Code talkers was a term used to describe people who talk using a coded
language. It is frequently used to describe Native Americans who served in the United States Marine Corps and whose
primary job was the transmission of secret tactical messages. Code talkers transmitted these messages over military
telephone or radio communications nets using formal or informally developed codes built upon their native languages.
Their service improved communications in terms of speed of encryption at both ends in front line operations during
World War II.
The name code talkers is strongly associated with bilingual Navajo speakers specially recruited during World War
II by the Marines to serve in their standard communications units in the Pacific Theater. Code talking, however,
was pioneered by Choctaw Indians serving in the U.S. Army during World War I. [Those soldiers are referred to as
"Choctaw Code Talkers".]
Other Native American code talkers were deployed by the United States Army during World War II, including Cherokee,
Choctaw, Lakota, Meskwaki, and Comanche soldiers. [Source: wikipedia]
List of 29 Original
WW2 Code Talkers
List of WW2 Code Talkers
29 Code Talkers
In May 1942, the first 29 Navajo recruits attended boot camp, and later
created the code at Camp Pendleton, Oceanside, Cal.
25 were sent to the Pacific into action with four remaining behind to teach the code.
The original 29 Code Talkers were honored with a Congressional Gold Medal.
Charlie Y. Begay
Roy L. Begay
Samuel H. Begay
John Ashi Benally
Wilsie H. Bitsie
Cosey S. Brown
John Brown, Jr.
Eugene R. Crawford
Lowell S. Damon
George H. Dennison
Carl N. Gorman
Oscar B. Ilthma
Alan Dale June
Johnny R. Manuelito
Frank Denny Pete
Nelson S. Thompson
William Dean Wilson
Chester Nez is the last survivor of the original WW2 Navajo code talkers