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Nicholas County, WV


[Source: History of West Virginia ; By Virgil Anson Lewis; publ. 1887; Pgs. 641-642;

Transcribed and submitted by Andrea Stawski Pack]



Nicholas County was formed from Greenbrier, by Act of Assembly passed January 30, 1818. By it the boundaries were defined, but so unsatisfactorily, that, by an Act of January 29, 1820, they were entirely changed. The former Act declared that the first court for the new county should be held at the house of John Hamilton. The commissioners to locate the county seat were John Hansford and John Wilson, of Kanawha; Samuel Brown and John Welch, of Greenbrier, and William Marteney, of Randolph.


Wilson Cary Nicholas.The County derives its name from Wilson Cary Nicholas, who was born in the city of Williamsburg, Virginia , January 31, 1761. He was a student in William and Mary College, but in 1779, left the institution to enter the Continental army, in which he served as commander of Washington 's Life Guard until the close of the war. In 1784, he represented Albemarle County in the General Assembly, in which body he almost continuously occupied a seat until 1799, when he was elected to the United States Senate. In 1806, he declined the mission to France and in 1807, was elected a member of Congress and reelected in 1809. In 1814, he became Governor of Virginia and served two terms. He died October 10, 1810.


Summersville, the county seat, was legally established a town, January 19, 1820, on thirty acres of land, the property of the heirs of John Hamilton. Robert Hamilton, Robert Kelly, William Hamilton, John Groves, Samuel Hutchison, John G. Stephenson, James Robinson, John Campbell and Edward Rion, were appointed trustees. The town was incorporated March 20, 1860.

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