered effective service at this fight. At the battle of Simmsport Eugene M. Clayman, of Company B, was killed. Soon after they reached the mouth of the river and proceeded up the Mississippi to Vicksburg. During this campaign, Maj. Virgin was in command of the regiment. Col. Moore being in command of the division. The 22d of June the regiment accompanied Gen. Smith on his march into Mississippi. At the bloody battle of Tupelo, the Thirty-third held the extreme right of the front line and especially distinguished itself for conspicuous gallantry. The losses during this expedition were as follows : Company G Killed or died of wounds. Private James Coleman. Wounded, Privates W. W. Bruce and August Jacob. Company D—Wounded, Corporals Lewis Billings and Ira W. Tracy ; Privates Horatio G. Atwood, Rufus J. Allen and George H. Farman. During the fall the regiment was engaged in a wearisome campaign in Arkansas and on the 30th of November, having been ordered to Nashville to re-enforce Gen. Thomas, they arrived at that city. The record of the regiment from this time is comprised principally of uninteresting movements and a few minor skirmishes, until in March, 1865, they joined in the attack upon Spanish Fort. The fort was evacuated by the enemy on the night of April 8, and on the morning of the 9th the Thirty-third entered the fort, being the first regiment to do so. There they captured two Napoleon guns and a number of prisoners. Following is given a list of causalities around Mobile: Company D—Killed or died of wounds, Corporal M. C. Pember. Wounded, Sergts. John Leighton and James Delevan; Privates D. S. Barlow, John Martin and Richard Lander. Company B—wounded. Private John Andrews. After the surrender of the city of Mobile, the Thirty-third moved to Montgomery, Ala., and did guard and picket duty until they were ordered to Vicksburg to be mustered out, at which place they arrived on July 31. Here the regiment was mustered out and started for Madison, where in August it was formally disbanded. At this time the State Journal speaking of this regiment said: " Few of our regiments have seen more or severer service than the Thirty-third, and its record is untarnished by any cowardly or dishonorable action.'"

Forty-first.—The Forty-first Infantry was organized at Madison, and mustered into the United States service at Camp Randall, under the call for one hundred day troops. In this regiment Grant County was represented by one field officer, Maj. D. Gray Purman, and Company A., Capt. Schlosser. The officers of this company were : Captain, Peter J. Schlosser ; First Lieutenant, John Grindell ; Second Lieutenant, George L. Hyde. The Forty-first left the State June 16, 1864, and proceeded to Memphis, where, in conjunction with the Thirty-ninth, also one hundred day men, it was assigned to the Third Brigade, and was placed on picket and guard duty, relieving the veteran regiments, who were then sent to the front. Here the Forty first remained until their time of service expired, meeting the enemy in force but once, when, in August, Forrest's cavalry made a dash into Memphis. On this occasion, though taken by surprise, the regiment behaved with great coolness and bravery.

Their term of service having expired, they returned home, and were mustered out of service in September. Their services, with that of the other hundred day troops, was handsomely acknowledged by President Lincoln, who, in addition, directed the War Department to cause a certificate of their services to be delivered to officers and men. These certificates were gotten up in handsome shape on parchment, and afterward distributed through the State Adjutant General's office.

Forty-Third.—This regiment was recruited under the call of July, 1864, and left the State for Nashville, Tenn., in October of the same year. Company H, of this regiment was from Grant County, being officered as follows: Captain, William W. Likens, First Lieutenant, Elijah Lyon ; Second Lieutenant, Thomas 0. Russell. Arriving at Nashville, the regiment, under orders, proceeded by rail to Johnsonville, on the Tennessee River, where it encamped, on October 15. This place was an important depot for supplies, and was the terminus of the military railroad from Nashville. At the time, this important point was menaced by the approach of the forces under Gen. Hood. The enemy, on the 4th of November, posted themselves on the opposite bank of the Tennessee and opened fire, but came no nearer. The Forty-third remained at Johnsonville until November 30, and then marched by way of Waverly, through an almost unbroken wilderness, to Clarksville, on the Cumberland River, where it arrived on the 4th of December. Remaining until the 28th, they moved up the Cumberland River to Nashville. On the 1st of January they left Nashville, and moved to Dechard, Tenn., by rail, where six companies went into camp, and four companies, under command of Maj. Brightman, were detached to guard Elk River bridge. Here they remained engaged in provost and guard duty on the line of the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad. In the beginning of June they reined to Nashville, and were mustered out of the service, soon after returning to Milwaukee, 'Here they were disbanded.

