Wisconsin Genealogy Trails
Winnebago County, Wisconsin

General T. S. Allen
Oshkosh -- T. S. ALLEN, a native of Alleghany County, New York, was born on the 26th of July, 1825, and is the son of Rev. A. S. Allen and Lydia, nee Kingsbury. His life has been a most eventful one, but we can give only an outline of its most prominent phases. After receiving his primary education, he learned the printer's trade, and later, in 1843, entered college, at the same time working at his trade to defray his expenses. At the close of his studies, he was employed in teaching for a short time, and in 1846 removed to Chicago, Illinois. During the first year after his arrival he was engaged as foreman on a daily paper, and at the expiration of that time, by reason of impaired health, relinquished his trade, and removing to Wisconsin, engaged in mining and surveying, at Dodgeville, in which occupations, and in teaching, he spent the following two years. In 1850 he was elected clerk of the board of supervisors for a term of two years, and at the expiration of his term of office, engaged in railroading and real-estate operations, continuing in the same till 1857, when he was elected to the State legislature from the Mineral Point district. In 1860 he was employed as assistant chief-clerk in the State land office, at Madison, and on the 13th of April, 1861, enlisted as a private in the Governor's Guards, but was soon after chosen captain of the Miners' Guards of Mineral Point, and was duly commissioned as such by Governor Randall. The company was assigned to the 2d Regiment, and became known as Company I. This regiment participated in the battle of Bull Run, July 2, 1861, his company losing eighteen men in the fight. After coming out in good order, its several captains gathered their men at Centerville, and secured coffee and provisions for their exhausted command. Being without superior officers, the regiment placed itself under command of Captain McKee, as senior captain, and Captain T. S. Allen, who brought up the rear, and returned to their old camp at Arlington Heights. Captain Allen was made major of his regiment on the 22d of August following, and on the 8th of September, 1862, was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel. He served in this capacity till the 14th of January, 1863, at which time he was commissioned colonel of the 5th Wisconsin, as successor to Colonel Amasa Cobb.
As major of the 2nd Regiment, he was twice wounded in the battle of Gainesville, but did not leave the field, and was again wounded at Antietam, while commanding the regiment in the absence of Colonel Fairchild. In the famous charge of the 3rd of May, 1863, on Marys Heights, where General Burnside had lost five thousand men in a former engagement, giving it the name of ‘Slaughter Pen,’ Colonel Allen's regiment of the eighth division, sixth corps, took the lead. The 6th Maine and the 31st New York were also placed under his orders. When the time arrived for moving on the works he addressed his men: “Boys, you see those heights? You must take them! You think you cannot; but you can — you will do it! When the order ‘forward’ is given, you will start on double-quick; you will not fire a gun; you will not stop till you get orders to halt, and you will never get that order!” And they did not get it until they stood captors within the enemy's works, although the 5th Wisconsin suffered a loss of one hundred and thirty-six men, killed and wounded, and the other regiments in the same proportion. Previous to the charge at Rappahannock Station, on November 7, 1863, General David Russell, commanding the brigade, remarked that he had two regiments that could take those works. Having received permission, he ordered out the 6th Maine and 5th Wisconsin. As they were passing over the parapet of the redoubt, Colonel Allen had his hand so badly shattered by a ball that he was rendered unfit for duty, and was complimented for his gallant service in the action in a general order by Major-General H. G. Wright, division commander of the sixth corps. While disabled from wounds he was detailed on General Casey's examining board, on which he served during the summer of 1864. In August he returned to Wisconsin, the time of his regiment having expired, and raised seven new companies to fill up the ranks, two hundred and fifty men organized into three companies having reenlisted for the war. He returned with these men in October, and served until December, in the Shenandoah Valley under General Phil. Sheridan. In December the command was moved to the front of Petersburg. In the attack on the lines on the 2nd of April, 1865, he was given the advance in the charge, which proved successful at all points, and again distinguished himself, leading his regiment two miles through the enemy's advance line, to the South Railroad, its loss being one-tenth of the whole corps, comprising fifty regiments. He was present at the surrender of General Lee, which closed the war. Shortly after the close of the war he was elected secretary of state.
He was a delegate at large to the republican national convention in 1868. In 1870 he removed to Oshkosh, his present home, and began the publication of the “Northwestern,” a daily and weekly paper, with which he is still connected, and is widely known as an able editor. He suffered a severe loss in the great fire of 1875, by the burning of his establishment.
In his religious sentiments, Colonel Allen is liberal, and though a regular attendant of the Congregational Church, is not connected with any religious body.
In politics, he is a republican, having helped to organize that party in Wisconsin.
He was married on the 11th of August, 1851, to Miss Sarah Bracken, daughter of General Charles Bracken, and by her had one daughter. Mrs. Allen died in 1854, and in April, 1866, he was married to Miss Natilie Weber, by whom he has two sons and three daughters.
Colonel Allen has traveled extensively throughout the United States, and gained a most valuable practical knowledge of men and things. He began life without means, and by his own untiring energy and enterprise has risen step by step to his present high social position and public standing. [Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan]

Louis A. Arnold
LOUIS A. ARNOLD (Soc.) is secretary of the Socialist party of Wisconsin. He was born in Booneville, Ind., July 13, 1872, and four months later his parents moved to Newbury, Washington county, Wis., where he attended the common schools. He was graduated from the West Bend high school and taught school one year and then entered the employ of the Vilter Manufacturing Co., Milwaukee and was engaged in erecting ice and refrigerating plants. He was alderman of the 17th ward, Milwaukee, 1908 to 1911 and tax commissioner 1912 to 1916. He was elected to the senate in 1914 and reelected in 1918, receiving 4,730 votes to 4,532 for David Love (Rep.). [Source: The Wisconsin Blue Book (1919) page 463; transcribed by FoFG mz]

Henry Bailey
HENRY BAILEY, Oshkosh, the son of John Bailey, was born at Parsonsfield, York county, Maine, October 18, 1842. He availed himself of such educational advantages as the town of Effingham, New Hampshire, afforded. His preparation for the legal profession was completed at the office of Moses Hooper, Oshkosh, in 1866; was admitted to the bar at Oshkosh, which city has ever since continued to be his home, and where he has adhered faithfully to his work as a lawyer. On the breaking out of the war Mr. Bailey was filled with popular enthusiasm of the time and entered the army as captain of Fifty-first Wisconsin infantry. [Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed publisher (1882) transcribed by Susan Geist]

Charles Barber
CHARLES BARBER, Oshkosh, was born at Burlington, Vermont, September 21, 1851. He was the son of Dr. A. P. and K. E. Barber, who afterward emigrated to the west and located at Oshkosh, Wisconsin. It was there where Charles received his school education, graduating from the high school of that town in 1868. He commenced the study of law with E. P. Finch, Oshkosh; afterward went to Columbia law school, New York, and graduated from that institution in May, 1874. The same year he entered as a partner in the office of his former teacher, E. P. Finch, and the connection still continues. During that year he was appointed inspector of the Oshkosh High School. [Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed publisher (1882) transcribed by Susan Geist]

Coles Bashford
COLES BASHFORD, Tuscan, was a native of Wayne county, New York, and was born in the year 1817. After receiving an early education, such as the schools of those days afforded, he studied law at Lyons, in his native county, where he was admitted to the bar, and commenced the practice of his profession. Soon, however, he was attracted to the west, and settled at Algoma, now a part of the city of Oshkosh. In 1852 he was elected to the state senate, was reelected in 1854, and subsequently resigned to occupy the executive chair. He became a republican on the organization of that party, and in 1855 was nominated in its convention for governor, in opposition to William A. Barstow. This memorable campaign resulted in the issuance of the certificate of election to Barstow, by the state canvassers. His right to the seat was contested before the supreme court resulting in the resignation of Barstow and the seating of Mr. Bashford.
On the expiration of his term in 1858, he resumed the practice of law at Oshkosh. In 1863 he removed to Tuscan, Arizona, where he died in 1880.
During the year 1864 and the year following he was a member of the council of that territory, attorney-general in 1866, then delegate in congress for two years, and soon after secretary of the territory, which office he resigned in 1876, in order to devote his attention wholly to a large law practice. [Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed Publisher (1882) transcribed by Glenda Stevens.]

David R. Bean
DAVID R. BEAN (Greenbacker), of Waukau, Winnebago county, was born January 26, 1827, in Milton, Chittenden county, Vermont; had a common school education; is a miller; came to Wisconsin in 1836, and settled at Waukau; held various local offices; was assemblyman in 1862, and elected assemblyman for 1880, receiving 510 votes against 451 for Alson Wood, Republican, and 240 for John De Foe, Democrat. [Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1880) transcribed by RuthAnne Wilke]

Gabriel Bouck
GABRIEL BOUCK, of Oshkosh, was born at Fulton, Scoharie county, N. Y., December 16, 1838; graduated at Union College in 1847; is by profession a Lawyer; he came to Wisconsin in 1848, and first settled at Milwaukee, and removed to Oshkosh in 1849; was attorney general of the state in 185 and 1859, and a member of the assembly in 1860 and 1874, and was elected to preside over that body during the latter year; was the democratic candidate for congress in the 5th district in 1864, and in the 6th diatrict in 1874; he entered the military service in the war for the Union, in the spring of 1861, and was relieved from service in the spring of 1864, participating, during his service, in the battle of Bull Run, siege and battle of Corinth, Jackson, Champion Hills, Black River, siege of Vicksburg and Missionary Ridge. He was elected to the forty-fifth congress as a Democrat, receiving 20,623 votes, against 17,847 votes for A. M. Kimball, Republican. Re-elected to the forty-sixth congress, receiving 14,349 votes, against 11,748 votes for James V. Jones, Republican, and 5,144 for G. M. Steele, Greenbacker. [Source: Blue Book of Wisconsin (1880) transcribed by Grace Greenwald]

