Wisconsin State History

CHRONOLOGY OF WISCONSIN FROM 1639 TO 1843.
Source: Chapter 2 of "An Illustrated History of the State of Wisconsin: being a complete civil, political and military history of the state from its first exploration down to 1875";
By Charles Richard Tuttle; Publ. 1875;

Transcribed and Donated by Andrea Stawski Pack.


1639. The country as far as the head of the Wisconsin River was explored by Nicolet.
1654. The territory now embraced within the limits of the State in the vicinity of Green Bay was occupied by fur-traders.
1660. Rend Menard explored the country to Chegoimegon Bay, Lake Superior, where a mission was afterwards established.
1661. The same traveler crossed the country from Lake Superior to Black River Falls.
1664. The French minister officially orders, or grants, the sale of brandy and other liquors to the Indians.
1665. Claude Allouez, an eminent pioneer missionary, established a mission at La Pointe, Lake Superior.
1667. Louis Nicholas joined Allouez at the mission at La Pointe.
1669. Father Allouez established a mission at Des Peres, or Green Bay. This mission was at the Rapids of Depere, a short distance above the present city of Green Bay.
1670. Father Allouez made a voyage of the Fox and Wisconsin Rivers to within a short distance of the Mississippi, - a near approach to the discovery of the Father of Waters.
1671. In this year the French took formal possession of the whole North-west.
1673. Father James Marquette discovered the Mississippi River.
1674. The same explorer coasted Lake Michigan, from Green Bay, by Milwaukee, to the site of the present city of Chicago.
1676. Father Allouez made a voyage to Chicago by Milwaukee.
1679. "The Griffin," a schooner built by La Salle, and the first to make a voyage of the lake above the Niagara, arrived at Green Bay.
1679. La Salle made a voyage on Lake Michigan, from Green Bay to the St. Joseph River.
1679. Capt. Du Lath held a council, and concluded a peace with the natives of Lake Superior.
1680. Tonti established a military port and garrison at Green Bay.
1681. Marquette's journal and map of his travels and explorations in the North-west were published in France.
1683. Le Sueur made a voyage of the Fox and Wisconsin Rivers to the Mississippi.
1685. Durantaye erected a fort at Checagua.
1688. Fort St. Nicholas was built at the mouth of the Wisconsin.
1688. La Hontau made a voyage through the country, making valuable observations.
1688. Parret established a trading-station on Lake Pepin.
1688. Fort St. Antoine was erected at the mouth of the Chippewa River.
1688. A military port named Beauharnois was erected on the north side of Lake Pepin.
1695. Le Sueur built a fort on an island in the Mississippi, below the St. Croix.
1699. John Buisson de St. Comes made a voyage of Lake Michigan, stopping at Milwaukee.
1700. Le Sueur made a voyage up the Mississippi in search of copper ore.
1714. Le Louvigny's battle with the Fox Indians at Butte des Morts.
1719. Francis Renalt explored the Upper Mississippi with two hundred miners.
1721. P. de Charlevoix made a journey through Wisconsin.
1726. A French fort was established at Green Bay.
1727. The French established a fort on Lake Pepin, with Sieur de Lapperriere commandant.
1728. There was a great flood in the Mississippi; and Fort Beauharnois was submerged.
1728. A French expedition, under De Lingnery, from Green Bay, punished the Foxes.
1734. A battle took place between the French, and the Sauks and Foxes.
1745. Green Bay was settled by Augustus and Charles De Langlade.
1747. Capt. De Vorcheres takes command at Green Bay.
1764. Sieur Martin, in command at Green Bay, makes a peace with the Indians.
1755. A French post, or fort, was established at Prairie du Chien.
1760. Capt. Balfour and Lieut. Gorrell, with English troops, took possession of Green Bay.
1762. A deputation of Indians went from Milwaukee to Green Bay to complain of dishonest traders.
1763. The English, under Lieut. Gorrell, abandon Green Bay in consequence of the approaching Indian war.
1763. The great Pontiac war.
1763. Treaty of Paris, by which all the territory of New France, including Wisconsin, was surrendered to the English.
1764. Green Bay re-occupied by the British under Capt. Howard.
1764. Louisiana ceded to Spain by the French.
