Welcome to Jefferson County WV
History and Genealogy
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Jefferson County was formed from Berkeley County in 1801 and named for Thomas Jefferson,
author of the Declaration of Independence and third President of the United States.
The county's courthouse was the site of the trial for the abolitionist
John Brown after his 1859 raid on the federal armory in Harpers Ferry. Berkeley and Jefferson counties, both lying
on the Potomac River east of the mountains, and with the consent of the Reorganized government of Virginia, voted
in favor of annexation to West Virginia in 1863. Virginia tried to nullify this decision after the American Civil
War, but the counties remained part of West Virginia.
In October 1896, Jefferson became the first county in the United States to begin Rural
Free Delivery service.
The county seat is Charles Town
View from Jefferson's Rock
Picture by Jan Kronsell, 2004
Incorporated Towns & Cities
* Corporation of Bolivar * City of Charles Town
* Corporation of Harpers Ferry
* Corporation of Ranson * Corporation of Shepherdstown
* Bakerton * Bardane * Blair * Bloomery * Blue Ridge Acres * Browns Corner * Clips Mill * Duffields * Egypt * Engle
* Franklintown * Halltown * Jamestown * Johnsontown * Kabletown * Kearneysville * Keyes Ferry Acres * Leetown *
Mannings * Mechanicstown * Mechlenberg Heights * Meyerstown * Middleway * Millville * Moler Crossroads *
Mountain Mission * Reedson * Rippon * Riverside * Shannondale * Shenandoah Junction
* Silver Grove * Skeetersville * Summit Point * Uvilla * Wheatland
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