Gabriel Bouck, Oshkosh, was born at Fulton, Schoharie county, New York, December 16, 1828. He was a son of the late William C. Bouck, a man of great prominence among the former generation of New York statesman, and for one term governor of the state. Gabriel graduated from Union college in 1847, and began his legal studies in the office of Daniel S. Dickinson, at Binghamton. Removing to Milwaukee in 1848, he studied from some time with Messrs. Finch and Lynde, and in 1849 was admitted to the bar. Soon after he removed to Oshkosh and opened an office. In 1857 he was nominated over E. S. Bragg as the democratic candidate for attorney-general, and was successful at the election. His term included the years 1858 and 1859. In 1860 he was chosen a member of the assembly, and again in 1874, serving as speaker during the latter year. The first notes of the war of the rebellion summoned Mr. Bouck to the service of his country. In a very few days he organized a fine company, and tendered its service to the governor. It became the color company of the Second regiment of Wisconsin Volunteers, and he served as its captain during the early campaigns of our army on the Potomac. After the battle of Shiloh, where Colonel James S. Alban, of the Eighteenth Wisconsin, was killed, he was commissioned to succeed him and to reorganized the regiment which had suffered severe losses. He performed this task with great vigor, and continued to command the regiment during the two succeeding years. In this capacity, or as often in command of a brigade, he fought in the siege and battle of Cornith, the battles of Jackson, Champion Hills and Black River, the siege of Vicksburg and the battle of Missionary Ridge. Colonel Bouck was an unsuccessful candidate for congress by the nomination of the democratic party in 1864 and again in 1874. In 1876 he was elected a member of the forty-fifth congress, and two years later was re-elected. He was again the nominee of his party in 1880, but was defeated by Richard S. Guenther. [Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed publisher (1882) transcribed by Vicki Bryan]

Gabriel Bouck, a Representative from Wisconsin; born in Fulton, Schoharie county, N. Y., December 16, 1828; was graduated from Union college in 1847; studied law; settled in Wisconsin in 1848; attorney general of the state in 1858 and 1859; member of the state assembly in 1860 and 1874, served the last year as speaker; delegate to the Democratic national conventions of 1868 and 1872; entered the Union Army as captain in 1861, and was promoted to colonel in 1862; elected as a Democrat to the Forty-fifth and Forty-sixth Congresses (March 4,1877-March 3, 1881); resumed law practice in Oshkosh, Wis.; died in Oshkosh, Wis., February 21, 1904. [Source: "A Biographical congressional directory From the 1st ( 1774) to the 62nd (1911) Congress"; By United States Congress; Publ. 1918; Transcribed for Genealogy Trails by Andrea Stawski Pack]

Thomas J. Bowles
(Winnebago County – Fourth District – The towns of Nepeuskun, Nekimi, Poygan, Rushford, Utica and Wolf River. Population, 7,215.)
THOMAS J. BOWLES (Rep.), of Elo, was born in Milan, Erie county, Ohio, May 2, 1822; had little or no opportunity for attending school and is self-educated; is a farmer; came to Wisconsin in 1849, and settled at Utica, where he continues to reside; enlisted as a private in 1862 in Co. D, 8th Wisconsin Volunteers, and served until the close of the war; participated in the battles of Tapalo and Nashville, after which he was detached for service in the ambulance corps; has held various local offices; member of county board several years; was elected to the assembly for 1881, and re-elected for 1882, receiving 414 votes, against 354 for Peter Clark, democrat. [Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1882), page 564; transcribed by Mary Saggio]

George H. Buckstaff
(Winnebago County – Third District – The towns of Algoma, Black Wolf, Omro, and 3d and 6th wards of Oshkosh. Population, 9,240.)
GEORGE H. BUCKSTAFF (Rep.), of Oshkosh, was born in the parish of Dumbarton, Charlotte county, New Brunswick, March 8, 1837; had a common school education; is a lumberman; came to Wisconsin in 1850, and settled at Oshkosh; enlisted in 1861 in Co. A., First regiment Wisconsin infantry, and served three years; was wounded at Chickamauga September 19, 1863, and was discharged October 14, 1864; was a member of the county board in 1878 and ’79; was elected to the assembly for 1881, and was re-elected for 1882, receiving 621 votes against 451 for Henry Schneider, democrat, 78 for Martin Sperbeck, greenbacker, and 137 for R. J. Judd, prohibitionist. [Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1882), page 564; transcribed by Mary Saggio]

Daniel Clancy
DANIEL CLANCY, one of the early settlers of township 145, range 63, is proprietor of one of the fine farms of that region, and has accumulated a fortune by honest industry and good management and is well and favorably known. Our subject was born in a farm in Winnebago county, Wisconsin, December 23, 1863. His father, Daniel Clancy, was born in Ireland and came to America in 1851 and settled in New York state, where he married and afterward moved to Wisconsin, and followed farming there throughout his life. The mother of our subject, whose maiden name was Mary Morarty, was born in Ireland, and came to America with relatives in the '50s and settled in Orleans county, New York.
Mr Clancy was the fifth in a family of ten children and was raised on the Wisconsin farm and received a common school education, and at the age of nineteen years left home and followed farming in Wisconsin about three years, and spent two winters in the lumber woods of northern Wisconsin. He went to North Dakota in the spring of 1885 and located in township 145, range 63, in Foster county. He built a sod shanty and hired a small acreage broken and during the seasons of 1885 and 1886 worked for others, and in 1887 began farming for himself with two horses, wagon, plow and pulverizer, and cultivated forty acres of wheat and twenty acres of oats. The crop was frosted in 1888 and the following year was light, and in 1890 our subject rented his farm and worked for others, and received nothing from his farm for the year. He and his brother worked together in 1891 and they harvested one thousand two hundred bushels from seventy acres. The largest crop raised was eight thousand bushels in 1898. Mr. Clancy now has a farm of eight hundred acres, with about six hundred acres cultivated and the balance in grass and prairie land. He has a handsome and commodious residence, good barn, four granaries on different parts of the farm, and all machinery necessary for the conduct of a model farm, including a half interest in a twenty-horse-power steam threshing outfit. He has two good wells on the place and works twelve horses during the busy season, and has twenty head of cattle and raises stock to some extent. He has made a success of general farming and is one of the substantial men of his township.
Our subject was married, in 1893, to Miss Sarah Hoggarth. Mrs. Clancy was born in Canada and is of English descent. Her father, Joseph Hoggarth, came to America about 1845, and died at the age of seventy years. He located in Foster county, North Dakota, in 1886, and was one of the well-known settlers of that locality. Three children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Clancy, as follows: Daniel, born April 5, 1894; Grace, born June 24, 1895, and James, born June 11, 1898. Mr. Clancy passed through pioneer experiences in North Dakota and in the early days hauled supplies from Melville, twenty-two miles, or Cooperstown, thirty miles; and making a trip to the later place was overtaken on his return trip by a blizzard, and forced to turn back to Cooperstown, and six days were consumed before they finally reached home. He has witnessed the growth of that country and assisted in bringing it into notice as an agricultural district. [Source: Compendium of History and Biography of North Dakota, Publ. 1900. Transcribed by Syndi Phillips]

James Luther Clark
OSHKOSH - The subject of this sketch, a native of Alton, Belknap County, New Hampshire, was born April 17, 1824, and is the son of Aaron Clark and Marcy nee’ Ham. His father was a farmer, and succeeded by honest toil in making a comfortable living for his family. James received his education at a common school in his native town, after leaving which he learned the carpenter and Joiner's trade. This he followed until 1855, when he came west and located at Oshkosh, Wisconsin. Here he pursued his trade for two years, subsequent to which he engaged in the lumber business for about three years, and for the two years following held the position of superintendent in the mills of different parties. In 1862 he engaged in making match splints, and after pursuing this occupation for five years, commenced the manufacture of matches, his brand being known as the "Star Match." The value of the amount produced in 1867 was twenty thousand dollars, but the recognized superiority of the brand soon gained for it a general sale throughout the northern and western States, in consequence of which the business has steadily increased until in 1875 it amounted to three hundred and thirty thousand dollars. He has been a republican since the organization of the party, but has never allowed his better judgment to be so hampered by party prejudices as to support measures which he believed to be wrong. Desirous of no political office, he has chosen rather to devote to his private business that care and attention which cannot but be crowned with success. His religious views are broad and liberal. He was married July 26, 1851, to Miss Sarah Flint, by whom he has had two sons. Mr. Clark, starting in life without means, has succeeded by combining industry, integrity, and perseverance, in building up a business which has been, at once, a means of great prosperity to himself, and of furnishing employment and support to a large number of hands. His quiet, unassuming manners, and sterling business qualities have gained him the firm friendship of a large circle of acquaintances, and have made him an object of pride and esteem to the city of his adoption. [Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan]

Chester D. Cleveland
CHESTER D. CLEVELAND, Oshkosh, was born at Winchester, Connecticut, October 22, 1839, and is the son of Rufus and Sarah Cleveland. The young man, after pursuing the usual course at the common school, was sent to Williston Seminary to prepare for college. After graduating from Williston Seminary he commenced the study of law with Elisha Johnson, of Hartford, Connecticut, where he remained until the breaking out of the war in 1861, when he entered the army. After the close of the war he was admitted to the bar at Litchfield, Connecticut, in 1865. He then entered the Yale law school from whence he graduated, in 1866, and during the fall of that year took up his residence at Oshkosh, and from that time until the present has continued in the practice of his profession. Mr. Cleveland participated in the war of the rebellion, entering as a private and working his way up through the several grades until he was appointed to the lieutenant-colonelcy of the Second Connecticut artillery. He was present at the battles of Bull Run and Appomattox, and was in many battles during the memorable struggle for the maintenance of the Union. [Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed publisher (1882) transcribed by Susan Geist]

Lucius A. Clinton
CLINTON, Lucius A., manager The Diamond Match Co.; born, Menasha, Wis., Aug. 25, 1850; son of Orson P. and Caroline C. (Finch) Clinton; educated in district school at Menasha. Began active career in logging camps of Wisconsin; then became lumber manufacturer and engaged in lumbering; entered manufacture of matches at Chicago, 1895, and later associated in business with Diamond Match Co., of which he has been manager since Jan., 1898. Member Detroit Board of Commerce. Republican as to politics. Congregationalist in church affiliation. Recreations: Trout fishing, grouse and duck shooting. Office: Cor. 8th and Jefferson Av., W. Residence: Charlevoix Apts. [Source: "The Book of Detroiters". Edited by Albert Nelson Marquis, 1908 - Submitted by Christine Walters]