1766. The laws of Canada were extended over the northwest.
1766-68. Jonathan Carver makes an extended tour through the country.
1774. Organization of the North-western Fur Company.
1774. A civil government was established in the North-west, by the celebrated " Quebec Act."
1777. Indians from Wisconsin joined the British against the Americans.
1780. Lieut.Gov. Patrick St. Clair of Canada purchased Green Bay, Prairie du Chien, & c., from the Indians.
1785. There was a great flood in the Mississippi River.
1786. Julian Dubuque explored the lead region of the Upper Mississippi.
1787. The well-known Ordinance of 1787 was passed by Congress for the government of the North-west.
1788. There was an Indian council at Green Bay. Permission to work the lead mines was given to Dubuque.
1796. Green Bay, Prairie du Chien & c., were surrendered by the English to the United States.
1796. Laws of the Ordinance of 1787 extended over the North-west.
1800. Indian territory organized, including Wisconsin.
1800. Louisiana ceded to France by Spain.
1803. Antoine Barth settled at the portage of the Fox and Wisconsin Rivers.
1803. Louisiana ceded to the United States by France.
1804. Indian treaty at St. Louis; Southern Wisconsin purchased.
1805. Michigan Territory organized.
1805. Lieut. Pike ascended the Mississippi River.
1809. Thomas Nuttall, the botanist, explored Wisconsin.
1809. Illinois Territory was organized, including Wisconsin.
1809. First saw-mill built, near Green Bay.
1812. Indians assembled at Green Bay to join the English.
1814. Gov. Clark took possession of Prairie du Chien.
1814. Prairie du Chien surrendered to the British.
1815. The American Fur Company began to establish trading-posts.
1815. United States trading-post established at Green Bay.
1816. Indian treaty confirming that of 1804.
1816. United States troops took possession of Prairie du Chien.
1816. Col. Miller commenced the erection of Fort Howard at Green Bay.
1816. Indian treaty; lands relinquished to Indians.
1816. Jaques Vieux settled at Milwaukee.
1817. Indian treaty at St. Louis.
1817. Major S. H. Long ascended the Mississippi.
1818. State of Illinois was organized; Wisconsin attached to Michigan.
1818. Solomon Juneau built his cabin.
1818. A saw-mill built four miles above Prairie du Chien.
1818. Brown and Crawford Counties organized, including the whole State.
1819. A saw-mill erected at Black River Falls, by C. A. Andrews.
1819. Fort Snelling built and occupied.
1820. United-States commissioners adjusted land-claims at Green Bay.
1821. Oneida and Stockbridge Indians settled near Green Bay.
1821. First post-office established at Green Bay.
1821. Fort Crawford built at Prairie du Chien.
1822. The New York Indians purchase lands east of Lake Winnebago.
1822. James Johnson obtained from the Indians the right to dig for lead by Negro slaves from Kentucky.
1823. January. Wisconsin made a separate Judicial District by Congress.
1823. First government leases to lead-miners.
1823. Land-claims at Prairie du Chien adjusted by the government.
1823. Major S. H. Long's expedition to the Upper Mississippi.
1823. First steamboat on the Upper Mississippi, with Major Taliafero and Count Beltrami.
1823. Lieut. Bayfield of the British navy made a survey of Lake Superior.
1823. An Episcopal mission established near Green Bay.
1824. James D. Doty appointed judge by Pres. Monroe; held the office nine years.
1824. July 12. First court held in Brown County.
1824. Oct. 4. First term of United-States Circuit Court held at Green Bay.
1825. Aug. 1 and 19. Indian treaties at Prairie du Chien.
1825. The Carver grant of land rejected by Congress.
1826. First steamboat on Lake Michigan. 1826. Indian treaty at St. Louis.
1826. Great flood in the Mississippi, twenty-six feet above low water at Prairie du Chien.
1827. A rush of speculators to the lead-mines.
1827. Difficulties with the Indians. Troops sent to settle them.
1827. Aug. 11. Treaty with the Menomonee Indians at Butte des Morts.
1828. Fort Winnebago built at "the portage."
1828. Indian treaty at Green Bay; the lead-region purchased.
1828. Lead ore discovered at Mineral Point and Dodgeville.
1829. July 29. Winnebago treaty at Prairie du Chien.
1829. A Methodist mission established at Green Bay.