Forty-Fourth.—The Forty-fourth Regiment of Wisconsin Volunteers was organized under the call of July, 1,864, and a portion of the companies belonging to the regiment were sent forward during early fall to re enforce Gen. Thomas at Nashville. The remaining companies joined their comrades at that point, in February, 1865, where the regiment was first formally organized. Grant County was represented in this regiment by Company K, officered as follows Captain, William H. Beebe ; First Lieutenant, Arch. W. Bell ; Second Lieutenant, William H. Peckham. This company was organized in the vicinity of Platteville. The regiment, after its organization, was employed in post and guard duty at Nashville. They remained here until March, when they proceeded to Eastport, Miss., and after remaining a short time, returned to Nashville, and on the 3d of April proceeded to Paducah, Ky., where they were employed in picket duty until the 28th of August. They were then mustered out of the service. The regiment left Paducah on the 30th of the month, and on the 2d of September, arrived at Madison, where they were paid off and disbanded.

Forty-seventh.—In this regiment was Capt. Baxter's company, organized in Grant County, its officers being as follows: Captain, Charles H. Baxter; First Lieutenant, John Grindell;. Second Lieutenant, Edwin Bliss. The company made Company K of the regimental organization. The regiment left the State in February, 1865, and proceeded to Louisville. Soon after they were ordered to Nashville, and thence to Tullahoma, at the junction of the McMinnville & Manchester Railroad with the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad. Here they were employed in guard duty until the latter part of August, when they returned to Nashville, where they were mustered out, and returned to Wisconsin, arriving at Madison on the 8th of September, where they were paid off and disbanded.

Fiftieth.—This regiment was recruited and organized under the superintendence of Col. John G. Clark, of Lancaster. Col. Clark had gone out early in the war as Quartermaster of the Fifth, serving with honor to himself and benefit to his regiment. Upon the passage of the conscription act in 1868, Quartermaster Clark had been appointed Provost Marshal of the Third Wisconsin District, as stated heretofore, with headquarters at Prairie du Chien. At this post he remained until the beginning of 1865, when he received a commission as Colonel of the Fiftieth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. This regiment was made up from different portions of the State, Grant County sending a portion of Company H, the officers being as follows Captain, Charles H. Cox; First Lieutenant, John C. Cover; Second Lieutenant, Jerome White. Besides this company, there were many others of Grant County's representatives scattered through the regiment. The Fiftieth left the State by companies in the latter part of March and the beginning of April, 1865, and proceeded to St. Louis, where they went into quarters at Benton Barracks. The regiment was afterward divided over the State of Missouri, engaged in guard and picket duty. Col. Clark was placed in command of the district about Jefferson City, with headquarters finally at that place. From here the regiment was sent to Kansas City, and from there to Fort Leavenworth. There the Fiftieth assisted in quelling a mutiny which broke out in the Sixth Virginia, and spread through other regiments clamoring to be mustered out. For their action at this time the following complimentary acknowledgment was transmitted to the commanding officer by Brig. Gen. Stalbrand, commanding the division: " With the most unqualified pleasure, I accord to yourself and your regiment the well-deserved merit of full and unalloyed subordination, the steadiness and devotion to duty so unmistakably exhibited by your command, tells the observing that care and skill in his functions have been exercised by the commander. May you , long have the pleasure of controlling and perfecting an organization so promising." During the succeeding fall, the regiment was ordered to Fort Rice, Dakota Territory, where Col. Clark was placed in command of the post. The Fiftieth remained here until the summer of the succeeding year, when they were ordered to Madison, and mustered out June 14, 1866.