Edward James Conroy
The chairman of the board of county commissioners of Hennepin County, Minnesota, is Edward James Conroy, who is a resident of Minneapolis. Mr. Conroy was born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, November 15, 1864, the son of Thomas and Margaret Conroy, both of whom were born in Dublin, Ireland. They emigrated to this country in 1854, settling at Oshkosh, Wisconsin. Thomas Conroy was a carpenter by trade, and he followed this occupation in Oshkosh, becoming fairly prosperous. Edward received but a common school education in the public schools of Oshkosh, which was supplemented by a three months' course in a commercial college. From the time he was able to work young Conroy tried to be of assistance to his family. He earned his first dollar as a lather, at which he became an expert, and which line of work he followed during his school vacations. When only seventeen years of age he left home and removed to Minnesota, locating in Minneapolis. Here he learned the plasterer's trade, at which trade he worked for the next two years, acquiring a general knowledge of the business of a master mason and contractor. In 1883 he commenced in business on his own account as a contractor of mason work, which he has followed ever since. From the first he was successful in obtaining remunerative contracts, and many down town blocks and homes in Minneapolis attest to his skill and enterprise. Mr. Conroy has always affiliated with the Democratic party, and has been an active participator in the affairs of his city for the past ten years. In 1888 the Democrats of the Second ward nominated him for the office of alderman, but he was defeated. In 1891 he was chosen as assistant sergeant-at-arms in the upper house of the state legislature. The following year he was a nominee on the Democratic ticket for county commissioner in the First District of Hennepin County, and elected for a term of four years. In his short period of service as a county commissioner, Mr. Conroy has earned for himself an enviable reputation as a man of sterling honesty, integrity and uprightness in handling public business. He was so well liked by his associates on the board that, notwithstanding a Republican majority, he was elected to the chairmanship, which he maintained during the four years of his term with dignity and impartiality. He was re-elected to the same office in 1896 by a large majority. In the campaign of 1894 he was chairman of the Democratic county committee, also of the Democratic campaign committee. Mr. Conroy has also served on the board of tax levy for four years, being one of the most efficient members of that board. Aside from the duties of his public office, Mr. Conroy has been identified to a considerable extent with the real estate and building interests of Minneapolis, and his success thus far in life gives promise of still better results in the future. [Source: Progressive men of Minnesota. Published by The Minneapolis Journal (1897) submitted by Diana Heser Morse]

Edward M. Crane
Genial personality and efficient official service have given to the present postmaster of the city of Oshkosh, the judicial center of Winnebago county, a secure place in the confidence and esteem of the community, and he is one of the representative citizens of this section of the state,—a man of sterling character and of utmost civic loyalty. Edward M. Crane, who has served continuously as postmaster of Oshkosh, since 1902, claims the old Pine Tree state as the place of his nativity but he has been a resident of Oslikosh since his childhood days and is a representative of one of the honored pioneer families of this city. He was born at Lincoln, Penobscot county, Maine, on the 5th of March, 1861, and is a son of Allen B. and Ann (Miller) Crane, both of whom were likewise born in the old Pine Tree state, where the respective families were founded in an early day, both being of English lineage and of colonial stock in America. Allen B. Crane continued to be identified with business activities in his native state until the year 1866, when he came with his family to Wisconsin and established his home in Oshkosh, which was then a mere village. In his native state he had followed lumbering operations and upon coming to Wisconsin he identified himself with the same line of industry. He has been a prominent factor in connection with this line of enterprise and his operations were of broad extent.
The present postmaster of Oshkosh was about five years of age at the time of the family removal to the city which is now his home, and here he gained his educational discipline in the public schools. For a number of years he was associated with the firm of Parsons, Neville & Company, extensive carriage manufacturers, this concern having removed its plant from Chicago to Oshkosh in 1879. He resigned his position with this firm to assume that of general manager of the Thompson Carriage Company, representing another of the important industrial enterprises of Oshkosh, and of this responsible position he continued in tenure until 1902, when he was appointed postmaster of Oshkosh, under the administration of President Roosevelt. He was re-appointed in 1907, for a second term of four years, and his present term will expire in 1915. He has given a most satisfactory administration, vigorous and systematic. and has effected many improvements in the local and postal service. At a meeting of Wisconsin postmasters held in the city of Milwaukee in September, 1907, Mr. Crane was unanimously elected president of the Wisconsin Association of Postmasters. His administration was fruitful in the unifying of postal interests in the state.
Mr. Crane has ever been found ready to lend his influence and tangible co-operation in the furtherance of measures and enterprises projected for the general good of his home city, and he is known as one of the most loyal and progressive citizens of Oshkosh. Here he is affiliated with the Masonic fraternity, the Knights of Pythias, the Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks, the Modern Woodmen of America, the Royal League, the Oshkosh Yacht Club. Mr. and Mrs. Crane are Episcopalians.
On the 28th of June, 1893, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Crane to Miss Lilian Felker, daughter of Charles W. Felker, of Oshkosh, who is popular in the leading social activities of her home city. Mr. and Mrs. Crane have one son, Charles Allen, who was born on the 3rd of July, 1896. [Source: "WISCONSIN, ITS STORY AND BIOGRAPHY 1848-1913", pub. 1914, by Ellis Baker Usher - Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer]

Edward M. Darrow
EDWARD M. DARROW M.D. In comparison of the relative value to mankind of the various professions and pursuits it is widely recognized that none is so important as the medical profession. From the cradle to the grave human destiny is largely in the hands of the physician and the most successful of these is he, who through love of fellow men, gives his time and attention to the relief of human suffering. One of the ablest representatives of his noble calling is Dr. Edward M. Darrow, the pioneer physician and surgeon of Fargo and the Red River Valley.
He was born in Winnebago County, Wisconsin, January 16, 1855, and is a son of Daniel C. and Isabelle (Murray) Darrow, both natives of New York. The father, who was a farmer and contractor by occupation, went to Wisconsin when it was still a territory, and there spent the remainder of his life. He had two sons who took up the medical profession, the other being now a physician of Moorhead, Minnesota. The grandfather of our subject, Elezer Darrow, was also a native of New York, and was a son of Daniel Darrow, of Connecticut, who served as a soldier in the Continental army during the Revolutionary War and died at the extreme old age of ninety-six years.
Mr. Darrow, of this review, was reared in his native county, where he attended school for some time and later was a student at the Oshkosh High School and the Lawrence University at Appleton, Wisconsin. In 1874, before leaving college, he began the study of medicine under Dr. Thomas Russell, of Oshkosh and the following year entered Rush Medical College of Chicago, from which he was graduated in 1878. He commenced practice at Fargo in the spring of that year and has prosecuted his profession here continuously since. He has visited the principal hospitals of England, Scotland, France and also of this country, where he obtained much valuable knowledge not to be gained in text books and he is constantly improving on his own and others' methods, being one of the most progressive physicians of the state. In 1878 he started the first Cass County hospital, which is still in existence, and he enjoys an excellent private practice. He was the first superintendent of the board of health of Dakota territory and issued the first license to practice within its borders. He was also surgeon-general under Governor Burke; was county physician for years, and is still a member of the insanity board, with which he has been connected for some time.
In 1879 Dr. Darrow was united in marriage with Miss Clara Dillon, also a native of Wisconsin, and to them have been born five children: Mary H., Clara E., Kent E., Frank I. and Daniel C. Politically, the Doctor is an ardent Democrat and takes an active interest in the success of his party. He is one of the few thirty-third degree Masons in this country, and also belongs to the Knights of Pythias, the State Medical Society and the American Medical Association. His entire life has been devoted to his profession and he has met with the most excellent success in practice, thereby gaining a reputation second to none in the state. His kindly and benevolent spirit is manifest by the readiness with which he responds to a call that comes from one from whom he knows he can receive no possible remuneration. [Source: Compendium of History and Biography of North Dakota, Publ. 1900. Transcribed by Laurel Durham]

Julius H. Denhardt
JULIUS H. DENNHARDT (Rep.) was a member of the assembly during the 1911 session and was elected to the senate in 1918, receiving 4,838 votes to 1,014 for Homer E. Greenwood (Soc.) and 363 for James Ivy (Pro). He was born in Naumburg, Saxony, Germany, Feb. 5, 1860, and came to America and to Wisconsin when a young man. He was educated In the common schools and then engaged in the Implement business, and for years has been the most prominent auctioneer in the Fox River Valley. [Source: The Wisconsin Blue Book (1919) page 468; transcribed by FoFG mz]

Hon. James Duane Doty
MENASHA - James Doane Doty, who died at Salt Lake in June 1865, while governor of Utah Territory, was a very early settler in Wisconsin, when it formed a part of Michigan Territory, and deserves an honorable mention among the prominent men of the State. He was a native of New York, and was born at Salem, Washington County, in 1799. In 1818 he settled in Detroit, Michigan, where he opened a law office, and was soon after appointed secretary of the legislative council and clerk of the court. In 1820 Gov. Cass made a tour of the upper lakes in five bark canoes, and selected Mr. Doty to act as secretary of the expedition, and to command one of the frail crafts; and it was on this trip that Gov. Cass, in the presence of the then unfriendly Chippewas, pulled down the British flag which the savages had run up on the American side of the straits of Mackinac, and hoisted the "stars and stripes," much to the indignation of the red men.
In the winter of 1822-23, Congress passed an act "to provide for the appointment of an additional judge for the Michigan Territory," and to establish courts in the three counties of Michillimacinac, Brown and Crawford, which then included what is now Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota, and President Monroe selected the young Detroit attorney. At that time the only settlements west of Lake Michigan were at Green Bay and Prairie du Chien. Judge Doty hastened to the latter place, organized the judiciary of Crawford County, and held court as best he could with half-breeds among the jurors and crude material from which to select clerks, a sheriff. etc. He removed to Green Bay in 1824 and organized courts in Michillimacinac and Brown Counties, and continued to discharge his duties as judge until superseded by Judge Irwin. Soon afterward he made those famous tours through the southern half of Wisconsin, crossing and re-crossing the territory until he was enabled to complete a map, which was afterward used in the war department at Washington. About the time he had completed these long, tedious and perilous journeys through the unbroken wilderness he was sent to the territorial legislature from the upper district of Michigan, and served two years. In 1831 he acted as one of the commissioners to survey a wagon road from Green Bay to Chicago. In 1836, when Wisconsin became a territory separate from Michigan, and the legislature met at Belmont, Judge Doty appeared there as a lobby member, and it is said to have been through his influence that Madison was selected for the capital.
Subsequently, when the Indians in Minnesota (the Dakotas, Sioux, etc.) became troublesome, Judge Doty was sent out as a commissioner, and made treaties with them, which, however, the senate for some reason did not accept.
He succeeded Hon. Geo. W. Jones in congress in 1839, serving one session, and in 1841 was appointed governor of Wisconsin by President Tyler, and served in that capacity nearly three years. He was elected to congress in 1848, and served one term, when he again retired to private life, and there remained until President Lincoln appointed him, first as superintendent of Indian affairs, and then as governor of Utah Territory. From 1846 to the time of this appointment, he lived at Menasha and was engaged in improvements on the then so-called Doty's Island.
The wife of Gov. Doty was a daughter of General Collins, of New York, commander of the State militia at Sackett's Harbor in the War of 1812, and a sister of Judge Collins, now of Appleton, Wisconsin. They were married at Detroit in 1823, and had three children. The eldest son, Charles, was recently a paymaster in the United States army; James died in Oregon several years ago, and Mary is the widow of the late Hon. John Fitzgerald, of Oshkosh. She is a woman of fine accomplishments.
Mrs. Doty was inured to the hardships of frontier life. On her wedding tour, early in 1823, she was twenty-one days in going on a schooner from Buffalo, New York, to Green Bay. During that year she went with her husband and some Indians from Green Bay to Prairie du Chien, in a bark canoe, up the Fox River and down the Wisconsin, subsequently returning by the same conveyance. In those days at Green Bay there was little more than Fort Howard; at Prairie du Chien, simply Fort Crawford and a few huts; and the country between them was in all its primitive wildness. On the death of Gov. Doty at Salt Lake, his widow returned to Wisconsin, and died at the residence of her daughter at Oshkosh in February, 1871.
General Ellis, the oldest journalist in Wisconsin, who knew Gov. Doty both at Detroit and Green Bay, and who furnished some of the material for this sketch, says he was a self-made man, vigorous in mind, eminently practical, possessed of a commanding figure, an open and pleasing countenance, and a winning address. "He was true to his friends and peaceable and courteous to his enemies. As a public man he was equally approachable and dignified, neither sycophantic to the influential in power, nor repulsive to the humble. He had in a most eminent degree the good will of the masses." [Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan]