1830. A Methodist mission established at La Pointe.
1830. May. The Sioux killed seventeen Sauks and Foxe3 near Prairie du Chien.
1831. Feb. 8. Menomonee treaty at Washington.
1831. Public lands in the lead-region surveyed by Lucius Lyon and others.
1832. June 16. Battle with the Sauk Indians on the Pekatonica.
1832. July 21. Battle on the Wisconsin River.
1832. Aug. 2. Battle at mouth of the Bad Axe; Black Hawk defeated.
1832. First arrival of steamboat at Chicago.
1832. Schoolcraft discovered the true source of the Mississippi.
1832, Sept. 15. Winnebago treaty at Fort Armstrong.
1832. Oct. 27. Treaty with the Menomonees.
1832. High water in the Mississippi.
1833. A Methodist mission established at Ottawa Lake (Chippewa River).
1833. Sept. 26. Indian treaty at Chicago ; lands south and west of Milwaukee ceded to the government.
1833. Dec. 11. First newspaper ("Green Bay Intelligencer") published.
1834. Public lands near Green Bay surveyed by A. G. Ellis.
1834. Land offices established at Mineral Point and Green Bay.
1834. Population by census taken, 4,795.
1835. First settlement at Milwaukee, Samuel Brown and family.
1835. George W. Jones elected delegate to Congress.
1835. J. N. Nicollett commenced scientific exploration.
1835. Public lands at Milwaukee surveyed by William A. Burt.
1836. Jan. 9. The legislative council of Michigan met at Green Bay.
1836. April 30. Henry Dodge appointed governor by Pres. Andrew Jackson.
1836. July 4. Territory of Wisconsin organized.
1836. July 14. "Milwaukee Advertiser" published at 371 Third Street.
1836. Sept. 3. Treaty with the Menomonee's at Green Bay.
1836. Oct. 10. George W. Jones elected delegate to Congress.
1836. Oct. 25. First legislature of Wisconsin convened at Belmont, Wisconsin.
1836. Dec. 3. Seat of government established at Madison.
1836. First school opened in Milwaukee (at No.371 Third Street).
1836. United States land-office opened at Milwaukee.
1837. Jan. 26. Michigan admitted as a State.
1837. July 29. Chippewa treaty at Fort Snelling.
1837. Sept. 29. Sioux treaty; lands east of the Mississippi ceded.
1837. Nov. 1. Winnebago treaty; lands ceded.
1837. Nov. 6. Legislature met at Burlington, Iowa.
1838. June 11. Special session of the legislature at Burlington, Iowa.
1838. Sept. 10. James D. Doty elected delegate to Congress.
1838. Nov. 26. First session of the legislature at Madison.
1839. Jan. 21. Legislative session; statutes enacted.
1839. Indian (Sioux and Chippewa) battle; two hundred killed.
1839. September. James D. Doty re-elected to Congress.
1839, Dec. 6. Legislative session commenced.
1840. Aug. 3. Extra session of the legislature.
1840. Dec. 7. Legislative session.
1841. Sept. 27. Henry Dodge elected delegate to Congress.
1841. Sept. 30. James Duane Doty appointed governor by Pres. John Tyler.
1841. Dec. 6. Legislature met.
1842. Oct. 4. Chippewa treaty at La Pointe; lands ceded.
1842. Dec. 6. Legislative session commenced.
1843. Sept. 25. Henry Dodge re-elected delegate to Congress.
1843. Dec. 4. Legislative session commenced.
1844. June 21. Nathaniel P. Tallmadge appointed governor by Pres. John Tyler.
1845. Jan. 6. Legislative session commenced.
1845. April 8. Henry Dodge appointed governor by Pres. James K. Polk.
1845. Sept. 22. Morgan L. Martin elected delegate to Congress.
1846. Jan 5. The legislature met.
1846. April. A vote of the people in favor of a State government.
1846. Aug. 6. Act of Congress authorizing a State government.
1846. Dec. 16. A State constitution adopted in convention.
1847. Jan. 4. The legislature met.
1847. April. The proposed State constitution rejected by vote of the people.
1847. Sept. 27. John H. Tweedy elected delegate to Congress.
1847. Oct. 18. Special session of the legislature.
1848. Feb. 1. A new State constitution adopted in convention.
1848. Feb. 7. Sixteenth (and last) session of the Territorial Legislature.
1848. March 13. The State constitution adopted by a vote of the people; and Wisconsin became one of the States of the American Union, being the seventeenth admitted, and the thirtieth in the list of States.

"An Illustrated History of the State of Wisconsin..."
By Charles Richard Tuttle; Publ. 1875;
Transcribed and donated by Andrea Stawski Pack.



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