Second Cavalry—During the fall of 1861, a company for the cavalry was organized in and about Patch Grove, by Rev. R. R. Wood. They were ordered to rendezvous at Milwaukee, and accordingly on Monday, December 23, they took their departure for that city. Previous to their departure, the company was presented with two flags, after which, in the evening, they were entertained at a concert given by the local talent of Patch Grove. The next morning the command was up bright and early and took up their line of march for Bridgeport, where they took the cars for their place of destination. They went into quarters at Camp- Washburn, and were afterward mustered into the United States service as Company C, Second Wisconsin Cavalry. On the 24th of March, the regiment left the State for St. Louis. Company C was officered as follows : Captain, Reuben R. Wood ; First Lieutenant, Myron W. Wood ; Second Lieutenant, Daniel L. Riley. Upon the arrival of the regiment in St. Louis, they went into quarters at Benton Barracks, where they drew their horses and were fully equipped for the field. On the 15th of May, the first battalion left St. Louis and proceeded to Jefferson City, followed on the 19th by the second and third battalions. In June following, the regiment was divided, the first battalion remaining in Missouri, while the second and third battalions took up their line of march for Batesville, on the White River, Arkansas, where they joined the forces of Gen. Curtis. There the two battalions were assigned to a brigade, of which Col. Washburn had been placed in command. On the 14th, the regiment was assigned to escort duty to a train loaded with provisions for Gen. Curtis' army, which left Springfield on the 14th. On the 16th, Col. Washburn joined them with a battalion of the Tenth Illinois Cavalry. The train extended ten miles in length, and the utmost vigilance was needed to prevent capture from the heavy force of rebels who hung upon its flanks. But the train was brought through to Augusta without the loss of a man, and having in their possession 150 prisoners, which they had taken on the march. On June 5, 1862, Col. Washburn was appointed Brigadier General. On the 8th of July, the Second Cavalry took part in the battle of Cotton Plant, destroying two ferry-boats and taking several prisoners. They then moved on to Helena, where they, remained until January, 1863, engaged in scouting and other duties. The Second while at this point, in November, took part in a raid into Mississippi, striking the enemy's communications in the rear of Abbeville, and compelling him to retreat from his position in the front of Gen. Grant's forces.

Early in February, 1863. the Second and Third Battalions received orders to report to Maj, Gen. Hamilton, Department Commander at Memphis. Here they remained until April, when they were engaged in the action at Coldwater, doing good service. After this battle, a detachment of Company C was sent forward under the command of Lieut. Riley, to ascertain the whereabouts of Gen. Smith, who was to co-operate with Col. Bryant's force, but returned without finding him. Soon after, it was ascertained that a large number of horses and mules on their way south for the rebel army, were to cross the Coldwater. Lieut. Riley was allowed the privilege of attempting their capture. This he successfully accomplished, bringing back, beside sixty or seventy head of horses and mules, much miscellaneous property. On the 18th of June, the regiment reported to Gen. Washburn, at Snyder's Bluff, on the Yazoo River, where they were employed in scouting up to July 4. After making several minor changes, they were, on 7th, assigned to Gen. Sherman's expedition en route for Jackson, Miss. During the second day of the march, they had a sharp brush with the enemy. Arriving at Jackson, they formed part of the force dispatched to Canton ; near that place they encountered the enemy, but during the night, he retreated without venturing anything further than a smart skirmish. The 26th found them again in camp near Vicksburg. During the winter of 1863-64, the Second Cavalry remained encamped at Red Bone Church. In March, 1874, the veterans of the regiment were allowed a furlough, and returned to Wisconsin, returning in May. In September, the first battalion, which, up to this time, had been engaged in guard and scouting duty in Missouri, rejoined the remainder of the regiment at Vicksburg. On the 2d of December, 1864, Lieut. Col. Dale with 250 men of the Second Cavalry, encountered a heavy force of the enemy on the Vicksburg road near Yazoo City. After a short encounter, the enemy appeared in such force as to flank the little command, and, after twice beating back his charges, the Second was obliged to retire. The casualties in Company C were as follows : Wounded : Privates, A. M. Parker and Rich McLadd. Twenty-seven of the command were taken prisoners. Later in the month, the regiment was engaged near Memphis in scouting. In April they were assigned to the duty of protecting citizens from the attacks of bushwhackers and returned rebel soldiers, and remained so engaged until June, when they were ordered to report to Gen. Sheridan, at Alexandria, La. On the 3d of July, such of the officers and men whose terms expired on or before the 1st of October, 1865, were mustered out. The remainder of the regiment proceeded to Hampstead, Texas, remaining at that place until October, when they commenced their march to Austin. At that point, on the 15th of the month they were mustered out. They then started for home, marching on foot to Brennan, one hundred miles, and reached where they were paid off and the regiment disbanded.