James D. Doty
JAMES DUANE DOTY, Menasha, was a native of Salem, Washington county, New York, where he was born in 1799. In the year 1818 he settled in Detroit, Michigan; and, a young lawyer of good repute, he was next year admitted to the supreme court of that territory, and was the same year appointed secretary of the legislative council and the clerk of the court. In the winter of 1823 congress passed an act to provide for the appointment of an additional judge for the Michigan territory. From the numerous applicants for the place President Monroe selected James D. Doty, of Detroit, for the new judge for what is now Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota. Judge Doty lost no time in entering on his duties as judge and lawgiver to a country sufficient in extent for an empire. He repaired forthwith to Prairie du Chien, organized the judiciary of Crawford county and opened court. He made a permanent residence at Green Bay, where he made his home for twenty years. The judge proceeded to organize courts in Michilimackinac and Brown counties. He continued to discharge his onerous duties for nine years, and until succeeded by Judge Irwin in 1832.
In 1830 congress made an appropriation for surveying and locating a military road from Green Bay to Chicago and to Prairie du Chien. The people of the district of Michigan, west of the lake, elected him to the legislative council in 1834, in which he served with marked ability for two years. Returning from the legislative council he became an active operator in the public land sales, which were opened at Green Bay in 1835-6. Wisconsin, as an organized territory, had George W. Jones as its delegate in congress. Judge Doty succeeded Mr. Jones in 1838 and served till 1841 when he was appointed governor of Wisconsin by President Tyler, serving nearly three years. He was a member of the first constitutional convention in 1846; was elected to congress from the third district under the state organization of 1848; was re-elected in 1851, and procured, by his industry and influence, important legislation for the state and his immediate constituency. In 1853 he retired once more to private life, to be recalled by President Lincoln in 1861, first as superintendent of Indian affairs, and subsequently as governor of Utah, holding this last place at the time of his death, June 13, 1865. Governor Doty’s last residence in Wisconsin was at Menasha, on Doty’s Island – one of the many villages that sprung up under his influence. He had two sons and one daughter. The people of Wisconsin are under lasting obligations to the memory of Governor Doty for having been instrumental in fixing the location of the capital at the beautiful city of Madison. [Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed Publisher (1882)]

Mengo Hall Eaton
MENGO HALL EATON, Oshkosh, a native of Oshkosh, was born February 3, 1851. His parents were Jefferson and Jane M. Eaton, who are owners of a beautiful farm near the city of Oshkosh, where the subject of our sketch passed his life until his nineteenth year, when he was sent to Ripon College for the purpose of receiving a more liberal education than could be acquired in rural districts. He afterward took an academical course at Lawrence University, Appleton. He commenced the study of law in the office of Finch & Felker, and completed the same while in the office of Jackson & Halsey, and on December 16, 1873, was admitted to the bar, and commenced the practice of law at Oshkosh. Mr. Eaton is a republican in politics, and a ready stump speaker. During the years of 1879, 1880 and 1881 he has held the office of city attorney of Oshkosh, and has performed the duties of the office in such a manner as has given satisfaction to his constituents and credit to himself. [Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed publisher (1882) transcribed by Susan Geist]

George W. Fay, M.D.
MENASHA - The subject of this sketch, a son of Jonas and Mary (Barnes) Fay, is the youngest of a family of twelve children, and was born at Royalton, Vermont, February 22, 1823. His father, a farmer by occupation, died when George was six years old. He remained at home, steadily working on the farm, until his eighteenth year, gaining what knowledge he could in the district school during the winters, and at brief intervals of leisure during the other seasons. His mother, who died when he was seventeen, was an excellent manager of affairs, an affectionate and considerate woman, and did all in her power to encourage and assist him in his endeavors to gain an education. At the age of eighteen he began teaching in the school in which he had been educated, and continued there and in other districts six seasons. During this period he prepared for college, but finally abandoned the idea of entering, and commenced reading medicine when about twenty years old. He attended lectures in the medical department of Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, and graduated in 1847.
Beginning his professional practice at Hardwick, Caledonia County, Vermont, he remained there about three years, and in 1851 removed to Wisconsin. After prospecting for some time he settled for one year at Fond du Lac, and on the 4th of July, 1852, first cast his eye on Menasha, then a village of about four hundred inhabitants. Determining upon this as his future home, he at once opened an office, and during the last twenty-five years has continued actively in practice, except during the war of the rebellion, when he was engaged in his country's service. In the autumn of 1862, Dr. Fay went into the army as assistant surgeon of the 32nd Regiment Wisconsin Volunteers. He had full charge of the regiment in his sphere a little more than two years, and was then detailed to take charge of the post hospital at Dalton, Georgia, and in that position, and a similar one in other hospitals, he served until he left the service in April, 1865. Returning to Menasha he again resumed his practice, and has made for himself an excellent reputation, alike as a surgeon and general practitioner.
February 1, 1875, Dr. Fay was appointed register of the land office, and is discharging its duties with the utmost fidelity, at the same time keeping up, to a large extent, his professional visits, being aided in the register's office by his eldest son, George A. Fay.
In politics he is of whig antecedents. He aided in organizing the republican party in Winnebago County, and has cordially acted with it to the present time (1877). He cherishes his politics with the same sincerity that he does his religion. He is a communicant in the Methodist Episcopal church, and a man of very pure character. He is also a member of the Masonic fraternity.
The wife of Dr. Fay is a daughter of Amos Robinson, who was, in his day, a leading man in Royalton, Vermont. They were married on the 14th of April 1847, and have four children. The only daughter, Ida M., is the wife of Lorenzo H. Jones, station agent at Amherst, Wisconsin. Dr. Fay attributes much of his success to the influence, example and teachings of his mother, whose memory he cherishes very tenderly. She encouraged him in his studies, instilled into his young heart correct moral and religious principles, and aided him in laying a good foundation for a noble character. [Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan]

Charles W. Felker
OSHKOSH - The subject of this sketch, a native of Penn Yan, Yates County, New York, was born on the 25th of November, 1834, and is the son of Andrew and Maria (Pixley) Felker. His father, an enterprising man, was a farmer in good circumstances. Charles' early life presents few phases in distinction from that of ordinary farmer boys. He first attended school at Brockport, New York, and later pursued a course of study at Charlotteville, Schoharie County. In 1855, being twenty-one years of age, having determined to enter the legal profession, he removed to the West, and settled at Oshkosh, Wisconsin, his present home, and there began the study of law with Judge Wheeler. At the expiration of one year he took the editorship of the Oshkosh "Democrat," a republican paper then advocating the election of John C. Fremont to the Presidency. He held this position for one and a half years and then resumed his studies with Judge Wheeler, continuing them till April, 1858, when he was admitted to the bar at Oshkosh. He at once commenced practice and soon became well known as a skillful and successful attorney. In 1864, his sympathies having been deeply aroused in the Union cause, he enlisted in the army as captain of Company A, 48th Regiment of Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. Serving till the close of the war, he was mustered out in January 1866, and returning to his home, resumed his legal practice, associating himself with Charles A. Weisbrod, whose sketch appears in another part of this work, under the firm name of Felker and Weisbrod. During that year he was appointed postmaster at Oshkosh, by President Johnson, and held that office until 1867. From the beginning of his practice he has been growing in influence, and each year has added largely to his business. He makes his profession his study, and spares no pains in the preparation of his cases. In 1863 he was admitted to the Supreme Court of Wisconsin, and in 1875, to the Supreme Court of the United States. He is now (1877) attorney for the Chicago and Northwestern Railway Company. In 1873 he was elected school commissioner, and, in 1S75, superintendent of schools.
Mr. Felker's career has been marked by a gradual growth. When he began the practice of law he had in his pocket a single York shilling, and this he paid for having his books removed to his office. Success has attended him in all his work, and he stands today among the first advocates of his State, with a large and remunerative practice, and lives in the enjoyment of a pleasant home and ample competence. As a speaker he ranks among the best; cool, deliberate and with clear-cut thoughts, he has a remarkable power of argument. He has excellent social qualities, and exerts a strong influence over a large circle of warm friends.
His political views are democratic.
Though not a member of any church or organization, he believes in Christianity, and is an attendant upon the Episcopal service.
Mr. Felker was married on the 5th of January, 1862, to Miss Sarah Douty, and by her has two daughters and three sons. [Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan]

Charles W. Felker
CHARLES W. FELKER, Oshkosh, was born in the State of New York, November 25, 1834, came to Wisconsin with his parents, Andrew and Maria Pixley Felker, in the spring of 1847, and settled in Winnebago county, where he has continued to reside until the present time. Mr. Felker is a lawyer, and in politics a democrat. He resides at the city of Oshkosh, Wisconsin. [Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed publisher (1882) transcribed by Susan Geist]

William B. Felker
William B. Felker, Oshkosh, was born in the State of New York, in February, 1837; came to Wisconsin in 1847; studied law in Oshkosh with Judge H. Wheeler and C. W. Felker; was admitted to the bar at Waupun in 1840; practiced at Shawano four years, at Omro Six years, in Oshkosh since that time in the firms of Finch & Felker four years, Felker & Cleveland four years, and alone all the rest of the time. [The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin History and Biography, by Parker McCobb Reed (1882); Transcribed for Genealogy Trails by Tammy Clark]

Joseph L. Fieweger
The Bank of Menasha, Winnebago county, is one of the staunch and ably controlled financial institutions of this section of the state and its president is a native son of Menasha, where he commands unqualified popular esteem both as a reliable and influential business man and as a loyal and public-spirited citizen. This progressive executive of the Bank of Menasha is he whose name introduces this paragraph, and it is pleasing to accord to him due recognition in this publication.
Mr. Fieweger was born in Menasha on the 18th of May, 1857, and is a representative of one of the sterling pioneer families of Winnebago county, the name having been closely and worthily identified with the history of Menasha for more than half a century, within which has been compassed the upbuilding of this fine industrial and residence city. Mr. Fieweger is a son of Julius and Caroline (Mahn) Fieweger, both of whom were born in Prussia and the marriage of whom was solemnized in Wisconsin. Julius Fieweger was reared and educated in his native land and there learned the trade of wagon maker and also that of millwright. In 1853 he immigrated to America and established his home in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where he was employed at his trades until 1855, when he removed to Menasha, which was then a small village, and engaged in the manufacturing of wagons in an independent way. He built up eventually a large and prosperous business along this industrial line and continued in the same during the residue of his active career. He was a man of strong character and impregnable integrity, was loyal to all civic duties, was an able and steadfast business man and was a citizen to whom was ever accorded the fullest measure of popular confidence and respect. He passed from the stage of life's mortal endeavors in 1905, at a venerable age, his cherished and devoted wife having been summoned to eternal rest in 1895. Both were zealous members of the Catholic church and in polities the father gave his allegiance to the Republican party. Of the seven children four sons and one daughter are now living. Julius Fieweger was not only one of the representative business men of Menasha for many years but was also most loyal in the supporting of those measures and agencies tending to advance the material and social prosperity of his home city. He served as a member of the board of aldermen of Menasha and was here identified with several fraternal organizations, in which he manifested a lively interest.
Joseph L. Fieweger attended the Menasha public schools until he had attained to the age of thirteen years and a year later he entered upon a practical apprenticeship to the trade of wagon making, in the establishment of his father. After devoting eighteen months to this line of work he obtained, in 1873, the position of messenger boy in the National Bank of Menasha, his compensation being set at one hundred and twenty-five dollars for the first year. Through close attention and faithful service he won advancement and gained a most thorough knowledge of the executive details of the banking business. He has held in the bank every office from that of messenger to president, and this advancement has been won through his own ability and inviolable integrity. The National Bank of Menasha was organized by Henry Hewitt, Sr., Henry Hewitt, Jr., and Robert Shiells, and it was conducted as a national bank until 1879, when it was incorporated as a private bank. As such it was thereafter operated until 1891, when Henry Hewitt, Sr., and others purchased of Henry Hewitt, Jr., the controlling stock of the institution, which was in that year re-organized and incorporated as a state bank, the title being changed from the Hewitt & Sons Company to the Bank of Menasha. Under the reorganization Henry Hewitt, Sr., became president ; William P. Hewitt, vice-president ; and Joseph L. Fieweger, cashier. The history of the bank has been one of consecutive growth and marked by impregnable solidity as well as careful and conservative management. Operations are based on a capital stock of fifty thousand dollars, surplus thirty-five thousand dollars and undivided profits fifty thousand dollars, and Mr. Fieweger has been president of the institution since 1907, prior to which he had served as cashier. His splendid energies have also been directed along other lines of productive enterprise, and he is at the present time president of the Hewitt Land & Mining Company, and treasurer and secretary of the Lakeside Park Company, two important corporations that are aiding in the development of the greater and larger Menasha. Mr. Fieweger has been a most enthusiastic advocate of progressive policies and high civic ideals in his home city and has given liberal support to enterprises and measures projected for the general good of the community. He has served as a valued member of the city board of aldermen and as chairman of the Menasha board of education. He is a staunch Republican in his political proclivities and both he and his wife are communicants and liberal supporters of the Catholic church. He is the owner of valuable real estate in Menasha, including his attractive and modern home, which is a center of gracious hospitality.
On the 9th of November, 1882, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Fieweger to Miss Theresa Stolz, who was born at Milwaukee and whose parents were early settlers in Wisconsin. Of the three children of this union two are living, Adele, married to T. E. McGillan and living at Chicago, and Gertrude, at the parental home.

Earl Pierce Finch
OSHKOSH - Among the prominent men of Oshkosh, Wisconsin, none deserves a more honorable mention than he whose name heads this sketch. A native of Jay, Essex County, New York, he was born on the 27th of October, 1828, and is the son of Joshua C. and Eliza A. Finch. His father, a farmer and contractor, was an influential man in his community, and highly esteemed by all. Earl's boyhood disclosed few characteristics differing from those of ordinary farmer boys; he had a fondness for study, and early developed a love for professional life. He received his preparatory education in the common schools of his native place, and at the age of fourteen years was engaged in the nail factory, and after one year spent there worked a short time in the rolling mills. The next three years he was employed in the office of Messrs. J. and J. Rogers, iron manufacturers, and at the expiration of that time removed to the West, and settled at Neemah, Wisconsin, entering a claim for a tract of land. Wishing, however, for a more thorough education, he soon sold his claim, and going to Appleton spent a time in school, and afterward entered Beloit College. After closing his studies here he returned to the East and spent two years in college at Middlebury, Vermont, and then went to Union College, New York, and graduated. Returning to the West in 1856, he settled at Menasha, Wisconsin, where, during the first year after his arrival, he was employed in the United States land office. During this year he began the study of law, and removing to Oshkosh, in 1858, spent two years in the office of Judge Wheeler. After his admission to the bar, in i860, he opened an office in Oshkosh, and began that practice in which he has become well known as a skillful, successful and honorable practitioner, having been admitted to all the courts. At the present time, 1876, he is associated with Mr. Barber, under the firm name of Finch and Barber, and has a satisfactory and lucrative practice.
Mr. Finch has taken no active part in matters aside from his profession, and finds here ample scope for his talents and highest ambitions. His political sentiments are democratic, and though frequently solicited to accept public office, he has uniformly declined, except where they were in the line of his profession, preferring the peace and quiet of his practice to political honors and emoluments. He was elected city attorney in 1868, and is at present local attorney for the Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad Company; also for the Wisconsin Central Railroad Company. Though not a member of any church organization, he is a regular attendant upon the Episcopal service. Personally and socially he has most excellent qualities, and by his genial disposition and courteous manners he has endeared himself to a large circle of warm and true friends, while his native endowments and professional skill have secured to him that reward which must invariably follow continued and honorable effort. He was married, January 22, 1862, to Miss Anna E. Bryan; they have four sons and two daughters. [Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan]

Earl Pierce Finch, Oshkosh, was born at Jay, Essex county, New York, October 27, 1828. He acquired, at Union College, New York, as thorough an education as the advantages of that period would allow. After graduation he fell into the tide of emigration which was then sweeping westward, and coming to Oshkosh, Wisconsin, he entered as a student, the law office of Judge Edwin Wheeler. In the year 1859 he had completed his law studies, and in the same year was admitted to the bar. He immediately entered on the practice of his profession, at Oshkosh, and has ever since continued to be one of the most successful lawyers of that section of the state. [Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed publisher (1882) transcribed by Susan Geist]

Earl Pierce Finch
EARL PIERCE FINCH (Dem.), of Oshkosh, was born in the town of Jay, Essex county, New York, October 27, 1830; received a collegiate education, graduating at Union College, New York, in 1856; is by profession a lawyer; came west in 1856, locating first at Menasha, but removing in 1858 to Oshkosh; was a delegate to the democratic national convention at Cincinnati in 1880; was elected member of assembly for 1883; receiving 1,299 votes against 865 for R. T. Morgan, republican, and 363 for Robert McMillan, prohibitionist; he was elected speaker of the assembly in 1883. [Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1883), page 507; transcribed by Susan Geist]

Hon. Ira W. Fisher
MENASHA - Ira Willmarth Fisher, son of Austin Fisher, a farmer, and Luanna nee Willmarth, is a native of Vermont, and was born October 15, 1833. He attended district school during the summers and winters until fifteen years old, and being of a studious disposition he learned rapidly and commenced teaching when sixteen. He followed that occupation during winters, and worked at the carpenter and joiner's trade the rest of the year. After attaining his majority he worked on the home farm about three years, and in the summer of 1858 settled in Menasha, Wisconsin. There he has been engaged in various kinds of business. He spent two years in the mercantile trade, then was engaged three years in the milling and grain-dealing business, and for seven years manufactured a general line of wagon stock, in company with Daniel Jones. At the expiration of that time he resumed merchandising, in connection with the forwarding and commission business, in company with H. H. Plummer. They continued thus until the spring of 1873, when Mr. Fisher became a manufacturer of and dealer in masons building material, and at the same time conducted a boating business. He has the happy faculty of turning his hand to almost any calling, and having good business tact has been successful in most of his enterprises. Since he settled in Menasha, Mr. Fisher has been a very useful citizen. He was town superintendent of schools for about three years. He was at one time a member of the board of supervisors, the school board, and the town and village board, and has always been willing to give the time necessary to attend to local interests and advance local enterprises. In the autumn of 1868 he was elected to the State senate, and in the sessions of the legislature held in 1869 and 1870 was among the most diligent members. During the last session his labors were especially hard, he being chairman of two committees, the joint committee on charitable and benevolent institutions and State's prison, and also a member of the committee on banks and banking. In politics Mr. Fisher has always acted with the republican party. He is a communicant in the Baptist Church, and his character stands high both as a businessman and a Christian.
Mrs. Fisher was Clarissa Celia nee Brown, of Addison, Vermont. They were united September 15, 1856, and have had four children, two of whom, a son and daughter, are now living. In her early life Mrs. Fisher had quite a taste for painting, portrait and landscape, and has cultivated it more or less to the present time (1877). Some of her portrait painting is eminently praiseworthy; her waxwork, too, is fine. But her indulgence in these branches of art serves only for recreation ; she is thoroughly domestic, and gives her personal attention to household matters. [Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan]

Charles W. Folds
One of the native sons of Wisconsin who has become distinctly a man of affairs and a broad-gauged, liberal and public-spirited citizen of Chicago, the great western metropolis, is Mr. Folds, who is there resident partner of the stanch and representative firm of Hathaway, Smith, Folds & Company, bankers and brokers of commercial paper. The firm is one of the important concerns in the field of enterprise and its Chicago offices are located at 137 South La-Salle street. In according in this volume merited recognition to 'Mr. Folds, as a representative of Wisconsin, it is not necessary to enter into details concerning his large business activities in Chicago, but a brief record of his career will prove of enduring interest to the people of the state in which he was born and reared and in which he laid the substantial foundation for his large and definite success as a business man.
Charles Weston Folds was born in the city of Oshkosh, judicial center of Winnebago county, Wisconsin, and the date of his nativity was August 23, 1870. He is a son of William B. and Mary D. (Jenkins) Folds, the former of whom was born in Dublin, Ireland, on the 6th of September, 1832, and the latter of whom was born at Bangor, Maine, in 1844, their marriage having been solemnized at Oshkosh, Wisconsin. Of the four children. Charlotte Elizabeth is the eldest and is living; George R. and Charles W. were twins, the former living in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; William Lawrence, the youngest, died July 31, 1900.
William B. Folds was afforded excellent educational advantages in his native city, where he learned the printer's trade in the office of his father, who was a representative publisher in the city of Dublin and who had the distinction of introducing the first printing press of the modern type in Ireland. William B. Folds was about sixteen years of age when he severed the ties that bound him to home and native land and set forth to seek his fortunes in America. He emigrated from Ireland in 1847, made the voyage on a sailing vessel, and landed in the port of New York city. He made his way westward via Erie Canal and the lakes to Racine, Wisconsin, and settled finally on the shores of beautiful Lake Geneva, in Walworth county, Wisconsin. After there devoting his attention to agricultural pursuits for a brief internal he again identified himself with urban business activities. He assumed the position of reporter and compositor in the office of the Milwaukee Sentinel, and he proved an effective and popular representative of American journalism. Later he entered the employ of McKey Brothers, of Janesville, this state, where the firm had its headquarters, besides which it conducted also dry-goods stores in Madison and Oshkosh. Mr. Folds proved an alert and capable factor in connection with this mercantile enterprise and became a member of the firm. Finally he purchased the business in Oshkosh and retired from partnership. He continued as one of the honored and representative merchants of Oshkosh until 1874, and in 1876 he removed to Minneapolis, Minnesota, where he conducted a successful enterprise as a retail dealer in carpets for a number of years, within which he became the owner of a large and well equipped store. In 1892 he retired from active business, and since that time he has indulged himself in extensive travel, both abroad and in the Ignited States. He is a man of strong and noble character, has achieved independence and definite prosperity through his own ability and efforts, and commands a secure place in the confidence and esteem of all who know him. He is a stanch Republican and both he and his wife are zealous communicants of the Protestant Episcopal church. They now maintain their home in the city of Evanston, one of the most beautiful suburbs of Chicago.
Captain James Jenkins, maternal grandfather of him whose name initiates this review, was born at Falmouth, Barnstable county, Massachusetts, and was a scion of one of the sterling colonial families of the old Bay state, representative of the name having been valiant soldiers of the Continental line in the war of the Revolution. In his youth he followed a seafaring life and rose to the position of captain in command of a vessel. Later he was engaged in the lumber business at Bangor, Maine, and in the early '50s he came to Wisconsin and established his residence in Oshkosh. He engaged with the Bradley interests of Milwaukee and became one of the prominent and influential representatives of the lumber industry in this state. He was one of the first mayors of Oshkosh and was a prominent and honored resident of that city at the time of his death, in 1886.
Charles W. Folds was about six years of age at the time of the family removal from Oshkosh to Minneapolis, Minnesota, and in the latter city he continued to attend the public schools until he had completed the curriculum of the high school. Thereafter he entered the University of Minnesota, and in 1889, at the age of nineteen years, he obtained a clerical position in the Northwestern National Bank of Minneapolis. Through energy and effective service he won promotion through the various departments and finally became cashier of the institution. His entire active career has been one of close and successful identification with financial affairs of broad scope, and his executive and administrative powers have been matured through his practical experience. In 1899 Mr. Folds removed to the city of Chicago, where he associated himself with the firm of Charles Hathaway & Company, and here he found excellent opportunities for advancement and success in his chosen field of endeavor. In 1905 he became a member of the firm, under the title of Hathaway, Smith, Folds & Company, and he has gained secure prestige as one of the discriminating, reliable and representative financiers of Chicago.
Mr. Folds is essentially progressive and liberal as a citizen, is a stanch supporter of the cause of the Republican party, and both he and his wife are zealous communicants of the Protestant Episcopal church in which he is a member of the vestry of St. James parish, Chicago. He is chairman of the finance committee of the board of trustees of the endowment fund of the Episcopal diocese of Chicago, and is otherwise influential in religious, educational and charitable work. He is a member of the Church Club of Chicago, of which he is a director, and of which he was chosen president in 1911 ; is chairman of Finance Committee United Charities of Chicago; is a member of the board of trustees of the Chicago Home for Boys ; is a member of the commission on young men and boys of foreign parentage, an adjunct of the Chicago Young Men's Christian Association, in which he is a member of the advisory board of managers, besides being trustee of the Immigrants ' Protective League of Chicago, and vice-chairman of the executive committee of the Chicago chapter of the Boy Scouts of America. Mr. Folds is a director of the First National Bank of Lake Forest, Illinois; a director and member of finance committee of the Emerson-Brantingham Company, of Rockford, Illinois ; a director and member of the executive committee of the Calumet Insurance Company, of Chicago ; a member of the finance committee of the Chicago Association of Commerce ; is secretary of the North Central Improvement Association of Chicago ; and a member of the executive board of the Religious Education Association in his home city. Mr. Folds is treasurer of the Wisconsin Society of Chicago, where he is likewise identified with the Minnesota Society, the Bankers' Club, the Chicago Club, the Mid-Day Club, the University Club, and the Union League Club. He holds membership also in the Union League Club of New York City and in the Chamber of Commerce of the national metropolis. He is a member of the Glenview Golf Club, at Golf, Illinois ; the Onwentsia Golf Club, of Lake Forest, that state; the Wausaukee Club, of Athelstane, Wisconsin ; the Saganois Club (shooting) of Browning, Illinois ; the Minneapolis Club, at Minneapolis, Minnesota ; and is vice president of the Chicago chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution. The foregoing statements indicate the multiplicity of the public, civic, business and social demands placed upon Mr. Folds and also denote his prominence and popularity in connection with diversified interests.
On the 24th of May, 1893, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Folds to Miss Florence Symonds, daughter of the late Henry R. Symonds, who was long a prominent and honored factor in connection with banking operations in Chicago, where he was vice-president of the First National Bank at the time of his death. Mr. and Mrs. Folds have four children Weston Symonds, Elizabeth, Florence and George. [Source: "WISCONSIN, ITS STORY AND BIOGRAPHY 1848-1913", pub. 1914, by Ellis Baker Usher - Submitted by Barb Ziegenmeyer]

Louis A. Fons
LOUIS A. FONS (Rep.) was elected to the senate at a special election Jan. 2, 1918, to fill the vacancy caused by the expulsion of Frank Raguse (Soc). He received 4,180 votes to 3,962 for Edward Melms (Soc). Senator Fons was born in Milwaukee Aug. 25, 1878. He was educated in the parochial school and at 13 went to work for M. J. Wawrzyniakowski, a real estate and insurance agent. Eight years later, in 1901, he became a partner of his former employer and became manager. In 1910 the firm was incorporated under the name of Fons & Co., since which time he has been president. He is secretary of the Polish National Loan and Building Association with 2,500 members and over $1,000,000 assets; and secretary of the Berthelet Pipe & Supply Co., which he organized in 1916. [Source: The Wisconsin Blue Book (1919) page 464; transcribed by FoFG mz]

Carlton Foster
CARLTON FOSTER (Rep.), of Oshkosh, was born in Essex county, New York, August 26, 1826; received a common school education; is a manufacturer of lumber, sash and blinds; came to Wisconsin in 1855 and settled at Oshkosh; was mayor of that city in 1865 and 1866; was member of assembly in 1873 and ’74, and was elected to the assembly of 1883 by a vote of 991 against 964 for Joseph Klockner, democrat, and 509 for Andrew Sutherland, prohibitionist. [Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1883), page 507; transcribed by Susan Geist]

James Freeman
JAMES FREEMAN, Oshkosh, was born in Cleveland, Ohio, March 19, 1827, and was educated in the University in Ohio. He read law with Samuel Stevenson, at Cleveland and was admitted to the bar by the supreme court of Ohio at Columbus, December 4, 1850. He practiced one year in Cleveland, and then removed to Muskegon, Illinois; practiced two years in Muskegon and Chicago, and came to Oshkosh in December, 1854, and engaged in practice, which he continued until 1862, when he raised a company for the war, was assigned to the Thirty-second regiment, and went to the front and served with gallantry and distinction to the close of the war, returning to Oshkosh in July, 1865, when he resumed practice, and has continued to the present time. [Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed publisher (1882) transcribed by Susan Geist]

Samuel Galentine, M.D.
NEENAH: The subject of this sketch, a native of Monroe County, New York, was born February 13, 1817, and is the son of Jacob and Kezia (Bergen) Galentine. His maternal grandfather served under General Washington during the revolutionary war, and had a brother who was a captain of a New Jersey company. Bergen Heights, New Jersey, was named in honor of this family. His father, a tailor by trade, served in the War of 1812, and was held a prisoner of war ten months, in the hands of the British, at Halifax. Samuel attended school during the greater part of his boyhood and youth, and commenced teaching at the age of nineteen, an occupation which he followed for several winters, continuing his literary studies during the rest of the year. He began the study of medicine about 1839, and attended medical lectures at Castleton, Vermont, where he graduated in June 1842. After practicing about seven years in Livingston County. New York — first at Mount Morris and later at Nunda — he in October 1849, removed to Neenah, Wisconsin. There he practiced four years, after which he returned to Nunda and remained until i860, when he again settled in his former western home, where he has since continued to reside, performing the labors of a large practice. He enjoys the highest confidence and respect of his neighbors for his skill in the healing art, and for the elevated tone of his character. He is a member of the Presbyterian Church, and an elder of the same. In politics, he was formerly a whig; latterly he has been identified with the republican party, but does not let politics interfere with professional business. About 1870, at the urgent request of his fellow citizens, he consented to accept the presidency of the village, and served in that capacity two years. He belongs to the Odd-Fellows fraternity, but rarely attends its meetings.
Mrs. Galentine was Miss Ann M. Alden, a native of Caldwell, on Lake George, but residing at the time of their marriage, May 22, 1844, at Tuscarora, Livingston County, New York. They have had four children, one of whom, Alice S., is now living. Dr. Galentine is the oldest medical resident of Neenah, and, although he has passed his sixtieth birthday, is still engaged in active practice. He enjoys good health, is erect and sprightly, and gives promise of years of usefulness in his profession. [Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan]

Herbert Garvin
Garvin Herbert C, Winona. Miller. Born April 23, 1862 in Fond du Lac Wis, son of Benjamin and A A (Kimball) Garvin. Married in 1895 to Louise Dana. Educated in public schools Fond du Lac and Oshkosh Wis. First engaged as messenger for C & N W R R 1878; gen agt for same until 1898; sec and tres Bay State Milling Co 1898 to date. Dir First Nat Bank Winona; First Nat Bank Little Falls. Member Union League Club Chicago; Minneapolis Club and Arlington Club Winona. [Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Nancy Overlander]

George Gary
GEORGE GRAY, Oshkosh, was born March 16, 1824, at Potsdam, St. Lawrence county, New York. From early childhood he was afflicted with a disease of the eyes, from which he has suffered during his life-time, causing a constant inflammation, and during the whole period his childhood and youth rendering any continuous application to study or any pursuit impracticable. He received such education in the common English branches as could be acquired by a very irregular attendance at the common schools of that period and at two or three terms of an academy at Keenville, New York. At the age of twenty-one he embarked on a whaling voyage to the Pacific Ocean. After an absence of something more that two years he returned home in the fall of 1847 with eyes considerably improved. After two years spent in teaching a country school and miscellaneous pursuits, in the spring of 1850, after a surgical operation by which his eyes were further improved, he emigrated to Wisconsin and located at the city, then village of Oshkosh, where he spent several years as clerk in a forwarding and transportation business. He was elected and served as a member of the legislature in the sessions of 1854 and 1855, and served as speaker pro tempore (which was then an office for the session) in 1855. In 1857 he was elected clerk of the court of Winnebago county, to fill a vacancy, and was reelected and retained the position till January 1, 1861. Having read law during his service as clerk and before, he was admitted to the bar in April, 1861. In 1862, upon the passage of the internal revenue law, he was appointed assessor for the then fifth district of Wisconsin, comprising thirteen counties, which position he resigned in the spring of 1865; was state senator in 1867, and resigned after one year to take the position of register in bankruptcy, which he also resigned in 1869 to take the office of county judge, which he has held from January 1, 1870, to March, 1882, when he resigned on account of insufficiency of salary. Judge Gary has had some experience as an editor of newspapers, and is the author of Gary’s Probate Law. [Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed publisher (1882) transcribed by Susan Geist]

Ezra Gates
Gates, Ezra W., Garden City. Miller. Born Jan 9, 1851 in Waukau Wis, son of John and Elizabeth (Talbot) Gates. Married May 17, 1877 to Lulu Stimpson. Educated in common schools at Garden City and Bailey’s Commercial College at Dubuque Ia. Engaged in milling business under firm name of Friend & Gates Garden City 1882 to date. Member Minn House of Representatives 1905 and 1907; served in Home Guard during Indian outbreak 1862-65. [Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Nancy Overlander]

Herbert Gilkey
Gilkey, Herbert S, Minneapolis. Res 1916 Kenwood pkway, office 628 Security Bk bldg. Lumberman. Born July 4, 1868 in Oconto Wis, son of H W and Mary (Overton) Gilkey. Married Oct 15, 1891 to Leonora Runkel. Educated in the common schools and Oshkosh Normal School. Taught school 1882-85; engaged in cedar and lumber business and formed partnership as Pendleton & Gilkey 1892 at Janesville Wis; moved to Minneapolis 1903 and has continued to date. Member B P O E and K P. [Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Nancy Overlander]

Robert Graham
ROBERT GRAHAM (Rep.) of Oshkosh, Winnebago county, was born in Putnam, Washington county, N.Y., July 24, 1828; received an academic and normal school education; is, by profession, a teacher; came to Wisconsin in 1861 and settled at Kenosha; ten years later he removed to Oshkosh, taking a position as teacher in the normal school, where he has since remained; he was captain of Company C., 39th Wis. Vol. Infantry from May, 1864; was county superintendent of schools in Washington county, N.Y.; county superintendent of Kenosha county, Wisconsin, and was a candidate for the position of State Superintendent in 1873 and 1875; was nominated in 1881 by the republicans, democrats and prohibitionists, receiving 164,115 votes against 7,175 for J. A. Gaynor, greenbacker. [Source: Blue Book of the State of Wisconsin for (1882) page 527; transcribed by Tammy Clark]

Matthew Henry Gregory
GREGORY, Matthew Henry, St. Paul. Res 1071 E Minnehaha st, office Mendota and Whitall sts. Manufacturer. Born Oct. 10, 1862 in Nottingham England, son of Matthew and Ann (Neale) Gregory. Married Nov 10, 1887 to Lillian Erdman. Educated in the public schools of Milwaukee, Oshkosh and Northport, Wis 1867-76. Moved to St Paul 1883; was employed in the box mnfg business until 1898 when the Minn Box Co was established by the firm of Gregory, Ward & Letford; Ward withdrawing 1899 the business was continued by Gregory & Letford until 1903. From that date until 1905 the business was conducted alone; then being reorganized under the same name with Mr. Gregory as mngr and treas. Member of Dayton’s Bluff Commercial Club. [Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Richard Ramos]

Richard Guenther
STATE TREASURER, RICHARD GUENTHER, of Oshkosh, was born in Potsdam, Prussia, November 30, 1845; was educated at the Royal Gymnasium at Potsdam; is an apothecary by profession; emigrated and arrived in New York city in August, 1866, and removed to Fond du Lac in September, of the same year, removed to New York city in January, 1867, and in the same year, removed to Oshkosh, where he permanently located; was elected school commissioner of the city of Oshkosh in 1874, and re-elected in 1875. He was elected state treasurer as a Republican in 1877, receiving 81,087 votes against 68,405 for John Ringle, Democrat, and 25,387 for William Schwartz, Greenbacker, and was re-elected in 1879, receiving 101,743 votes, against 73,658 for Andrew Haben, Democrat, and 13,002 for Peter A. Griffiths, Greenbacker. [Source: Blue Book of Wisconsin (1880) transcribed by Rhonda Hill]

Richard Guenther, of Oshkosh, was born in Potsdam, Prussia, November 30, 1845; was educated at the Royal Gymnasium at Potsdam; is an apothecary by profession; emigrated and arrived in New York city in August, 1866, and removed to Fond du Lac in September of the same year; removed to New York city in January, 1867, and in the same year removed to Oshkosh, where he permanently located; was elected school commissioner of the city of Oshkosh, in 1874, and re-elected in 1875. He was elected state treasurer as a Republican, in 1877, was re-elected in 1879. He was elected as a republican, from the Sixth District, to the Forty-seventh Congress, in November, 1880, receiving 20,168 votes against 16,807 for Gabriel Bouck, democrat, and 1,437 for L.A. Stewart, greenbacker. [Source: Blue Book of the State of Wisconsin for (1882) page 523; transcribed by Tammy Clark]

Andrew Haben
ANDREW HABEN (Dem.), of Oshkosh, was born in Uhrexweiler, Prussia, December 23, 1834; received a common school and business education; is a merchant by profession. Came to America in 1837, and located at Dansville, New York; came to Wisconsin in 1855, and has since resided at Oshkosh; was mayor of Oshkosh in 1876 and 1877; unsuccessful candidate for the assembly in 1877; has held various local offices, and was elected to the state senate for 1879, ’80, receiving 2,855 votes against 2,797 for L. E. Knapp, Republican, and 1,418 for W. E. Hanson, Greenbacker. [Source: Blue Book of Wisconsin (1880) transcribed by Rhonda Hill]

(Winnebago County – First District – The 1st, 2d, 4th and 5th wards of the city of Oshkosh, and the towns of Oshkosh and Vinland. Population 13,335.)
ANDREW HABEN (Dem.), of Oshkosh, was born in Uhrexweiler, Prussia, December 23, 1834; received a common school and commercial education; is a merchant by occupation; came to America in 1837 and located at Danville, New York; came to Wisconsin in 1855 and has since resided in Oshkosh; was mayor of Oshkosh in 1876 and 1877; was an unsuccessful candidate for the assembly in 1877; has held various local offices and was elected state senator for 1879 and ’80 and was elected member of assembly for 1882, receiving 932 votes against 647 for William Wall, republican, and 151 for B. E. Van Kuren, prohibitionist. [Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1882), page 563; transcribed by Mary Saggio]

Hon. Joseph B. Hamilton
NEENAH - Prominent among the leading and influential men of Neenah is the subject of this biography, a native of Lansing, Thompkins County, New York. He was born on the l0th of June 1817, his parents being William and Elizabeth (Bower) Hamilton. His father was a farmer by occupation. This branch of the Hamilton family is of Scotch-Irish descent, the great-grandfather of Joseph immigrating from the north of Ireland sometime prior to the Revolutionary War, and settling in one of the middle States. His grandfather served in that war, and his father in the second war with England, being stationed at Fort Erie, near Buffalo.
Joseph was reared on his father's farm, and attended the common schools, and at the age of eighteen spent one term at the Aurora, Cayuga County, Academy. He engaged in teaching during the following winter, and then for about seven years alternated between teaching and attending the Cazenovia Seminary; at twenty-five commenced reading law with Smith and Walker, of Genoa, still teaching during the winters; and completing his law studies with Rathbun and Walker, of Auburn, was admitted to the bar in New York City in April, 1845. He practiced in Mecklenburgh, Schuyler County, until 1849, and in October of that year opened an office in Neenah, Wisconsin, at that time a village of less than three hundred inhabitants. He was elected district attorney for Winnebago County two years afterward, and served in that capacity through 1852 and 1853. He was chairman of the board of supervisors in 1856, president of the village in 1857 and 1858, and State senator in 1863 and 1864. While in the senate he was a member of the judiciary committee, and chairman of the committee on federal relations and internal improvements; he was also on the committees on militia and education. His service in the senate being during the war of the rebellion, he gave enthusiastic support to all war measures. His patriotism was never doubted, and in every way he honored his position in that body. At the close of his last session, March 1864, he received from the hands of Gov. Lewis an appointment as county judge, to fill a vacancy, and served out the unexpired term of Judge Washburne. At its close the people elected him for four years more, his residence during most of this time being at Oshkosh, the county seat.
Since his return to Neenah Judge Hamilton has served two years as city attorney, the only officer of the kind the city ever had, the office being abolished at the end of his term. He is now giving his entire time to legal practice, and has a remunerative and prosperous business.
He belongs to the Masonic fraternity, and has been senior warden of the blue lodge in Neenah, and king of the royal arch.
In politics, Judge Hamilton was formerly a free-soil democrat; he has acted with the republican party since 1856, and is one of its influential members in his city and county.
In religious sentiment he is a Methodist, and has sometimes superintended the Sunday school. In various ways he has made and is making himself a very useful citizen.
Judge Hamilton is now living with his second wife. The first, Mary C. nee Jaycox, of Mechlenburg, New York, to whom he was married in 1847, died in 1854. They had two children, one preceding, the other following her to the land of spirits. His second wife was Mary A. nee Kimberly, of Neenah. Their union occurred in November 1867. They have had three children, only one of whom is now living. [Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan]

(Nineteenth District – Winnebago county. Population 42,741.)
JOSEPH B. HAMILTON (Rep.), of Neenah, was born on the 10th of June, 1817, in Lansing, Tompkins county, New York; received an academic education; is a lawyer by profession; came to Wisconsin in 1849, and settled at Neenah, where he has since resided, excepting three years in the city of Oshkosh; was district attorney in 1852-3; county judge from 1864 to 1870;state senator in 1863-4; elected state senator for 1881-2, receiving 4,470 votes against 4,049 votes for Andrew Haben, democrat, and 529 votes for Milan Ford, greenbacker. [Source: Wisconsin Blue Book (1882), page 534; transcribed by Mary Saggio]

Colonel John Hancock
OSHKOSH - The subject of this sketch is a native of Athens, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, and was born on the 12th of August 1830, the son of Jesse and Louisa Hancock. His father was a farmer and manufacturer, carrying on a successful business, and was highly respected in his community. John received his education in his native town, and after closing his studies in school began the study of law at the same place. In 1856 he removed to Wisconsin, and during that year was admitted to the bar at Juneau, and at once established himself in the practice of his profession at Horicon. In the following year (1857) he removed to Oshkosh, his present home, and there resumed his profession. In April 1861, Mr. Hancock entered the army as first lieutenant of Company E, 2nd Regiment Wisconsin Volunteers, and in October following was promoted to the rank of major in the 14th Regiment Wisconsin Volunteers. In 1S62 he became lieutenant colonel, and during the same year was promoted to the rank of colonel. Remaining in the service until 1863, he then, by reason of ill-health, resigned and returned to his home in Oshkosh and again resumed his profession, which he has since continued to conduct with good success. Aside from his professional duties, Colonel Hancock has been honored by his fellow-citizens with positions of honor and trust. In 1867 he was elected city attorney of Oshkosh. He was also elected deputy provost marshal for Winnebago, Outagamie and Calumet Counties. He was chosen city justice in 1873, and reelected in 1875. He is also president of the Hancock Cranberry Company.
In political sentiment Colonel Hancock is a democrat.
He is a consistent member of the Episcopal Church, and heartily supports all enterprises which tend to better the condition of his fellow men.
He was married, February 12, 1862, to Miss Jennie Reardon; they have two sons and two daughters.
In all local enterprises Colonel Hancock takes an interest, and is always ready to work for the good of his city. He has been somewhat engaged in real estate operations, and since the city was burned has erected a fine brick block. Colonel Hancock began life with no capital, and by his own untiring efforts has worked his way gradually up to his present high professional and social standing. As a man he possesses most excellent qualities, and throughout his career has maintained an enviable reputation and an unsullied character. [Source: The US Biological Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan]

Michael C. Harlow
HARLOW, Michael C, Thief River Falls. Real estate and loans. Born Sept 17, 1853 in Sheboygan county Wis, son of James and Mary (Fox) Harlow. Married in Aug 1893 to Rose Meisenberg. Graduated from normal school Oshkosh Wis. Engaged in teaching and farming in Spink county S D 1880-93; in hotel business Armstrong Ia until 1900; moved to Thief River Falls and engaged in real estate business to date. Member and pres of city council 2 years. [Source: Little Sketches of Big Folks in Minnesota (Publ. 1907) Transcribed by Richard Ramos]

H. B. Harshaw
H. B. HARSHAW, Oshkosh, was born in Argyle, Washington county, New York, June 13, 1842, came to Wisconsin in 1851, and to Oshkosh, where he received his education and has since resided. At the first call for troops for the late war, Colonel Harshaw enlisted April 18, 1861, in company C, second regiment, Wisconsin infantry, rose to the rank of colonel, lost an arm while on duty, and was mustered out June 28, 1864, by reason of expiration of term of service. In the fall of 1864 he was elected clerk of the circuit court of Winnebago county, and served in that capacity until January 1, 1878, when he resigned the office. In 1875 he was admitted to the bar, and in January, 1879, formed a copartnership with A. W. Weisbrod, and they are together practicing in Oshkosh, the firm being Weisbrod & Harshaw. Colonel Harshaw was appointed postmaster at Oshkosh in 1878, and is now holding the office. [Source: The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, by Parker McCobb Reed, Milwaukee; P. M. Reed publisher (1882) transcribed by Susan Geist]

Henry Hewitt, Senior
MENASHA - The subject of this notice, a native of England, was born in Yorkshire, July 12, 1814, his parents being Henry and Millicent (Lancaster) Hewitt. By occupation his father was a farmer; in religious sentiment he was a Quaker. Henry was brought up on a farm, to the strictest principles of industry and virtue, with not more than three months school instruction during his life. By dint of close application during spare moments he picked up some education, and, having read more or less about the New World, the rising West, early in the year 1842 embarked for the United States, arriving at New York in March. Pushing westward, he, three months later, reached Racine, Wisconsin. There he took a contract for excavating the bluffs, and spent three years in filling that and other contracts. In 1845 he prospected a short time, and then aided in building the Watertown and Milwaukee plank road.
In 1848, we find Mr. Hewitt engaged on a contract on the Fox and Wisconsin River improvements, with headquarters part of the time at Appleton, part at Kaukauna, and at other times at Menasha and Neenah, the last two places being only one mile apart. He operated on these improvements most of the time for nearly twenty years, gradually investing in various manufacturing and other enterprises. He is at present (1877) part owner of a flouring mill, a woolen mill, a pail factory and some other manufactories, and has been president of the National Bank of Neenah from the time of its establishment in 1866.
In politics Mr. Hewitt is an ardent republican, but has always given preference to his business rather than politics, and has held no offices except in the municipality of Menasha, which has been his home since 1855. His residence is on the island between the two towns, while his manufacturing interests are in Menasha.
Mr. Hewitt has been twice married: first, to Mary Proctor (of Yorkshire, England), upon attaining his majority, and by whom he had eight children, four of whom are now living; Mrs. Hewitt died in 1854. His second wife was Mrs. Mary C. Mathewson, widow of Bernard Mathewson, of Connecticut, of which State she also is a native. He has had no children by his second wife. His eldest child, Mary, is the wife of Alexander Syme, a manufacturer in Menasha; Henry, the eldest son, has a family, and is cashier of the First National Bank of Menasha; William is married, and is a manufacturer, and lives in Neenah; Frances Jenette, the youngest, is single, and lives at home. One of the deceased daughters, Nancy, was the wife of E. L. Mathewson, of Menasha, and died January 28, 1876. Henry Hewitt, junior, though only thirty-six years old, is one of the best businessmen in Winnebago County. He has been a lumber dealer since seventeen years of age, and owns eighty-four thousand acres of pine and other lands, all timber but about twelve thousand acres. A small part of it is in Michigan. He has an interest in a paper mill, a pail factory and barrel factory in Menasha, and five other barrel factories in other towns.
Henry Hewitt, senior, has been one of the most hard-working men in the Fox River valley, and his success is largely due to his untiring application to business, and the strictest habits of economy. The lessons received from his parents in youth have been of incalculable benefit to him. He has been a town builder as well as government contractor, and the impress of his hand is on works which, after he has gone, will long survive as monuments to his memory. [Source: The US Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men, Wisconsin Volume (1877) transcribed by Vicki Bryan]

Emmett Reuben Hicks
Oshkosh - The subject of this sketch, now a practicing lawyer at Oshkosh, was born at Waukau, Winnebago county, Wisconsin, March 7, 1854, of R. P. and Sophia B. Hicks. He is a graduate of the academic and law departments of the State University of Wisconsin, the former course having been completed in 1876, the latter in 1880. He also received the degree of master of arts from the same institution in June, 1880. Mr. Hicks further prepared himself for the legal profession in the offices of Eli Hooker, Waupun, and J. H. Carpenter, Madison. In June, 1880, he was admitted to practice in the state and United States courts, and at once opened a law office in Oshkosh, and without the aid of a partner is steadily acquiring a satisfactory practice. [The Bench and Bar of Wisconsin History and Biography, by Parker McCobb Reed (1882); Transcribed for Genealogy Trails by Tammy Clark]


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